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Firearms Expert Witnesses

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Richard Ernest
Lab Director
6058 East Lancaster Ave.
Fort Worth TX 76112
USA
phone: 817-228-6526
Richard Ernest is an award winning Forensic Scientist and Consultant who has over 31 years of Experience in Analytical Criminalistics and Forensic Ballistics. During his career he has worked literally thousands of forensic cases, and testified hundreds of times. Mr. Ernest is one of a very few private forensic ballistics consultants in the United States. He also owns and operates his own independent forensic firearms laboratory. He has worked cases all across the United States. His clients include law enforcement agencies, district attorney's offices, civil and criminal case lawyers, private individuals, journalists, writers, educators and students.

Mr. Ernest has performed work on such notable cases as the Atlanta Murdered and Missing Children (Georgia vs. Wayne Williams), the Branch Davidian cases from Waco, the Texas Cadets Murder (Texas vs. David Graham and Dianne Zamora), the Miami SWAT case (USA vs. Acuna, et. al. - the Richard Brown case), and the Jayson Williams case (NJ vs. Jayson Williams).

Areas of Expertise:
  • Firearm Examination and Testing
  • Bullet and Cartridge Case Examinations and Comparisons
  • Ammunition Evaluation and Testing
  • Shooting Scene Reconstructions
  • Shooting Accident Reconstructions
  • Shooting Scene Re-enactments
  • Distance Determinations from Gunshot Wounds and Clothing
  • Gunshot Residue Analysis (GSR) and GSR Consultation
  • Tool Mark Examinations and Comparisons
  • Gun Safety and Design Issues
  • Serial Number Restorations
  • Crime Scene Examinations and Consultations
  • Footwear Identification
  • Tire Track Identification
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    Steven Howard
    Investigator / Consultant
    209 N. Walnut, Upper Level
    Lansing MI 48933
    USA
    phone: 517-374-9000
    fax: 517-374-9001 or Alt Fax- 517-703-1988
    Steven Howard provides a wide range of Consulting and Expert Witness Services to the legal professional in an ample variety of Firearms, Ammunition, Knives, Blades, Explosive Devices and many other related subjects. His Primary Area of Experience is Gunsmithing and Certified Public Armorer. Mr. Howard has a college degree in Gunsmithing and is a licensed attorney in the state of Michigan. He is a former Federal Agent with the U.S. Border Patrol and a former Federal Police Officer with the Department of Defense. He has 35 years of Gunsmithing experience and is a Certified Police Armorer.

    Services Include:
  • All Standard Firearms
  • Almost all Machine Guns
  • Silencers
  • Ammunition
  • Testing
  • Shooting Scene Reconstruction
  • Crime Scene Reconstruction
  • Spears
  • Knives
  • Explosive Devices
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    Francis T. "Jay" Jarvis
    Forensic Scientist
    PO Box 116
    Armuchee GA 30105
    USA
    phone: 706-331-9971
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    Francis T. "Jay" Jarvis has over 35 years of experience as a Forensic Scientist, specializing in Forensic Ballistics and Firearms Analysis.

    During his career, Mr. Jarvis either performed casework in or was a supervisor for most of the forensic disciplines. Between 1982 and 1997, he wore a multitude of hats, performing casework in:

    • Firearms and Tool Marks
    • Hair
    • Fibers
    • Glass Comparisons
    • Footwear Tread Examinations
    • Tire Tread Examinations
    • Fire Debris and Explosives Analysis
    • Latent Fingerprint Processing
    • Marijuana Identification
    • Presumptive Blood Testing
    • Crime Scene Analysis
    • Filament Analysis

    Following his retirement from the Georgia State Crime Lab, Jay Jarvis started Arma Forensics to provide personalized, timely and unbiased forensic services for clients. He has testified as an expert in Federal Court and the courts of Georgia and several other states over 750 times. Mr. Jarvis' specialty is firearms identification and ballistics but he also has casework experience in trace evidence. Mr. Jarvis has extensive experience in crime laboratory accreditation, having served as an accreditation assessor and as a member of the Board of Directors of the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors Laboratory Accreditation Board (ASCLD/LAB), including one year as the Board Chair. View Jay Jarvis' Consulting Profile.

    Jay Jarvis
    Georgia’s Crime Doctor is the story of Dr. Herman Jones, the Alabama native who is responsible for establishing the Georgia State Crime Laboratory. Tracing the steps of Jones and his wife June back to Auburn in the 1930’s, this book chronicles the people, places and events which shaped modern day forensic science in the state of Georgia.
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    Dennis Root
    Principal
    PO Box 426
    Port Salerno FL 34992
    USA
    phone: 772-872-6048
    fax: 772-324-8149
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    Dennis Root Law Enforcement Expert PhotoDennis Root is a renowned Law Enforcement Trainer and nationally recognized Police Practices and Procedures Expert.

    Mr. Root's primary focus is the Use of Force by law enforcement and for self-defense. His area of expertise has him working force cases across the United States and he has appeared on CNN, HLN, and many national and local news media programs. He also served as the use of force expert during the well-publicized cases involving George Zimmerman (FL) and Micah LeMaster (WV).

    Mr. Root has a law enforcement career that spans more than 27 years. His full-time law enforcement service began with the City of Riviera Beach in 1989 and continued until he resigned from the Martin County Sheriff’s Office in 2011. After leaving the Sheriff’s Office, he accepted a part-time position with the Town of Palm Beach Shores Police Department and served as the Director of Internal Affairs and Training.

    During his law enforcement career, Mr. Root's duty assignments have included Road Patrol, Traffic, Detective, Training, Canine, Internal Affairs, and Program Commander of the Sanctions Enforcement Unit of the Martin County Sheriff’s Office JOTC. He also served as the use of force specialist for the Martin County Sheriff’s Office.

    Dennis Root is part of a panel of guests on the Anderson Cooper Show discussing the shooting death of an individual with mental health issues.

    Litigation Support - Since leaving full time law enforcement, Mr. Root founded Dennis Root & Associates, which handles cases in both State and Federal court. In addition to his extensive background in use of force and self-defense, he has also been judicially recognized as an expert witness in DUI enforcement and investigations.

    Mr. Root's vast law enforcement experience empowers him with a keen insight into the complexities of the cases being brought before these courts. He has earned a solid reputation for remaining neutral and conducts independent reviews of investigations conducted by law enforcement Internal Affairs Divisions. Mr. Root believes in transparency and accountability and he is willing to hold organizations accountable for their actions in the same way he applies the law to the individual.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Police Practices and Procedures
    • Self Defense
    • Police Training Standards
    • Police Use of Force
    • Individual Use of Force / Personal Safety
    • Deadly Force
    • Excessive Force
    • Canine Applications
    • O.C. Aerosol Sprays
  • Traffic Enforcement
  • DUI Enforcement
  • Arrest, Control, and Restraint
  • Conducted Electrical Weapons (CEW)
  • Firearms
  • Handcuffing
  • Police Investigations
  • Officer Involved Shooting
  • Impact Weapons
  • View Dennis Root's Consulting Profile.
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    Daniel G. O'Kelly
    PO Box 338
    Lake Dallas TX 75065
    USA
    phone: 813-422-4674
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    Daniel G. O'Kelly has over 40 years of experience as a range instructor, a builder, and collector of Firearms and Ammunition. Mr. O'Kelly is currently Director at the International Firearm Specialist Academy (IFSA), a guild of award winning experts, former Federal Agents, Investigators, Police Officers, and Medical Doctors, in the firearm and forensics field.

    Background Experience - An Armorer for thirteen gun companies, including Beretta, Colt, DS Arms, FN, Glock, H&K, Kimber, Remington, Ruger, SIG, S&W, and Springfield Armory, Mr. O'Kelly has toured and done research at numerous firearm and ammunition factories and firearm reference collections across the U.S., Europe, and Africa. He regularly presents seminars worldwide on firearm enforcement, ID & technology, and ammunition to law enforcement and the firearm industry. Mr. O'Kelly served for 11 years as a Police Officer and for 23 years as a Special Agent for the Bureau of ATF where he was Lead Instructor of Firearm Technology at the ATF National Academy

    Litigation Support - Daniel O'Kelly has provided litigation support as an Expert Firearm Witness in federal court since 1990. He has testified in numerous trials for over 30 years and has been lauded as an "unshakable witness". A qualified Subject Matter Expert with exceptional knowledge in firearms and investigative protocol, he is recognized as the “go to” person regarding technical firearm issues.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Firearms
    • Firearm Forensics
    • Tool Marks
    • Firearm ID & Comparisons
    • Ammunition
    • Firearms Product Liability
  • Shooting Accidents
  • Crime Scene Reconstructions
  • Forensic Pathology
  • ATF Compliance / Firearm Technology
  • Gunshot Residues & Distance Determinations
  • Ballistics Issues
  • View Daniel O'Kelly's Consulting Profile.
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    James Gannalo
    President
    P.O.Box 367
    Brooklyn NY 11228
    USA
    phone: 718-236-7616
    fax: 718-621-4734
    James Gannalo is a former NYPD Detective and Forensic Consultant with twenty-three years experience in Firearms Identification. He has assisted attorneys and law enforcement agencies with hundreds of firearms related criminal and civil casework in addition to training dozens of individuals in firearms operability and microscopic analysis of ballistics evidence. He has testified as an expert witness in six hundred trials since 1989.

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Firearms Operability Examination
  • Microscopic Analysis of Ballistic Evidence
  • Shooting Incident Reconstruction
  • Laser Trajectory Analysis of Bullet Paths
  • Gunshot Residue Distance Determination
  • Operability and Microscopic Report Review and Evaluation
  • Trial Preparation and Presentation
  • Expert Witness Testimony
  • Witness Interviews and Witness Statement Evaluation
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    Roy G. Taylor
    P.O. Box 266
    Newberry SC 29108
    USA
    phone: 919-697-1995
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    Roy G. Taylor is a Criminal Justice and Security Consultant with over 35 years of experience in a wide-range of federal, state, local, and private criminal justice positions. Mr. Taylor specializes in Police Practices and Procedures and Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice.

    Current Positions:
    • Chief of Police Blue Ridge Public Safety (2014)
    • President/CEO Signal 88 Security of Charlotte (2012)
    • President/CEO Capitol Special Patrol (2012)
    • Chief of Police Capitol Special Police (2002)
    • Lt. Colonel – Provost Marshal, Army National Guard (2000)
    • Antiterrorism / Emergency Management Branch Chief DoD (2007)
    • Provost Marshal Joint Civil Support Task Force, Joint Chiefs of Staff (2014)
    Litigation Support - Mr. Taylor is called upon to analyze cases from both defense and plaintiff perspectives. His services include case review, written reports, deposition, and trial testimony as needed.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Police Standards & Practices
    • Use of Force & Deadly Force
    • Electronic Control Devices
    • Standards of Conduct
    • High Speed Vehicle Pursuits & Chases
    • Law Enforcement Policies and Procedures
  • Failure to Train
  • Law Enforcement Malpractice
  • Failure to Supervise
  • Violations of §1983 Civil Rights
  • Personnel Selection & Retention
  • Police K-9
  • View Roy Taylor's Consulting Profile.
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    Emanuel Kapelsohn, JD
    President
    1636 N. Cedar Crest Blvd., #320
    Allentown PA 18104
    USA
    phone: 610-360-7053
    emanuel-kapelsohn-firearms-expert-photo.jpg

    Emanuel Kapelsohn is an internationally recognized Firearms Training and Use of Force consultant who has instructed thousands of police and security officers, federal agents and others throughout the U.S. and abroad since 1980. A graduate of Yale University and Harvard Law School, he is a practicing attorney in addition to his consulting work. A vice president of the Internat’l Assoc. of Law Enforcement Firearms Instructors, he is a certified in force science and shooting scene reconstruction, and as an instructor in numerous law enforcement disciplines. He is a featured presenter at national and international instructor conferences. Mr. Kapelsohn has authored over 130 published articles, is Associate Editor of "Standards & Practices Guide for Law Enforcement Firearms Instructors," and principal author of "Firearms Training Standards for Law Enforcement Personnel," and "Guidelines for Simulation Training Safety." He testifies as an expert witness in civil and criminal cases in state and federal courts nationwide, and has testified by invitation before both houses of Congress. Testimony on the Following Subjects:

    • Gun Accidents
    • Firearms Safety
    • Gun Handling Procedures
    • Gun Storage
    • Firearms Design
    • Operability
    • Trajectories
    • Velocities
    • Ballistics
    • Ejection Patterns - Ricochets
    • Proximity Testing
    • Gunshot Evidence
    • Bullet Wounds
    • Reconstruction of Shooting Scenes
    • Bullet Penetration
    • Shooting Range Safety
    • Hunting Accidents
    • Holsters and other Shooting Products
    • Self Defense
    • Knives and other Weapons
    • Involuntary Muscular Contraction and Accidental Discharge
    • Police and Security Firearms Training
    • Tactics and Procedures
    • Use of Force

    View Emanuel Kapelsohn's Consulting Profile.

    Emanuel Kapelsohn (Principal Author)
    This manual is designed to address and hopefully reduce, the tragic incidents of officer deaths in recent years which have occurred in role-playing and force-on-force training exercises. These are the most authoritative source of guidance available on simulation training safety.
    Emanuel Kapelsohn
    A guide to help every Police Agency set up and maintain a firearms program with suggestions on training and standards officers should be able to obtain.
    Emanuel Kapelsohn (Assoc. Ed.)
    This book is a must for any firearms program. As an outline of relevant knowledge for law enforcement firearms instructors, this Reference Guide is more than just a glossary of terms; besides a guide to nomenclature, it is an index to professional standards and practices, whose dissemination is at the heart of IALEFI's mission. It has three complementary functions, combining features of a glossary or dictionary, an encyclopedia, and a handbook.
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    Michael J. Canaan, CPP CFLC
    President
    Post Office Box 5909
    Kent WA 98064-5909
    United States of America
    phone: (253) 852-7000
    Michael-Canaan-Forensic-Security-Expert-Photo.jpg
    Michael J. Canaan, CPP CFLC is a Forensic Security Management Expert Witness with over 40 years of experience in Military and Civil Law Enforcement, Corporate and Private Investigation professions. He has conducted investigative, security risk and threat assessment services throughout North America, to include Alaska and Canada, as well as, several countries in Central and South America for individuals and corporations in residences, educational settings, on corporate campuses, and large venue events.

    Mr. Canaan provides forensic security management expert services in three categories:

    SECURITY: premises liability; inadequate security; negligent hiring and retention; inadequate supervision and training; excessive or improper use-of-force; foreseeability; security policies and procedures; targeted violence mitigation and violence risk management; executive protection.

    DETECTION CANINE OPERATIONS: methodology; deployment; training.

    INVESTIGATIONS: internal investigations; employee misconduct; due diligence; stalking; threat analysis; surveillance; covert video; personal injury and worker’s compensation insurance fraud.

    In June 1997, the American Society for Industrial Security awarded Mr. Canaan the security profession's highest recognition of practitioners, the Certified Protection Professional. This Board Certification in Security Management is based upon experience and passage of examination that provides an objective measure of an individual's broad-based knowledge and competency in security management.

    In July 2015, Mr. Canaan was awarded the Certified Forensic Litigation Consultant credential by the Forensic Expert Witness Association denoting that he has met the eligibility criteria in the completion of numerous educational courses in the subjects of forensic analysis, ethics, testimony, litigation consulting and expert witnessing.

    Since 1991, Mr. Canaan has served as President of Trident Investigative Service, Inc. He is a former Washington Certified Police Officer and Narcotics Detector Dog Handler.

    Mr. Canaan is certified instructor in related disciplines and maintain active membership in numerous professional associations. BA in Criminal Justice.

    View Michael Canaan's Consulting Profile.