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Lubricants (Lubricating Oil / Grease) Expert Witnesses

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Frederick Passman
President
PO Box 3659
Princeton NJ 08543-3659
USA
phone: 609-716-0200
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Dr. Frederick Passman, PhD is a Certified Metalworking Fluids Specialist with over 35 years experience in Environmental & Industrial Microbiology. His company, Biodeterioration Control Associates, Inc. (BCA) provides clients with unparalleled expertise in Microbial Contamination Control.

Dr. Passman offers a complete range of consulting services relating to microbial contamination control in the metalworking, fuel, petroleum production and water treatment (heat exchange) industries.

Areas of Expertise:
  • Industrial microbial ecology
  • Root cause analysis of microbial contamination
  • Industrial process system biodeterioration
  • Microbially influenced corrosion
  • Health effects of exposure to bioaerosols in the industrial environment
View Consulting Profile.
6/3/2014 · Microbiology
Despite their history of successful use as fuel system disinfectants and fuel preservatives, antimicrobial pesticide use faces increasing restrictions due to both regulatory control and public concerns. A variety of non-chemical treatments have been used with varying degrees of success to disinfect non-fuel fluids and to at least partially inhibit biofilm development on infrastructure surfaces. Promoters of one technology have claimed successful fuel disinfection and fuel-tank fouling prevention. This paper will review a range of non-chemical treatment technologies and will present the results of preliminary evaluations of several technologies that were tested on Jet A fuels that had been challenged with either Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Hormoconis resinae. Data are presented on treatment impact on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration, culturability and live/dead direct counts in Jet A-1 and on glass microcosm surfaces.

4/29/2014 · Microbiology
Several of the major points that I made in 1995 need further consideration, based on both changes in the regulatory climate and field experience with microbial contamination control in surface transportation markets.

3/25/2014 · Microbiology
Smaller retailers depend on the expertise and reputations of their suppliers. Traditionally, refiners' attitudes about fuel were that if it met specifications at the time of sales, but failed later, the problem belonged to the owner at that time. As we begin to see impact of the Clean Air Act-driven fuel reformulations, increased consumer awareness and increased susceptibility to contamination, all market participants are going to have to cooperate to ensure that the customer with the engines gets consistently good fuel.

2/20/2014 · Metallurgy
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) assays have been used to quantify bioburdens (biomass) in low-organic-compoundcontent fluids (freshwater, seawater, cooling tower water, and similar fluids) since the early 1950s. The original methodology was labor intensive and required considerable laboratory skill. Over the past half-century, the protocol has been simplified substantially, but until recently, chemical interferences made it impractical to use the ATP test in metalworking fluids (MWF).

1/17/2014 · Microbiology
Quantification of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in fuels and fuel-associated waters was first presented at the Technische Akademie Esslingen 6th International Fuels Colloquium in 2007. At the time, two issues limited the overall usefulness of ATP as a test parameter: inability to differentiate between bacteria and fungi and inability to detect dormant microbes.

12/11/2013 · Microbiology
Three alternative, non-conventional test methods are evaluated for their ability to detect and quantify bioburdens in fuel and bottom-water samples. Two of the parameters, catalase activity and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration have been used previously. This is the first report of the use of fluorescence polarization (FP) technology for fuel and fuel-associated water testing.

11/6/2013 · Microbiology
In August, 2012 a member of the LinkedIn Metalworking Fluids Group asked for a recommendation for the best biocide/fungicide package to be used to protect a semisynthetic metalworking fluid from biodeterioration. His posting has generated nearly 50 responses. Some of the suggestions were clearly based on limited experience; experience with few MWF, a limited number of MWF systems or both. I posted a number of comments to the string and have compiled them in this article.

10/9/2013 · Microbiology
Industrial lubricants are increasingly providing a rich environment for microbial growth and proliferation. Most of the knowledge of lubricant biodeterioration has been extrapolated from field and laboratory experience with metalworking fluids. Compositionally more complex than most lubricants, metalworking fluids are either solutions or emulsions of 5 to 10% coolant concentrate in water.

9/10/2013 · Microbiology
As industry seeks to improve the economy of plant operation, responsible managers are paying more attention to factors that affect efficient and reliable operation of their facilities. One area of attention that can payoff handsomely is the control of microbiological activity in coolant systems. Many engineers and plant operations personnel are just beginning to appreciate the effects on their machining operations caused by their plant "biosphere," which contains bacteria, fungus, mold and other contaminants.

8/14/2013 · Microbiology
Mounting concerns over operational and waste management costs, as well as the quality and safety of the work environment have provided increased impetus for both formulators and end-users to strive to improve coolant life. There are a number of alterative approaches to achieving this objective. In this paper, the concepts of bioresistance and biostatic are defined and compared.

7/29/2013 · Microbiology
This case study reports culture and acid-fast bacteria direct counts from 99 MWF samples received for microbiological testing at Warren, Mich.-based Biosan Laboratories between December 2006 and September 2007.

7/11/2013 · Microbiology
All metalworking-fluid formulations share the common problem of susceptibility to microbial attack. This is not all bad news, since we need the used dilute fluid to be biodegradable for disposal purposes.

6/19/2013 · Microbiology
During the past decade we have witnessed a tumultuous debate over the disease risks posed by microbes that inhabit metalworking fluid (MWF) systems. Not infrequently, that debate has occurred in the absence of satisfactory data.

5/22/2013 · Microbiology
Root cause analysis is the process used to identify the fundamental cause for an undesirable condition. Premature filter failure due either to plugging or other mechanism is generally perceived to be an acute problem.

4/10/2013 · Microbiology
Since there are no microbial standard for the fuels, microbial contamination remained undetected inless sli9me started to plug the filters.

3/7/2013 · Fuel Systems
An array of microcosms containing California Air Resources Board (CARB)-compliant, oxygenated S7-octane gasoline over nutrient-amended water was monitored over a 7-month period. The array included tiplicate microcosms of each of four conditions:

2/15/2013 · Fuel Systems
Microbes in Fuel Retailing was the last in my series of NPN articles. In it, I presented a more global perspective on the key issues that I had addressed in earlier articles. Since 1999 there have been some watershed changes in the industry since it was written. The most important ones all involve dramatic changes in fuel product composition.

12/12/2012 · Fuel Systems
Although the documentation of fuel biodeterioration dates back to the late 19th century, general recognition of the value of microbial contamination control evolved slowly until the 1980's. Since the early 1980's a number of factors have converged to stimulate greater interest in fuel and fuel system biodeterioration.

10/5/2012 · Fuel Systems
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) is an excellent biomarker present in all living cells. During the past several years, several ATP test methods have been developed to overcome interferences that have historically made ATP testing of fuels impractical.

7/26/2012 · Microbiology
Metalworking fluids provide an excellent environment for the growth and proliferation of a variety of bacteria and fungi. Historically, the incidence of infectious disease outbreaks at metalworking facilities has been rare. Consequently the primary focus of microbial contamination control efforts has been to prevent fluid biodeterioration.

5/21/2012 · Fuel Systems
Between 1994 and 1999, I had the opportunity to write a series of articles for National Petroleum News (NPN). Each article focused on one aspect of the connection between microbial contamination and operational problems in fuel retail systems.

Frederick J. Passman, PhD
This new ASTM manual brings together the various test procedures that technicians need to diagnose the contamination in fuels and fuel systems. It also suggests the means for detection and control of microbial contamination.
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Heather Suttle
Marketing Manager
8811 FM 1960 Bypass Road West
Suite 400
Humble TX 77338
USA
phone: 281-358-4441
fax: 281-358-2517
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EFI Global is a full-service Engineering, Fire Investigation, Environmental, Health and Safety, and specialty consulting firm. Over the last four decades, they have grown from a boutique firm to become a recognized leader in engineering failure analysis, origin and cause investigations, and environmental consulting. This expertise coupled with the extensive coverage of our 27 national offices, more than 400 professionals, and global work abroad capability allows EFI Global to deliver timely responses that consistently meets their clients’ expectations.

EFI Global's continuing record of success has earned them several rankings in national publications including Engineering-News Record, Business Insurance, and Zweig White. EFI Global employs professional engineers licensed in nearly all 50 states, as well as licensed fire investigators and environmental professionals. Their team of licensed professionals and numerous strategic partnerships can respond to most projects within 48 hours, regardless of location.

When faced with litigation, EFI Global's clients rely on valid, factual conclusions that translate scientific and technical facts into understandable concepts that can be supported with expert witness testimony. From thousands of fire cause and origin investigation for cases in federal, district and state courts, EFI has expanded its testimony expertise to assist the legal community with disputes arising from forensic engineering, accident reconstruction, environmental consulting, asbestos-related cases, mold and indoor air quality (IAQ) litigation support, and catastrophe claims.

Expert Witness Services:
  • Insurance Litigation
  • Environmental Litigation
  • Product Liability
  • Transportation & Accident Reconstruction
  • Construction Defects
  • Failure Analysis
  • Professional Liability
  • Contract Law
  • Catastrophic & Disaster Litigation
  • Real Estate
View EFI Global's Consulting Profile.
5/31/2016 · Damages
Both large-scale catastrophe-induced losses and small-scale single event losses have the potential to impact employees, individuals, insurance personnel, general contracting restoration firms and associated property loss. In addition to the actual water-loss event, secondary losses can become equally as devastating depending on pre-existing and/or event-related building conditions, and the role the insured's take as part of required catastrophe restoration activities. During the water loss event, all project related information and environmental data generated is an integral part of the decision making process that may be disclosed at various stages to inform all the various "parties" involved with the project. All in all, a well-executed restoration project can minimize common delays and expenses of an ill-conceived and managed project.

Sectors of the construction industry are reporting resurgence and growth in 2013. Single and multi-family housing, commercial, institutional and public works construction is predicted to increase up to 28% in some areas. This is good news for the industry and the economy but the increase in construction activity has historically led to an increase in construction accidents.

In the course of an arson investigation one of the standard procedures is, when possible, to collect the clothing of arson suspects and have them tested for ignitable liquids. The hypothesis being that if the clothing tests positive for the same ignitable liquids that are found in the fire debris, it is good circumstantial evidence to place the suspect at the scene with an ignitable liquid.

A growing concern in the insurance sector is soot and smoke damage claims due to wildfires. Some of these fires can affect properties hund reds of miles downwind, causing the potential number of claims to be astronomical. Besides the known risks for respiratory and other health problems, smoke, soot, and char can cause physical damage ranging from settled ash to property damage.

3/24/2015 · OSHA
Every year, approximately 3,600 workers are permanently disabled, and on average, one worker per day is killed, as a result of electrical incidents in the workplace.* To prevent these types of electrical injuries and deaths, building owners and managers should apply the safeguards included in NFPA 70E, the standard utilized by the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) for building electrical assessments. OSHA utilizes the National Fire Protection Association's (NFPA) 70E Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace to provide improved safety procedures for workers through proper warning labels, restricted access notification, personnel training and personal protective equipment (PPE). OSHA compliance will minimize workplace injuries, accidents, illnesses, equipment damage, production losses, and legal costs, which are all avoidable and unnecessary factors in any business.

10/29/2014 · Fires & Explosions
The world of fire investigations is always changing and EFI Global is active in its research and testing methods. In an effort to support insura nce, subrogation, loss prevention and litigation relating to losses, EFI Global's chemical laboratories regularly perform chemical analysis on new products to identify potential accelerants and igni tion sources.. Recently, EFI Global laboratories conducted proactive chemical testing on a new matchless fire starter. This commercially available product is marketed and used to start wood and campfires.. The results of EFI Global's testing revealed the limitations and significance if this product is used as an accelerant.

9/17/2014 · Environment
Financial institutions require the completion of environmental due diligence of a commercial real estate collateralized lending transaction for many reasons. They may wish to understand the environmental condition of the proposed collateral and ensure a Borrower's compliance with applicable regulations prior to making a loan; to reevaluate the collateral during a renewal or refinance transaction; to determine the collateral's condition at the time of a loan default; or to obtain information about an unexpected environmental condition encountered within the loan term.

Fire origin and cause investigation, and mold and asbestos testing of a six-story office building

EFI Global (EFI) was hired by a legal team representing a tire product manufacturer to replicate the use of a tire inflation product in an off-road tire. Litigation was prompted when the tire inflation product was used in an off-road tire that exploded and resulted in a fatality. Our team was asked to evaluate the product when used when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions as written on the products label; when used in concert with pure oxygen, and when used in concert with compressed air.

2/27/2014 · Damages
Historically, fires and automobile accidents have been the primary types of property and casualty claims that presented a potential avenues of for subrogation. However, with the increased costs of mitigating the extent of water damage and reducing the potential for mold growth, claims involving large water losses have become another important area with subrogation potential.

Mechanical ventilation systems have evolved from passive gravity vents (circa 1900) by adding modifications to improve comfort, occupant health, and energy efficiency. Early on, the maintenance of the system basically related to making sure the furnace was on and the windows would open. If you were lucky the school might have draft deflectors on the windows so the wind would not blow directly on your head.

11/13/2013 · Damages
Following a hurricane, damages to a residential structure can range from structural distress, to small areas of mold growth to a total loss of the structure. Storm damage can affect multiple components of a structure including the roof, windows, siding, foundation and interior finishes. Wind or water is often the most common cause of damage to residential properties; however, there are many factors to consider when assessing the various causes of damage. Some of the factors include material use, age, condition and construction methods as well as type, location and extent of the damage. It is essential that a professional with hurricane damage assessment experience evaluate these factors to accurately define the cause.

One sunny spring morning, on a rural road just outside of Houston, Texas, Molly Jackson, a vibrant 16-year-old girl with a bright future and a new driver's license, was behind the wheel of her father's brand new Chevrolet C2500 crew cab pickup truck. At the same time, just seven seconds before she would draw her last breath, Rhonda Simmons, a 46-year old divorced mother of two teenagers, was approaching from the opposite direction in her sleek and sporty Pontiac Trans Am.

Editor's note: A trend to require more fire safety equipment in residences and nursing homes will reduce deaths and injuries, both among firefighters and the general public, says E. Metts Hardy, vice president/Fire Investigations for EFI Global (www.efiglobal.com), a Kingwood, Texas-based provider of engineering, fire investigation, environmental, accident reconstruction, and laboratory testing services.

8/21/2013 · Insurance
Nationwide, water-loss claims continue to climb. In California alone, such claims have risen dramatically, with the percentage of homeowner claims growing from 24 percent in 1997 to 32 percent in 2001, costing insurers $1.7 billion. In a single year in California, between 2000 and 2001, claims rose $47 million. For some insurers, this meant that 40 percent of claim payments were for water losses.

8/7/2013 · Insurance
Water damage is costly to both homeowners and insurance companies. It is estimated that the cost of household water damage in California, alone, exceeded $500 million for 2002. While the number of water-related claims varies year to year, the average amount paid for such claims increased steadily from $2,577 in 1988 to $3,646 in 2002.

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Dr. John C. Fetzer, PhD
Founder and Principal
P. O. Box 942
Pinole CA 94564
USA
phone: 510-724-8629
fax: 510-724-0956
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Dr. John C. Fetzer, PhD offers over 20 years of expertise in Analytical Chemistry, focusing on Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Petroleum and its Products, Chromatography, and UV and Fluorescence Spectroscopy. He served as the president of the International Society on Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds for two years and has given presentations on the subject in countries around the world. His clients include Battelle, Air Products, Chevron, Shell, US EPA, NASA, the American Petroleum Institute, among others.

Dr. Fetzer is the topical editor for analytical chemistry for the journal Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds. He has published over 140 technical and review articles and book chapters, holds three US patents on PAH chemistry and analysis, and is the author of The Chemistry and Analysis of the Large (C>=24C) Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Wiley-Interscience, 2000) and Career Management for Chemists (Springer, 2004).

Dr. Fetzer has experience helping attorneys assess the scientific strengths and weakness of their potential cases, writing expert reports, giving depositions and in giving in-court testimony, and helping craft arguments for appeals. Dr. Fetzer writes thoroughly and supports his testimony with sound scientific references and judgement. He is very articulate and personable when giving testimony. Dr. Fetzer has also served as an expert witness under oath for review by government agencies.

A list of depositions and testimonies is available upon request.

Services Offered:
  • Environmental Analysis - Data Quality, Chemical Analysis Solutions, Work with Laboratories
  • Explain Chemistry of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Occurrence, Sources, Degradation, Oxidation, Synthesis, Physical Properties, etc.
  • Develop New Analyses for Crude Oil, Petroleum Products, PAHs, Environmental Concerns
View Consulting Profile.
John C. Fetzer, PhD
This book provides ample, common-sense guidance on the key topics such as: Resumés and CVs, Staying Driven & Current, Personal Skills & Traits Networking, Teamwork & Leadership, Speaking & Listening Writing Research Papers, Mentoring, Behavior & Rewards The practical coverage reflects not only his long professional experience but also his insight that, especially in today’s changing workplace, expectations and strategies for career management require constant re-evaluation. Provides real, common-sense, and proven means to enrich and make more rewarding a technical career.
John C. Fetzer, PhD
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are the first type of chemicals that were ever discovered to cause cancer in humans. They are found in cigarette smoke, in barbecued and smoked foods, in automobile and Diesel engine exhaust, fireplace smoke, and many other common things that people are exposed to. Analyzing for PAHs in the environment is important in identifying potential sources of cancer exposure and eliminating these as risks.
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Don Skaff
Managing Director
Worldwide Availability. Offices in Singapore & UK
3455 Commercial Avenue
Northbrook IL 60062
USA
phone: 800-326-5075 and Local 847-559-3000
fax: 847-559-3010
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LWG Consulting is a global leader in Forensic Engineering & Recovery Solutions. They provide Cause & Origin, Failure Analysis, Fire and Explosion Investigations, Accident Reconstruction, Damage Evaluations and Equipment Restoration Services following disasters of all kinds. LWG has served the insurance, legal and risk management industries for over 25 years. Their Experts travel globally from 19 offices located across the U.S., Canada, the U.K. and Singapore.

LWG's experience counts when equipment, systems, structures, or data have been threatened by catastrophe or litigation. Their experts and advisors determine cause and responsibility, and identify the nature and extent of damage or loss and provide a full range of solutions to protect their assets. LWG's technical professionals are trusted advisors and industry leaders. Their expertise is broad and deep, capable of withstanding all forms of scrutiny. LWG's services are available globally so that certainty is assured no matter where in the world it is needed. As the recovery from disasters has grown more complex, LWG Consulting has developed a comprehensive array of services to help their clients and has associates located around the globe to provide assurance no matter the type of loss or location of the disaster.

LWG helps attorneys quickly get to meaningful answers on the many technical issues at the center of a dispute. Their engineers have decades of experience working with both defendants and plaintiffs. They offer effective Expert Witness Testimony, with the ability to communicate effectively, build rapport with juries and judges, and maintain adherence to structured, methodical approaches in drawing conclusions are all extremely critical. LWG Consulting understands how critical the selection of an expert can be, and we understand what makes experts effective. Their court qualified experts have extensive experience providing expert testimony on a wide variety of engineering and technical matters.

Areas of Expertise:
  • Aviation & Aerospace
  • Biomechanics
  • Construction Defects
  • Digital Forensics
  • Electrical Injury & Electrocutions
  • Causation
  • Chemical
  • Computer / Network Equipment Failure
  • Construction Defect
  • Disputes over Reparability of Damage
  • Electrical Failure
  • Equipment Restoration
  • Fire & Explosion Analysis
  • Equipment Restoration
  • Industrial / Manufacturing Equipment
  • Materials Failure
  • Mechanical Accidents
  • Mechanical Failure
  • Medical / Laboratory Equipment
  • Product Failure / Liability
  • Project Management
  • Structural Failure
  • Subrogation
  • Utility & Energy
  • Valuation of Structures or Equipment
  • Vehicle Accident Investigation
  • Workplace / Premises Accidents
  • View LWG's Consulting Profile.
    2/18/2014 · Medical
    All is quiet at 10:30 pm until a nurse notices water on the 2nd floor hallway. Building maintenance is called and discovers a ruptured pipe fitting in a bathroom on the 2nd floor. The water is shut off at 10:45 pm but unfortunately the damage has been done. It is later discovered that water penetrated through perforations in the ceiling in the CT suite on the 1st floor exposing the 16-slice CT gantry and patient table to water.

    1/14/2014 · Machinery
    The role that water plays in our existence is well understood. Without it, most living things will rapidly wither and die. Equally catastrophic of course, are the consequences of too much water. Not only to living things, in terms of widespread flooding, but also in terms of damage to machinery and equipment from exposure to water.

    Is it possible to differentiate between lightning related surges and artificially generated electrical surges?

    E-Discovery is the process of collecting and exchanging electronically stored information (ESI) that is requested during the discovery phase in civil litigation.

    3/14/2013 · Corrosion
    An ominous cloud of smoke continues to billow as the sprinklers rain water throughout the facility. The production manager's mechanical and electrical equipment is rapidly deteriorating, and within hours, the previously pristine equipment normally used to manufacture precision circuit boards will have a thin coating of flash rust with further damage forthcoming.

    1/25/2013 · Damages
    Doctors and nurses need to make quick, educated decisions to minimize the impact of difficult situations. These decisions are based on the practitioner's years of experience, their education, the science and technology available, and with the assistance of critical analytical and diagnostic equipment.

    11/19/2012 · Damages
    A water pipe breaks in a healthcare provider's facility, saturating an MRI control cabinet. The manufacturer is called in and spends $200,000 on attempted repairs. The unit still doesn't work. The manufacturer says the entire unit needs to be replaced, at a cost of $240,000.