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Tires / Wheels (General) Expert Witnesses

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Dr. Lewis R. Linet, Jr.
19355 Sherman Way #22
Reseda CA 91335
phone: 818 772-6464
fax: 818-772-6464
Expert Witness and Case Preparation Services provided for litigation involving Automobile Industry Standards & Practices, specializing in Dealership Operation, relating to Sales, Leasing, Finance, New & Used Cars, Service & Parts. Auto Industry Veteran Since 1978.

  • Fraud
  • Unfair Business Practices
  • Single Document Rule
  • Document Disclosure
  • Spanish Contracts
  • Finance Reserve
  • Payment-Packing
  • Purchase/Lease Flip
  • Rental Disclosure
  • Sales, Closing and Desk Procedures
  • 4-Squares
  • AB-68
  • Deferred Down Payment
  • Regulations M & Z
  • Wholesale Procedures
  • Reconditioning
  • Safety Inspection
  • Title History
  • Wrongful Termination
  • Discrimination
  • Wrongful Death
  • Class Actions
  • Sales & Management Training
  • Song-Beverly Lemon Law
  • American Bar Association
    Los Angeles County Bar Association
    Los Angeles Business & Resale Licenses
    Resume & References upon Request
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    M. Clay Lawson, Jr.
    11274 S. Fortuna Road Ste. #D2-413
    Yuma AZ 85367
    phone: 928-247-4785
    M. Clay Lawson, Jr. is a Civilian Traffic Investigator with the Yuma Police Department specializing in Crash Investigations including non-injury, injury, and fatal collisions.

    Prior to joining the Yuma Police Department, Mr. Lawson worked for the US DOT's National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) where he performed specialized reconstruction on crashes involving passenger vehicles, tractor –trailers, pedestrians, and motorcycles.

    Since working in the field of accident reconstruction, Mr. Lawson has performed 156 statistical reconstructions on crashes involving passenger vehicles, tractor –trailers, pedestrians, and motorcycles while working for the USDOT’s National Automotive Sampling System and investigated 3000+ crashes with the Yuma Police Department as a Traffic Investigator.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Lawson offers expert witness services to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defense. His services include:
    • Crash Reconstruction - Applicable areas including but not limited to; Time / Distance, Crush Analysis, Electronic Data Recorder Analysis, Evidence Interpretation, Scene Diagramming, and Speed Calculations
    • Electronic Data Recorder Retrieval - Interpret airbag module (black box) recordings
    • Child Passenger Safety Expert - Trained to look for damage and failures to child restraint systems
    • Desk Review - Review and written summary of reports, photos, and other documents related to the case
    • Computer Animation - Use cutting edge diagram software, to create 2D or 3D color animation
    View Mr. Lawson's Consulting Profile.
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    Stan Andrews
    13045 W. Hwy. 62
    Farmington AR 72730
    phone: 479-846-8000
    fax: 479-846-8002
    EI Consultants, LLC offers a variety of engineering research, consulting, and public services related to the automotive industry, tire failure and design, fire investigations and materials failure. The engineers have expertise in accident reconstruction, automotive mechanical failures; and deposition and trial testimony.

    Located in Northwest Arkansas, EI Consultants, LLC offers nationwide services in accident reconstruction investigation. The Institute's testing department is fully equipped to accomodate your indoor inspection needs whether it be a seatbelt buckle mechanism, an entire vehicle, or an ATV. They also offer accurate and detailed digitization and animation services, as well as high quality evidence photography and high-speed video.

    EI Consultants, LLC's support staff of business professionals is a phone call away to help you with technical research, document reproduction, and paralegal needs. They also have techs available for courtroom presentations using Trial Director Software - an easy, paperless way to handle and display exhibits.

    stan andrews

    Stan Andrews leads the Accident Reconstruction team also known as F.I.R.S.T. of NWA. Mr. Andrews' area of expertise includes accident investigation and reconstruction, and agricultural systems. He has given presentations on the topics of safety engineering, human factors, accident reconstruction, heavy truck crashworthiness, restraint systems, and distracted driving related to texting and cell phone use. Mr. Andrews has provided expert testimony in over 100 depositions and he has testified in trial as an expert witness about the forensic findings of an accident.

    Cord Guthrie

    Cord Guthrie, Forensic Engineer has been conducting comprehensive investigations into Fire Origin and Cause for The Engineering Institute for the past ten years. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in pre-med psychology with an emphasis in criminology and a Master’s degree in Forensic Science from George Washington University. Mr. Guthrie is licensed private investigator and a member of the (NAFI) National Association of Fire Investigators, the (NFPA) National Fire Protection Association; a (CFEI) Certified Fire and Explosion Investigator and a (CVFI) Certified Vehicle Fire Investigator and an Arkansas licensed private investigator. Mr. Guthrie is also professionally trained in accident reconstruction, he has conducted hundreds of investigations regarding automobile accidents (fire and non-fire related).

    View EI Consultants, LLC Consulting Profile.
    The role of an accident reconstructionist is to provide a forensic conclusion to the cause and events of an accident. Some accidents may involve passenger vehicles or consumer products, such as an ATV.

    Many highway traffic accidents occur as a result of sudden tire failures. One particular kind of tire failure is called tread separation, and it can be especially dangerous in some circumstances. This kind of failure involves the outer steel belt layer of the tire peeling away violently, often without causing the tire to go flat.

    Why is there statistically such a high number of rollover accidents and injuries involving UTV's and ATV's, such as the Yamaha Rhino and the Polaris Razor?

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    Forensics International
    Dr. William D. Guentzler
    10298 Hawley Road
    El Cajon CA 92021-2581
    phone: 619-390-9081
    fax: 619-390-9086
    William Guentzler, Ph.D. has over 30 years as a Forensic Examiner and 36 years as a University Professor. Dr. Guentzler specializes in the area of FAILURE ANALYSIS for autos, trucks, ATCs, ATVs, motorcycles, motor homes, marine and golf carts.

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Dr. Guentzler has served as an Expert Witness for both Plaintiff and Defense in over 550 Cases. References are available upon request.
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    Dr. A.B. Thakker
    Ph.D., PE, FASM, CMFGE
    2839 Paces Ferry Road
    Overlook II, Suite 1160
    Atlanta GA 30339
    phone: 800-215-4468 or 404-771-2600
    fax: 770-234-4148
    Firm Profile: Established in 1996, Global Technology Experts, Inc. (GTE) specializes in providing multi-disciplinary engineering and scientific consulting, product testing, safety and forensic engineering services to manufacturers, defense and plaintiff attorneys, and to the insurance claims industry. Our professional staff includes engineers, scientists, and technical specialists who have years of experience and excel as experts in wide range of disciplines. GTE has investigated more then 350+ failure cases that include: Machinery/Equipment, Slip and Fall, Accident Reconstruction, Vehicle Rollover, Lift trucks, Bicycle, Generator/Battery, Tree stand, Construction Defects, Pump/Boiler/Chiller, Engine/Transmission, Weld joints, Corrosion, Fatigue, Polymers, Ceramics and Composite materials. GTE also specializes in Life assessment and durability analysis of prototype components etc.

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Electrical Failures
  • Motor/Generator Failures
  • Battery Failures
  • Accident Reconstruction
  • Tire Defects
  • Machinery & Equipment Failures
  • Construction Equipment Failure
  • Aircraft Engine/Structural Failure
  • Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Metallurgy/Materials Failure
  • Fatigue & Corrosion
  • Product Failure Analysis
  • Bicycle, Ladder, Slip/trip & fall
  • Building Construction & Defect Analysis

  • Education: We have highly experienced and qualified staff:
  • PhD, Engineering Science & Materials, Virginia Tech
  • PhD, Electrical Engineering, Georgia Tech
  • PhD, Mechanical Engineering, Auburn University
  • BS, Civil and Construction Engineering, Kansas State University
  • BS, Mechanical Engineering, S.U.N.Y., Buffalo, NY
  • MBA, Technology Management, Florida Institute of Technology

  • PE – Registered Professional Engineers
  • CMfgE – Certified Manufacture Engineer

    Professional Affiliations:
  • Southern Law Association
  • Atlanta Claims Association
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineer
  • American Society of Civil Engineers
  • American Society of Materials
  • American Society of Nondestructive testing
  • American Welding Society
  • American Society of Testing Materials
  • Society of Aerospace, Materials and Process Engineers

  • Dr. Ash Thakker, PhD, PE, FASM,FSME, CMfgE (Structures, Materials, Fatigue, Fracture, Composites, Damage Tolerance)
  • Mr. George Kremer, BSME, AAS (Metallurgy, Corrosion, Coatings and Mechanical Failures)
  • Dr. Nicholas Propes, PhD (Electrical Machinery Failures, Maintenance Systems, Testing and Analysis)
  • Dr. Freeman Rufus, PhD (Battery/Motor/Generator Failure)
  • Dr. Jyoti Ajitsaria, PhD (Mechanical Failures)
  • Mr. Mike Healy, BS (Civil, Construction Engineering, Buildings)
  • Mr. Ralph Cunningham, BS (Physical Testing, Accident Reconstruction)
  • 11/20/2010 · Slip, Trip & Fall
    A "slip and fall" or "trip and fall" is the generic term for an injury which occurs when someone slips, trips or falls as a result of a dangerous or hazardous condition on someone else's property. It includes falls as a result of water, ice or snow, as well as abrupt changes in flooring, poor lighting, or a hidden hazard, such as a gap or hard to see hole in the ground

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    Roy Theophilus Bent, Jr.
    Expert Witness / Auto Appraiser
    104 West Baker Rd.
    Baytown TX 77521
    phone: 877-845-2368 or 281-424-6466
    Houston Auto Appraisers Auto 
<br/><br/>PhotoRoy Theophilus Bent, Jr. is a well known and respected expert and consultant in the automotive industry. An IACP Certified Auto Appraiser, Expert Witness, and Field Inspector, Mr. Bent is the seated President of the Bureau of Certified Auto Appraisers, a National Professional Appraisal Credentialing Organization that has trained, tested, and certified over 2,400 students under his leadership in the practices of IACP Certified Auto Appraisals and Litigation assistance.

    Mr. Bent holds numerous licenses and credentials as an ASE Certified Mechanic, I-Car Collision Specialist, Licensed Auto Appraiser, Insurance Adjuster, Umpire, Mediator, Arbitrator, Classic Car Judge, and Vintage Car Historian.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Bent is retained by counsel to provide IACP Certified Third Party Appraisals for most auto related lawsuits. He serves law firms whose clients are involved with dissolution, probate, bankruptcy, and diminution of value, and automobile accidents.

    Mr. Bent is a contributing author in several peer reviewed journals in auto accident expert witness related theories, case studies, and reports which are used exclusively by other expert witnesses in the field. His services include deposition, arbitration, mediation, and trial testimony when necessary.

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Diminished Value Appraisals
  • Total Loss Appraisals
  • Corrosion
  • Defective Products
  • Lemon Laws
  • Air Bags
  • Repair Negligence
  • Motor Homes
  • Motorcycles
  • Recalls
  • Seat Belts
  • Auto Accident Reconstruction
  • Automotive Accident Photography
  • Automotive Odometer Tampering
  • Used Car Dealer Fraud
  • Tractor Trailers / Unsafe Loads
  • Classic Cars / Custom Vehicles
  • Commercial Vehicle Accidents
  • Electronic Control Module (ECM)
  • High / Low Speed Accidents
  • Deceptive Trade Practices
  • Ignition Switch Failures
  • Pedestrian / Vehicle Collisions
  • Public Transportation Accidents
  • Recreational Vehicles-RVs
  • Rollover-Roof Crush
  • Run Overs (Pedestrians)
  • Self-Insured / Liability Claims
  • Unibody & Frame Repair
  • Vehicle Fire Cause & Origin (Battery)
  • View Houston Auto Appraisers' Consulting Profile.
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    Nik Ellis
    Managing Director
    188 - 200 Pensby Road
    Heswall Wirral CH60 7RJ
    phone: 0151-342-9961
    fax: 0151-342-7844
    Established in 2000, Laird are an Expert Witness services firm supporting the Legal sector across the UK. They understand the importance of providing an efficient and seamless customer journey and review their processes continually to ensure that they achieve and surpass expectation levels daily.

    With constantly evolving IT systems and exceptional customer service, Laird are leading the way in the Expert Witness sector. You can instruct with the click of a button via their website and will be kept up to date at every stage of your case.

    Laird have three main areas of expertise:

    Automotive Experts
    • Vehicle Damage Reports
    • Low Velocity Impact
    • Diminution in Value
    • Desktop Reports
  • Vehicle Valuation Disputes
  • Accident Reconstruction
  • Pre and Post Repair Inspections
  • Vehicle Data Check
  • Photography Experts
    • Locus Reports
    • Personal Injury Photography Reports
    Language Experts
    • Interpretation
    • Translation
    • Witness Statements
    • Document sign up service
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    Mukul Verma, PhD
    Consultant & Professor of Mechanical Engineering

    phone: 248-971-0705
    Mukul Verma Vehicle Engineering Expert PhotoMukul K. Verma, PhD in Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, brings more than 35 years of industrial, academic and R&D experience to his consulting practice. This extensive experience includes various engineering and management assignments in the development and testing of new automobiles at a major manufacturer of vehicles. He has led the implementation of technical advances in multiple fields of vehicle design and automotive safety, some examples being in areas such as - performance of airbag systems, pedestrian’s protection, car-to-SUV crashes, telematics for crash notifications, post-crash protection, heavy truck rollovers, motorcycle handling, etc. During period, Dr. Verma was additionally appointed by the automobile manufacturers’ associations and other research organizations to lead an international team of experts which then successfully developed engineering solutions to the urgent problem of safety of occupants in passenger cars when involved in crashes with heavier SUVs or pickup trucks.

    His recent academic experience has been in the field of sustainable transportation and he has taught graduate courses in mechatronics systems in vehicles and intelligent tire-and-vehicle systems.

    Dr. Verma has published more than thirty papers in peer-reviewed journals and at international conferences and has been active in professional organizations as invited speaker, session chairman and organizer. He is well-known for his expertise in Vehicle Engineering and Traffic Safety and his interviews and opinions have appeared in US and in international media on several occasions

    Litigation Support – Dr. Verma’s recent litigation-related work has been in two fields:

    1. Automotive forensics – accident investigation and product liability evaluation of automobiles. His work includes detailed incident analysis, evaluation of the performance of vehicle and airbag systems, preparation of expert reports, depositions and trial testimony.

    2. Intellectual Property – analysis of a patent’s validity and evaluation of infringement claims for complex electromechanical and safety-related components. This includes literature search, prior art, detailed reports on validity & infringement and deposition and trial testimony.

    His clients have included automobile manufacturers, large corporations, private citizens and government entities.

    View Dr. Verma's Consulting Profile.
    Hybrid cars have been on US roads for many years, starting with Honda InSight (1999) and Toyota Prius(2000) in mass production.

    In crashes between two automobiles, it is generally assumed that the lighter vehicle will suffer more damage and that its occupants will suffer higher levels of injury.

    This article contains a few of the findings from our recent study of automobile safety in frontal crashes. Parts of the data analyses are presented but details such as the relationship of a particular design feature to the measured injury indicators are highly dependent on specific cases and are available only for individual discussions.

    The New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) conducted by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (part of the U.S Department of Transportation) underwent major changes recently. For automobiles designated as model years 2011 and later, the changes involve both what is measured and what is published.

    Over the years, there have been several product liability litigations regarding pedestrians being injured and the front structure designs of the vehicles being alleged as the significant factor.

    The structural behavior of automobile seats and seatbacks is one of the factors often examined in investigating injuries to a vehicle's occupant(s) in crashes.

    Airbags in modern automobiles have been around for many years and their record in improving occupant safety in crashes is generally well accepted. However, many questions still arise regarding their deployment and performance in crashes.

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    Dr. J. Rasty, PE, MBA
    President & CEO
    1500 Broadway, Ste. 503
    Lubbock TX 79401
    phone: Cell:806-773-7787 or Ofc: 806-368-9811
    fax: 214-614-4955

    Since 1988, Real-World Forensic Engineering, LLC ("RWFE") has provided engineering services to industries and government labs, as well as litigation support to both plaintiff and defense attorneys practicing in many areas.

    RWFE Expertise Includes:

    Components & Machinery
    Metallurgy & Corrosion
    Dynamics of Impact & Collisions
    Friction Analysis / Slips, Trips and Falls
    Intellectual Property & Patent Review
    Accident Reconstruction / Animation
    Computer Aided Design
    Education & Training
    Electrocution & Switch Malfunction
    Grounding & Lightning Protection
    Lightning Impulse Testing
    Products and Premises Liability & Safety
    High-Voltage & Current Power Systems
    Bridge Design and Safety
    Fire & Explosion Cause and Origin
    And Much More...

    At RWFE, we proudly distinguish ourselves by our Four C's:


    Credentials:B.S., M.S., M.Eng., M.B.A., J.D., and Ph.D. Degreed
    Licensed Professional Engineers in Mechanical, Electrical, and Civil Engineering
    Tenured University Professors and Professionals
    NAFI Certified Fire and Explosion Investigators (CFEI)
    Licensed Master Electricians
    Competence:Over 80 Combined Years of Experience in Engineering R&D, Industry, Academia, Consulting, and Expert Witness Litigation Support
    Over 120 Combined Deposition and Court Testimonies
    Credibility:Internationally Recognized in Our Areas of Expertise
    More Than $19 Million in Peer-reviewed and Funded Research Grants
    Over 200 Combined Scientific Publications and Journal Articles
    Communication:Over 20 Different Undergraduate and Graduate-level University Courses
    Over 30 Invited Short Courses, Talks, and Lectures

    Design Evaluation – Accident Investigation – Intellectual Property
    Failure Analysis – Fire Cause & Origin – Component Testing
    Computer Aided Drafting – Accident Animation
    Expert Witness & Litigation Support
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    Ned Einstein
    15-17 S. William Street,Suite 3A
    New York NY 10004
    phone: 212-766-1121 (NY) or 818-988-4586 (LA)
    fax: 212-766-1122
    Areas of Expertise: Accident analysis, testimony and mediation in vehicle and pedestrian accidents involving transit, paratransit, schoolbus, motorcoach, special education, non-emergency medical transportation, taxi, shuttle, child transport systems and services; slips and falls; crossing, boarding and alighting; wheelchairs; seatbelts; ADA and accessibility; passenger safety, security and sexual abuse; vehicle design, specification, crashworthiness, quality assurance and product liability; industry standards and practices; driver training and vehicle operation; management, monitoring, supervision and enforcement; maintenance; NHTSA, FTA, FMCSA and USDOT regulations; vehicle testing and certification; contract negotiation and compliance; risk management; planning and system design.

    The Firm: Transportation Alternatives is a passenger transportation and automotive consortium engaged in consulting and forensic accident investigation and analysis (more than 350 cases). Specializes in elderly, disabled, schoolchildren.

    Education: MURP (Urban and Regional Planning): George Washington University, 1975 BA, English Literature: Rutgers University, 1969

    Professional Experience:
  • President, Transportation Alternatives (1980 to present). Consulted to USDOT, transit agencies, private contractors, social service agencies, municipalities and school districts. Designed several major transportation systems
  • Chairman/General Manager, PTS Transportation (1982-1992). Directed operations of a 70-vehicle paratransit system for physically and developmentally disabled individuals and a non-emergency medical transportation (NEMT) service
  • President, TAM-USA (1989-1995). Formed and directed a U.S.-Slovene joint venture company which coordinated the design, testing, certification and marketing of a European-manufactured school bus and motorcoach.

    Appointments and Memberships:
  • American Public Transportation Association
  • National Association of Pupil Transportation
  • United Motorcoach Association
  • American Bus Association
  • Community Transportation Association of America
  • Association Internationale pour la Sécurité du Transport des Jeunes
  • National School Transportation Conference (1995, 2000, 2005)
  • Committee on School Transportation Safety, National Academy of Sciences
  • Bus Industry Safety Committee (ABA)
  • Access Committee (APTA)
  • 8/19/2016 · Transportation
    The notion of "screening" driver-candidates for Sleep Apnea screening is not merely unsupportable, it is a delusion. In 2011, 517 truck drivers in Australia were tested for Obstructive Sleep Apnea ("Assessing Sleepiness and Sleep Disorder in Truck Drivers" in SLEEP, 2011). According to an anonymous self-evaluation questionnaire (a "multivariable apnea prediction index, based on self-report measures"), only 12% felt they had it, while roughly 4.4% had tested positive for it. Yet when all of them were tested, 41% more of them had this condition. The testing also found that a full 50% of the study participants were obese, and 49% of them smoked cigarettes. Neither of these parameters are included among the handful of criteria currently employed by either the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's or Federal Railway Administration's "recommended" screening exercise -- although, In fairness, the size-17 male neck (or size 16 female neck) serves as a proxy for obesity. At the same time, as noted below, it also captures plenty of "false positives."

    6/29/2016 · Transportation
    Like most fields, public transportation is swollen with studies, both in the U.S. and abroad. Yet some of the most fascinating things seem to be never studied, or rarely studied.

    5/23/2016 · Transportation
    This final installment of this series provides the rewards for reading the first six: Starting-point ideas about things the motorcoach industry can do defend its density against intrusion from Transportation Network Companies (like Uber, Lyft and Sidecar), which have already begun plunging into the charter and tour sectors, mostly with medium-sized, body-on-chassis vehicles. It also includes things that would help increase profits and create new service opportunities - and compete with new, legitimate players penetrating the market.

    4/13/2016 · Transportation
    As NATIONAL BUS TRADER readers following this series have noted, our judicial system seems to be "running the table" with TNC-related issues. The $220,000,000 settlement of a case against FEDEX effectively eliminated the notion of an "independent contractor" in its six states. And the California courts are soon likely to boot out Uber. The FEDEX case in the U.S. Court's 10th Circuit effectively rippled a TNC's ability to deprive its drivers of a regular employee's costly array of fringe benefits. This settlement is likely to soon play out in the other nine "Circuit" encompassing the other 44 states. And if Uber is booted out of California altogether, on top of the FEDEX settlement, the TNC threat will be diminished significantly.

    3/11/2016 · Transportation
    Practically beginning my public transportation career as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Transportation, I learned to hate "Wash-Speak." Government agencies do not compound things; they exacerbate them. They use nothing, but utilize everything. They never start anything, yet implement everything. And much-ado-about nothing is usually referred to as a paradigm shift.

    2/25/2016 · Transportation
    Well, by now, the "Cat's Out of the Bag" about transportation network companies (TNCs). For this, we owe our thanks to National Bus Trader, Limo, Charter and Tours Magazine (especially) and the United Motorcoach Association. The August 15, 2015 issue of the UMA-sponsored Bus & Motorcoach News contained two articles about these previously-unfettered, robot-controlled beasts.

    2/3/2016 · Transportation
    These past five years, practically unnoticed until this last one, have witnessed the most radical change in public transportation since the introduction of scheduling software in the Early 90s: The invasion of traditional, analog services wallowing in their nostalgia by hyper- [or uber]-digital counterparts big on access, low on some concerns, and flying beneath virtually every City's and State's regulatory radar.

    1/6/2016 · Transportation
    Mitchell Rouse! In the 1980s, a strapping, 6'4"-inch-tall visionary who had inherited a 50-vehicle taxicab company and, within a few years, expanded it into a 350-vehicle leviathan, along with eight small paratransit operations. With a heavily-computerized operation a decade before Windows took over the World, his dispatch office still answered every call with a live Earthling. Wilmington/Checker Cab was all about decency, respect and efficiency. And at a time when most of Los Angeles County was beginning to deteriorate rapidly into lines, menus, incompetence and traffic. Yet, as a brilliant manager with an expanding corporate mentality, Rouse was also a rabid supporter of Unionism, and embraced his Teamster's affiliation with pride.

    12/15/2015 · Transportation
    Like every mode of public transportation, and for almost every aspect of our society, the motorcoach industry has, over the decades, been affected significantly by regulations. Some of these experiences were challenging yet produced dramatic results that, among other benefits, have saved us money. One terrific example is that modern motorcoaches dump perhaps one percent of the particulates into our environment than they did a mere two decades ago. Here, the regulations, though challenging, were at least realistic. But our industries' (and other bus modes') responses to it - effectively our engine manufacturers - were far more important than the regulations: Their responses were magnificent.

    11/18/2015 · Transportation
    The explosion of digital technology has triggered increases in vehicle costs, purged small and medium-sized companies from the transportation landscape, and contributed to a nationwide shortage of qualified drivers. But it has taken its greatest toll on management, where supervisors with a genuine understanding of transportation are gradually being replaced by armies of "templeteers."

    11/2/2015 · Transportation
    In the last installment of National Bus Trader, "Fatigue Monitoring Technology" presented an overview of the approaches and devices in development, and available, to prevent and detect driver fatigue. But unlike prevention technologies, fatigue detection devices raise a unique question: What happens when they work?!

    9/30/2015 · Transportation
    Little in public transportation is as challenging as driving load upon load of wheelchair occupants, with unique needs (and often unique chairs), in all directions, with last-minute one-of-a-kind trips dispatched into tight schedules created days, or even weeks, in advance. Yet this is precisely what paratransit drivers do - hour after hour, day after day.

    8/14/2015 · Transportation
    With panoramic/wraparound windshields lying against the front plane, sun visors, tinted windshields, crossover and parabolic mirror systems, ergonomic driver compartments with tilting/telescopic steering columns and pneumatically-adjustable seats, video surveillance cameras and motion detection sensors - much less corrective lenses, sunglasses, annual vision examinations, and continual improvements in headlamps - one would think that bus drivers could see and react to large objects appearing directly in front of their vehicles. But, as many jurors learn, one would be wrong.

    7/8/2015 · Transportation
    Comparing their relative safety to that of other vehicles, a number of motorcoach features come immediately to mind: Mass, monocoque construction pneumatic suspension, and fully-padded, forward-facing seats. Yet incidents like these still occur:

    6/12/2015 · Transportation
    No, this is not the name of a case. It refers to a dangerous conflict coursing through the bus and motorcoach industries - a conflict that we cannot afford to let exist.

    5/13/2015 · Transportation
    The previous article in this series emphasized the importance of transportation professionals selecting bus stops instead of students or their parents doing so. Regardless, while plenty of tools are available to help, the critical tool for evaluating and approving safe bus stops is a live Earthling.

    In the last installment (STN, Jun, 2007), I stressed the importance of distinguishing between an actual bus stop and the waiting area across the street from it in terms of safety. But the selection of the stop and waiting area also involves concerns for student security. Sometimes, there are trade-offs that must be made. These trade-off are often complex and subtle. But they must be made correctly.

    3/6/2015 · Transportation
    Except in rural areas with vast distances between intersections, a bus stop can reasonably be placed in one of three positions:

    1/26/2015 · Transportation
    In those rare instances where the safety of transportation modes can be compared statistically, bus riders fare several decimal points better than bicycle riders. The risks associated with motorcycles are "off the charts." The Figure below illustrates these comparisons for "home-to-school" trips - trips that comprise 15 percent of all transit trips and 96 percent of all schoolbus trips.

    12/17/2014 · Transportation
    Every responsible society has mechanisms to hold its citizens, and their organizations, accountable for their actions. With respect to safety, our society effects this goal through the enactment and enforcement of statutes and regulations, and through the process of civil litigation. As with most rules and most societies, many of our transportation organizations have discovered loopholes. Employing these loopholes, they have effectively reduced their liability exposure at the cost of compromising safety.

    11/11/2014 · Transportation
    Unlike those of many transit systems, schoolbus stops are not always identified with signage - at either the precise position of the stop or signage indicating that a schoolbus stop is approaching (the black glyph on yellow background). Rarely is the stop zone itself marked (for example, by red-lining the curb). In particular, the failure to mark the stop's precise positioning can be problematic - and occasionally dangerous.

    10/2/2014 · Transportation
    As pressure from the unknowing continues to mount, rumors have it that the U.S. motorcoach industry is slowly inching toward the installation of seatbelts. That we are doing so by skipping the decades of seat compartmentalization that has helped fend off most seatbelt advocates in the schoolbus industry is only more unfortunate since existing motorcoach seats lend themselves to a far more evolved form of compartmentalization than the "incomplete compartmentalization" (in NHTSA's own words) of their yellow body-on-chassis cousins.

    8/27/2014 · Transportation
    Question: What is the difference between a poorly-selected and -designed bus stop and a land mine? Answer: Very little. When you step on either of them, your ankles, knees and hips are likely to explode. The genuine difference is that the carnage from land mines is intentional, whereas that of poorly-selected and -designed bus stops usually reflects incompetence and, often, indifference.

    7/23/2014 · Transportation
    As it affects liability, an operating agency's status as a "common carrier" has an enormous impact not only on determining liability itself, but depending on legal constructs in various states, can also affect considerations like immunity and/or the assessment of punitive damages - often barriers to the assessment of damages afforded to public agencies. So except for motorcoaches deployed in commuter/express service under contract to public transit agencies, these latter considerations rarely affect motorcoach operations in the courtroom.

    6/13/2014 · Transportation
    In rural areas, children spaced far apart were once transported to school by horse and wagon. After the first day of school, the horses learned the routes and simply repeated them day after day, eliminating the need for drivers. The vehicles were cheap, and the engines ran effectively on oats. As our nation changed, pupil transportation's development reflected our increasing urbanization and, later, suburbanization. These developments included a new phenomenon known as traffic. As a safety matter, the need for pupil transportation grew to reflect a child's inability to cross streets or negotiate intersections, as verified by studies like the 1968 Swedish study "Children in Traffic." In simple terms, children below age 13, and particularly below age 10, do not possess the physical, mental and emotional skills necessary to cross streets and intersections.

    At the rudimentary level at which most crossing procedures are executed, schoolbus drivers are supposed to "direct" the students across the roadway when they are certain that either the traffic has been stopped in both directions or it is so distant (if even visible) that the students could easily complete their crossing before any oncoming vehicles reach the bus. The bus would obviously have its red flashers and stop arm engaged as a "fail safe."

    Drummed into my head as a schoolchild was the mantra, "Cross at the Green, Not In Between." This slogan still provides the basis for Today's thinking about following the pedestrian path to and from school or a student's bus stop. When last year, a study of 7,000 pedestrian accidents in New York City over a four-year period was released, its findings turned this century-old cliché on its head. The implications for the pupil transportation industry are dramatic, and should awaken all of us to a new reality that may save hundreds if not thousands of lives a year, since most vehicle-pedestrian accidents happen to students walking or cycling to school, as well most of those traveling by schoolbus who are struck when crossing by third-party vehicles.

    For those readers who remember Jayne Mansfield, or even know who she was, this is not a story about her Hollywood exploits or bedroom acrobatics. It is a story about a common type of accident - a rear-ender involving an automobile striking a truck or bus - often referred to, in accident reconstruction circles, as "the Jayne Mansfield syndrome."

    1/31/2014 · Transportation
    I have often written about the impacts of overly-tight schedules as the primary causative factor in incidents - in fact, the underlying cause of perhaps half of them. Because speeding is one of the "cures" to this problem, one of its characteristics is the failure to slow down when the roadway surface is not, as jazz musicians say, "melody." One of the most common scenarios is to cruise over speed bumps and speed humps. Another is to fail to slow over rugged terrain, particularly potholes and the often dysfunctional patches that sloppy road crews create to "repair" them.

    12/30/2013 · Transportation
    For decades, multiple sources cited the commonly-accepted statistic that only an estimated four percent of all individuals possessed a medical condition known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). OSA is largely the result of certain physical characteristics and lifestyle habits that reduce the flow of oxygen into one's lungs while asleep. These characteristics result in lowered blood oxygen levels throughout one's normal night's sleep, and lower the quality of that sleep such that the individual is fatigued through much of the day.

    11/7/2013 · Transportation
    Supply and Demand: When it comes down to it, the ultimate dynamics of survival in life on Earth. More poetically, 70's pop artist icon James Taylor crooned, "You provide the satisfy, and I'll provide the need." So here we go on another jaunt to expand the scenarios for motorcoach usage. However, along the road, we are actually inventing a brand new mode - not that no one has necessarily tried this particular one before.

    10/11/2013 · Transportation
    As with every installment in this series of articles, this particular model or vision is highly unusual, has only limited application, and requires considerable creativity and effort to bring to life, and still contains some constraints even if and when one can develop it beyond the womb of an idea.

    9/24/2013 · Transportation
    There are plenty of things obvious to almost any adult, motorist or pedestrian about large vehicles. The most obvious is their size and mass. But at the other end of the spectrum lie nuances rarely understood by anyone who has not driven a vehicle with a long wheelbase: The way such a vehicle turns, and the way its tires "track" compared to those of a typical automobile, van or pickup truck.

    8/21/2013 · Transportation
    As NBT readers of my past columns well know, my perspective on accidents and their causation is pretty skewed because I spend most of my professional time examining their details.

    8/6/2013 · Transportation
    One of the most fundamental concepts of liability is that the defendant "takes the victim as he finds him." Apart from hospitals and nursing homes, few areas of modern life confront, litigate and test this principle as often as public transportation.

    7/18/2013 · Transportation
    As we all know, public transportation is a fiercely competitive business, even in operating environments which are subsidized. But the failure to make tiny investments in safety can be costly in the courtroom.

    2/26/2013 · Transportation
    Alcohol and bus ridership present a curious enigma. As a matter of public policy, we allow intoxication. As a matter of free market dynamics, we encourage it. And rightfully so, we want to protect those intoxicated from hurting themselves and others.

    12/20/2012 · Transportation
    This title makes me think immediately of funerals. This is not what this installment is about, although problems in the office and on the road often translate into funerals for operating companies, not just their accident victims.

    10/24/2012 · Transportation
    As most motorcoach community members know, contracting plays a major role in much of our operations - including the 30% of motorcoach service provided to schoolchildren on field trips, as well as the commuter-express service provided under contract to transit agencies.

    8/22/2012 · Transportation
    One would think in the Age of Irreversible and Growing Unemployment, employers could phase out their "dead wood" and find some personnel capable of performing their functions competently. Regrettably, bus agencies and companies are generally not among those which do.

    One of the unfortunate problems with non-news-oriented magazines is the juxtaposition of their readers' limited long-term memories coupled with the publishers' reluctance to repeat themes (much less whole articles) that are not linked to stories that reflect continuing news or problems.

    Recently, I conducted a workshop on safety and liability for transportation directors. I asked innocently, "What do you do after training?" Several attendees shouted out, "More training!"

    Many of our fundamental and commonly-held beliefs are invalid because they were derived, often haphazardly, from a blur of intuition, superstition, history, tradition and circumstance rarely subjected to scientific scrutiny. Before the inventions of artificial light and mechanical clocks, being awake during daylight and asleep during darkness were survival necessities - lest one be devoured by predators or stumble into a pit.

    In my review of more than 80 public transportation-related accidents and law suits, one almost universal theme has been the absence of any log review. This failure has generally combined with another common theme: A vehicle running behind schedule. The relationship between these two themes is easy to both understand and demonstrate - as is the acknowledgement that they constitute a genuine safety problem. But in a courtroom, the fact that system management failed to notice the vehicle running late - and worse, failed to even look for it - translates into a liability problem as well.

    Since driving a 20- or 25-ton motorcoach is touted as so being difficult, it is only fair to ask why so much carnage, and so many law suits, occur apart from collisions. In particular, the number of incidents occurring at or near stops seems largely disproportionate to the perceived simplicity of handling things when the bus or coach is stationary