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Machinery Accident Prevention Expert Witnesses

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Chip Darius, OHST, CET, CSHO
President
110 Court Street, Suite 1
Cromwell CT 06416
USA
phone: 860-978-9899 or 800-809-0059 (Toll Free)
fax: 860-760-6264
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Chip Darius is an OSHA Safety Consultant and Trainer with over 26 years experience in general industry, construction, utilities and emergency services. Mr. Darius is an Instructor for the OSHA Training Institute Region 1 Education Center, teaching courses on OSHA regulations since 2002.

Mr. Darius is an experienced Expert Witness with experience in both plaintiff and defense cases, in state and federal matters. He has testimony experience in depositions and at trials. He is available to review and evaluate cases, assist in framing legal arguments, assess the merits of a case, conduct incident investigations, and perform site inspections. He is an associate Member of the American Bar Association and Connecticut Bar Association.

Mr. Darius has authored 3 guidebooks and multiple articles, and has designed more than 200 specialized courses in safety and trainer development. He earned BS and MA degrees from the University of Connecticut.

Mr. Darius has also been a certified Emergency Medical Technician for over 37 years.

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Greg Gerganoff, CSP, Esq.
Certified Safety Professional

Denver, CO
All States USA
phone: 303-330-4616
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Greg Gerganoff OSHA Safety Expert PhotoGreg Gerganoff, ASP, CSP, Esq., is an OSHA / MSHA Safety field and compliance expert with experience in the heavy construction, manufacturing, light rail construction, power plant outages, public schools, oil and gas, mining, pipeline, and trenching and excavation industries.

As OSHA and MSHA are not mere “guidelines to safety” but federal laws enforceable in administrate hearings and federal courts, Mr. Gerganoff's 12 years of experience as a Licensed Attorney, and additional 17 years as a safety professional (CSP), make him uniquely qualified to research and interpret OSHA regulatory laws (29 CFR 1910 & 1926) and MSHA (30 CFR Part 46). He maintains his license to practice law in the state of Colorado.

Litigation Support - Understanding the role of case assessment and the value of discovery, Mr. Gerganoff's field safety expertise and legal experience can assist legal counsel at any stage of a safety related case or claim. His services are available to counsel looking to a safety professional as a subject matter expert expecting solid, well researched, sited, and substantiated opinions. No advocacy, just plain, unbiased, well-reasoned and supported opinions. Mr. Gerganoff is retained by attorneys for both Plaintiff and Defendant.

Safety Training includes but not limited to:
  • PEC SafeLand Core and Basic
  • OSHA 10 & 30 Hour Outreach Trainer Gen Industry
  • H2S Training (in accord with ANSI Z390.1-2006)
  • MSHA New Miner (Surface Metal and Nonmetal)
  • Aerial / Man Lift Operator Training
  • Power Tool Safety and Inspection
  • Hazard Communication
  • Lockout / Tagout
  • Confined Space
  • Trench and Excavation
  • Fork Lift Operator Training / Lifting
  • Fall Protection
  • View Greg Gerganoff's Consulting Profile.
    10/17/2017 · Expert Witnessing
    The employ of expert witnesses in litigation is typically undertaken to help the decider of fact (judge or jury) decipher an area of specialized knowledge which is key to the case. The expert report serves the primary purpose of "educating" deciders of fact on topics not commonly known to the general public. However, a noncomplying expert report can wreak havoc on a case, increase costs or worse, have the expert's testimony precluded in whole or part from use at trial. This of course is contrary to the purpose of retaining an expert in the first place. Understanding the parameters of compliance (C.R.C.P. 26 (a) (2) (B) (I)) and how sanctions for non-compliance (C.R.C.P. 37 (c) (1)) may be applied is important not only for legal counsel but the expert as well under the 2015 rule updates and the recent Colorado Supreme Court case, Catholic Health Initiatives Colorado v. Earl Swensson Associates, Inc.

    10/26/2016 · Construction
    During a recent conversation with a friend who had purchased a small construction company he mentioned in passing that one of his employees had injured his ankle on the job but didn't report it to his work comp carrier as it was a minor incident, no days off work, didn't want his rates to go up, why bother. All is good. Right?

    8/18/2016 · OSHA
    Electricity is a vital source of energy in our daily lives. It powers tools, provides light and heat. Our working lives are much improved and efficiency greatly increased thanks to electricity. But what about those situations where power from the grid is unavailable. Well, portable generators are an excellent tool for such a scenario.

    6/24/2016 · OSHA
    Safety culture is a term frequently bandied about in today's business world and sounds as trendy as "mission statements" were years ago. (Let's not forget "best in class". First time I heard this at a company meeting I looked around to make sure I hadn't mistakenly wandered into a dog show. Really?)

    Use fall protection; Use trench boxes when excavating; Lock out Tag Out any time repair or maintenance of equipment involving stored energy is performed; Slips, Trips and Falls are one of the most expensive types of injury. For my sixteen years in safety these safety hazards were always in the forefront of safety concerns for businesses and safety professionals. Guess what? Work related road way crashes is the number one serious/fatal injury cause for U.S. workers. OSHA recognizes this. CDC/NIOSH has generated a white paper studying this fact. Who knew? So here is some info on this number one safety hazard in the US work place.

    4/11/2016 · OSHA
    In the safety world hazard recognition plays a vital role in keeping your people safe from unsafe behaviors and/or conditions. Some hazards are easily recognized, for example an employee climbing up a 20 foot ladder with tools held in both hands. (This is a fall hazard by the way.) Common sense right? The safety guy who taught me safety had a great response to this attitude, "Few people have any sense (read knowledge) in common (read shared alike)". So while some safety hazards are immediately recognizable others require training to spot and avoid. Training is a key method in avoiding the "Ostrich Zone". One such hazard is Hydrogen Sulfide. You don't want to bury your head facing this hazard. (Won't do much good anyway, Hydrogen Sulfide is heavier then air!)

    3/7/2016 · OSHA
    "If you don't know where you are going, you will probably end up somewhere else.", so said Laurence J. Peter, a professor at the University of Southern California whose works touched the business world. (He is well known for the "Peter Principal".) Peter's above quote essentially points out that action lacking a clear objective will likely lead to unwanted or unintended consequences.

    2/19/2016 · OSHA
    Hazard recognition plays a vital role in keeping employees safe. Some hazards are easily recognized, for example an employee climbing up a 20-ft ladder while holding tools in both hands is an obvious fall hazard. While some safety hazards are immediately recognizable, others require training to spot and avoid. One such hazard is hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Training is a key method to avoid the "ostrich zone." You do not want to bury your head when facing this hazard.

    1/29/2016 · OSHA
    When personal injury events occur legal negligence actions may arise. Common law negligence is established by plaintiff showing defendant owed plaintiff a legal duty, to conform to a standard of care, defendant breached that duty, plaintiff suffered injury and there is a causal relationship between the breach and injury. FN 1 But what sources of standard of care proofs are available? How does a litigant go about proving standard of care?

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    Thomas Read, PhD
    Principal
    1435 Fulton Rd.
    Santa Rosa CA 95403
    USA
    phone: 707-544-2374
    fax: 707-544-2370
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    Expert Background: Dr. Thomas L. Read is the Principal and CEO at A. Read Consulting, LLC. He received his PhD. from Stanford University in 1972 and has over 25 years of manufacturing experience in electronics, metallurgy, factory safety, failure analysis, glass fracture, glass failure and bottle failure. As a member of the electronics industry, he has earned process patents and has an extensive background in manufacturing techniques.

    In parallel, Dr. Read has spent over twenty five years as a consultant to attorneys and engineers. He has given more than 100 depositions and has appeared in court numerous times.

    Company Profile: Read Consulting, LLC is a full service laboratory providing services in the following areas:
  • Failure Analysis; Factory Safety and Personal Injury (including machine guards and manufacturing safety)
  • Glass Failure Analysis - Glass Fracture, Glass Failures and Bottle Failure
  • Metal and Ceramic Failure
  • Grinding Wheel Failures
  • Intellectual Property and Patent Disputes
  • Product Liability and Product Quality
  • Manufacturing Disagreements (such as Intellectual Property, Failed equipment and Contract Disputes)
  • Reverse Engineering
  • As "water hammer" (i.e. liquid impact) has the potential to cause glass bottle failure, Read Consulting LLC created two such failures to study the resulting fracture surface details.

    4/23/2015 · Failure Analysis
    Read Consulting was asked to determine why a welded chair failed and caused injury to the person sitting in it.

    The root cause of the failure of customer returns of heated automobile rear view mirrors was investigated.

    During normal operation, the arm on an automatic wafer test station failed. Root cause failure analysis determined that the drive shaft on the right angle gear motor used to raise and lower the manipulator arm had failed first.

    5/21/2012 · Failure Analysis
    This grinding wheel was part of a product liability and personnel injury case. It was claimed that the subject wheel had unexpectedly failed (i.e. flown apart) and an escaping piece had hit the plaintiff in the face causing serious injuries. According to the user, the grinder with the wheel was purchased approximately one hour before the grinding wheel failure.

    3/29/2012 · Failure Analysis
    A failed plastic lawn chair was examined to determine the cause of failure. This chair failed on the premises of a restaurant In this study the subject chair is examined and compared to several exemplar purchased at the same time. The objective of this study is to determine the cause of failure.

    11/8/2011 · Failure Analysis
    Glass Failure Analysis Expert Witness performs a failure analysis of a several tempered glass doors that had "spontaneously" failed at a construction site. The objective of this glass failure analysis is to determine the cause of failure and make recommendations to the contractor.

    8/30/2011 · Failure Analysis
    Materials failure analysis expert performs a failure analysis to determine the source of a metal piece found in tomato product.

    5/17/2011 · Failure Analysis
    A plumbing failure analysis was performed to determine why a cold water supply line to a bathroom sink had failed after only one year of service.

    A glass failure expert witness performs a root cause failure analysis on an exploding beer bottle. The object of this root cause failure analysis is to determine the cause of the bottle failure.

    7/7/2009 · Design
    Before expending the effort necessary to reverse engineer a device or object, it must be definite that the object under study is not covered by one or more patents. This avoids a dispute over patent violations. Once it has been established that no patent coverage exists, one can use multiple techniques to reverse engineer a product. These are summarized below:

    The cracked tank was first inspected in the "as received" condition. In this condition it was cracked, but it was still whole. Next, the failed tank was separated by pulling it apart. This was done to expose the fracture surfaces of the main crack. This allowed for a complete failure analysis and for a determination of where the crack initiated.

    Glass fractography is the most effective method for determining why a glass object, such as a bottle, failed. This technique consists of examining the fracture surfaces of the failure for artifacts such as Wallner lines and using them to trace the crack back to its origin. Once the origin has been identified, it can be examined in detail with a microscope to determine the cause of the failure.

    1/28/2006 · Failure Analysis
    Note: Glass Fractography is the most effective method for determining why a glass object, such as a bottle, failed. This technique consists of examining the fracture surfaces of the failure for artifacts such as Wallner lines and using them to trace the crack back to its origin

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    Daniel Rapperport
    8 Wallis Court
    Lexington MA 02421
    USA
    phone: 781-862-9001 or 339-222-2822
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    Rapperport Associates, Inc., provides exceptional capability in Failure Analysis, Fire and Explosion Investigation, Accident Reconstruction, Structural Analysis, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Metallurgy and Materials Science.

    We have provided superior technical support for litigation since 1974, and possess an extraordinarily talented technical team with impeccable academic and industrial credentials and proven analysis capability. Our team of distinguished scientists and engineers is drawn principally from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) and Stanford University.

    AREAS OF EXPERTISE:

    Failure Analysis
  • Structural Design Analysis
  • Metallurgical Failures
  • Finite Element Stress Analysis
  • Fracture and Fatigue Analysis
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Corrosion

  • Accident Reconstruction
  • Automobiles / Trucks
  • Biomechanics / Injury Mechanism
  • Off-Road Vehicles
  • Occupant Motion
  • Aircraft
  • Animation

  • Fire & Explosion Analysis
  • Cause and Origin
  • Electrical
  • Gases, Liquids and Dust
  • Industrial Processes
  • ........Safety
  • Machine and Industrial Safety
  • Machine Guarding
  • Construction Failures
  • Slips, Trips, Falls


  • Engineering
  • Mechanical
  • Structural / Civil
  • Metallurgy
  • Materials Science
  • Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • Electrical
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    R. Kevin Smith, P.E.
    President, R. K. Smith Engineering
    1539 Chalone Ct.
    Crown Point IN 46307
    USA
    phone: 219-226-9510 (Office)708-790-1938 (Cell)
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    R. Kevin Smith PE, BSME, MMAE, has been a specialist in Engineering Forensic Safety and Design for 35 years. He has consulted on over a 1,000 matters nationwide.

    Mr. Smith is a registered professional engineer and holds a BSME and MMAE from the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. He specializes in Material Handling Equipment Safety, including lift trucks, dock safety, truck loading, conveyors, and aerial work platform safety.

    Mr. has been actively involved as a member of the committee that writes the Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks (ASME/ANSI B56.1) for over 30 years. He also serves on the B56.6 committee (rough terrain lift trucks) and the ANSI A92.5 and A92.6 subcommittees (self-propelled elevating work platforms).

    Litigation Support - Mr. Smith formerly worked for Triodyne, Inc. for over 15 years as a forensic engineer/principal engineer. As President of R. K. Smith Engineering Inc., he currently has a laboratory for examination and testing, and owns or has access to varied testing equipment and tools.

    Kevin Smith has testified at depositions and trials on several hundred matters. He has performed hundreds of investigations into product failures involving injury and property damage, and has reconstructed numerous accidents. His expertise is available to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defendant. Mr. Smith also is on the Adjunct Math faculty at Prairie State College.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Forklift Trucks
    • Aerial Work Platform Lifts
    • Product Testing
    • Material Handling / Lifting / Rigging Equipment
    • Accident Reconstruction
    • Machine Guarding
    • Safeguarding
    • Warnings
  • Agricultural and Construction Equipment
  • Skid Steer Loaders
  • Stability Testing
  • Loading Dock Safety
  • Consumer Products / Testing
  • OSHA Citations
  • Codes & Standards
  • Standard of Care in Design
  • View R. Kevin Smith's Consulting Profile.
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    Dr. J.P Purswell, PhD, PE, CPE
    Ergonomics & Safety Expert
    2035 Mulligan Drive
    Colorado Springs CO 80920
    USA
    phone: 719-330-0126
    fax: 719-265-6905
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    Dr. J. P. Purswell, PhD, PE, CPE has extensive experience in Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety Engineering. He holds a doctorate in Industrial & Systems Engineering from Virginia Tech. A member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the American Industrial Hygiene Association, Dr. Purswell served as the past Chair of the Industrial Engineers PE exam from 2005 to 2009. He continues to serve on the committee which is responsible for the preparation of the national professional engineering examination in industrial engineering.

    Dr. Purswell is the author of more than 20 publications and presentations on Product Safety, Occupational Safety, Printed Warnings, and Auditory Warnings. Examples of products addressed include silica, asbestos, cleaning chemicals, gasoline containers, and recreational equipment. Dr. Purswell maintains NIST-calibrated equipment for the measurement of light, sound, force, and whole-body and hand-arm vibration in addition to standard photo and video equipment.

    Dr. Purswell has been an Expert Witness in the legal industry since 1997. He has been qualified as an expert in state and federal courts across the nation in safety engineering, including safety analysis techniques such as Fault Tree Analysis and FMEA as well as product warnings / instructions and OSHA compliance issues. Dr. Purswell's services include site inspections, document review, drafting Rule 26-compliant reports, deposition, and trial testimony. He has been retained by attorneys for both Plaintiff (40%) and Defense (60%) more than 100 times, has been deposed approximately 50 times, and has testified at trial over 20 times.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Warning and Safety Instructions
    • OSHA Compliance
    • Chemical Accident Prevention
    • Product Safety
    • Lockout / Tagout & Machine Guarding
    • Trucks and Forklift Accidents
  • Power Tools Safety
  • Hazard Communication - Audible Alarms
  • Employer Safety Training and Supervision
  • Perception / Reaction Time
  • Ergonomic Work Practices
  • Working and Walking Surfaces - Slip, Trip and Fall
  • View Dr. Purswell's Consulting Profile.
    10/10/2013 · Ergonomics
    In 2005 a summary of "General Duty Clause" citations issued for ergonomic hazards was published (Purswell & Purswell, 2005). That summary showed that the primary area of ergonomics citation activity under the "General Duty Clause" (paragraph (5)(a)(1) of the OSHAct of 1970) by OSHA to that point had been concentrated in nursing homes, peaking in 2002 and 2003.

    The purpose of the current study was to update and expand upon an earlier study performed to review and categorize OSHA accident investigation records for pedestrian-backing vehicle accidents according to whether the backing vehicle had a backup alarm and whether the alarm was installed and functioning as intended. The current study includes an analysis of additional records as well as the business type (SIC code) of the employer.

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    D. Larry Dunville
    See Multiple Addresses Below
    AZ, MI USA
    phone: 574-210-8612
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    Dennis Dunville Overhead Crane Expert PhotoD. Larry Dunville has over 35 years of Overhead Crane experience. Mr. Dunville has built, installed, engineered, estimated, sold and serviced overhead bridge cranes. He has sat on the industry committees that wrote the crane specs for the steel industry, written articles, and taught professional architects and engineers about the special requirements to be aware of when designing buildings that will house overhead cranes.

    In the early 90's, Mr. Dunville lead the effort to become one of the first cranes builders in the US to attain ISO9001 certification, which lead directly to Dearborn Crane and Engineering winning the Indiana Governor's Quest For Excellence Award and the Indiana University Kelly School of Business Growth 100 two consecutive years.

    Business Experience - Mr. Dunville served as the Owner/President of Dearborn Crane & Engineering Co., a builder and installer of overhead cranes and crane runway systems, from 1975-2012. He was also the former Owner/President of Xcel Computer Systems, a CAD/CAM systems integrator. Mr. Dunville is currently the Owner/President of Digital Industrial Marketing, LLC (2014 to present) and Overhead Crane Consulting, LLC (2016 to present).

    D. Larry Dunville's Video Introduction


    Litigation Support - Larry Dunville offers expert witness services in crane cases involving industrial, manufacturing, and warehousing facilities, as well and power plants. His expertise is available to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defendant.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Overhead Cranes
    • Bridge Cranes
    • Overhead Traveling cranes
    • Electric Overhead Traveling Cranes
    • Overhead Bridge Cranes
    • Gantry Cranes
    • Jib Cranes
    • Workstation Cranes
    • Hoists
    • Crane Operator Training
  • Monorails
  • Crane Runways
  • Crane Safety
  • Crane Inspection
  • Crane Manufacturing
  • Crane Installation
  • Crane Runway Installation
  • Crane Fabrication
  • Runway Fabrication
  • OSHA Crane Inspections
  • Corporate Crane Safety Programs
  • Overhead Crane Arizona Office
    3606 N. Larrea Lane
    Tuscon, AZ 85750
    Telephone: 574-210-8612
    Overhead Crane Michigan Office
    12666 Highland Shore Drive
    Sawyer, MI 49125
    Telephone: 574-210-8612


    View D. Larry Dunville's Consulting Profile.
    6/15/2016 · Construction
    You have a shiny new building with a shiny new crane and everything looks great. For some reason, though, the crane won't clear the building columns, even though the contractor and the crane manufacturer are saying everything is to spec and it's not their problem. Common sense says somebody is wrong and that somebody should have to pay (because it's going to cost a bundle).

    5/10/2016 · Construction
    It is absolutely critical in the evaluation of a legal case involving cranes, to determine what type crane is involved. The word "Crane" is a generic term that covers virtually anything that lifts with a hook, but each crane type is a whole different industry with different industry associations (which compile the industry product specifications), different governing specification and different OSHA requirements. As a matter of fact, some cranes don't even have hooks!

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    David K. Merrifield, CSP
    4515 Stonecrest Terrace
    St. Joseph MO 64506
    USA
    phone: 816-364-1540
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    David K. Merrifield, CSP, has over 40 years of experience in Manufacturing and Manufacturing Management. A Certified Safety Professional, he has 23 years of experience in Safety Management, Risk Management, and Litigation.

    Mr. Merrifield is knowledgeable in a broad range of construction, industrial and maintenance tools, machinery, and equipment. He has served as Chairman of the American National Standards Institute’s (ANSI) A92 main committee for Aerial Work Platforms and Chairman of ANSI Z535.6 Safety messages in collateral materials.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Merrifield provides expert testimony and consultation involving Expert witness testimony concerning government and industry standards, warnings, instructions, maintenance and inspections, misuse, hazards and hazard control, duties of parties, fall protection, safety devices, product recalls, and service bulletins. His expertise is available to counsel representing both the Plaintiff and the Defense.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Warnings and Instructions
    • Standards, Regulations, and Industry Practice
    • Safe Design Process
    • Training
    • Maintenance and Inspections
    • Modifications to Machinery, Equipment
    • Misuse
    • Hazard Analysis
    • Hazards in the Workplace
    • Duty of Owners, Users, Operators
    • Fall Protection
    • Safety Devices
    • Product Recalls and Service Bulletins
    • Safety Policies and Procedures
    • Document Creation and Retention
    • Accident Investigation
  • Product Safety
  • Products Liability
  • Construction Machinery
  • Scissor Lifts
  • Boom Lifts
  • Personnel Lifts
  • Cherry Pickers
  • Fork Trucks
  • Telescopic Material Handlers
  • Skid Steer Loaders
  • Mast Climbers
  • ANSI Standards
  • OSHA
  • Industry Practice
  • Electrocution
  • Tip Over
  • View David Merrifield's Consulting Profile.
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    John L. Ryan, BSME, PE
    Business Headquarters:
    PO Box 7
    Poncha Springs, CO 8142
    Offices in: CO, MI, AR, USA
    phone: 855-627-6273
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    John L. Ryan, BSME, P.E. is a Mechanical Engineer who provides general Mechanical and Structural Engineering expertise. Mechanical and Safety Engineering (MASE) provides full service analysis and accident reconstruction of products involved in accidents. Mr. Ryan's services have been requested for attorneys and insurance companies needing forensic engineering expert witness testimony to determine whether machinery and products involved in injury cases were adequately designed or whether they have a Design, Manufacturing, or Material Defect. All products are lab-tested on site to determine adherence to industry standards and engineering design protocol. Alternate preventative designs are developed when none exist commercially.

    Mr. Ryan is available for both Plaintiff and Defense, depending on the individual case. His services include producing high quality reports and visual aids in the courtroom such as scale models to help explain accident scenarios and alternate designs to judges and juries.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Accident Investigation and Reconstruction
    • Machine Guarding Accident Investigation
    • Ladder Failure Investigation
    • Design Defect Analysis
    • Structural Analysis of Buildings
    • Product Liability Investigations
    • Crash Data Retrieval
    • General Engineering Injuries and Issues
    • Industrial safety
    • Engineering Continuing Education
    • Product Certification
    View John Ryan's Consulting Profile.
    Tree stand accidents occur frequently during hunting season, causing a variety of injuries from broken bones to paralysis and death. Tree stand accidents involve a variety of causes, including falls from the tree stand, collapse of the tree stand, fires, self inflicted gunshot wounds, and asphyxiation. A study by the Center for Disease Control examined hunting accidents from 1979-1989. 214 of 594 deer hunting related accidents involved tree stands. 52% of these tree stand accidents were due to falls from the stand, 32% were due to collapse of the tree stands.

    This issue of Forensic Clues is the second installment of an examination of ladder accidents. Last month we explored stepladders, this month we will be discussing extension ladders. Ladder accidents are a very common occurrence. Over half a million people annually seek medical attention due to ladder accidents. Over three hundred people are killed yearly in these often preventable accidents. This is a serious problem.

    Ladder accidents occur frequently, often with very serious consequences. Ladders are tools that people use repeatedly, at home and on the job. The CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) states that there are more than 164,000 emergency room-treated injuries annually due to ladders in the United States.

    7/27/2015 · Engineering
    The nursery rhyme involving Humpty Dumpty is a child's first lesson in safety. What would keep Humpty Dumpty safe as he is sitting on the wall? A warning or a railing?

    6/29/2015 · OSHA
    The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that between 1,600 and 2,000 amputations occur annually due to power press operation. Another 18,000 people receive less serious injuries annually. Injury statistics compiled by OSHA for the years 1975 through 1983 confirm these figures. These numbers are alarming and unnecessarily high. Power presses can be used safely when the presses are properly designed to minimize the hazard that the operator is exposed to.

    5/26/2015 · Machinery
    Every year there are thousands of debilitating injuries and deaths on farms. Many of these are related to power take-off's (PTO's). PTO shafts are used to power various farming implements, from mowers, hay balers, augers, and many other types of farming machinery. The PTO shaft was invented in the 1930's. The PTO shaft is essentially a shaft powered by the tractor engine that rotates at high speeds, providing power for a wide array of implements. While this provides a convenient source of power to drive farm implements, serious accidents can occur due to entanglement in PTO's. PTO's must be properly equipped with guards including master shields which covers the stub shaft and universal joint. These shields prevent inadvertent contact with the rotating machinery. Contact with unshielded rotating PTO parts can instantly pull a person into the PTO, causing catastrophic damage.

    Rock and ice climbing have become increasingly popular in recent years. Climbing is now a popular form of exercise and adventure, and a great way to enjoy the outdoors. Unfortunately the greater numbers involved in the sport has led to greater number of accidents. Climbing gyms have brought climbing to areas without outdoor rock resources. These indoor gyms use artificial holds to simulate rock walls. Indoor climbing gyms typically have climbs ranging from twenty feet to fifty feet, or more. Bouldering areas are shorter in height, with adequate padding to protect climbers from falls without the need for ropes.

    While many accidents involving products are the result of a product defect that leads to injury of the product user, accidents can also be the result of a failure caused by lack of maintenance or inspection. This issue of Clues will examine the theory behind failure to maintain accidents, as well as provide examples of common accidents that are due to a lack of maintenance.

    Material science is a broad field that has applications in numerous fields. In product injury cases, material science can help identify defects, determine causes of accidents, determine failure modes, and identify inconsistent manufacturing processes.

    1/21/2015 · Product Liability
    No one likes to see children get hurt, especially when it could be prevented. Poor design, manufacturing defects, material defects, assembly errors, and the lack of a hazard analysis can result in hazardous products that injure people. Many products are put in stores that may have never been looked at by a design engineer and/or a safety specialist.

    Fishing and boating accidents result in thousands of injuries each year. The U.S. Coast Guard reported 3331 injuries and 709 fatalities due to boating accidents on both recreational and commercial vessels. There are many causes for these accidents, including collisions with objects or other vessels, drowning, electrical and mechanical failures, interaction with unguarded machinery, and others. There are various acts and laws that govern accidents at sea. This issue of Forensic Clues will examine some of the preventable accidents caused by defective machinery and equipment that occur at sea, and a brief overview of the laws and regulations affecting product liability litigation related to maritime accidents.

    Paintball is a fun activity for all ages, and can be a safe sport if proper precautions are made. Serious eye injury can occur if a paintball impacts the eyeball, making goggles and facemask a requisite part of paintball. Accidents happen in backyard paintball games most frequently, but also at commercial paintball operations. This Clues will examine the typical preventable paintball accidents, as well as examine product failures that can lead to accidents while playing paintball.

    Accident reconstruction involves attempting to determine the sequence of events of an accident and is a crucial part of product liability cases. Understanding exactly what occurred in an accident gives an engineer the best chance of preventing the accident from occurring again. Often there is limited information to base conclusions on what really happened in an accident. Understanding what goes into accident reconstruction will help attorneys understand what information is crucial to this process. Witness testimony is unreliable at best but must be analyzed and cross referenced with the other available information.

    Lawnmowers cause over 50,000 emergency-room visits every year, based on NEISS data on consumer product injuries. These injuries are distributed evenly between ride-on and walk-behind style mowers. The necessary cutting action of a mower results in an inherent hazard, until technology is developed that can cut grass but not living tissue. While various safety advances over the years have reduced the amount of injuries, the extremely high number of accidents related to mowers that continue to occur show the need for further enhancement of product safety.

    Machine guarding accidents cause many accidents and fatalities every year, despite the availability of modern safety technology. In the years from 1992-1996, one study from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported annual injuries due to workers being caught in machinery of 34,350. In 2012 contact with an object or equipment had the second highest workplace fatality rate at 712 deaths.

    6/10/2014 · OSHA
    OSHA was created through the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA's mission is to ensure worker safety by creating and enforcing safety and health standards. OSHA does many good things to help maintain a safe workplace, but manufacturers often try to hide behind the shield of OSHA, putting blame on an employer for unsafe machinery or working conditions, when often the machinery was never safe to begin with. Some standards promote safety and some standards protect the manufacturer from product liability law suits. Most industrial standards are voluntary, unless they are specifically referenced in a Code of Federal Regulations / OSHA standard. OSHA standards are Federally mandated and are enforced by the Federal government.

    Stored energy is accumulated energy, which can release suddenly, potentially causing serious injury or death. Stored energy has many forms, including pressurized gases and liquids, stored mechanical energy, stored electrical energy, and gravitational potential energy. Stored energy is particularly dangerous because the hazard still exists when the original source of energy is removed. This issue of Clues will explain the various forms of hazardous stored energy, how these energies can cause damage or injuries, and how to prevent stored energy accidents.

    Table saw accidents occur frequently, often resulting in serious accidents when the operator comes in contact with the saw blade. The difficulties in guarding table saw blades with conventional guarding techniques often leads to ineffective guards that are removed by saw operators due to their lack of function and flexibility.

    2/26/2014 · Failure Analysis
    A significant number of elderly persons experience falls every year. In 2010, 2.3 million nonfatal fall injuries involving elderly people were treated in emergency rooms around the country. In the same year, 21,700 elderly people died as the result of unintentional falls. Falls for elderly people are extremely hazardous as they may not recover from fractures and other injuries.

    1/22/2014 · Product Liability
    Product Liability Reform has affected many attorneys, consumers, and experts negatively while failing in its goal of greater American competitiveness. This issue of Forensic Clues is dedicated to addressing the problems of tort reform, how this affects you, and what you as an attorney can do to reduce your costs and increase your chances of a successful product liability case, assuming that the case involves a legitimate product defect.

    A recent failure of a ski lift in Wisconsin has received much media attention. While accidents such as these are rare, they do occur. Much more frequent are accidents involving collisions with other people or objects. This issue of Forensic Clues will examine the types of accidents that occur on the mountains.

    11/11/2013 · Failure Analysis
    Powered winches are in use in a variety of applications, some of the most common include vehicle-mounted electric winches, marine vessel winches, marine recovery winches, industrial winches and chain hoists. Accidents occur in all types of winch uses.

    Between 1982 and 1996, 2,795 people died riding all-terrain vehicles, ATV's. This was found in a study by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Over thirty percent of the riders killed were under the age of sixteen.

    9/26/2013 · Failure Analysis
    In 2007, an estimated 15,147 lives were saved from seat belt use. Seat belts save five times more lives than airbags, according to statistics released by NHTSA. Seat belt use has increased over the years, due to cultural trends, and possibly due to the enactment of seat belt use laws. Seat belt systems do not always function as predicted. Seat belt systems can fail during a collision, often resulting in serious injury or death to the vehicle occupant.

    Farming is a dangerous occupation. Tractor rollover accidents have been killing people since the 1920's. In 1990, the National Safety Council estimated 460 people were killed while operating tractors. Tractor rollover caused 239 of these fatalities. Another estimate suggests a more conservative number of annual fatalities - 132, that are the result of tractor rollover accidents. In a four-year period in Pennsylvania alone, 72 people died as a result of tractor rollover accidents.

    Automobile collisions result in damage to property and injuries to people. Compensation is sought through insurance claims, law suits, and product liability claims. Knowing when injuries are more or less severe than is warranted by the damage level involved in the collision is important information. This can help people involved on both sides of litigation or settlements.

    7/23/2013 · Warnings & Labels
    Warning labels are an indelible part of our society. Warning labels are everywhere - on our food, on our drinks, on our sweeteners, on our cars, on our tools, on our cigarettes. As consumers we are constantly barraged with multitudes of warnings, cautions, don't do this's, don't do that's.

    Safety Engineering Resources has had the opportunity to learn a great deal about using fiberglass in structural applications, which are simply applications that must support some sort of load. Using fiberglass as a structural material was brought about by the advances made by organic chemists in recent decades in the field of plastics.

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that approximately 95,000 injuries occur each year due to forklifts.

    5/14/2013 · Failure Analysis
    Two and a half million rear-end collisions occur every year. Rear-end collisions are usually caused by driver inattentiveness.

    Structural failures of buildings range from catastrophic building failures involving mass loss of life and/or property to structural problems such as sagging floors or ceilings, leaning walls, cracking or sinking foundations.

    Golf cart accident frequency has increased dramatically over the last 20 years. A study by Watson, Mehan, Smith, and McKenzie (Golf Cart-Related Injuries in the U.S., American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 2008) of NEISS data found 147,696 people were treated in emergency rooms for golf cart accidents between 1990 and 2006.

    12/27/2012 · Engineering
    Knowing when a personal injury case is due to the action or inaction of another party, or when responsibility falls fully on the injured party, can be a difficult distinction to make. At Mechanical and Safety Engineering, we have been investigating personal injury cases for decades.

    Check for SynapsUs
    David A Cooper
    Eric A. Lee, CFE, Principal of Consulting
    Kestrel House
    Marine Road
    Eastbourne East Sussex BN22 7AU
    GBR
    phone: 01323-431325
    fax: 01323-431309
    LECS_logo.jpg
    LECS (UK) Limited is an International Engineering Firm specializing in Lifts, Escalators, Facade Access and Funiculars (cable cars). With over 20 years of trading history, their specialized engineers are qualified, experienced and carry full professional insurances. Members of the engineering team have all worked for major contractors and have held positions including Senior Engineer, Project Manager and Commissioning / Test Engineers. As a result, LECS has over 150 years of accumulated experience within the key staff of the engineering team and currently employs 10% of the world’s graduates of the MSc in Lift Engineering from the University of Northampton.

    LECS (UK) Limited is a member of independent bodies such as ACE, BSI and ConstructionLine. They have an accredited Quality Assurance scheme to ISO 9001 (2008) and are regularly audited. They provide services for many market sectors including overseas projects, hotels, retail, commercial health, local authority and heritage.

    The engineers at LECS (UK) have extensive experience as Expert Witnesses and Consultants in litigation involving lifts and escalators. Their services include preparing expert reports in accordance with Regulation 35 of the Civil Procedure Rules and also in Criminal cases. They are also available for adjudication and arbitration cases. LECS (UK) expert witness services have been called on in overseas situations including Gran Canaria, Dubai, Hong Kong, Spain and Turkey.

    Services Include:
  • Expert Witness - Litigation Support
  • Statutory Inspections
  • Maintenance Audits
  • Acquisition & Condition Surveys
  • Project Management
  • Traffic Analysis
  • Risk Assessments
  • New Installations & Modernization Specifications
  • Maintenance Specifications
  • Training
  • Portfolio Management
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    James M. Miller, PE, PhD
    Founder
    2392 Fuller Court
    Ann Arbor MI 48105
    USA
    phone: 734-662-6822
    fax: 734-747-9712
    Miller-Engineering-Logo.jpg
    The experts at Miller Engineering are Ann Arbor based professional engineers celebrating 35 years of service to University, Government, Insurance, and Industry through research, publications, presentations, and testimony. Miller Engineering has a staff of engineers and experts in the Mechanical, Chemical, Agriculture, Industrial, and Human Factors fields of engineering with specific knowledge in the following areas:

    Vehicles
    • Car/Truck Accident Reconstruction
    • Crash Data Retrieval (CDR)
    • Visibility & Reaction Time Analysis
    • Tires, Trailers, Brakes & Accelerators
    • Truck/Off Road Vehicle Egress/Ingress
    • Traffic Signing and Construction Zones
    Mechanical & Electrical Safety
    • Product Safety & Analysis
    • Machinery - Metal, Wood, Plastic Molding
    • Machine Guarding & Safety, Robots, Automation
    • Hazard and Risk Analysis
    • Employee Safety Procedures – OSHA
    • Electrical Distribution & Transmission Hazards
    Warnings & Instructions
    • Warning Labels & User Manual Design
    • Hazard Analysis & Product Label Designs
    • Medical Device & Drug Warnings & Instructions
    • Inadequate Warnings Analysis
    • Standard Compliance (ANSI Z535)
    • Product Recall Information & Strategies
    Chemicals Safety & Labeling
    • NEW OSHA HAZCOM (2012) & GHS Review
    • MSDS, SDS and Product Label Compliance
    • Toxic Torts - Diacetyl, Asbestos, Benzene, Lead, Carbon Monoxide
    Chemical Exposures & Workplace Safety
    • Chemical Inhalation, Ingestion, Dermal Contact
    • Contamination - Water & Environmental
    • Manufacturing & Process Line Accidents
    • Slips, Trips, Falls, & Entanglements
    Fires & Explosions
    • Cause & Origin Investigations
    • Gas, Vapor, & Electrical
    Agriculture
    • Tractor & Equipment Accidents
    • Chemical Applications & Exposures
    • Crop Storage & Harvesting Accidents
    • Pesticides
    Construction
    • Vehicle Visibility Accidents
    • Slip, Trip, & Fall Accidents
    • Power Tool Repetitive & Immediate Injuries
    • Scaffolding - Cranes - Hoisting - Fork Lifts
    Consumers/Household Safety
    • Appliances & Tools
    • Child Furniture, Choking, Playgrounds
    • Swimming Pools & Exercise Equipment
    • Recreation - ATV, Boats, Bicycles, Boards
    • Ladder, Stair, Step and Railing Accidents
    • Slip, Trip, & Fall Accidents
    Insurance Subrogation & Forensics
    • Accident Investigations
    • Electrical & Fire Causation
    • Chemical Leakage Damage
    • Defective Equipment Injuries
    • Premise and Process Damages
    James Miller Mechanical Engineering Expert PhotoJames M. Miller, PE, PhD – Founder

    Dr. Miller is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Michigan College of Engineering and a registered professional engineer and consultant with over 35 years of experience as an expert witness. He specializes in warnings, labeling and instruction manuals, consumer product design, machine guarding, process safety, fire science, vehicle visibility, tractor egress/ingress, pedestrian and worker slip and fall prevention, recreational vehicles (ATVs, boats, and personal watercraft), compliance with occupational safety and consumer safety standards (OSHA, MSDS, CPSC, ANSI, ASTM, UL, etc.).


    Mark Lehto Engineering Expert PhotoMark R. Lehto, PhD – Co-Founder

    Dr. Lehto is a Professor of Engineering at Purdue University. He specializes in knowledge engineering, warnings and instructions, structuring expert systems, accident modeling, accident statistical analysis, consumer product safety, boating safety, in-field national surveys of product usage and product information effectiveness.






    Bradley Cook Mechanical Engineering Expert PhotoBradley T. Cook, PE – Managing Engineer

    Bradley is a registered professional engineer and consultant with extensive experience in accident reconstruction. He specializes in vehicular accident reconstruction and has investigated hundreds of vehicle accidents involving cars, trucks, pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcycles, etc. Bradley also has experience in product safety and hazard analysis; occupational safety and health (OSHA) compliance; pedestrian and worker slip and fall prevention; investigation and reconstruction of industrial and consumer product accidents. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Michigan and a Masters of Science in Engineering with a Biomedical concentration from Purdue University.
    Mark R. Lehto & Steven J. Landry
    Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers, Second Edition presents and integrates important methods and tools used in the fields of Industrial Engineering, Human Factors and Ergonomics to design and improve jobs, tasks and products. It presents these topics with a practical, applied orientation suitable for engineering undergraduate students.
    Mark R. Lehto, Steven J. Landry & Jim Buck
    Emphasizing customer oriented design and operation, Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers explores the behavioral, physical, and mathematical foundations of the discipline and how to apply them to improve the human, societal, and economic well being of systems and organizations.
    Mark R. Lehto & James M. Miller
    James M. Miller, Mark R. Lehto & J. Paul Frantz
    James M. Miller, Mark R. Lehto
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    Gary E. Kilpatrick, PE, DFE, NSPE, NAFE
    President and Chief Engineering Officer
    3397 Cherrybrook Drive
    Jamestown NC 27282
    USA
    phone: 336-841-6354 (Office) 336-803-1639 (Cell)
    fax: 336-841-6375
    gary_kilpatrick_photo.jpg
    Gary E. Kilpatrick, PE, NSPE, NAFE, is a Licensed Professional Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Forensic Engineer, Machine Design Engineer, Manufacturing and Process Engineer, and OSHA Safety Engineer. He is licensed in 12 states and the District of Columbia currently: NC, SC, VA, WV, GA, FL, TN, NJ, MI, MD, LA, MS, and Washington DC. Mr. Kilpatrick currently serves as an instructor for Northwestern University through their Center For Public Safety and is a firm believer in continuing education.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Kilpatrick has over 20 years of industrial work experience in Industrial Manufacturing Operations, Work Safety, Manufacturing and Process Engineering and Operations, Warehousing, and Material Handling. His expertise is available to law firms and insurance companies on civil plaintiff, civil defendant, and insurance claimant cases. Mr. Kilpatrick also works for criminal defense firms and public defenders in criminal case. Qualified in state and federal court, he has given sworn expert testimony under oath during both deposition and trial.

    Forensic Engineering Services (partial list):
    • Workman’s Compensation
    • OSHA Industrial Safety Regulation 29CFR1910, 1926, 1928
    • ANSI, ASME, ISO, UL, ASTM Standards and Codes
    • Machine Guard Engineering and Machine Guard Safety Requirements
    • Personal Protective Equipment Requirements
    • Lockout / Tagout Safety Requirements
    • Kinetic Energy and Hydraulic Punch and Forming Press Accidents Reconstruction
    • Scaffold, Ladder and Work Platform Accident Reconstruction
    • Forklift Accident Reconstruction
    • Material Handling and Warehouse Storage Rack Accidents Reconstruction
    • Loading Dock Accidents Reconstruction
    • Manlift and Vehicle Mounted Work Platform Accident Reconstruction
    • Crane Accident Reconstruction
    • Machine Hydraulic System Design and Accident Reconstruction
    • Machine / Component Product Defect and Failure Analyses
    • Model Building
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    Dennis W. Eckstine
    Principal Consultant
    10817 Partridge Drive
    Waynesboro PA 17268
    USA
    phone: 717-762-1555
    fax: 717-762-9055
    dennis_eckstine_logo.gif
    Dennis W. Eckstine is an expert on cranes, aerial work platforms, various types of lifting equipment, heavy duty trucks, carriers, and other similiar construction, industrial and agricultural equipment. He has held senior positions in engineering, quality, product safety and reliability for major manufacturers including representing the company at trial. Through his active involvement in current standards committees, his education, and his engineering and product safety experience at Grove Worldwide he brings a solid scientific and practical background to his clients.

    He was previously Vice President, Senior Director of Product Safety & Reliability, and Director of Engineering Administration for different major manufacturers. He possesses a BSME and MBA. Mr. Eckstine started as a full time employee in the construction equipment industry in 1971 for Grove.

    He is currently a member of numerous committees within the organizations of ANSI (American National Standards Institute), SAE (Society of Automotive Engineering), ISO, and National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators. Mr. Eckstine was the founding International Chairman of ISO TC 214 for Elevating Work Platforms. He is currently International Chairman of ISO TC 96 SC 6 for Mobile Cranes, and a Commissioner of CCO.

    Services Offered
  • Expert on construction, industrial and agricultural equipment
  • Evaluate Product to Promote Safe Design and Safe Use of Equipment
  • Hazard Analysis, Design Review, Warnings Development, Safety and Operational Training
  • Offer Guidance on Human Factors
  • CIE - Certified Industrial Ergonomist
  • Develop Standards for Design and Safe Use of Products
  • Develop Training Materials and Perfrom Training for Operators of Lifting Equipment Including Cranes and Aerial Work Platforms
  • Conduct Presentations at Seminars and Work Shops
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    Fred P. Smith
    President
    111 W. Canyon Crest Road
    Alpine UT 84004
    USA
    phone: 801-763-8484
    fax: 801-763-5755
    Alpine_logo.jpg
    Alpine Engineering & Design, Inc. is a company that specializes in Rapid Product Development. Their engineers have had over 20 years developing the skills of new product design. Their innovative approach to product design can be seen in over 100 patents held by their engineers. When we create a product, we must sell it to our customer. We use resources such as our model shop, computer graphics and animations, full size prototypes and written descriptions to communicate our ideas to our customers. We effectively teach them about the product and its merits.

    We apply the same skills we use in developing new products to our work as expert witnesses. We give honest, understandable opinions with the underpinning required to help attorneys, judges and jurors make good decisions.

    Alpine Engineering's Design Experience reaches a number of industries including Refuse Equipment, Hydraulically Operated Equipment, Trucks and Related Equipment, Aerial Lifts, Manlifts, Industrial Equipment, Mobile Equipment, Material Handling, Forklifts, Pallet Trucks, Boom Trucks, Suspension Systems, Garbage Trucks, Front Loaders, Side Loaders, Automated Loaders, Rear Loaders, Rolloffs, Liftgates, Exercise and Sports Equipment, Trucking Equipment, Turf Care Equipment, Farming Equipment.

    Alpine Engineering's Comprehensive Services include:

    Product Development
  • Innovative Concept
  • Multi-Industry Experience
  • Powerful Design Tools
  • Full Service Fabricating Materials
  • Expert Witness Services
  • Vast Technical Knowledge
  • Intellectual Property
  • Creative Display Presentations
  • Great Reputation
  • Patent & Patent Related Issues
  • Patent Searches
  • Provisional Patent Complete with Illustrations
  • Patent Infringement Review
  • Design Analysis
  • Finite Element Analysis (FEA)
  • Hydraulics, Pneumatics, Electrical
  • Structural Integrity Tests
  • Value Analysis
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    Adam K. Aleksander
    Principal
    PO BOX 140558
    Boise ID 83714
    USA
    phone: 208-321-0200
    adam-aleksander-logo.gif
    Adam AleksanderDr. Adam K. Aleksander, PhD, PE, CSP, has over 40 years of experience in the areas of Mechanical Engineering, Human Factors, and Safety Engineering. He combines both academic credentials and active work in industry to provide a grounded perspective in Product Liability, Industrial Incidents, Warnings, and OSHA related issues. He is also a VP of an Energy Services firm, with over 35 overseas assignments related to forensic services, power utility issues, and equipment failures.

    Dr. Aleksander has been a practicing engineer since 1972, focusing his Manufacturing, Consulting and Forensic investigations on Problem Definition and Root Cause Analysis of complex problems in confidential issues. His firm has experience encompassing an enormous variety of claims, from large $45 million dollar dam claims, to environmental clean-up claims, to small road construction claims. His litigation services often involve reconstruction, perception reaction studies, warnings, equipment operation, mechanical failures, industrial accidents, skiing, and bicycling injuries.

    As an Expert Witness, Dr. Aleksander has worked with many clients, including plaintiff's and defendant's attorneys, both civil and criminal, attorneys representing corporations, corporations in the power utility area, and corporations that produce products. His services are also available to insurance executives with complex claims issues that involve industrial or utility related losses. Dr. Aleksander has been retained over 125 times in a wide range of technical investigations.

    Litigation Expertise:
    • Product Liability - Design, Manufacturing and Marketing Defects, Involving Damage, Injury or Fatality
    • Equipment Failures - Proximal Cause of Failure with Contributing Factors
    • Human Factors, Visibility, Ergonomics, and General Research Issues - Product Usability, Warnings, Instructions, Perception, Reaction Time, Visibility and Conspicuity Issues
    • Construction, OSHA, and Safety Engineering - Regulatory and Safety Issues
    • Industrial Projects
    • Power Utility - Service and Equipment Failures
    View Dr. Aleksander's Consulting Profile.
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