James Skinner, PhD
specializes in the field of Exercise Physiology
and is a Professor Emeritus, Department of Kinesiology at Indiana University. A former president of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), he is one of five investigators of the HERITAGE Family Study on the role of genetics in the response of cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk factors after training. He received the 2014 ACSM Honor Award, the highest award in his field. In 2011, he received the Doctor Honoris Causa from Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary.
Dr. Skinner is an expert in the areas of Exercise Physiology, Exercise, Fitness, Personal Training, Kinesiology and Sports Medicine. He has investigated the relationships between exercise, training, genetics, and health for over 50 years and has lectured in English, French, German and Spanish about these relationships in 60 countries.
Dr. Skinner has been an expert witness for plaintiffs and defendants in cases involving:
- Patent Infringement
- Injury while Exercising at Health clubs or High School
- Prisoner Rights to Exercise
- Safety of Exercise Equipment
He has given depositions and has written reports for attorneys. Testimony has been limited as cases were usually settled out of court.
View Dr. Skinner's Consulting Profile
Many health clubs and personal trainers test clients to evaluate their fitness, prescribe training programs and evaluate the effects of an exercise program to see if there has been progress. Thus, testing is an important part of their service.
There are presently no established national standards or laws about qualifications to be a personal trainer. As a result, people who work in health and fitness clubs have a wide variety of educational and professional backgrounds. There are "personal trainers" with no formal courses in physical education, exercise science or other related university degrees. If they want to be a certified personal trainer, there are online, mail-order certificates that require only payment to obtain a certificate to put on the wall. Some of these "certifying agencies" do not require an examination to test the knowledge of the applicants.
A severe personal injury occurred as a 70-year-old client in a health club fell and broke his arm while doing an exercise to improve his balance. The injured client was the plaintiff in a suit in which the personal trainer was named as the defendant. I assisted the attorney representing the plaintiff.