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This passage from the Book of Leviticus, which reads like an awkward directive from a manual on mold remediation, is an indication that mold has been troubling mankind since Biblical times. Although mold has been an issue for centuries, only in recent years has it grabbed the spotlight. This is due to high-profile lawsuits, such as the Ballard case in Texas, in which a family claimed that mold in their home was the source of their myriad health problems. The Ballards won an initial $32 million judgment against their insurance company, which later was reduced to $4 million.
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile), an anaerobic, spore-forming, gram-positive bacteria, has emerged in recent years as a serious health threat in the United States. Although the organism has been known to cause disease for at least 30 years,1 recent mutations have resulted in healthcare–acquired epidemic outbreaks in the United States,2-5 Canada,6,7 Europe8,9 and Japan.10 Genetic fingerprinting has identified a number of strains in clonal outbreaks, and several of these strains are cause for great concern