James Skinner, PhD
specializes in the field of Exercise Physiology
and is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Kinesiology at Indiana University. Dr. Skinner is an expert in the areas of Exercise Physiology, Exercise, , Kinesiology, Fitness, Personal Training, and Sports Medicine. He has investigated the relationships between exercise, training, genetics, and health for over 50 years.
A former president of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), Dr. Skinner is one of five principal investigators of the HERITAGE Family Study on the role of genetics in the response of cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk factors after training. He has received the ACSM's Honor Award (the highest award in his field) and over $50 million in grants from various resources. In 2011, he received the Doctor Honoris Causa from Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary.
Dr. Skinner has published over 290 articles, 6 books, and 19 educational DVDs. He has edited three editions of a textbook on exercise prescription for special populations (heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, elderly, obesity, chronic fatigue syndrome, pregnancy, etc.). He has lectured in English, French, German and Spanish in 60 countries.
View Dr. Skinner's Expert Witness Profile
Many health clubs and personal trainers test clients to evaluate their fitness, prescribe training programs and evaluate the effects of an exercise program to see if there has been progress. Thus, testing is an important part of their service.
There are presently no established national standards or laws about qualifications to be a personal trainer. As a result, people who work in health and fitness clubs have a wide variety of educational and professional backgrounds. There are "personal trainers" with no formal courses in physical education, exercise science or other related university degrees. If they want to be a certified personal trainer, there are online, mail-order certificates that require only payment to obtain a certificate to put on the wall. Some of these "certifying agencies" do not require an examination to test the knowledge of the applicants.
A severe personal injury occurred as a 70-year-old client in a health club fell and broke his arm while doing an exercise to improve his balance. The injured client was the plaintiff in a suit in which the personal trainer was named as the defendant. I assisted the attorney representing the plaintiff.