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Inspections - Construction (Carpet, other) Expert Witnesses

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Ted S. Merrill
General Construction Consultant
7777 Alvarado Road
Suite 408A
La Mesa CA 91942
USA
phone: 619-464-3997
fax: 619-464-8581
Ted Merrill has 60 years of experience that includes all phases of Construction and Damage Repair. Mr. Merrill has 42 years of experience in Estimating and Reconstruction of buildings damaged by Fire, Wind, Water, Motor Vehicles, Earth Movement and Construction Defects. He has testified as an expert in Municipal, Superior and Federal courts.

Construction Areas of Expertise: Damage Repair
  • Building / House Repairs
  • Floors & Flooring
  • Cabinets
  • Foundation Movement
  • Construction Contracting
  • Foundation Repair
  • Construction Defects
  • Framing
  • Stair and Stairways
  • Construction Disputes
  • Installation
  • Construction Estimates
  • Molding/Paneling
  • Decks
  • Residential
  • Finish Carpentry
  • Decay and Defects
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    Brian Spiegel & David Spiegel
    CR, CIEC, CMRS, CEICC, CSDS, CMCC, IICRC
    PO Box 7577
    La Verne CA 91750
    USA
    phone: 800-266-8988
    fax: 909-596-8803


    AVAILABLE NATIONALLY
    CERTIFIED RESTORERS * CERTIFIED INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANTS *
    CERTIFIED MICROBIAL REMEDIATION SUPERVISORS * CERTIFIED ENVIRONMENTAL INFECTION CONTROL CONSULTANT * CERTIFIED STRUCTURAL DRYING SUPERVISOR * CERTIFIED INFRARED THERMOGRAPHERS *
    IICRC CERTIFIED MASTERS * LIC. GENERAL CONTRACTORS #299472


    SUMMARY OF EXPERIENCE

    Brian Spiegel and David Spiegel offer expert testimony and consulting services regarding smoke, water, fire, mold contamination property damage restoration, reconstruction, and construction defect related problems.

    Both have been speakers nationally and internationally on property damage restoration, construction, and mold contamination related topics. In the past at the Property Loss Research Bureau (PLRB) national mold symposium in Charlotte, North Carolina and at the Forensics Consultants Association on toxic mold litigation and mold remediation in Newport Beach, California.

    In the media Brian and David have written articles for industry trade magazines and given television and radio interviews, including one with Brian on ABC TV “Good Morning America” featuring a segment on mitigating water damage.

    CONSULTANTS AND EXPERT WITNESS
  • Mold & Bacterial Contamination
  • Construction Defects
  • Fire & Smoke Damage
  • Industry Standards of Care
  • Structural Damages
  • Water Damage
  • Sewage Backflow
  • Flooring Forensics
  • EXPERT SERVICES
  • Property Damage Contractor
  • Inspections & Formal Reports
  • Cause and Origin Investigations
  • Smoke Particulate Testing
  • Property Insurance Claims
  • Testing
  • Detailed Construction Estimates
  • Cost Damage Appraisals at Current Industry Pricing
  • Litigation Support
  • Infrared Structural Inspections
  • Concrete Moisture Testing
  • PROPERTY DAMAGE ASSESSORS
  • Residential and Commercial
  • Appraisal Process: Appraisers & Umpires
  • Contents and Structure
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    Jeffrey E. Bartrem
    Construction Inspection Consultant
    PO Box 264
    Williamston MI 48895
    USA
    phone: 517-655-6903 or 517-944-1380 (cell)
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    Jeffrey E. Bartrem is a Certified Building Inspector with over 30 years of experience as Residential Rehabilitation Specialist, Building Official, Plan Reviewer, and Deputy Fire Inspector. He has performed tens of thousands of inspection on residential, commercial, and industrial properties.

    Mr. Bartrem's experience includes both national and international projects including ones in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. He has vast knowledge and understanding of Construction Practices Assessments, International Code Council, the International Accreditation Service, Basic Building Codes, ICBO, ICC, and the Uniform Building Code.

    Mr. Bartrem has been offering litigation support services for 35 years. He is often called upon to perform thorough research to disqualify opposition reports, depositions, and testimony. Mr. Bartrem has been qualified in many District and Circuit Courts, as well as Federal Courts, and has never been disqualified.

    Jeffrey Bartrem has appeared for builders at licensing hearings, conducted draw request inspections, negotiated for building and business owners with building officials, fire officials and prosecutors, performed complex sale inspections, prepared maintenance forecasts, managed multi-million dollar renovations, as well as represented many homeowners in building code and workmanship claims.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Wrongful Death
    • Premises Liability
    • Property Liability
    • Negligence Actions
    • Building Code Expert
    • Residential Structures
    • Commercial Structures
    • Fire Issues
    • Electrical
  • Mechanical
  • Plumbing
  • Zoning
  • Workmanship
  • Water Testing
  • Building Inspections
  • Maintenance
  • Building Code Research
  • Construction Safety
  • View Jeffrey Bartrem's Consulting Profile.
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    D. Larry Dunville
    See Multiple Addresses Below
    AZ, MI USA
    phone: 574-210-8612
    Overhead-Crane-Consulting-Logo.jpg
    Dennis Dunville Overhead Crane Expert PhotoD. Larry Dunville has over 35 years of Overhead Crane experience. Mr. Dunville has built, installed, engineered, estimated, sold and serviced overhead bridge cranes. He has sat on the industry committees that wrote the crane specs for the steel industry, written articles, and taught professional architects and engineers about the special requirements to be aware of when designing buildings that will house overhead cranes.

    In the early 90's, Mr. Dunville lead the effort to become one of the first cranes builders in the US to attain ISO9001 certification, which lead directly to Dearborn Crane and Engineering winning the Indiana Governor's Quest For Excellence Award and the Indiana University Kelly School of Business Growth 100 two consecutive years.

    Business Experience - Mr. Dunville served as the Owner/President of Dearborn Crane & Engineering Co., a builder and installer of overhead cranes and crane runway systems, from 1975-2012. He was also the former Owner/President of Xcel Computer Systems, a CAD/CAM systems integrator. Mr. Dunville is currently the Owner/President of Digital Industrial Marketing, LLC (2014 to present) and Overhead Crane Consulting, LLC (2016 to present).

    D. Larry Dunville's Video Introduction


    Litigation Support - Larry Dunville offers expert witness services in crane cases involving industrial, manufacturing, and warehousing facilities, as well and power plants. His expertise is available to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defendant.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Overhead Cranes
    • Bridge Cranes
    • Overhead Traveling cranes
    • Electric Overhead Traveling Cranes
    • Overhead Bridge Cranes
    • Gantry Cranes
    • Jib Cranes
    • Workstation Cranes
    • Hoists
    • Crane Operator Training
  • Monorails
  • Crane Runways
  • Crane Safety
  • Crane Inspection
  • Crane Manufacturing
  • Crane Installation
  • Crane Runway Installation
  • Crane Fabrication
  • Runway Fabrication
  • OSHA Crane Inspections
  • Corporate Crane Safety Programs
  • Overhead Crane Arizona Office
    3606 N. Larrea Lane
    Tuscon, AZ 85750
    Telephone: 574-210-8612
    Overhead Crane Michigan Office
    12666 Highland Shore Drive
    Sawyer, MI 49125
    Telephone: 574-210-8612


    View D. Larry Dunville's Consulting Profile.
    6/15/2016 · Construction
    You have a shiny new building with a shiny new crane and everything looks great. For some reason, though, the crane won't clear the building columns, even though the contractor and the crane manufacturer are saying everything is to spec and it's not their problem. Common sense says somebody is wrong and that somebody should have to pay (because it's going to cost a bundle).

    5/10/2016 · Construction
    It is absolutely critical in the evaluation of a legal case involving cranes, to determine what type crane is involved. The word "Crane" is a generic term that covers virtually anything that lifts with a hook, but each crane type is a whole different industry with different industry associations (which compile the industry product specifications), different governing specification and different OSHA requirements. As a matter of fact, some cranes don't even have hooks!

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    Joey T. Lee
    Real Estate Inspector & Construction Expert
    24832 Pointe Trinity #B
    Dana Point CA 92629
    USA
    phone: 949-682-6668
    Joey-Lee-General-Contracting-Expert-Photo.jpg
    CAREER SUMMARY:

    •California-licensed general contractor with over 25+ years’ experience in both commercial and residential construction. Involved in hundreds of residential repair, remodel and add-on jobs and commercial property tenant-improvement projects.

    •International Code Council (ICC) Certified Residential Combination Inspector with certifications in all four disciplines; Building, Electrical, Mechanical, and Plumbing.

    •Over 20+ years’ experience as ASHI Certified Inspector & Master CREIA Inspector (MCI). Performed over 8,000 property inspections of residential and commercial properties.

    •Educational speaker for ASHI/CREIA monthly chapter meetings and annual conferences.

    •Veteran, United States Marine Corps, honorably discharged Sergeant, 1977.

    •Experienced construction consultant and expert witness.

    CURRENT POSITION:

    JOEY T. LEE - PROPERTY CONSULTANT 2009 - Present

    Business Owner Inspector / Consultant

    Perform state-of-condition, re-sale and triple-net lease inspections of residential and commercial properties for potential buyers, building owners, and leasers of commercial real estate. Provide consultation services in residential construction & construction defect conditions, and other construction-related issues.

    PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS

    Licensed General Contractor – California “B” 644246 1992 - Present

    (ICC) International Code Council, Certified Member # 1018563 1996 - Present

    Residential Combination Inspector #1018563-95 1996 - Present

    Residential Building Inspector #1018563-100 1996 - Present

    Residential Electrical Inspector #1018563-101 1996 - Present

    Residential Plumbing Inspector #1018563-102 1996 - Present

    Residential Mechanical Inspector #1018563-103 1996 - Present
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    George Hedley
    Construction & Real Estate Development Expert
    1200 Quail St. #210
    Email: GH@HardhatPresentations.com
    Newport Beach CA 92660
    USA
    phone: 949-852-2005
    fax: 760-992-5343
    George-Hedley-Real-Estate-Development-Expert-Photo.jpg
    George Hedley is the founder and President of Hedley Construction and Development Inc., a major General Contractor, Owner’s Representative, and Construction Manager headquartered in Southern California.

    Since 1977, Mr. Hedley has built and / or developed more than 1,000 projects totaling in excess of 15 million square feet of commercial, office, industrial, and residential projects valued at more than $700,000,000. As a general contractor and construction manager, he has constructed numerous projects ranging from $3,000,000 to $10,000,000 each.

    Mr. Hedley has served as a Past President of Associated Builders & Contractors and Southern California Builders Association. He has presented over 500 presentations and workshops to national construction conventions including over 60 programs at the World Of Concrete. He is author of 10 construction business books including “Get Your Construction Business to Always Make A Profit!”, and several workbooks on Estimating, Project Management, Field Management, and Contracts. He has also written over 250 published articles in major construction industry publications including Construction Business Owner magazine.

    Construction Expert Witness - Mr. Hedley offers construction expert witness and consulting services. His areas of expertise include:
    • Cost Estimating & Cost of Replacement
    • Defect Analysis and Inspections
    • Claims and Disputes
    • Standard Industry Practices
  • Schedule Delays
  • Contractor / subcontractor Disputes
  • Contracts and Change Orders
  • Field and Project Management
  • Real Estate Expert Witness - Mr. Hedley also offers Real Estate Development and Asset Management expert witness and litigation support services. His areas of expertise include:
    • Standard Practices Of Developers
    • Permits and Approval Processing
    • Architecture, Engineering & Planning Issues
    • Partnership and LLC Disputes
    • Financing, Construction Loans and Banking Disputes
    • Liability and Responsibility
    • Budgets and Proformas
    View George Hedley's Consulting Profile.
    George Hedley
    You can get your construction business to move to the next level, get organized and systemized, build an accountable responsible team, charge the right mark-up, always make a profit, and work exactly the way you want by drafting your BIZ-Builder Blueprint Action Plan.
    George Hedley
    This book tried-and-true methods to help fledgling business owners as well as seasoned ones who are just looking to increase capital and productivity. it offers a step-by-step process to help small business owners get what they want: profits, wealth, and freedom.
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    Dr. Elliott E. Dudnik, PhD
    FAIA, NCARB, LEED AP, CSI, ICC
    913 Wesley Avenue
    Evanston IL 60602
    USA
    phone: 847- 866-7760
    fax: 847-866-7897
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    Dr. Elliott E. Dudnik, PhD, FAIA, NCARB, LEED AP, CSI, ICC, is Principal of Elliott Dudnik + Associates, Fellow of the American Institute of Architects and Professor Emeritus of Architecture at the University of Illinois-Chicago, with more than 50 years of professional experience as an Architect, Structural Engineer and Planner encompassing numerous commercial, residential, industrial and public building projects. As a noted educator-researcher, award and grant recipient, and author of more than 30 publications, Prof. Dudnik has lectured and taught at major universities in the US, Asia, Australia and Europe and consulted on Building Code Development, Building Facade and Porch Failures, Inspector Training, and Accessibility.

    Dr. Dudnik's litigation support activities on behalf of both plaintiffs and defendants include investigations, analyses, expert witness reports, depositions, and testimonies that draw upon his extensive professional experiences as well as many years of teaching and lecturing to convey and explain complex concepts to judges and juries. Dr. Dudnik has now been engaged in more than 70 cases involving Architectural and Structural Engineering, Building Design and Construction, Defects, Collapses and Failures, and Building-Related Injuries.

    Forensic Architectural Services Include:
    • Expert Witness and Litigation Support
    • Code Violation, Compliance and Interpretation
    • Building Failures and Remedial Design
    • Building Envelope and Water Intrusion
    • Design and Construction Defects
    • Slip, Trip and Fall and Other Personal Injuries
    • Handicapped Accessibility and ADA Compliance
    • Errors and Omission, Professional Liability and Standards of Care
    View Dr. Dudnik's Consulting Profile.
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    David M. Bekus
    45 Hunt Lane
    Skilllman NJ 08558
    USA
    phone: 732-735-7444
    David-Bekus-Construction-Defect-Expert-Logo.jpg
    David M. Bekus has over 35 years in the Construction Industry specializing in home design, construction, and remodeling. Mr. Bekus has been a project manager, overseeing all aspects of construction from conception and approvals to final sales for single homes and developments.

    Mr. Bekus is licensed by the State of New Jersey as a building inspector (RCS, ICS, and HHS), a licensed home remodeler, and a licensed new home builder. He is also certified in Project Management, Cost Estimating, Construction Methods, Construction Site Safety, and is a EPA Lead Safe Certified Contractor.

    Litigation Support - As a seasoned expert in the construction field, Mr. Bekus adheres to building code practices and high construction standards to provide reliable advice and credible expert witness testimony. His services include project evaluations, building code inspections, and clearly and precisely written reports. Mr. Bekus' expertise is available to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defendant and has testified in NJ superior court Areas of Expertise:
    • Industry Standards
    • Building Code Compliance, Specifications
    • Contract and Plan Specifications
    • New Construction Defects
    • Roof Issues
    • Water Issues
  • Framing Defects
  • Siding Defects
  • Concrete Defects
  • Insurance Claims
  • Poor Workmanship
  • Home Owner Association Issues
  • View David Bekus' Consulting Profile.
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    Hon. Steven Cohen, (Retired), JD, MBA
    President
    2530 Wilshire Blvd.
    3rd Floor
    Santa Monica CA 90403
    USA
    phone: 310-315-5404
    Steven-Cohen-Arbitration-Dispute-Resolution-Expert-Photo.jpg
    Judge Cohen is a qualified Expert and Consultant with over 30 years experience in Construction Defects and Real Estate Standards of Care and Duty, Property Management, Property Inspection, Agents disclosure, Broker's disclosure, and Negligent and Intentional Conduct. Extensive experience in habitability, Civil Code 1941, Health and Safety Code §17920.3, transfer disclosure and all transactional requirements in the sale of property. Expert in construction arena in water penetration, roof defects, home inspection, structural defects, framing defects, electrical & mechanical problems, stucco, foundation and structural slabs, construction schedules and all mold related problems. Litigation consulting includes Case Risk Analysis and Assessment (is a case ripe for litigation?), Research and Litigation Support, Homeowner Associations HOA, Building Codes, Department of Real Estate Rules, Codes and Laws, Contractor's State Licensing Board Rules and Regulations, Uniform Building Code (UBC) compliance, Building and Safety. Expert in Mechanical, Electrical, Water Entry, Toxic Mold, Mildew and Sick Building Syndrome. American Arbitration Association (AAA) Arbitrator. Arbitrator and Mediator for State and Federal Cases. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Practitioner. Graduate Level Certificate in Dispute Resolution (Mediation, Arbitration and Negotiation) from Pepperdine University School of Law. Licensed to practice law in California and Federal Court-Central District. Retired Administrative Law Judge, Inglewood Office of Appeals.

    Education/Licenses: Administrative Law Judge (Ret.), Attorney, M.B.A., Certified Property Mold Specialist (C.M.I. & C.M.R. Designation), RE Broker (Realtor), General Contractor (B1), Electrical Contractor (C10), Certified Mediator, AAA Arbitrator and Mediator, FINRA Arbitrator, Western Case District.

    Primary Area of Expertise: Real Estate, Construction Defects, Case Risk Assessment.
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    Craig Moskowitz, MBA, MS, PE
    President/Managing Member
    PO Box 4532
    Stamford CT 06907
    USA
    phone: 866-432-4677
    fax: 203-504-8838
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    Since 2010, the President and Managing Member of CLM Engineering Associates, LLC, which concentrates its focus on forensic engineering/expert witness work for the insurance industry and legal community. In addition, we offer construction management, civil engineering and building inspection services.

    Extensive construction management experience on both commercial and residential projects. Performed safety inspections on both civilian and military projects through application of OSHA regulations. Designed drainage systems for the government while an officer with the United States military. Cost estimating for various projects exceeding $500 million. Design document creation and management of high-rise construction in Manhattan. Marketplace. Management of telecommunications projects for Verizon in Manhattan including CPM schedule creation and updating.

    Directed and managed all water distribution system and sewer system work while working as a contractor to the New York City Department of Design and Construction. Forensic work related to evaluation of structural steel systems with commercial building construction and insurance-related claims due to storm damage on commercial and residential structures.

    Craig Moskowitz has been deposed 4 times in litigation matters.

    View Craig Moskowitz's Consulting Profile.
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    Michael Panish
    Construction Expert Witness & Consultant
    PO Box 725
    Woodland Hills, CA 91365
    ---------- Available ----------
    ALL STATES
    USA
    phone: 818-429-1963
    fax: 818-888-7302
    michael-panish-logo.gif
    Mike Panish is an expert witness & consultant for most construction trades, specializing in automatic door systems and door sensors, door, door hardware, cabinetry, and architectural millwork.

    Extensive experience working for plaintiff & defense (Federal & State). Highly credible & solid testimony.

    Licensed in CA as a General Building Contractor, Electrical Contractor, Door, Lock & Security Equipment Contractor, Cabinet & Millwork Contractor, and Painting & Finish Specialties Contractor. 30+ years hands-on experience in all construction trades.

    Local to CA & New England. Nationwide Inspection & Testimony.

    Mike Panish is the most retained and the leading expert witness for Automatic Door injuries / Wrongful Death and Door Defects and Injuries. Security issues relating to daycare & healthcare centers. Construction defects, product liability, poor workmanship relating to contractor vs homeowner disputes and contractor fraud.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Automatic Door Personal Injury, Wrongful Death Cases
    • Door and Door Hardware Personal Injury, Wrongful Death, Defects Cases
    • Cabinetry, Architectural Millwork, Furniture Personal injury, Defects Cases
    • Slip, Trip, Fall / Railings / ADA Personal Injury Cases
    • General Construction (all trades) Defects Cases, Personal Injury Cases, Wrongful Death
    • Premises Liability, Premises Security for Criminal Cases, Elder Abuse Cases, Wrongful Death
    • Building Inspections (all types), Site Evaluation, Product Evaluation, Defect Analysis, Poor Workmanship, Costs & Estimates, Plans Analysis, Proper Installation, Claim Analysis
    View Michael Panish's Consulting Profile.
    1/5/2016 · Construction
    As a construction expert witness, I am often asked about the importance of using safety equipment. I have many years of personal experiences with the proper observance of safety procedures and appropriate safety equipment requirements.

    12/11/2015 · Construction
    I have been the retained expert witness by both the plaintiff and defendant to determine the causes of a variety of significant injuries that have happened as a result of improper cabinet and millwork installation practices. In most claims, if product abuse or deferred condition was not the reason for the injury, poor installation practices that have omitted required hardware was to blame. Architectural millwork injuries have occurred repeatedly in shopping centers and malls, hotels, hospitals, airports, and offices throughout the country. Casinos and restaurants are also routinely the location of significant cabinetry related failures leading to serious injuries. Many offices and industrial buildings that utilize modular furniture have had employees injured by improper or completely unattached components. In my other articles, improperly attached architectural millwork has been discussed. Heavy mirrors and headwalls have fallen upon hotel guests while they were asleep in bed. Generally, these failures occur due to lack of appropriate fasteners, missed structural connections, or product tampering.

    11/2/2015 · Construction
    Mechanical fasteners, when properly used as recommended by the manufacturer, almost always assure safe and secure attachment of a fastened product. In commercial and residential applications, injuries resulting from mechanical attachment failures have often been attributed to inappropriate usage of products, improper installation procedures, or the failure of a poorly manufactured fastening product. When a product becomes disconnected from its point of attachment, serious personal injury can result.

    10/13/2015 · Construction
    This article will discuss plastic laminated products only. Although many other laminated materials are used for residential and commercial applications, plastic laminates are one of the most common products involved in casework claims and personal injuries.

    8/31/2015 · Construction
    My job as a cabinetry and millwork expert witness is to inspect and evaluate casework, cabinetry, or millwork that may have either failed or may be deficient in some way. Many of the past cases where I have been designated as the cabinetry and millwork expert witness have involved analyzing products that no longer exist because they have either been replaced or destroyed. What is available for review is often in the form of architectural elevations (renderings), photographs of the damaged cabinetry, or shop drawings and samples of the materials that were used. Generally, there is a question as to what entity is responsible for the monetary loss sustained. The usual course of action by attorneys is to sue all parties in the chain of events, from design through installation.

    7/21/2015 · Construction
    Having recently testified as the door hardware, lock and security expert witness on a very serious elder abuse case involving the rape of a 93 year old resident of a retirement home, I am intimately aware of the potential for physical violence and neglect aimed directly at senior citizens. The following is about a completely different kind of abuse involving our senior population.

    6/18/2015 · Security
    Rape and patient abuse are more prevalent and common place in daycare and long term skilled nursing facilities than anyone would think possible.

    5/19/2015 · Legal Issues
    The first two questions that I am often asked by attorneys during deposition or trial testimony are "On what percentage of cases do you work for the Plaintiff?" and "On what percentage of cases do you work for the Defense?"

    4/21/2015 · Construction
    Most of the misunderstandings pertaining to contractor and homeowner relationships occur as a result of unclear or wrongly interpreted construction contracts. Upon entering into a building contract, the enthusiasm for starting the proposed work often creates a kind of glazing over or dulling of the senses on the part of the homeowner. Many times questionable terms and arrangements for payment scheduling are accepted or unknowingly agreed to as the homeowner's urgent desire to start work overshadows common sense. Often, the lowest priced contractor seduces the homeowner with promises of more value for the money.

    3/19/2015 · Construction
    As a Construction Expert Witness, I have been involved in numerous homeowner vs. contractor lawsuits that turned out to be directly created by contractor fraud. In this article, I have combined a few different actual cases, highlighting the various tactics used by dishonest contractors to bait and then hook the homeowner. In all of these cases, the homeowner prevailed.

    2/18/2015 · Construction
    The need to have increased security to public venues such as airports, schools, religious facilities, day care centers, shopping centers, and government buildings is nothing new. However, it has become apparent that many unexpected assaults and deadly attacks are coming from individuals that have gained a certain level of intimacy with the venues and organizations that they are invading. The attackers are not necessarily strangers, but people we know.

    In December of 2012 a gunman broke into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut and viciously murdered 20 children and 6 administrators. Adding Sandy Hook Elementary School to a growing list of other tragic school shootings confirms that any educational institution should be considered a viable target for future attacks.

    Every good attorney needs to consider the validity of every potential claim. As the most frequently retained door expert witness, working for both Plaintiff and Defense evenly, I have been retained on door injury and wrongful death claims that were not caused by malfunctioning doors or door hardware. As discovery has often shown, people in poor physical or mental condition who are left unattended or unassisted while moving through properly functioning doorways are often the genesis of their own injuries. All commercial venues have the responsibility to maintain their facilities to industry wide standards, seek proper routine maintenance, and provide daily inspections of their door systems. However, it is difficult to provide safe passage to every patron of their facilities when some of those patrons may include persons requiring diligent physical supervision, special assistance walking, or have special needs due to disease, mental incapacity, or other unknown infirmities.

    Injuries resulting from panic hardware are more prevalent than you might think. Injuries can be due to lack of maintenance on these devices and/or installation of spurious parts or components.

    One of the most common types of expert related calls that I receive pertains to some sort of door injury. Door injuries caused by automatic pedestrian doors, manual doors, or garage doors often lead to serious and potentially life threatening high dollar liability and personal injury lawsuits. My case load as a door expert witness is evenly split between plaintiff and defense. I have written articles, testified, and been consultant on many door injury cases throughout the country and abroad. In addition, my services have been utilized by defense teams representing cross defendants such as door maintenance companies also named in the chain of commerce.

    As a door expert, I am called upon many times a year to evaluate garage door injuries. In my professional career as a general contractor and door & hardware contractor, I have installed many different types of garage doors. I have been involved with roll up doors, both for commercial warehouse applications and automotive repair facilities that allow the passage of a motor vehicle. I have installed and serviced life safety/fire drop doors typically seen in hospitals, pharmacies, labs, shopping centers and other commercial venues. I have placed sectional doors in apartment buildings, single family homes and condominiums. My company has custom built many types of garage enclosures that have had special cosmetic concealed purposes for themed attractions. Working on historic buildings has given me the opportunity to work on sliding barn type doors, hinged parting doors and old carriage style swinging doors. I have removed and replaced the older style, overhead vintage single panel pivoting hinged garage door from commercial and residential locations, and have installed a variety of newer and safer products.

    The overhead or floor mounted concealed door closer is a very common type of door closer mechanism which is normally unseen and unnoticed. In the majority of installations, these concealed closers are used on aluminum glazed storefront doors, hollow metal stand alone, or structural framed window systems. The concealed door closer design concept was initially engineered as a self-contained product that featured a center pivot allowing a variety of door functions with no exterior arm or visible operating hardware.

    During the past several years I have been contacted many times regarding door injury claims related to manual door closers. In response to numerous inquires asking if I have published any manual door closer articles similar to the primers I have done on automatic pedestrian doors, I am offering this article for general information to assist attorneys in determining potential issues relating to manual door closer mechanisms.

    We are all used to opening and closing doors on a daily basis. Unless you encounter a problem with the function of your doors, you probably don't give their operation and component make up much thought. I am continually contacted by attorneys seeking my advice on an injury that took place because of an improperly adjusted or malfunctioning door. In this article, I am simply discussing manually operated doors. Nothing fancy or automatic about them, the kind where you grab a lever, push a plate or bang on a bar to enter or leave a room or building. So, if you want to learn to communicate professionally and simply with your door expert or even your building manager, read on.

    If you run an active automatic door service company it is not a matter of IF you will be sued . . . it is a matter of WHEN ! What every door service provider can do to proactively protect their business.

    Automatic doors are generally grouped into two major categories. Low energy and high energy doors. The difference between the two types of doors pertain to the ways that the doorways operate.

    As the retained expert witness on many overhead door injury and wrongful death cases, some of the injuries I have seen include injured or severed fingers and limbs, bodily trauma, and death. Disabling injuries often lead to involved lawsuits due to the combination of jobsite and employer, landlord and tenant contractual agreements, and property owner liability insurance coverage. Knowing who is responsible for maintenance and inspections of these doorways is essential.

    In conjunction with many other articles that I have had published pertaining to high energy doors, or what most people think of when they say automatic doors, low energy systems can be equally dangerous and need to be appropriately and properly maintained.

    Within the past few months, I have been retained as expert witness to evaluate revolving door injuries in over a dozen different locations nationwide. While I usually see an even distribution of sliding door, swinging door, and revolving door injury cases, the revolving door injuries currently seem to be the most prevalent. What is particularly interesting is that no two of my recent cases were created by the same problem.

    I have been involved in many automatic door cases during the past few years working for both plaintiff and defense. As discussed in one of my previous articles (The Ins and Outs of Automatic Door Operation), automatic doors are highly complex pieces of equipment that require daily attention. Most injuries occur when some component of the automatic door system malfunctions.

    A basic primer in how they work, what to look for, and how to analyze defects vs. deferred maintenance. Expert door contractor, Michael Panish, takes you through the basics for your case. A basic primer about Automatic Door functions.