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Mike Napier
CEO/President
530 Forest Hill Road,Suite D
Macon GA 31210
USA
phone: 478-750-7279
fax: 478-745-3040
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Mike Napier is a Trucking Expert with more than 40 years experience in the commercial motor vehicle (CMV) industry. He has worked in the real world of trucking and CMV operations, holding positions from Chief Executive Officer to Truck Driver and virtually every position in between. If you are looking for a Trucking Expert who not only knows the written text of the regulations, as is required of any competent Safety Director, but also has hands-on trucking experience of a truck driver and can speak to the issues of how the trucking industry operates from the top down, you have found him!

Mr. Napier will equip an attorney with the knowledge that opposing counsel may not have. Mr. Napier’s unique experience differs dramatically from nearly all other commercial or trucking industry experts; in that he has first-hand knowledge and understands a trucking company’s organizational & operational structure and has a firm command of the regulations and the nexus of the industry standards of care.

Mr. Napier’s diverse experience includes, but is not limited to, the following issues:
  • Regulatory and Industry Standards Of Care
  • Hours of Service and Symptoms of Fatigue
  • Safety & Health Standards
  • Preservation of Records
  • Corporate Financial Statements
  • Drug and Alcohol Testing
  • Accident Investigation
  • Brokers of Property
  • Levels of Financial Responsibility
  • Out of Service Violations
  • Registration and Insurance
  • Process Agent Designation
  • Operating Authority
  • Trucking Company Research Data
  • Common, Contract, Private or Exempt Motor Carriers
  • Hazardous Material Regulations
  • Lease and Interchange Agreements for CMV Tractor or Trailers
  • Truck Driver Duties on the Road
  • Motor Carrier Compliance Duties
  • Various Motor Carrier Related Contracts
  • and Much More. ..
  • Driver Qualifications
  • Driver Medical Qualifications
  • Commercial Driver Licenses
  • Hiring, Retention and Supervision
  • Employer-Employee Relationships
  • Accident Contributing Factors
  • Driver Skills Testing
  • Loading/Unloading
  • Cargo Securement
  • Electronic Control Modules (i.e. Black-box)
  • Satellite Tracking Systems/GPS (i.e. Qualcomm)
  • Tractor/ Trailer Inspections/Maintenance
  • DOT Compliance Reviews
  • Interstate or Intrastate Rules
  • Cargo Claims or Losses
  • Third Partly Logistics Agents (3PL)
  • Agents
  • Motor Carrier Liabilities
  • Fuel Tax Reporting
  • DOT Safety Fitness and Ratings
  • Human Resource Issues
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    Ned Einstein
    President
    15-17 S. William Street,Suite 3A
    New York NY 10004
    USA
    phone: 212-766-1121 (NY) or 818-988-4586 (LA)
    fax: 212-766-1122
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    Areas of Expertise: Accident analysis, testimony and mediation in vehicle and pedestrian accidents involving transit, paratransit, schoolbus, motorcoach, special education, non-emergency medical transportation, taxi, shuttle, child transport systems and services; slips and falls; crossing, boarding and alighting; wheelchairs; seatbelts; ADA and accessibility; passenger safety, security and sexual abuse; vehicle design, specification, crashworthiness, quality assurance and product liability; industry standards and practices; driver training and vehicle operation; management, monitoring, supervision and enforcement; maintenance; NHTSA, FTA, FMCSA and USDOT regulations; vehicle testing and certification; contract negotiation and compliance; risk management; planning and system design.

    The Firm: Transportation Alternatives is a passenger transportation and automotive consortium engaged in consulting and forensic accident investigation and analysis (more than 350 cases). Specializes in elderly, disabled, schoolchildren.

    Education: MURP (Urban and Regional Planning): George Washington University, 1975 BA, English Literature: Rutgers University, 1969

    Professional Experience:
  • President, Transportation Alternatives (1980 to present). Consulted to USDOT, transit agencies, private contractors, social service agencies, municipalities and school districts. Designed several major transportation systems
  • Chairman/General Manager, PTS Transportation (1982-1992). Directed operations of a 70-vehicle paratransit system for physically and developmentally disabled individuals and a non-emergency medical transportation (NEMT) service
  • President, TAM-USA (1989-1995). Formed and directed a U.S.-Slovene joint venture company which coordinated the design, testing, certification and marketing of a European-manufactured school bus and motorcoach.

    Appointments and Memberships:
  • American Public Transportation Association
  • National Association of Pupil Transportation
  • United Motorcoach Association
  • American Bus Association
  • Community Transportation Association of America
  • Association Internationale pour la Sécurité du Transport des Jeunes
  • National School Transportation Conference (1995, 2000, 2005)
  • Committee on School Transportation Safety, National Academy of Sciences
  • Bus Industry Safety Committee (ABA)
  • Access Committee (APTA)
  • In Part 1 of this series, I introduced the notion that roughly half of all public transportation-related incidents are the result of a deliberate trade-off of passenger safety for some system or owner's benefit. The most common benefit is the service provider's operating a schedule that is too tight.

    This new National Bus Trader piece is the first installment of likely a year-long series about types of incidents that result from trade-offs of safety for other benefits -- adherence to unrealistically-tight schedules (or drivers running behind schedule) being the principal culprit. Frankly, of the more than 600 public transportation-related lawsuits in which I have served as an expert witness, roughly half of all incidents see to be the result of some deliberate safety compromise.

    The past eight installments of this series covered a lot of ground -- some technical, but mostly socio-economic and conceptual. But in the debate over the pros and cons of human versus robotic drivers, is it not possible to have the wisdom to take the best of both worlds? In early articles I acknowledged some of the advantages of Highly-Automated Vehicles (HAVs), including:

    What is interesting, and the focus of this installment, is the glaring disparity between the magnitude of information available about a vehicle or driver's performance and the general disinterest in examining it. This disparity is not a technological problem. It is largely an institutional and attitudinal problem. Or one might characterize it as a cultural problem. Or a values problem in a money-oriented society. Nevertheless, it raises an important point about driverless vehicles: While a vehicle's brain may contribute to and/or improve safety (fewer accidents and incidents) and performance (e.g., better mileage, less pollution), this brain's extraordinary analytical capabilities may be pointless because no non-robot is likely to ever examine the data.

    7/24/2017 · Transportation
    The previous six National Bus Trader articles on this subject stabbed at some highlights and low-lights within the extraordinary spectrum of socio-economic, institutional and other issues encompassed by our transition from humanoid-driven to robotic vehicles. At this point, I thought it might be helpful to take a quick glance at some of the hardware that serves as the robots' mechanical fixtures, apart from the electronics and the digitalia: Cameras and sensors. These components were employed in "transitional" or "steppingstone" efforts along the path to truly driverless vehicles. So I feel it is worth a look at how these technologies were used and abused at this earlier stage of HAV (highly-automated vehicle) development. Should the reader wish to view the math in the robots' brains, I recommend Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision by Richard Hartley and Andrew Zisserman. The bible for artificial intelligence. Way over my head. If also over yours, no apologies necessary.

    When an asteroid strikes a planet, things tend to change quickly. Most other changes occur gradually, even while a small handful are occasionally more significant. These latter changes are sometimes referred to as "paradigm shifts," largely because they affect so many things around them, and cause such dramatic changes in the things they affect directly.

    6/22/2017 · Transportation
    Industry insiders, including government officials, cite an interesting analogy as a justification for their initial jump into the regulation of driverless vehicles that was first promulgated on September 20, 2016. The point made is that, had current regulations been in effect when the "Model T" hit the streets, we would have experienced far fewer collisions.

    5/23/2017 · Transportation
    As Part 2 of this series hopefully demonstrated there is much to learn about what lies ahead in the motorcoach world from the experiences of modes deploying smaller vehicles. This installment provides a preview of the likely emergence of "highly-automated vehicles," or HAVs, in the world of large vehicles: School bus, transit and motorcoach service.

    3/28/2017 · Transportation
    In a monthly magazine, it is almost impossible to keep up changes that are racing along This past September, 2015, small fleets of Volvos and Ford Fusions were released into the general traffic stream in Pittsburgh, and driverless Anheuser-Busch trucks began delivering Budweiser and Bud Light. The Netherlands and Finland have been deploying driverless motorcoaches for months now. And we already have a few similar services operating in the U.S.

    2/13/2017 · Transportation
    In Part 1 of this series, I identified the enormous range of benefits that would likely accompany even the first wave of autonomous buses, coaches, trucks and delivery vehicles. And I identified a handful of dysfunctional consequences, the most serious of which is a Tsunami of driver unemployment. Lest anyone doubt these inevitabilities, he or she might consider consulting the seven-installment series in National Bus Trader titled "Bad Regulations and Worse Responses" (June 2014 through January 2015).

    12/28/2016 · Transportation
    National Bus Trader has always been a leader in its selection and treatment of topics related to technology and innovation. So the decision to craft a lengthy article about NBT Editor Larry Plachno's experiences "behind-the-wheel" of a motorcoach-of-the-future at a "ZF Ride & Drive" event in Aachen, Germany (NBT, September, 2016) should not have been a surprise. Nor should it come as a surprise that safety, liability and other issues related to this technology will be explored as well.

    8/19/2016 · Transportation
    The notion of "screening" driver-candidates for Sleep Apnea screening is not merely unsupportable, it is a delusion. In 2011, 517 truck drivers in Australia were tested for Obstructive Sleep Apnea ("Assessing Sleepiness and Sleep Disorder in Truck Drivers" in SLEEP, 2011). According to an anonymous self-evaluation questionnaire (a "multivariable apnea prediction index, based on self-report measures"), only 12% felt they had it, while roughly 4.4% had tested positive for it. Yet when all of them were tested, 41% more of them had this condition. The testing also found that a full 50% of the study participants were obese, and 49% of them smoked cigarettes. Neither of these parameters are included among the handful of criteria currently employed by either the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's or Federal Railway Administration's "recommended" screening exercise -- although, In fairness, the size-17 male neck (or size 16 female neck) serves as a proxy for obesity. At the same time, as noted below, it also captures plenty of "false positives."

    6/29/2016 · Transportation
    Like most fields, public transportation is swollen with studies, both in the U.S. and abroad. Yet some of the most fascinating things seem to be never studied, or rarely studied.

    5/23/2016 · Transportation
    This final installment of this series provides the rewards for reading the first six: Starting-point ideas about things the motorcoach industry can do defend its density against intrusion from Transportation Network Companies (like Uber, Lyft and Sidecar), which have already begun plunging into the charter and tour sectors, mostly with medium-sized, body-on-chassis vehicles. It also includes things that would help increase profits and create new service opportunities - and compete with new, legitimate players penetrating the market.

    4/13/2016 · Transportation
    As NATIONAL BUS TRADER readers following this series have noted, our judicial system seems to be "running the table" with TNC-related issues. The $220,000,000 settlement of a case against FEDEX effectively eliminated the notion of an "independent contractor" in its six states. And the California courts are soon likely to boot out Uber. The FEDEX case in the U.S. Court's 10th Circuit effectively rippled a TNC's ability to deprive its drivers of a regular employee's costly array of fringe benefits. This settlement is likely to soon play out in the other nine "Circuit" encompassing the other 44 states. And if Uber is booted out of California altogether, on top of the FEDEX settlement, the TNC threat will be diminished significantly.

    3/11/2016 · Transportation
    Practically beginning my public transportation career as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Transportation, I learned to hate "Wash-Speak." Government agencies do not compound things; they exacerbate them. They use nothing, but utilize everything. They never start anything, yet implement everything. And much-ado-about nothing is usually referred to as a paradigm shift.

    2/25/2016 · Transportation
    Well, by now, the "Cat's Out of the Bag" about transportation network companies (TNCs). For this, we owe our thanks to National Bus Trader, Limo, Charter and Tours Magazine (especially) and the United Motorcoach Association. The August 15, 2015 issue of the UMA-sponsored Bus & Motorcoach News contained two articles about these previously-unfettered, robot-controlled beasts.

    2/3/2016 · Transportation
    These past five years, practically unnoticed until this last one, have witnessed the most radical change in public transportation since the introduction of scheduling software in the Early 90s: The invasion of traditional, analog services wallowing in their nostalgia by hyper- [or uber]-digital counterparts big on access, low on some concerns, and flying beneath virtually every City's and State's regulatory radar.

    1/6/2016 · Transportation
    Mitchell Rouse! In the 1980s, a strapping, 6'4"-inch-tall visionary who had inherited a 50-vehicle taxicab company and, within a few years, expanded it into a 350-vehicle leviathan, along with eight small paratransit operations. With a heavily-computerized operation a decade before Windows took over the World, his dispatch office still answered every call with a live Earthling. Wilmington/Checker Cab was all about decency, respect and efficiency. And at a time when most of Los Angeles County was beginning to deteriorate rapidly into lines, menus, incompetence and traffic. Yet, as a brilliant manager with an expanding corporate mentality, Rouse was also a rabid supporter of Unionism, and embraced his Teamster's affiliation with pride.

    12/15/2015 · Transportation
    Like every mode of public transportation, and for almost every aspect of our society, the motorcoach industry has, over the decades, been affected significantly by regulations. Some of these experiences were challenging yet produced dramatic results that, among other benefits, have saved us money. One terrific example is that modern motorcoaches dump perhaps one percent of the particulates into our environment than they did a mere two decades ago. Here, the regulations, though challenging, were at least realistic. But our industries' (and other bus modes') responses to it - effectively our engine manufacturers - were far more important than the regulations: Their responses were magnificent.

    11/18/2015 · Transportation
    The explosion of digital technology has triggered increases in vehicle costs, purged small and medium-sized companies from the transportation landscape, and contributed to a nationwide shortage of qualified drivers. But it has taken its greatest toll on management, where supervisors with a genuine understanding of transportation are gradually being replaced by armies of "templeteers."

    11/2/2015 · Transportation
    In the last installment of National Bus Trader, "Fatigue Monitoring Technology" presented an overview of the approaches and devices in development, and available, to prevent and detect driver fatigue. But unlike prevention technologies, fatigue detection devices raise a unique question: What happens when they work?!

    9/30/2015 · Transportation
    Little in public transportation is as challenging as driving load upon load of wheelchair occupants, with unique needs (and often unique chairs), in all directions, with last-minute one-of-a-kind trips dispatched into tight schedules created days, or even weeks, in advance. Yet this is precisely what paratransit drivers do - hour after hour, day after day.

    8/14/2015 · Transportation
    With panoramic/wraparound windshields lying against the front plane, sun visors, tinted windshields, crossover and parabolic mirror systems, ergonomic driver compartments with tilting/telescopic steering columns and pneumatically-adjustable seats, video surveillance cameras and motion detection sensors - much less corrective lenses, sunglasses, annual vision examinations, and continual improvements in headlamps - one would think that bus drivers could see and react to large objects appearing directly in front of their vehicles. But, as many jurors learn, one would be wrong.

    7/8/2015 · Transportation
    Comparing their relative safety to that of other vehicles, a number of motorcoach features come immediately to mind: Mass, monocoque construction pneumatic suspension, and fully-padded, forward-facing seats. Yet incidents like these still occur:

    6/12/2015 · Transportation
    No, this is not the name of a case. It refers to a dangerous conflict coursing through the bus and motorcoach industries - a conflict that we cannot afford to let exist.

    5/13/2015 · Transportation
    The previous article in this series emphasized the importance of transportation professionals selecting bus stops instead of students or their parents doing so. Regardless, while plenty of tools are available to help, the critical tool for evaluating and approving safe bus stops is a live Earthling.

    In the last installment (STN, Jun, 2007), I stressed the importance of distinguishing between an actual bus stop and the waiting area across the street from it in terms of safety. But the selection of the stop and waiting area also involves concerns for student security. Sometimes, there are trade-offs that must be made. These trade-off are often complex and subtle. But they must be made correctly.

    3/6/2015 · Transportation
    Except in rural areas with vast distances between intersections, a bus stop can reasonably be placed in one of three positions:

    1/26/2015 · Transportation
    In those rare instances where the safety of transportation modes can be compared statistically, bus riders fare several decimal points better than bicycle riders. The risks associated with motorcycles are "off the charts." The Figure below illustrates these comparisons for "home-to-school" trips - trips that comprise 15 percent of all transit trips and 96 percent of all schoolbus trips.

    12/17/2014 · Transportation
    Every responsible society has mechanisms to hold its citizens, and their organizations, accountable for their actions. With respect to safety, our society effects this goal through the enactment and enforcement of statutes and regulations, and through the process of civil litigation. As with most rules and most societies, many of our transportation organizations have discovered loopholes. Employing these loopholes, they have effectively reduced their liability exposure at the cost of compromising safety.

    11/11/2014 · Transportation
    Unlike those of many transit systems, schoolbus stops are not always identified with signage - at either the precise position of the stop or signage indicating that a schoolbus stop is approaching (the black glyph on yellow background). Rarely is the stop zone itself marked (for example, by red-lining the curb). In particular, the failure to mark the stop's precise positioning can be problematic - and occasionally dangerous.

    10/2/2014 · Transportation
    As pressure from the unknowing continues to mount, rumors have it that the U.S. motorcoach industry is slowly inching toward the installation of seatbelts. That we are doing so by skipping the decades of seat compartmentalization that has helped fend off most seatbelt advocates in the schoolbus industry is only more unfortunate since existing motorcoach seats lend themselves to a far more evolved form of compartmentalization than the "incomplete compartmentalization" (in NHTSA's own words) of their yellow body-on-chassis cousins.

    8/27/2014 · Transportation
    Question: What is the difference between a poorly-selected and -designed bus stop and a land mine? Answer: Very little. When you step on either of them, your ankles, knees and hips are likely to explode. The genuine difference is that the carnage from land mines is intentional, whereas that of poorly-selected and -designed bus stops usually reflects incompetence and, often, indifference.

    7/23/2014 · Transportation
    As it affects liability, an operating agency's status as a "common carrier" has an enormous impact not only on determining liability itself, but depending on legal constructs in various states, can also affect considerations like immunity and/or the assessment of punitive damages - often barriers to the assessment of damages afforded to public agencies. So except for motorcoaches deployed in commuter/express service under contract to public transit agencies, these latter considerations rarely affect motorcoach operations in the courtroom.

    6/13/2014 · Transportation
    In rural areas, children spaced far apart were once transported to school by horse and wagon. After the first day of school, the horses learned the routes and simply repeated them day after day, eliminating the need for drivers. The vehicles were cheap, and the engines ran effectively on oats. As our nation changed, pupil transportation's development reflected our increasing urbanization and, later, suburbanization. These developments included a new phenomenon known as traffic. As a safety matter, the need for pupil transportation grew to reflect a child's inability to cross streets or negotiate intersections, as verified by studies like the 1968 Swedish study "Children in Traffic." In simple terms, children below age 13, and particularly below age 10, do not possess the physical, mental and emotional skills necessary to cross streets and intersections.

    At the rudimentary level at which most crossing procedures are executed, schoolbus drivers are supposed to "direct" the students across the roadway when they are certain that either the traffic has been stopped in both directions or it is so distant (if even visible) that the students could easily complete their crossing before any oncoming vehicles reach the bus. The bus would obviously have its red flashers and stop arm engaged as a "fail safe."

    Drummed into my head as a schoolchild was the mantra, "Cross at the Green, Not In Between." This slogan still provides the basis for Today's thinking about following the pedestrian path to and from school or a student's bus stop. When last year, a study of 7,000 pedestrian accidents in New York City over a four-year period was released, its findings turned this century-old cliché on its head. The implications for the pupil transportation industry are dramatic, and should awaken all of us to a new reality that may save hundreds if not thousands of lives a year, since most vehicle-pedestrian accidents happen to students walking or cycling to school, as well most of those traveling by schoolbus who are struck when crossing by third-party vehicles.

    For those readers who remember Jayne Mansfield, or even know who she was, this is not a story about her Hollywood exploits or bedroom acrobatics. It is a story about a common type of accident - a rear-ender involving an automobile striking a truck or bus - often referred to, in accident reconstruction circles, as "the Jayne Mansfield syndrome."

    1/31/2014 · Transportation
    I have often written about the impacts of overly-tight schedules as the primary causative factor in incidents - in fact, the underlying cause of perhaps half of them. Because speeding is one of the "cures" to this problem, one of its characteristics is the failure to slow down when the roadway surface is not, as jazz musicians say, "melody." One of the most common scenarios is to cruise over speed bumps and speed humps. Another is to fail to slow over rugged terrain, particularly potholes and the often dysfunctional patches that sloppy road crews create to "repair" them.

    12/30/2013 · Transportation
    For decades, multiple sources cited the commonly-accepted statistic that only an estimated four percent of all individuals possessed a medical condition known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). OSA is largely the result of certain physical characteristics and lifestyle habits that reduce the flow of oxygen into one's lungs while asleep. These characteristics result in lowered blood oxygen levels throughout one's normal night's sleep, and lower the quality of that sleep such that the individual is fatigued through much of the day.

    11/7/2013 · Transportation
    Supply and Demand: When it comes down to it, the ultimate dynamics of survival in life on Earth. More poetically, 70's pop artist icon James Taylor crooned, "You provide the satisfy, and I'll provide the need." So here we go on another jaunt to expand the scenarios for motorcoach usage. However, along the road, we are actually inventing a brand new mode - not that no one has necessarily tried this particular one before.

    10/11/2013 · Transportation
    As with every installment in this series of articles, this particular model or vision is highly unusual, has only limited application, and requires considerable creativity and effort to bring to life, and still contains some constraints even if and when one can develop it beyond the womb of an idea.

    9/24/2013 · Transportation
    There are plenty of things obvious to almost any adult, motorist or pedestrian about large vehicles. The most obvious is their size and mass. But at the other end of the spectrum lie nuances rarely understood by anyone who has not driven a vehicle with a long wheelbase: The way such a vehicle turns, and the way its tires "track" compared to those of a typical automobile, van or pickup truck.

    8/21/2013 · Transportation
    As NBT readers of my past columns well know, my perspective on accidents and their causation is pretty skewed because I spend most of my professional time examining their details.

    8/6/2013 · Transportation
    One of the most fundamental concepts of liability is that the defendant "takes the victim as he finds him." Apart from hospitals and nursing homes, few areas of modern life confront, litigate and test this principle as often as public transportation.

    7/18/2013 · Transportation
    As we all know, public transportation is a fiercely competitive business, even in operating environments which are subsidized. But the failure to make tiny investments in safety can be costly in the courtroom.

    2/26/2013 · Transportation
    Alcohol and bus ridership present a curious enigma. As a matter of public policy, we allow intoxication. As a matter of free market dynamics, we encourage it. And rightfully so, we want to protect those intoxicated from hurting themselves and others.

    12/20/2012 · Transportation
    This title makes me think immediately of funerals. This is not what this installment is about, although problems in the office and on the road often translate into funerals for operating companies, not just their accident victims.

    10/24/2012 · Transportation
    As most motorcoach community members know, contracting plays a major role in much of our operations - including the 30% of motorcoach service provided to schoolchildren on field trips, as well as the commuter-express service provided under contract to transit agencies.

    8/22/2012 · Transportation
    One would think in the Age of Irreversible and Growing Unemployment, employers could phase out their "dead wood" and find some personnel capable of performing their functions competently. Regrettably, bus agencies and companies are generally not among those which do.

    One of the unfortunate problems with non-news-oriented magazines is the juxtaposition of their readers' limited long-term memories coupled with the publishers' reluctance to repeat themes (much less whole articles) that are not linked to stories that reflect continuing news or problems.

    Recently, I conducted a workshop on safety and liability for transportation directors. I asked innocently, "What do you do after training?" Several attendees shouted out, "More training!"

    Many of our fundamental and commonly-held beliefs are invalid because they were derived, often haphazardly, from a blur of intuition, superstition, history, tradition and circumstance rarely subjected to scientific scrutiny. Before the inventions of artificial light and mechanical clocks, being awake during daylight and asleep during darkness were survival necessities - lest one be devoured by predators or stumble into a pit.

    In my review of more than 80 public transportation-related accidents and law suits, one almost universal theme has been the absence of any log review. This failure has generally combined with another common theme: A vehicle running behind schedule. The relationship between these two themes is easy to both understand and demonstrate - as is the acknowledgement that they constitute a genuine safety problem. But in a courtroom, the fact that system management failed to notice the vehicle running late - and worse, failed to even look for it - translates into a liability problem as well.

    Since driving a 20- or 25-ton motorcoach is touted as so being difficult, it is only fair to ask why so much carnage, and so many law suits, occur apart from collisions. In particular, the number of incidents occurring at or near stops seems largely disproportionate to the perceived simplicity of handling things when the bus or coach is stationary

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    Dr. J. Rasty, PE, MBA
    President & CEO
    1500 Broadway, Ste. 503
    Lubbock TX 79401
    USA
    phone: Cell:806-773-7787 or Ofc: 806-368-9811
    fax: 214-614-4955
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    Since 1988, Real-World Forensic Engineering, LLC ("RWFE") has provided engineering services to industries and government labs, as well as litigation support to both plaintiff and defense attorneys practicing in many areas.

    RWFE Expertise Includes:

    Components & Machinery
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    Electrocution & Switch Malfunction
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    At RWFE, we proudly distinguish ourselves by our Four C's:

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    Licensed Professional Engineers in Mechanical, Electrical, and Civil Engineering
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    Competence:Over 80 Combined Years of Experience in Engineering R&D, Industry, Academia, Consulting, and Expert Witness Litigation Support
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    Mukul Verma, PhD
    Consultant & Professor of Mechanical Engineering (adjunct)

    USA
    phone: 248-971-0705
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    Mukul Verma Vehicle Engineering Expert PhotoMukul Verma, PhD, (Mechanical Engineering & Applied Mechanics) is a consultant with more than 35 years of experience in Vehicle Design and Automotive Engineering.

    His experience has included several engineering and management positions in development and testing of new vehicles at a major auto manufacturer. In these positions, he also led the implementation of numerous advances in design methodology and automotive safety technology. In addition, Dr. Verma has represented US automobile manufacturers’ associations in international deliberations on traffic safety and was appointed as chairman of an international team of experts which he led to successfully develop solutions for improving the safety of occupants in passenger cars when impacted by heavier SUV or pickup truck.

    Dr. Verma’s academic experience has been in Sustainable Transportation and he has taught graduate courses in Mechatronics and in Intelligent tires-and-vehicles. He has been consulted by US government organizations on automobile designs for higher energy efficiency, by overseas groups on electric vehicle functional safety and by manufacturers' group on intelligent tires & vehicles, among others. Dr. Verma has published more than thirty papers in peer-reviewed journals and at international conferences and his interviews and opinions have been published in the US and in the international media.

    Consulting Areas:

    Vehicle Engineering: Automobile design & testing. Passive Safety - airbags, sensors, structure components. Active Safety - Pre-crash sensors, Crash Avoidance, Autonomous braking. Electric vehicles’ functional safety.

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    Product Liability and Forensic Engineering: Automotive Safety; Accident Analysis; Performance of vehicle structure, airbags, sensors, mechanical-electrical systems. Pedestrians’ safety. Pre-crash safety; accident avoidance. Electric and Hybrid Vehicles. Post-crash protection.

    Intellectual Property Claims: Analysis of Patent infringement and patent validity claims in areas of automotive safety systems (airbags, sensors, restraint systems, etc.), Tires and TPMS, Mechatronics components.

    View Dr. Verma's Expert Witness Profile.
    Many automobile accidents are complex cases with multiple events during a single accident. The aim of forensic investigations of such (and all other) accidents is to reconstruct the sequence and the severity of events during the accident and then to establish cause and- effect relationships between the injuries (or damages) and the probable factors - vehicle design (e.g. brakes, structure, airbags); vehicle operator (e.g. distracted driver, alcohol impairment, reduced vision); and operating conditions (e.g. fog, failed traffic sign, excessive speed, icy road).

    Hybrid cars have been on US roads for many years, starting with Honda InSight (1999) and Toyota Prius(2000) in mass production.

    In crashes between two automobiles, it is generally assumed that the lighter vehicle will suffer more damage and that its occupants will suffer higher levels of injury.

    This article contains a few of the findings from our recent study of automobile safety in frontal crashes. Parts of the data analyses are presented but details such as the relationship of a particular design feature to the measured injury indicators are highly dependent on specific cases and are available only for individual discussions.

    The New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (part of the U.S Department of Transportation) underwent major changes recently. For automobiles designated as model years 2011 and later, the changes involve both what is measured and what is published.

    Over the years, there have been several product liability litigations regarding pedestrians being injured and the front structure designs of the vehicles being alleged as the significant factor.

    The structural behavior of automobile seats and seatbacks is one of the factors often examined in investigating injuries to a vehicle's occupant(s) in crashes.

    Airbags in modern automobiles have been around for many years and their record in improving occupant safety in crashes is generally well accepted. However, many questions still arise regarding their deployment and performance in crashes.

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    Anthony G. Micale, Aerospace Engineer, BSME, MBA
    Paul J. Micale, Pilot, Masters Aeronautical Science
    Aircraft Design, Operations and Flight Experts
    Global Reach
    Based in Southern California, USA
    Solvang CA USA
    phone: 805-688-5035 (Office) 805-729-5989 (Cell)
    Micale-Partners-Logo.jpg
    Micale Partners has over 60 years of combined technical and operations experience in Aircraft Design and Operation, Space Launch Vehicle Design and Operation and Automotive Design. They provide services to clients both nationally and internationally.

    Micale Partners combines expertise in aerospace design, aircraft flight and airline operations. This combination provides the client a consulting resource that understands how a system should be designed, fabricated, assembled and used. The depth and complete knowledge of aviation allow Micale Partners to serve as a formidable consultant resource. The Micale Partners also provide a diverse background of industry experience ranging from aircraft to automotive to space launch vehicles.

    Consulting Services:
    • Aircraft Design, Certification, Safety, Incident and Accident Corrective Action, Maintenance, and Operation
    • Space Launch Vehicle Design, Construction, and Operations
    • Design, Manufacturing, Machining, and Inspection
    • Commercial and Military Aircraft Operations
    • Flight Operations and Safety
    • Automotive Development
    Anthony Micale Aerospace Automotive Engineering Expert PhotoAnthony G. Micale, BSME, MBA, has over 32 years of Aerospace and Automotive Engineering experience, including rigorous Failure Analysis. Mr. Micale is a dual citizen of the Unites States and the United Kingdom. He has Top Secret Clearance TS/SCI – Special Intelligence (SI) / Talent Keyhole (TK)and Department Of Defense (DOD) Secret Clearance.

    Mr. Micale is also currently employed at The Aerospace Corporation, a Federally Funded Research and Development Corporation where he contributes to US space flight mission assurance. He has specialized in aerospace design and operation of flight and space vehicles with an emphasis on Flight Safety and Mission Assurance. Mr. Micale is a past technical leader of an aircraft accident and incident investigation board comprised of engineers, pilots and legal counsel for a major commercial aircraft manufacturer. In this role he has studied, understood, created reports and defined design changes to resolve aircraft safety issues.

    Over his career, Mr. Micale has conducted numerous analyses of root cause to determine failures attributed to: Design Flaws, Human Error, Human Workload, Improper Manufacturing, and Inadequate Maintenance. He has designed aircraft systems, conducted testing and performed evaluation that have led to aircraft certification with the FAA and the CAA. His experience includes interface with aircraft manufacturers, space vehicle manufactures, commercial aircraft operators and government agencies.

    Anthony Micale has also been employed by Ford Motor Company where he designed automotive vehicle powertrains and vehicle control systems. He has vehicle dynamics training and understands the basis for vehicle stability and car crash dynamics.

    Practice Areas:
    • Aerospace Engineer
    • Aircraft Engineer
    • Failure Investigation
    • Failure Analysis
    • Aircraft Safety
    • Risk Assessment
    • Flight Controls Systems Design
  • Human Factors
  • Hazardous Operations
  • Space Vehicle Design
  • Fact Finding Event Reconstruction
  • Technical Drawings
  • Throttle Control
  • Anti-Lock Brakes


  • Paul J. Micale, Pilot, Masters Aeronautical Science, is an active airline pilot with 26 years of flight experience 13 of which are under FAR Part 121. Specializing in Aviation and Aerospace and Transportation, he has over 7,200 flight hours with multiple ratings.

    A decorated veteran, Mr. Micale has also been forward deployed as a combat pilot with the US Army during 7 years of active duty. He has been a combat pilot in both the C-12 (Beechcraft 200) aircraft and the AH-64 Apache Attack helicopter.

    Mr. Micale's career includes continued service as a Major in the US Army Reserves where he has been a pilot and commander of flight units. As a military pilot, Mr. Micale has flown fixed and rotary wing helicopter aircraft. His education and experience emphasizes Flight Operations and Safety. He has Department Of Defense (DOD)Secret Clearance.

    Paul Micale is a licensed civilian Airline Transport Pilot with type rating as Pilot in Command and is currently employed by American Eagle Airlines as a CRJ-700 Pilot and First Officer in the Canadair Regional Jet aircraft with 65 seat occupancy. He is FAA certified for CAT II instrument approaches and to fly in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) airspace. Mr. Micale is type rated for this and other aircraft requiring an FAA type rating. He has a Masters of Aeronautical Science with a specialization in aviation safety from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

    Practice Areas:
    • Airline Pilot
    • Military Pilot
    • Aviation Pilot
    • Army Aviator / Army Pilot
    • Flight Operations
    • Helicopter Pilot
    • Aircraft Safety Risk Assessment
    • Human Factors
  • Crew Resource Management
  • FAR 121 Pilot
  • FAR Part 121 Pilot
  • FAR 135 Pilot
  • FAR Part 135 Pilot
  • Flight Safety
  • Aircraft Safety
  • Crewmember Fatigue.
  • View Micale Partners Expert Witness Profile.
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    James D. Madden, PE
    Senior Forensic Engineer
    8803 Brecksville Road,Suite 7-216
    Cleveland, OH 44141
    --------------------
    ALL STATES
    USA
    phone: 440-838-1191
    fax: 440-838-1192
    James_Madden_Logo.jpg
    Regularly working in OH, PA, MI, NY & nearby states.
    Available Nationwide

    James D. Madden PE has over 40 years of experience as an Engineer including 17 years of Engineering Design, Industrial Operations, and Construction assistance, and 30 years of Forensic Engineering experience. Mr. Madden's background includes the application of mechanical and chemical engineering research, industrial operations, equipment design, and facilities design with emphasis on Safety Analysis, Safety Design, and Safety Operations.

    Mr. Madden's Forensic Experience has been based on principles of mechanical and chemical engineering and the principles of:
    • Human Factors
    • Safety Design
    • Safeguarding, including Machine Guards
    • Warnings
    • Codes, Standards and Recommended Practices
    Accidents Investigated Include:
    • Commercial / Industrial Equipment and Consumer Products
    • Chemicals, Gases, and Materials
    • Equipment and Industrial Fires and Explosions
    • Hazardous Combustion, including Furnace & HVAC Malfunction with Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
    • Industrial, Commercial, and Construction Operations and Facilities
    • Building and Property safety - Slips, Trips, Falls
    • Traffic Accidents including Roadway Design and Condition
    James Madden has prepared over 600 written reports and prepared over 60 affidavits in place of written reports in response to motions. He has provided testimony in over 90 discovery depositions and has testified in over 75 trials in local, state, and federal courts in several states. Mr. Madden's services include consultation, on-site investigation and data collection, and preliminary evaluation. He also provides calculations, testing, research, accident analysis, equipment and facilities analysis, accident reconstruction, and verbal and written reports. Mr. Madden's expert witness services are available for depositions, arbitrations, and trials.
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    Lewis Grill
    Trucking Expert
    3311 Ben Hogan Lane
    Billings MT 59106
    USA
    phone: 406-248-2766
    Lewis Grill is a Trucking Expert with over 45 years and millions of miles of experience. As a truck driver, owner operator, truck driver training instructor, truck driver training program director, and safety director, he offers consulting services for motor carriers and truck driving schools.

    Mr. Grill is currently assisting two U.S. DOT / FMCSA contractors (MaineWay and Volpe) with research on the effectiveness of Driver Training on Improving Driver Safety Performance. He is also assisting DOT with development of improved specification for interface software that can collect driver performance data from training simulators and transfer that performance measure data to Learning Management Software to assist in determining whether the driver has met Minimum Training Standards. Mr. Grill is also working on a special U.S. DOT project to study its Hazardous Materials Safety Permit (HMSP) program for motor carriers and report to Congress on the findings by October 1, 2013.

    Lewis Grill has made many guest speaker appearances as a truck driver-training expert for the nation’s leading trucking industry associations and organizations and assisted in the production of more than a dozen instructional videos and multimedia training modules for truck drivers. His numerous works on trucking and commercial motor transportation have appeared in national advertising, books, magazines, and national television. He has written more than 15 books and hundreds of articles on trucking, truck driving, and heavy equipment operation.

    View Lewis Grill's Expert Witness Profile.
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    Nik Ellis
    Managing Director
    188 - 200 Pensby Road
    Heswall Wirral CH60 7RJ
    GBR
    phone: 0151-342-9961
    fax: 0151-342-7844
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    Established in 2000, Laird are an Expert Witness services firm supporting the Legal sector across the UK. They understand the importance of providing an efficient and seamless customer journey and review their processes continually to ensure that they achieve and surpass expectation levels daily.

    With constantly evolving IT systems and exceptional customer service, Laird are leading the way in the Expert Witness sector. You can instruct with the click of a button via their website and will be kept up to date at every stage of your case.

    Laird have three main areas of expertise:

    Automotive Experts
    • Vehicle Damage Reports
    • Low Velocity Impact
    • Diminution in Value
    • Desktop Reports
  • Vehicle Valuation Disputes
  • Accident Reconstruction
  • Pre and Post Repair Inspections
  • Vehicle Data Check
  • Photography Experts
    • Locus Reports
    • Personal Injury Photography Reports
    Language Experts
    • Interpretation
    • Translation
    • Witness Statements
    • Document sign up service
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    Gary E. Kilpatrick, PE, DFE
    President and Chief Engineering Officer
    3397 Cherrybrook Drive
    Jamestown NC 27282
    USA
    phone: 336-841-6354 (Office) 336-803-1639 (Cell)
    fax: 336-841-6375
    gary_kilpatrick_photo.jpg
    Who is Kilpatrick Forensics?



    Kilpatrick Forensics is a forensic engineering firm that provides forensic engineering investigation and analyses services for our legal and insurance clients. Mr. Kilpatrick travels throughout the United States in order to investigate motor vehicle crashes and product defects and failure claims resulting in personal injury or death. Mr. Kilpatrick is a board certified vehicle crash reconstruction engineer through the National Academy of Forensic Engineers (NAFE) and is a Diplomat Forensic Engineer (DFE). He is also a part-time instructor for Northwestern University through their Center For Public Safety and is a firm believer in continuing education.



    The Mission of Kilpatrick Forensics:



    Mr. Kilpatrick’s mission is to provide to you forensic engineering services that are dedicated to the application of the art, science and methodology of engineering and the scientific method in order to answer questions of fact in the jurisprudence system to assist the trier of fact concerning motor vehicle accidents and motor vehicle product defect and failure claims. Mr. Kilpatrick utilizes his engineering knowledge, skill, experience, training and education to give you an objective professional opinion that is thorough and comprehensive, understandable and timely. He has submitted written expert reports in state and federal court and has given sworn expert testimony under oath during both deposition and trial.



    What services does Kilpatrick Forensics provide?



    • At-Scene Investigation and Evidence Mapping

    • Motor Vehicle Crash Reconstruction

    • Vehicle Crash Testing

    • Vehicle Skid Testing

    • Image, Store and Analyze a Vehicle’s Crash Data Report (CDR) stored in the EPROM

    circuitry of a Vehicle’s Airbag Control Module (ACM)

    • Photogrammetry Studies of Police Photographs

    • Airbag and Seat Belt Inspections

    • School Bus Crash Reconstruction

    • Tractor Trailer/Heavy Trucks Crash Reconstruction

    • Motorcycle Crash Reconstruction

    • ATV and ROHV Crash Reconstruction

    • Computer Based Dynamic Motor Vehicle Crash Simulations Videos

    • Standards of Care for Motor Vehicles

    • SAE Standards

    • National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) Regulations

    • Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations

    • Product Defect and Failure Analyses

    • Machine Design and Analyses

    • Computer Aided Design (CAD)



    Who are the clients of Kilpatrick Forensics?



    Mr. Kilpatrick works with law firms, public defenders and insurance companies on civil plaintiff, civil defendant, criminal and insurance claimant cases.



    How can you contact Kilpatrick Forensics?



    Mr. Kilpatrick’s corporate office is located in Jamestown North Carolina. Visit our website at www.kilpatrickforensics.com. Please feel free to contact him any time at office at 336-841-6354 or cell phone at 336-803-1639.
    During 1990, the Specialty Vehicle Institute of America (SVIA) with the assistance of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) published the first standard for ATVs referred to as ANSI/SVIA-1-1990. During 2001, ANSI/SVIA revised this standard referred to as standard ANSI/SVIA 1-2001. The standard was revised again during 2007 and again in 2010 and is referred to as standard ANSI/SVIA 1-2010.

    A Traffic Accident Reconstruction is a process by which an engineer determines from all available information and evidence how and why a traffic accident occurred including but not limited to pre-impact and post impact vehicular velocity vectors, pre-impact and post impact vehicular direction vectors, vehicular change in velocity (Delta-V), momentum vectors, vehicles' point of impact on the roadway, vehicular visibility by a driver, vehicular crash data retrieval reports if assessable, accident factors and causes.

    7/8/2011 · Engineering
    Quality control starts at the point of product conception and is carried all the way through to the final design and manufacture of a product.

    Some motor vehicle accidents take place during the night time hours when natural sun light is not present.

    When we drive our vehicles down the road, we are driving them at a certain velocity and direction. All vehicles have weight and mass to the order of a few hundred pounds for a motorcycle, a few thousand pounds for a large SUV or luxury car or several tons for a tractor-trailer truck. When our vehicles move at speed down the road, they create energy by virtue of their mass and forward velocity

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    James M. Miller, PE, PhD
    Founder
    2392 Fuller Court
    Ann Arbor MI 48105
    USA
    phone: 734-662-6822
    fax: 734-747-9712
    Miller-Engineering-Logo.jpg
    The experts at Miller Engineering are Ann Arbor based professional engineers celebrating 35 years of service to University, Government, Insurance, and Industry through research, publications, presentations, and testimony. Miller Engineering has a staff of engineers and experts in the Mechanical, Chemical, Agriculture, Industrial, and Human Factors fields of engineering with specific knowledge in the following areas:

    Vehicles
    • Car/Truck Accident Reconstruction
    • Crash Data Retrieval (CDR)
    • Visibility & Reaction Time Analysis
    • Tires, Trailers, Brakes & Accelerators
    • Truck/Off Road Vehicle Egress/Ingress
    • Traffic Signing and Construction Zones
    Mechanical & Electrical Safety
    • Product Safety & Analysis
    • Machinery - Metal, Wood, Plastic Molding
    • Machine Guarding & Safety, Robots, Automation
    • Hazard and Risk Analysis
    • Employee Safety Procedures – OSHA
    • Electrical Distribution & Transmission Hazards
    Warnings & Instructions
    • Warning Labels & User Manual Design
    • Hazard Analysis & Product Label Designs
    • Medical Device & Drug Warnings & Instructions
    • Inadequate Warnings Analysis
    • Standard Compliance (ANSI Z535)
    • Product Recall Information & Strategies
    Chemicals Safety & Labeling
    • NEW OSHA HAZCOM (2012) & GHS Review
    • MSDS, SDS and Product Label Compliance
    • Toxic Torts - Diacetyl, Asbestos, Benzene, Lead, Carbon Monoxide
    Chemical Exposures & Workplace Safety
    • Chemical Inhalation, Ingestion, Dermal Contact
    • Contamination - Water & Environmental
    • Manufacturing & Process Line Accidents
    • Slips, Trips, Falls, & Entanglements
    Fires & Explosions
    • Cause & Origin Investigations
    • Gas, Vapor, & Electrical
    Agriculture
    • Tractor & Equipment Accidents
    • Chemical Applications & Exposures
    • Crop Storage & Harvesting Accidents
    • Pesticides
    Construction
    • Vehicle Visibility Accidents
    • Slip, Trip, & Fall Accidents
    • Power Tool Repetitive & Immediate Injuries
    • Scaffolding - Cranes - Hoisting - Fork Lifts
    Consumers/Household Safety
    • Appliances & Tools
    • Child Furniture, Choking, Playgrounds
    • Swimming Pools & Exercise Equipment
    • Recreation - ATV, Boats, Bicycles, Boards
    • Ladder, Stair, Step and Railing Accidents
    • Slip, Trip, & Fall Accidents
    Insurance Subrogation & Forensics
    • Accident Investigations
    • Electrical & Fire Causation
    • Chemical Leakage Damage
    • Defective Equipment Injuries
    • Premise and Process Damages
    James Miller Mechanical Engineering Expert PhotoJames M. Miller, PE, PhD – Founder

    Dr. Miller is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Michigan College of Engineering and a registered professional engineer and consultant with over 35 years of experience as an expert witness. He specializes in warnings, labeling and instruction manuals, consumer product design, machine guarding, process safety, fire science, vehicle visibility, tractor egress/ingress, pedestrian and worker slip and fall prevention, recreational vehicles (ATVs, boats, and personal watercraft), compliance with occupational safety and consumer safety standards (OSHA, MSDS, CPSC, ANSI, ASTM, UL, etc.).


    Mark Lehto Engineering Expert PhotoMark R. Lehto, PhD – Co-Founder

    Dr. Lehto is a Professor of Engineering at Purdue University. He specializes in knowledge engineering, warnings and instructions, structuring expert systems, accident modeling, accident statistical analysis, consumer product safety, boating safety, in-field national surveys of product usage and product information effectiveness.






    Bradley Cook Mechanical Engineering Expert PhotoBradley T. Cook, PE – Managing Engineer

    Bradley is a registered professional engineer and consultant with extensive experience in accident reconstruction. He specializes in vehicular accident reconstruction and has investigated hundreds of vehicle accidents involving cars, trucks, pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcycles, etc. Bradley also has experience in product safety and hazard analysis; occupational safety and health (OSHA) compliance; pedestrian and worker slip and fall prevention; investigation and reconstruction of industrial and consumer product accidents. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan and a Masters of Science in Engineering with a Biomedical concentration from Purdue University.
    Mark R. Lehto & Steven J. Landry
    Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers, Second Edition presents and integrates important methods and tools used in the fields of Industrial Engineering, Human Factors and Ergonomics to design and improve jobs, tasks and products. It presents these topics with a practical, applied orientation suitable for engineering undergraduate students.
    Mark R. Lehto, Steven J. Landry & Jim Buck
    Emphasizing customer oriented design and operation, Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers explores the behavioral, physical, and mathematical foundations of the discipline and how to apply them to improve the human, societal, and economic well being of systems and organizations.
    Mark R. Lehto & James M. Miller
    James M. Miller, Mark R. Lehto & J. Paul Frantz
    James M. Miller, Mark R. Lehto
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    Roy Theophilus Bent, Jr.
    104 West Baker Rd.
    Baytown TX 77521
    USA
    phone: 877-845-2368 or 281-424-6466
    Roy-Theophilus-Bent-Auto-Appraisal-Expert-photo.jpg
    Houston Auto Appraisers Auto 
<br/><br/>PhotoRoy Theophilus Bent, Jr., CEO of Houston Auto Appraisers, is a well known and respected expert and consultant in the automotive industry. He holds numerous licenses and credentials as an ASE Certified Mechanic, I-Car Collision Specialist, Licensed Auto Appraiser, Insurance Adjuster, Umpire, Mediator, Arbitrator, Classic Car Judge, and Vintage Car Historian.

    An IACP Certified Auto Appraiser and Field Inspector, Mr. Bent offers appraisal services to insurance companies, attorneys, banks, credit unions, lenders, agricultural credit corporations, accountants, government agencies, auctioneers, farmers, ranchers, transportation companies, and individual consumers. He provides the following selected consulting services:
    • Diminished Value Appraisals
    • Total Loss / Stolen Vehicle Appraisals
    • Certified Real Estate Appraisers and Texas Homeowners Insurance Claims Assistance
    • Industrial, Construction & Heavy Equipment Appraisals
    • Tractor Trailer and Equipment Appraisals
    • Recreational Vehicles
    • Motor Homes
    • Travel Trailer Appraisals
    Mr. Bent is the seated President of the Bureau of Certified Auto Appraisers (BOCAA), a National Professional Appraisal Credentialing Organization that has trained, tested, and certified over 2,400 students under his leadership in the practices of IACP Certified Auto Appraisals and Litigation assistance.

    In addition to his appraisal services, Mr. Bent offers Appraisal Training Certification courses designed to properly train and educate the appraiser with the minimum requirements set forth by the Bureau of Certified Auto Appraisers. BOCAA courses include:
    • IACP Certification Exam - To provide suitable training and education to the auto appraisal professional. IACPSM Certified Appraisers follow strict adherence the Bureaus’ Code of Ethics and USPAP guidelines
    • Texas Adjusters Pre-Licensing Course - 40-hour Texas Adjusters Pre-licensing course approved by the Texas Department of Insurance as an alternative method of obtaining your Texas Adjusters Property & Casualty license
    View Roy T. Bent's Expert Witness Profile.
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    Christopher Gayner
    CEO /Senior Engineer
    5482 Wilshire Blvd.,Suite 1592
    Los Angeles CA 90036
    USA
    phone: 888-687-1334
    Christopher Gayner is the CEO of Expert Reconstruction Company and has 30 years of professional experience with over 1000 Traffic Accident cases involving Automobiles, Trucks, Buses, Trains, Motorcycles, Bicycles and Pedestrians. Mr. Gayner has testified over 300 times in trials, depositions, mediations and arbitrations. He is ACTAR certified and a Member of the Society of Accident Reconstructionists and the Society of Automotive Engineers.

    Areas of Specialization:
    • Accident Reconstruction (Manual and Computer-Aided)
    • Human Factors
    • Occupant Dynamics
    • Bio-Mechanics
    • Restraint Systems (Seat Belts & Air Bags)
    • Product Defects
    • Crashworthiness
    • Vehicle & Scene Inspections
    • Accident Scene and Vehicle Crush Damage Assessment
    • Crash Data Retrieval
    • Photographic Documentation and Interpretation
    • Expert Witness Testimony
    • Neutral Expert Mediation Services
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    Ernest Chiodo
    M.D., J.D., M.P.H., M.S., C.I.H.
    221 North LaSalle,Suite 1748
    Chicago IL 60601
    USA
    phone: 312-351-0717
    Ernest P. Chiodo, M.D., J.D., M.P.H., M.S., C.I.H. is a physician, attorney, Certified Industrial Hygienist (C.I.H), and biomedical engineer. Dr. Chiodo is board certified in the specialties of Internal Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, and Public Health and General Preventive Medicine. Dr. Chiodo served as the Medical Director of the City of Detroit and was the chief physician in charge of measures designed to protect the public health of over one million persons. He has also been the lead expert witness in a number of high profile cases including serving as the lead expert witness in a mass toxic tort case for Gerry Spence.

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Toxicology
  • Epidemiology
  • Industrial Hygiene
  • Mold
  • Asbestos
  • Benzene
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Accident Reconstruction
  • Electrocution
  • Building Related Disease
  • Biomechanics
  • Bed Bugs
  • Genetic evidence in the form of DNA profiles has proven to be a powerful tool in the advance of justice by proving the innocence of accused persons.

    Low speed motor vehicle collisions are a common occurrence. The use of cellular phones, text messaging, and e-mailing while driving has only increased the frequency of low speed motor vehicle collisions. A motor vehicle collision where there is only minor damage to the vehicles may result in personal injury claims for substantial sums.

    10/11/2012 · Toxicogenomics
    In toxic tort litigation, a person is often claiming to have developed cancer or some other serious disease due to having been exposed to a particular substance. Determining if the exposure to the substance was the cause of the disease is often a central focus of the litigation.

    9/26/2012 · Medical
    It is a common error that an attorney retains the wrong type of expert to testify in a lawsuit. This error is particularly common when the expert is a medical specialist. It is widely believed that a medical doctor who specializes in a particular organ system is qualified to formulate opinions and testify as to all issues concerning that organ system.

    Ernest Chiodo, MD, JD, MPH, CIH
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    Kevin Abell
    Marketing Director
    Corporate Headquarters
    11321 Plantside Drive
    Louisville KY 40299
    USA
    phone: 800-482-5611
    fax: 502-267-6973
    donan_logo.jpg
    Donan Engineering Co., Inc., a family owned company founded in 1947, provides full-service Forensic Engineering and Fire Investigation Services. For over 60 years, Donan Engineering has been providing unbiased answers to their client’s complicated questions. Their team of licensed and experienced forensic experts provides investigative services in the fields of engineering investigations, fire and explosion origin & cause, roofing investigations, and component testing. The diversity of their multidisciplinary staff allows them to provide not only a complete service, but a complete service whose conclusions can be successfully and completely supported.

    Donan Engineering has become a richly diverse, industry leader with over 250 employees operating from 50 offices in 27 states including Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Pennsylvania, Nebraska, Louisiana, Texas, West Virginia, Virginia, and Oklahoma. Throughout their growth, Donan Engineering has maintained their commitment to providing exceptional customer service, unparalleled quality, unmatched integrity, and timely reporting. Most importantly, they pride ourselves on delivering their clients quality services at an affordable price.

    Services Include:
    Engineering Investigations
  • Bridges
  • Foundations and Basements
  • Geotechnical / Sink Holes
  • Lightning
  • Low and High Voltage
  • Mechanical Systems
  • Retaining Walls
  • Steel Construction
  • Trusses
  • Vehicle Mechanical Studies
  • Vibrations: Earthquakes and Blastings
  • Water Infiltration / Mold
  • Wood Frame Construction

  • Fire / Explosion Origin and Cause
  • Commercial Fires
  • Equipment Fires
  • Vehicle / Residential Fires

  • Roofing Investigations
  • Commercial
  • Residential - Asphalt Shingle
  • Residential - Slate, Tile, Etc.

  • Heavy Trucks
  • Motorcycles
  • Passenger Vehicles
  • A fire investigation at the end of a long day was a perfect illustration of staying open to potential causes, and, a reminder that sometimes discovering the origin and cause of a fire is a life-saving endeavor when it prevents future dangers.

    8/21/2017 · Engineering
    Does this sound familiar? The chimney is leaning and separating from the house. You observe separation between the chimney and the house that increases in width with height (i.e., there is no separation at the bottom and there is upwards of 2 inches of separation at the roofline) (Figure 1). The heavy self-weight of the chimney comprised of masonry components is prone to rotating away from the house due to settlement of the underlying soils. Further, due to the height of the chimney, a relatively small rotation of the chimney foundation could result in a significant separation toward the top of the chimney. Most commonly and rightfully so, the cause of the chimney displacement is settlement of the underlying soils supporting the chimney foundation.

    7/20/2017 · Construction
    Commonly called "flat roofs," most commercial buildings are actually clad with roof systems that provide about 1/8 to ¼ inch per foot of positive drainage. These roof systems are constructed differently than most steep-slope roof coverings and are typically watertight rather than water-shedding assemblies.

    6/27/2017 · Finance
    A recent Donan forensic fire investigation found that a poor connection in a floor-mounted duplex receptacle was the cause of fire. The receptacle was located in the area of origin and all other identifiable causes were eliminated during the investigation. While conducting the research for this particular case, Donan investigators evaluated many scholarly sources in order to clearly educate the client on how a loose connection in a receptacle could lead to a structure fire which, in this case, nearly consumed the bedroom. The best explanation was found in the chemistry associated with the formation of an oxide that contributes to the condition.

    Over the past several years, there has been a clear trend of phasing out "dry-charge" air conditioners and heat pumps. What happened, why are some contractors still selling them, and what are the current common repair/replace options? Read this insightful article for everything you need to know on the topic.

    12/2/2016 · Engineering
    The term plumbing is derived from the Latin word "plumbum," the name of the metal lead that was the preferred material used by the Romans to construct their empire's water supply systems. This bit of history is even relevant today as the continued use of this potentially toxic metal has made headlines because of recently exposed problems in the Flint, Mich., water supply.

    7/29/2016 · Forensics
    Most forensic investigation projects include a scope to determine the cause of some damage or condition. Project scopes often request determining the cause and origin of the damage. Since insurance policies contain descriptions of covered and non-covered situations, clearly specifying causes and origins is crucial for clients' coverage decisions. This article discusses the differences between and significance of these two important terms.

    4/18/2016 · Construction
    Brick masonry chimneys have been prevalent for centuries, but it wasnt until recent decades that brick-clad, wood-framed chimneys became common in residential construction. This trend resulted from the increasing popularity of metal insert fireplaces. While they may appear similar from the exterior, the structure and weather-resistant envelope of wood-framed chimneys are very different than masonry-built chimneys. Prior to studying damage, it is important to understand critical elements in the structural support and weather-resistant envelope of wood-framed chimneys and the types of damage that can result from improper construction.[1]

    Fires can be caused by devices that fail due to a manufacturer's defect. Quality assurance procedures have gone a long way to eliminate out-of-box failures but manufacturers sometimes bypass quality checks on consumer products for competitive reasons. Even the most ethical companies are susceptible to human error that can cause an almost imperceptible change in an otherwise flawless manufacturing procedure.

    As the days get shorter and temperatures turn milder, most HVAC systems are taking a well-earned vacation. For a short while, a cool breeze through open windows will be enough to keep us comfortable in our homes. But soon, homeowners will switch their thermostats from cooling mode to heating mode, and some of them will unfortunately discover their HVAC system does not heat. It's time to pull out those extra blankets and make the call to a service professional sooner than expected.

    12/21/2015 · Construction
    Wood bowstring trusses were used extensively in commercial buildings from the 1920s to the 1960s. Wood bowstring roof trusses provided long clear spans necessary in warehouse and industrial buildings. Many roofs supported by bowstring trusses are still in service today. Compared with other structural timber-truss types, bowstring trusses have exhibited more frequent structural problems. The structural deficiencies encountered are attributable to deficiencies in the original design of the trusses combined with damage due to exposure and age.

    9/28/2015 · Engineering
    The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has released a 2015 edition of NFPA 70E: Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace. It covers and assists in complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Association's requirements, including changes to requirements since the last edition. For personal safety in forensic studies it is important to stay informed of these updates. NFPA 70E covers arc flash risk assessment, establishment of arc flash boundaries, requirements of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), use of PPE within the arc flash boundary, and equipment labeling requirements regarding arc flash hazards. The following examples illustrate the importance of staying abreast of the latest standards.

    7/16/2015 · Construction
    History shows us that building codes have been around for a long time - in fact, the earliest known was around in 2000BC[1]. Penalties were also much harsher for construction defects. If a builder constructed a house that collapsed and killed the owner, the builder was not fined, but was put to death. The United States has been a country with diverse codes - as many as 5,000 at one time. More recently, however, various states and municipalities have adopted "model" codes such as the International Building Code or International Residential Code. These provide a "base" and may be used as written or an Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) may amend certain parts of the model code, making it more stringent and/or specific for a certain area.

    5/14/2015 · Forensics
    Whether it is helping us formulate our opinion or confirming an initial diagnosis, technology plays a valuable role in forensic engineering work. Following are a few examples of existing technology available to Donan's project managers. Though not standard issue, these tools are utilized when necessary to accurately determine or confirm a cause of loss.

    There are many types, manufacturers, and sizes of commercial HVAC systems which can make it difficult to create general guidelines for repair procedures and estimates for hail-damaged units. This guide uses the most common "light commercial" rooftop units (RTUs), which are 5-tons, 7.5-tons, and 10-tons in capacity, for estimating time to repair or replace.

    Imagine for a moment that you are sitting in your home, listening to the rain while reading your favorite novel. Then suddenly you hear a roar of thunder and your home becomes dark. What just happened? You may have just experienced a power surge. Although lightning is not the most common cause of this phenomenon, it is excellent for illustrating what a power surge is and how it can affect your home. A power surge is a term used to describe a condition where the voltage and or current increases beyond its normal levels. Power surges, when due to the elevation of the voltage being supplied by the electrical utility company, have the potential to change data streams, interrupt electrical control circuits, burn out components, cause arcs, create shorts between conductors, overload systems, and cause system failures. The most common causes of power surges are indicated as follows:

    1/7/2015 · Construction
    Concrete is a desirable construction material due to its inherent strength and durability, which make it well-suited for many applications in residential and commercial construction, especially foundations, floor slabs, driveways, sidewalks, and roads, among other things. In these applications, concrete that is properly designed, mixed, placed, and maintained will perform exceptionally well for many years. However, poor design or mix, improper placement, finishing techniques, or inadequate maintenance may result in concrete that does not perform as intended. Aside from cracking, which is probably the most common form of distress to concrete, since virtually all concrete will crack as it cures, surface distress due to scaling, spalling, and popouts are the most common forms of damage.

    12/2/2014 · Construction
    The relationship between wind, hailstone velocity, and impact energy is based on an understanding of fundamental physics. Over a half century of laboratory research and field studies have determined that the severity of hail damage to a roofing material is contingent on the kinetic energy at the point of impact and the roofing material's resistance to that impact energy. These studies have found that a hailstone must be of a certain mass (i.e., size), and it must be traveling at a certain speed (velocity) to result in functional damage to the roofing material. The kinetic energy is a composition of mass and velocity, defined by the following equation:

    10/17/2014 · Construction
    Chances are, it's happened to you. An unexpected period of cold weather occurs and temperatures drop well below freezing for an extended period of time. One morning you attempt to turn the water on in the kitchen sink and...nothing. Hot water? Nope. Cold water? Nope. What happened? Did you forget to pay the water bill...again? Chances are, your pipes are frozen. "How can that happen? They are inside the house!", you may say; however, just because your water lines are inside the building envelope, does not mean they are adequately protected from freezing.

    9/4/2014 · Construction
    If hail impacts a roof covering and the effects of this impact result in some loss in the material's overall integrity or functionality, this material is classified as "hail damaged." More specifically for cedar shakes and shingles, valid hail damage is typically a new fracture of the cedar corresponding to a clean spot or scuff mark from the hailstone impact.

    7/25/2014 · Construction
    Although sags along roof ridgelines can be discovered at any time, in northern climates they are often attributed to the effects of a past snow load. To make an educated analysis of the actual cause of this phenomenon, one must have a basic understanding of the structure and the loads to which it has been subjected.

    Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems consist of many components that work in unison to create the desired comfort level for our homes and offices. A well maintained system is designed to last around 15 years, but the life can be dramatically reduced when proper installation procedures and routine maintenance are not performed.

    5/28/2014 · Construction
    Ice dams and their resultant leaks are often a chronic and expensive problem in those regions where snow-covered roofs are a common occurrence. To understand their detection, cause, and prevention requires some understanding of the dynamics of a structure's construction, insulation, and ventilation.

    A space heater is a device designed to warm a small area. These devices are typically portable, but the category does include gas- and wood-fueled models that are permanently installed; however, these are not the focus of this article.

    3/12/2014 · Failure Analysis
    Washing machine failures can create significant damage, exposing insurers and their clients to property damage. These failures often involve a high volume of water and can occur without warning. Through the examination of several hundred washing machines, the DONAN Component Testing Laboratory has identified a statistically significant failure trend in General Electric (GE) washing machines. The amount of water supplied to the tub of the washing machine is controlled by a water valve (solenoid-controlled valve) and pneumatic controls. The washing machine's load selector is a pneumatic pressure switch, which activates and deactivates the water valve.

    2/10/2014 · Construction
    Shallow foundations are the most commonly designed and constructed structural foundation system. As opposed to deep foundations where structural loads are transferred to subsurface layers or multiple depth ranges, shallow foundations transfer loads to the earth (soil) relatively near to the ground surface. Some examples of shallow foundations include building components often seen in residential construction such as spread footings, continuous foundation walls and footings, slab-on-grade foundations, and mat-slab foundations.

    1/9/2014 · Construction
    After a tornado event, devastation and destruction are found along the tornado path. Due to the wood-framed construction predominant in Texas and Oklahoma, extensive damage to a house can occur. But how do you know whether visible cracks in the Sheetrock or brick finishes are just cosmetic damage or the signs of structural failure?

    12/10/2013 · Fires & Explosions
    Automatic fire suppression systems are by far the most effective and safest means of preventing extensive fire damage and saving lives. For this discussion, we will touch on automatic sprinkler systems (building systems) and kitchen hood suppression systems. These systems range from very simple to extremely complex.

    10/23/2013 · Construction
    Summertime rolls around and people start seeing condensation on ductwork. Their first thought is that something is wrong with their air conditioner. Actually, sweating ducts have several causes. Very few are attributable to defective air conditioners.

    10/4/2013 · Engineering
    In urban and suburban areas, stormwater systems are found everywhere. From surface waterways, such as rivers, streams, and ditches, to subsurface drainage systems, such as storm sewers and culverts, stormwater systems are as ubiquitous as concrete, which is one of the reasons they are so important (Figure 1). Impervious surfaces like concrete, pavement, and roofs prevent stormwater from naturally absorbing into the ground, and the resulting runoff can cause flooding, erosion, and subsequent structural damage.

    For many years, the fire investigation industry has seen numerous fires involving livestock buildings. These fires are often high profile, especially when masses of animals are lost or injured. Many times these losses are in older structures with neglected electrical and/or heating systems. Given the interior environment, corrosion and degradation to electrical and heating components are common.

    8/16/2013 · Construction
    Cupping, buckling, and crowning are three common problems encountered in wood flooring (flooring). These problems are caused by a combination of the normal material characteristics of the flooring and improper installation of the flooring.

    7/31/2013 · Waterproofing
    While shovels, snowblowers, plows, and deicing agents are used to clear snow and ice from driveways and sidewalks during the winter, removing frozen precipitation from the roof of a house is a bit more challenging. As snow and ice piles up on the roof and subsequently thaws out, the melt-water can sometimes result in damage to the interior of the structure.

    7/15/2013 · Construction
    "Hail has damaged my concrete driveway!" How many times have you heard this claim? A homeowner whose house has experienced a recent severe hailstorm starts to notice things they never noticed before around their house.

    A Donan fire investigator uses many techniques in order to determine the origin and cause of a fire. Chief among these are the investigator's observations of the scene and the conditions surrounding the scene.

    In this age of high energy costs, the price of heating the house will increase. People will be searching for alternate sources to heat their houses.

    4/24/2013 · Construction
    In our October 2010 newsletter, Bob Whelan, P.E., discussed how to approach a roof hail study by using the scientific method. In summary, one should perform a collateral study of the property, or neighboring properties, to gather information about the particular hailstorm in question.

    3/21/2013 · Construction
    Whether to build a residence on a concrete slab or conventional crawlspace foundation is a common decision homeowners must make.

    2/13/2013 · Construction
    By: DONAN
    Is construction vibration just an annoyance, or does it have the potential to cause aesthetic and structural damage to nearby structures?

    1/7/2013 · Construction
    Attic ventilation problems can cause elevated relative humidity in an unheated, residential attic. Elevated relative humidity in the attic can promote mold growth and increase the moisture content in the wood framing to a level that promotes fungal growth and rotting.

    11/30/2012 · Failure Analysis
    Every year, Donan Engineering is asked to look at dozens of basement walls that have failed. A wall is determined to have "failed" when the structural integrity is compromised - such as with the development of a horizontal or vertical crack.

    Check for SynapsUs
    Martin Moore-Ede
    Chairman & CEO
    2 Main Street,Suite 310
    Stoneham MA 02180
    USA
    phone: 781-676-6925
    fax: 781-439-6399
    Dr. Martin Moore-Ede is a leading expert on Human / Driver Fatigue and Driver Error in Transportation Accidents, including commercial motor vehicles (truck, bus and motorcoach), automobiles, marine vessels (ship, tugboat), rail locomotives (freight and passenger), public transit vehicles (bus, light rail, commuter rail) and aviation equipment (commercial, cargo and private aircraft).

    As a Harvard professor for 25 years, Dr. Moore-Ede conducted the pioneering research investigating the role of fatigue as a leading cause of fatal and high cost accidents on highways (including single vehicle, hit-rear and driver inattention accidents), and of train derailments, collisions at sea, and human errors in aviation. He has published 10 books, and 125 scientific papers on human fatigue, errors and accidents and the physiology of sleep deprivation and circadian rhythms. He has served on multiple national and international committees, and has received numerous awards. He is a frequent guest on television (CNN, Today Show, Good Morning America, 20:20, Dateline, Oprah Winfrey, Nova, BBC) radio (NPR Fresh Air, Connection), and print media (Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Washington Post, Time and Newsweek). He has testified before Congressional committees on multiple occasions, and advised government agencies in the US, Canada and the U.K.

    As the CEO of the consulting firm, Circadian Technologies, Inc., he currently advises and supervises teams which work with over half of the Fortune 500 companies on strategies to minimize fatigue risk, and reduce accidents caused by fatigue. In addition, Dr. Moore-Ede undertakes both plaintiff and defense expert witness work in selected cases, and provides confidential advice to attorneys and their clients on how to minimize litigation risk, and distinguish readily defensible from hard to defend claims, and on strategies to cross-examine opposing counsel’s witnesses. He has extensive experience of providing expert testimony in the courtroom, where he has an outstanding record of educating and engaging juries so they reach informed conclusions, and of using scientifically validated computer models to reconstruct accidents scenarios.
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