An array of microcosms containing California Air Resources Board (CARB)-compliant, oxygenated S7-octane gasoline over nutrient-amended water was monitored over a 7-month period. The array included tiplicate microcosms of each of four conditions:
Microbes in Fuel Retailing was the last in my series of NPN articles. In it, I presented a more global perspective on the key issues that I had addressed in earlier articles. Since 1999 there have been some watershed changes in the industry since it was written. The most important ones all involve dramatic changes in fuel product composition.
· Fuel Systems
Although the documentation of fuel biodeterioration dates back to the late 19th century, general recognition of the value of microbial contamination control evolved slowly until the 1980's. Since the early 1980's a number of factors have converged to stimulate greater interest in fuel and fuel system biodeterioration.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) is an excellent biomarker present in all living cells. During the past several years, several ATP test methods have been developed to overcome interferences that have historically made ATP testing of fuels impractical.
Between 1994 and 1999, I had the opportunity to write a series of articles for National Petroleum News (NPN). Each article focused on one aspect of the connection between microbial contamination and operational problems in fuel retail systems.