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A concussion results from a direct injury or indirect impulsive force resulting in rapid neurologic dysfunction, and is better characterized as minimal traumatic brain injury (MTBI)1-4 MTBI is typically functional and not structural and undergoes a sequential process of recovery with a subset of victims who have prolonged or permanent symptoms.
Recently the examination of the brain of Junior Seau revealed the diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE. The recent diagnosis of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) after examination of the brain of Junior Seau underlines the seriousness not only of repetitive brain trauma in professional sports and in military populations but also raises continuing serious questions about the management and prevention of CTE in athletic sports.
· Brain Injury
Freeman et al. (2005) noted that it was in the mid-'80s when it was first noted that mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) could result in serious and lasting consequences. Numerous studies with human and animal subjects have demonstrated the evidence of neurocognitive defects and delayed return to work in MTBI patients with postconcussive syndrome.