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Deposition Designation Station

Water Safety / Rescue / Survival / Drowning Expert Witnesses

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Richard A. Young, CPO
20430 ½ Orchard Rd.
Saratoga CA 95070
phone: 800-660-5202
fax: 408-867-1216
Richard A. Young, is an Aquatics Safety expert with over 30 years of public, institutional, commercial, water park, and high-end residential pool experience. A California State Contractor, his background includes aquatic facility water treatment planning, design, equipment sales, installation, and troubleshooting.

Certifications and Affiliations
  • Certified Pool Operator (National Swimming Pool Foundation)
  • Aquatic Facility Operator Instructor (National Recreation and Park Association)
  • Technical Adviser for the Professional Pool Operators of America
  • Member, National Association of Aquatic Consultants
  • Member, National Park and Recreation Association
  • Member, California Pool and Spa Association
Mr. Young teaches one of the two national professional pool operators courses, develops problem solving pool mechanical equipment, and speaks at state and national conferences on pool safety and filtration systems. He has published over 30 writings in industry texts and periodicals, and is the managing editor of the 6th edition of the Aquatic Facility Operator's Manual for the National Recreation and Park Association "AFO" course.

Litigation Support - Richard Young is uniquely qualified to provides expert witness services to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defendant. He has completed mechanical work at over 500+ public, institutional and large commercial aquatic facilities. This work included total mechanical renovations comprised of recirculation, filtration, heating, chemical control and chemical feed systems.

Services Include:
  • Pool Design and Construction Review
  • Mechanical Water Systems Analysis
  • Accident and Drowning Analysis
  • Pool Assessments and Reports
Recent Swimming Pool-Related Cases:
  • Patron Injuries
  • Operator Injuries
  • Drowning, Near Drowning
  • Pool Related Accidents
  • Construction Disputes
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William Dobson
CMI, LPI, IAMI, Certified Marine Investigator
540 Jackson Avenue
Mandeville LA 70448
phone: 985-626-1876
fax: 985-626-3493
Wm. H. "Bill" Dobson is a decorated veteran of the United States Air Force, retired Lt. Colonel, Commander of the Special Operations Division of the St. Tammany Sheriff's Office, with more than 30 years of public service. He is the cofounder and President of Applied Marine Technology, Inc., a consulting company incorporated in 1986 that specializes in Marine Accident Investigations and Reconstruction, headquartered in Louisiana with affiliates in Texas, Mississippi, Alabama, Rhode Island, Mass, Arkansas, Oregon and Florida.

Mr. Dobson is a court-accepted expert in Marine Accident Investigation and Reconstruction, Boating Safety, Navigation, Search and Rescue,Personal Watercraft Off Throttle Steering, and Air Boat Operations, in numerous Federal and State jurisdictions. He serves as Executive Director of S.E.L.S.A.R., Southeast Louisiana Search and Rescue organization, which comprises more than 140 Federal, State, and Local governmental and private agencies.

Mr. Dobson served as a member of the Louisiana Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice. He is the holder of the Airmen's Medal for heroism from the U. S. Air Force, was named the Law Officer of the Year by Kiwanis International, and is the holder of Outstanding Achievement Awards by the Louisiana Emergency Preparedness Association and the National Association for Search and Rescue. Mr. Dobson was selected as an Honored Member of WHO'S WHO in Law Enforcement for 1991 and was the 2003 recipient of the iami President's Award for Outstanding Achievement.

Areas of Expertise:
  • Maritime Policies and Procedures
  • Maritime Water Safety
  • Boat Accidents and Reconstruction
  • Boat Fires and Explosions
  • Air Boat Operations
  • Memberships & Affiliations:
  • International Association of Marine Investigators
  • Charter member of I.A.M.I. and serves on The Board of Directors for the United States
  • Member of American Boat and Yacht Council.
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    Lifesaving Resources, LLC
    Consultant. Aquatics Safety & Water Rescue
    P.O. Box 3006
    3 Mills Rd.
    Kennebunkport ME 04046
    phone: 207-967-8614
    Gerald M. Dworkin is a professional Aquatics Safety & Water Rescue Consultant for Lifesaving Resources Inc. He has an extensive background in Aquatics Safety, Lifeguard Training and Operations, Water Rescue & Swiftwater Rescue, Ice Rescue & Cold Water Survival, Emergency Medical Services, and Public Safety and Rescue. Along with several textbooks, he has written and published over 40 articles, and has consulted in numerous drowning and aquatic injury litigation cases as both a Plaintiff and Defense Expert Witness.

    Expert Witness Services
    As an expert witness, Mr. Dworkin evaluates the Standard of Care as it pertains to Incident Prevention, Victim Recognition, and Emergency Management and provides accident reconstruction, depositions, written reports, and courtroom testimony.

    His Areas of Expertise Include:
    • Lifesaving, Lifeguarding and Aquatics Safety
    • Water Rescue, Swiftwater Rescue, and Ice Rescue
    • CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation)
    • Basic Life Support
    • Drowning and Aquatic Injury Prevention and Emergency Management
    • Lifeguard Training and Operations
    Based on our research of ice rescue incidents and fatalities during the years 2006 & 2007, approximately 85% of the incidents were initiated as a result of humans venturing out onto the ice to rescue a domestic animal. The purpose of this article is three-fold. First, we need to educate the public about the need to control their pets and to prevent them from going out onto the ice because no ice should ever be considered as being "safe ice". Second, we need to also educate the public to call 911, rather than to make an attempt to rescue their pets that have fallen through the ice. And, third, First Responder agencies and their personnel need to be trained and equipped to properly, effectively, and safely respond to domestic animal rescues on and through the ice.

    In February 2004, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) published NFPA 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents. The purpose of this standard is to minimize threats to rescuers while conducting operations at technical SAR incidents, and the standard deals specifically with identifying and establishing levels of functional capability for conducting technical rescue operations safely and effectively. Although these standards were designed for all types of Technical Rescue operations, they also address water and ice rescue operations.

    10/28/2014 · Aquatics Safety
    On July 13, 2004, a 55-year-old man collapsed in the Medina (Ohio) Aquatic and Fitness Center. The aquatic manager for the city, Darlene Donkin, responded and assessed him to be in cardiac arrest. Although Donkin was a CPR instructor and taught more than 100 classes on the subject, she had never actually performed it in a life-and-death situation prior to this incident.

    9/16/2014 · Aquatics Safety
    The following incidents and places, as well as the circumstances surrounding them, are fictional. On the Scene Dispatch at 16:04 hrs: KGT-597 to Rescue 15, respond to Bakersville Pond off Cemetery Island for a report of a dog through the ice, approximately 100 yards from shore.

    8/7/2014 · Aquatics Safety
    DALLAS, April 1 - Chest compressions alone, or Hands-Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), can save lives and can be used to help an adult who suddenly collapses, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.

    7/2/2014 · Aquatics Safety
    Shallow Water Blackout (SWB) vs. Hyperventilation-Induced Blackout (HIB)....

    TWO BOYS, age 11, are ice skating at a local pond. Suddenly, the ice cracks and one boy falls through into 34 degree Fahrenheit water. His friend runs to his aid, and potential tragedy grows as the second boy is pulled into the ice cold water by the panic stricken child already in the water. Unless help is immediately available, both boys will perish within a few minutes, either from drowning or hypothermia (decreased body temperature).

    Based on a 1961 study at Williamston, MI, conducted by the Michigan State Police, the Indiana University Health and Safety Department, the Michigan Highway Department, and the American Red Cross, it was estimated that approximately 400 persons lose their lives as a result of being trapped in automobiles that have plunged into the water.

    1/24/2014 · Aquatics Safety
    Although showing a slight downward trend, U.S. pool-related drownings have see-sawed for the past several years - despite reinforcement of safety messages in the media.

    12/19/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    Properly recognizing and managing suspected spinal injuries caused by head-first entries into the water require high levels of training. Lifeguards and other water rescue personnel must be able to evaluate the signs and symptoms associated with spinal trauma and the manner in which an injury occurs. The rescuer should assume that a spinal injury exists if the forces causing the trauma were sufficient to damage the spine.

    11/14/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    In the event a firefighter is suddenly and unexpectedly immersed in deep water while wearing full turnout gear, the firefighter's survival is dependent upon the actions taken during the first critical seconds of the immersion. The incidence of this type of emergency increases when firefighters are fighting apartment fires around a swimming pool, during suppression activities on and around piers and docks, as well as during a fall-through incident in which the firefighter falls through a floor into a basement filled with water.

    10/16/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    The purpose of this article is to describe the proper use and application of the Stearns Cold Water/ Ice Rescue Suit by Fire, Rescue, and other Public Safety Personnel during cold water and ice rescue incidents. This article has been specifically written to address the prevention of Torso Reflex or Inhalation Response during the rescuer's entry into cold water.

    9/25/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    Nearly half of all flood related deaths occur in vehicles. Most of these deaths take place when people drive into flooded highway dips or low drainage areas.

    8/22/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    In 1996, a tragic accident occurred on a soccer field at Northeast Park in the Park Ridge Recreation and Park District in Illinois. After a short rain delay in the game, the skies started clearing and a referee decided to resume play.

    Since 1980, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has documented over 18 incidents, including five deaths, involving children between the ages of two and 14 who were injured or died due to body part entrapment involving the drain of a swimming pool, wading pool or spa.

    7/18/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    As a result of renewed electronic and print media exposure, the Heimlich Controversy has once more reared its head creating a confusing message for lifeguard and other rescue personnel regarding the resuscitation procedures to be used when confronted with a near-drowning resuscitation incident.

    6/21/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association Task Force on Automatic External Defibrillation

    5/29/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    All public and semi-public aquatic facilities should be equipped with appropriate spinal immobilization devices (SIDs), in addition to cervical collars, lateral stabilization items (i.e. blankets, towels, sand bags, and so forth), and appropriate immobilization material (i.e. straps and bandages).

    4/23/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    Because of the major health concerns today, there is a major reluctance among emergency service personnel to perform direct mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing on an unknown victim.

    3/20/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    For the past three issues, jems has presented a thorough review of spinal immobilization devices that are used in traditional rescue situations.

    2/13/2013 · Aquatics Safety
    Each year approximately one million people in the United States suffer from acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) of which approximately 700,000 die. About 350,000 of these fatalities occur outside the hospital, usually within two hours after the onset of symptoms of a heart disorder.

    11/29/2012 · Aquatics Safety
    During an emergency is not when you want to discover that your equipment is incompatible with your EMS service. Avoiding that fate can save a lot, including a life.

    10/1/2012 · Aquatics Safety
    Torso Reflex, also known as Gasp Reflex , Inhalation Response, or Cold Water Shock, is caused by sudden immersion into water colder than 70 degrees F. Sudden immersion into cold water triggers an involuntary reflexive torso gasp that can cause the person to aspirate water into his/her airway and lungs, which can lead to laryngospasm, disorientation, panic, and the loss of any physical ability to swim or remain afloat.

    3/19/2012 · Aquatics Safety
    I’ve always advocated the need for aquatics facilities to collaborate and coordinate lifeguard and water rescue training and emergency operations with community fire, rescue, emergency medical services (EMS) and law enforcement agencies.

    12/20/2011 · Aquatics Safety
    For aquatics facilities to effectively integrate rescue and safety services with those of the local fire and rescue agencies and emergency medical services (EMS), it's imperative that all agencies establish collaborative agreements and cooperative training programs.

    10/7/2011 · Aquatics Safety
    The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) establishes standards for the Fire and Rescue industry.

    9/25/2009 · Aquatics Safety
    In February 2004, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) published NFPA 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue (SAR) Incidents. The purpose of this standard was to minimize threats to rescuers while conducting operations at technical SAR incidents.

    9/24/2009 · Aquatics Safety
    Each year, there are approximately 1,500 incidents and 600 deaths occur involving vehicles that have gone off the road and plummeted into the water. Therefore, the public needs to plan for these types of emergencies by (A) rehearsing the steps necessary for a successful self-rescue from a vehicle in the water, and (B) having the rescue/escape tools readily available for use during this type of emergency situation.

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    Trevor A. Sherwood, II
    68 Edwards Road
    Brick NJ 08723
    phone: 732-451-1040
    fax: 732-451-1630
    Pool Operation Management (POM), founded in 1980, is an Aquatics Safety and Risk Management firm that is nationally recognized for pool consulting services including liability and risk management, compliance with governmental regulations, facility operations, mechanical questions, and personnel requirements.

    Trevor A. Sherwood II has extensive experience in the swimming pool industry, with over 20 years of experience in service, consulting, training and education, code regulations, development and expert witness. He has contributed to aquatic textbooks and related articles, influenced State Recreational Bathing Codes and national conference presentations. He has provided leadership to such organizations as National Swimming Pool Foundation (NSPF), Northeast Spa & Pool Association (NESPA), Community Association Institute - New Jersey Chapter (CAI), New Jersey Apartment Association (NJAA), New Jersey Parks and Recreation Society (NJPRS), Pennsylvania Parks and Recreation Society (PRPS) and New Jersey and Massachusetts Health Departments. He has been retained by attorneys for both Plaintiff and Defense.

    Mr. Sherwood's extensive swimming pool consulting experience qualifies him to appear in court on the following matters:
    • Swimming Pool Deaths - Drowning, Diving
    • Chemical Exposure
    • Chemical Fires / Hazards
    • Pool Paint
  • Pool Equipment Patent Infringement
  • Pool Light Electrocution
  • Deck and Pool Surfacing
  • Fitness Club Hot Tub Issues
  • View Consulting Profile.
    7/13/2015 · Aquatics Safety
    Is your pool putting your patrons in harm way? When getting your pool ready for the upcoming summer season, you need to make sure your pool meets state requirements for safety and operation. Since New Jersey has one of the thorough bathing codes in the nation and outbreaks of recreational water illnesses are occurring every year, everyone needs to be sure that their pool is up to code for a safe swimming season.

    Everyone knows when you buy a new home that it needs to be inspected by a professional home inspector. But, what should you do about the pool in the backyard? Unbeknownst to many homebuyers and sellers, the pool needs a professional inspection in order to make sure that it is safe enough for your family to enjoy.

    As the colder weather arrives, most people are looking forward to colorful foliage and preparing for the holidays. Those operators with seasonal facilities have likely already closed them, or will be closing them for the season shortly. Indoor facilities may even see a decline in patronage due to fewer people traveling during the colder months.

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    Terence M. (Terry) Harvey
    220 Marina Way #8
    Redondo Beach 90277
    phone: 424-260-0286
    Terence (Terry) M. Harvey is a Sports and Recreation Public Safety Expert. A retired Captain from the Los Angeles County Fire Department, Mr. Harvey has been a Public Safety Professional for more than 30 years. He has extensive experience in Public Safety, Ocean Safety, EMS, and Operational Safety.

    Mr. Harvey served as a lead Lifeguard Academy instructor for the Los Angeles County Fire Department and has more than 3 decades of experience in Lifeguarding Operations. He has provided EMS and Safety consulting services in international surf and diving environments in Indonesia, Mexico, and the Maldives. He has also provided EMT services on boat charters out of Padang Sumatra, Indonesia.

    Litigation Support - Terry Harvey offers technical investigations, analysis, reports, and testimony toward the resolution of commercial and personal injury litigation involving open water and beach activities including jet skis, boating, ocean rescues, and safety instruction; and winter sports including snowboarding, skiing, resort facilities operations, and safety instruction. His services are available to counsel representing both Plaintiff and Defendant.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Boating - Maintenance, operation, piloting in open water, restricted waterways and surf; vessel firefighting, emergency dewatering, emergency boarding and operation of vessels in crisis; emergency vessel towing
    • Safety - EMS (Emergency Management Services), EMT (Emergency Medical Technician), Lifeguarding, Open Water Rescue, safety planning, and safety training
    • Surfing: Surfing equipment, surfing safety
    View Terence Harvey's Consulting Profile.
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    David Stewart Smith, Commander, USCG (RET)
    12367 N. Country Club Dr.
    Charlevoix MI 49720
    phone: 231-547-0172
    fax: 231-547-0172 (Please Call First)
    Smith Aquatic Safety Service (SASS) was created in 1981, upon Dr. Smith's retirement from 25 year's service in the U.S. Coast Guard, to provide aquatic safety training. At retirement Dr. Smith was Chief, 2nd Coast Guard Boating Safety Division, St. Louis, MO, responsible for all federal boating safety activities in 15 primary states.

    In 1981 Dr. Smith first testified as an expert. Both aspects of SASS have grown markedly, with Dr. Smith being retained in hundreds of legal cases, for plaintiff and defense while also training thousands of aquatic safety/rescue personnel. He has been qualified in numerous state and federal court cases as a boating accident reconstructionist.

    SASS provides consultation and related services to law firms in aquatics cases, plus water rescue and boating safety training seminars for fire, police, lifeguarding and EMS providers throughout North America.
    David Smith, PhD
    Text for emergency rescue personnel on the theory and practical techniques of water rescue. Includes survival of the rescuer, as well as the victim. Illustrated.
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    Dr. Alan Steinman,MPH
    Consultant in Environmental Medicine
    4720 Cooper Point Rd NW
    Olympia WA 98502
    phone: 253-229-4088
    fax: 360-866-0715
    Dr. Alan Steinman is an expert in Maritime Medicine with particular emphasis on Sea-Survival, Drowning and Hypothermia. He has served as Surgeon General and Director of Health and Safety for the U.S. Coast Guard, as medical advisor to the Coast Guard's Chief of Operations, and as rescue physician on numerous Coast Guard search and rescue missions. He has an international reputation in hypothermia and cold-water survival.

    Dr. Steinman is widely published in the field of environmental medicine, including a chapter on immersion hypothermia in a leading textbook of emergency medicine. His research into human cold-water immersion and hypothermia merited the prestigious Arnold D. Tuttle Award from the Aerospace Medicine Association. The results from his human hypothermia studies contributed to the basis of current U.S. Coast Guard cold-water survival time charts.

    Dr. Steinman is Board Certified in Occupational Medicine; he is a Fellow of the American College of Preventive Medicine. His Doctor of Medicine degree is from the Stanford School of Medicine; his post-graduate medical training was at the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine and the University of Washington School of Medicine.

    Dr. Steinman has experience in both federal and state courts serving as an expert witness in numerous cases involving sea-survival, drowning, and hypothermia.
    7/4/2002 · Aquatics Safety
    Immersion in cold water is a hazard for anyone who participates in recreational, commercial or military activities in the oceans, lakes, and streams of all but the tropical regions of the world. Recreational aquatic activities include swimming, fishing, sailing, power-boating, ocean kayaking, white-water rafting, canoeing, ocean-surfing, wind-surfing, water-skiing, diving, hunting and the use of personal water craft

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    Terry Morgan, DLP, CTL, Surface Transp. Practitioner.
    Christina M. Comisarek, Transportation Safety Expert
    703 S. Elmer Ave., Ste, 116
    Sayre PA 18840
    phone: 800-765-8789
    Terry Morgan, Inc. (TMI), is dedicated to the operations, management, economics, and regulation of Trucking and Distribution services. With over 40 years in business, their clients include law firms, insurance companies, state and federal agencies, financial institutions, transportation businesses, warehousing, manufacturing firms, and freight brokers.

    Litigation Support - TMI has been providing Expert Witness Services since 1989 in the areas of:
    • Motor Carrier / Rail Administrative Law
    • Truck involved Accidents
    • Physical Distribution Management
    • Shipping Dock Operations
    • Regulatory Compliance
    • Transportation Economics
    • Motor Carrier / Driver Safety and Operations
  • Freight Broker Operations
  • Passenger Operations
  • Loss and Damage Claims
  • Contracts
  • Rates and Leases
  • Warehousing
  • Traffic Management

  • Terry Morgan Transportation Expert PhotoTerry E. Morgan has been a credentialed transportation expert for over 50 years. He has participated in approximately 1,000 litigation matters throughout the United States, for shippers, carriers, freight brokers, and loss and damage claims.

    Mr. Morgan is a Distinguished Logistics Professional and is Certified in Transportation and Logistics by the American Society of Transportation and Logistics and is a STB Practitioner admitted to practice transportation administrate law originally before the Interstate Commerce Commission then the Federal Highway Administration and the Surface Transportation Board. Additionally, he is a Certified Factoring Specialist and a Certified Capital Specialist, designations awarded to him by the American Cash Flow Association.

    Christina Comisarek Trucking Safety Expert PhotoChristina M. Comisarek is a Transportation, Driver Behavior, and Driving safety Expert. She has been driving mostly short doubles for over 20 years. Ms. Comisarek also has experience with triples, long doubles, and driving school buses. She has been awarded Accident Free Driving all 20 years of her experience.

    For the last 10 years. Ms. Comisarek has been the manager of a small trucking business overseeing the daily operations, all of which prepared her for her transition to a Safety Trainer / Instructor, Consultant, and Expert Witness.

    View Terry Morgan, Inc.'s Consulting Profile.