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Deposition Designation Station

Parking lots are the scene of many pedestrian accidents because of the close proximity of people and cars and the confusing traffic patterns that sometimes exist. In addition to pedestrian-vehicle collisions, many trip and fall accidents occur in parking lots as well. These can be caused by the presence of low parking bumpers, poor lighting or a person's inattentiveness. In most instances, when a serious accident occurs, the design and maintenance of the parking lot must be considered to determine if it was deficient and contributed to the accident. These investigations typically consider parking stall layout, crosswalks, wheel stops, travel arrows, signs and sight issues.


Questions Answered

We have experience in many aspects of parking lot and garage accidents including:
  • Lighting measurements
  • Parking lot design layout
  • Tripping hazard identification
  • Line of sight and visibility analyses
  • Adequacy of signage
  • Reference library on parking lot safety

Case Examples

Child Struck by Car in Parking Field:
After a soccer game, a boy and his father were walking through an unpaved parking field towards their car when a vehicle backing out ran over the boy causing serious injuries. There were no parking stall markings and cars were parked randomly. Thus, traffic entering and leaving could approach from many directions. In addition, there was no artificial lighting and no one was supervising traffic flow. Based upon the minimally designed parking lot, we showed how the accident could easily occur.

Dr. Irving Ojalvo is Chairman of Technology Associates (, a forensic engineering firm with offices in New York City, Connecticut, and Florida. The firm's technical personnel, all of whom have advanced degrees, perform accident reconstruction involving issues of biomechanics, mechanical, traffic, and human factors engineering.

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