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Economic Analysis Expert Witnesses

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Jay B. Abrams, ASA, CPA, MBA
4605 Lankershim Blvd.,Suite 716
No. Hollywood, CA 91602
----Multiple States-----
CA, NY USA
phone: 818-505-6008
fax: 818-761-2148
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Jay B. Abrams, ASA, CPA, MBA, founder and head of Abrams Valuation Group, Inc. (AVGI), has over 25 years of experience as a Business Appraiser. Integrating theory and practice, he has valued businesses and consulted on mergers and acquisitions in a wide range of industries, provided valuations and discounts for fractional interests and restricted stock, and conducted independent statistical and mathematical research regarding problems facing businesses.

Mr. Abrams has made significant contributions to the science of valuing businesses. He has created 11 inventions, including financial models with dozens of original formulas to improve discount rate calculations, marketability & control adjustments, cash flow forecasting, ESOP valuations, and other applications. Mr. Abrams is the author of over 20 quantitative articles and two books:Litigation Support - Mr. Abrams provides expert testimony and damage calculations for lawsuits regarding Impaired Assets and Loss of Shareholder Value. He can help determine if a loss has occurred, provide a scientific basis for calculating the amount, and give expert testimony about his findings in court. His firm's credentials, detailed work product, and clear explanations create confidence among juries and judges, which can prove critical to the final outcome.

Background - Prior to founding AVGI, Mr. Abrams was a founding partner in the San Diego accounting firm of Thefeld, Finch and Abrams, headed the valuation practice of Pacific Corporate Valuations in La Jolla, California, and worked as a senior valuation economist for Arthur D. Little Valuation, Inc. and, in the 1970s, as an auditor for Arthur Andersen. He earned an MBA in Finance and Marketing from the University of Chicago, and a B.S. from California State University at Northridge. Mr. Abrams is an Accredited Senior Appraiser (ASA) of the American Society of Appraisers and is a certified public accountant (CPA).

New York Office: 718-771-0101 Phone / 718-771-6366 FAX


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Regression analysis is a statistical technique to measure the mathematical relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In the context of the Market Approach in business valuation, the dependent variable is usually some variation of Fair Market Value (FMV), i.e., market capitalization in the Guideline Public Company method, selling price (IBA), or MVIC (Market Value of Invested Capital, Pratt's Stats).

11/25/2009 · Accounting
This article presents a discussion of the validity of using the mid-year convention from a different point of view than the March 2002 BVR article by Michael Dobner.

11/25/2009 · Damages
We all have used the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) method. Many of us would agree that it is generally the best, most comprehensive, theoretically correct valuation model. It also has an empirical reason to be the best, which is that many of us calculate our discount rates using the Ibbotson data in the SBBI annual yearbooks, which are based on publicly traded stock data.

11/25/2009 · Damages
This article arose from an actual litigation. To protect the identity of the parties, I usefictional names.

It seems to me that healthy dialogue among practitioners is a useful tool in facilitating our growth as a profession. It is in that spirit that I wish to respond to my colleague, Chris Mercer’s recent article,[Citation Omitted] wherein he asserts that my misunderstanding of his Quantitative Marketability Discount Model (QMDM) explains the disparity in my results and his in calculating the discount for lack of marketability (DLOM). Accordingly, in this article I will

Jay B. Abrams
Helps business owners determine the value of their businesses, attorneys and financial professionals better represent and advise their clients, and virtually all professionals involved in business valuation do their jobs more efficiently.
Jay B. Abrams
Quantitative Business Valuation is the first authoritative work to guide professionals through the business valuation process with a quantitative--as opposed to qualitative--focus.
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Kevin M. Reopel, FSA, MAAA
35 Rugby Rd.
Feeding Hills MA 01030
USA
phone: 413-786-7925
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Kevin M. Reopel, FSA, MAAA, is an Actuarial Consultant with broad expertise both in the life insurance business and in assessing the economic value of future cash flows. Through Actuarial Litigation Consulting, this expertise is used to assess economic losses in tort cases for attorneys and to assess the terms and benefits of insurance and annuity contracts.

Mr. Reopel has worked for major life insurance companies such as Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company and the Hartford Life Insurance Company. Throughout his career, he has worked extensively with insurance company attorneys and underwriters, and with state insurance department attorneys, actuaries and other regulators.

Litigation Support - Kevin Reopel provides impartial, credible assessment of Economic Loss/ Economic Damages for litigating attorneys (both plaintiff and defense), judges, estate planning attorneys, and trust departments. He also provides expert analysis of the features and benefits of in-force insurance policies for individual clients and their attorneys.

Mr. Reopel's professional services, as consultant or expert witness, are provided in both state and federal trial settings. They include preliminary review and evaluation of economic loss, pre-trial discovery, assessment of economic los, reports and affidavits, depositions, and trial testimony.

Areas of Expertise:
  • Actuary - Actuarial
  • Economic Consulting
  • Economic Damages
  • Forensic Economics
  • Insurance - Health / HMO / Disability
  • Insurance - Life & Annuities
  • Actuarial Assessment of Economic Losses For:
    • Personal Injury
    • Wrongful Death
    • Employment Termination
  • Asset Allocation from Divorce
  • Structured Settlements
  • Trust valuation
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    Dr. Gary Albrecht, PhD
    1817 Georgia Ave.
    Winston-Salem NC 27104
    USA
    phone: 336-727-9435
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    Gary AlbrechtDr. Gary R. Albrecht has more than 25 years of experience specializing in Economic Forecasting and Forensic Economics. The Director of Econometric Modeling at the University of Kansas, his research has been published in the Journal of Forensic Economics, Journal of Legal Economics, Trial Briefs, and The Earnings Analyst.

    Dr. Albrecht was elected by his peers to be a Vice President and to serve on the Board of Directors of the National Association of Forensic Economists. He also serves as a referee for the Journal of Forensic Economics and the Journal of Legal Economics.

    Dr. Albrecht provides litigation support services to attorneys for both Plaintiff and Defense for cases concerning damages resulting from Wrongful Death, Personal Injury, and Breach of Contract. Qualified in numerous State and Federal venues, he has been deposed and or testified approximately 50 times in the last four years.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Economic Damages
    • Expected Wage Loss
    • Business Valuation
    • Lost Profits
  • Discrimination Analysis
  • Equitable Distribution
  • Intellectual Property
  • Antitrust
  • Dr. Albrecht is a Member of the American Academy of Economic and Financial Experts, the American Economic Association, and the National Association of Forensic Economics.

    View Dr. Albrecht's Consulting Profile.
    6/18/2014 · Economics
    The first step in estimating the value of life is, generally, to estimate the tradeoff individuals are willing to make between the risk of death and compensation. In wage-risk studies the estimate of the trade-off takes the form of a slope coefficient on the risk of death variable from regression analysis. The estimated slope coefficient is then used to estimate the value of life. This paper addresses two separate but related issues that affect the calculated value of life. One issue is how the estimate of the slope coefficient may vary depending on the base amount of risk in the observations used for its estimate. This issue is addressed by determining the shape of the indifference curve between compensation and the risk of death. The other issue is the definition of the value of life. Two proofs are presented. One proof shows that the calculated value of life will vary according to the base amount of risk involved in the study. The other shows how the calculated value varies according to how the value of life is defined. An economist who uses the value of life studies should be aware of these influences.

    4/14/2014 · Economics
    The contention of this article is that the appropriate discount rate is one which counterbalances the uncertainties associated with projecting future losses. Such uncertainty is defined, herein, as risk. Parity in risk must be maintained between projected losses and the discount rate. A risk-free rate of interest is an appropriate discount rate only when applied to projected losses which are, themselves, risk-free. As elements of uncertainty, or speculation, enter into the projection of future losses, either those elements must be removed from the analysis or the discount rate must be increased commensurately to maintain parity in risk. To do otherwise would yield an award which overcompensates the plaintiff (p. 33).

    3/11/2014 · Economics
    In "The Valuation of a Closely Held Firm: Difference in Expert Opinion," (JFE, 1988) Carl M. Hubbard and Darryl G. Waldron present the results of a survey in which the respondents were asked to place a value on a non-publicly traded firm. The authors classified the responses into four categories: the net asset valuation (NA V) approach; the discounted cash flow (DCF) approach; the earnings multiple (EM) approach; and the capitalized earnings (CE) approach. As the title of their paper states, there were differences of opinion among the respondents.

    2/5/2014 · Economics
    This article is one in a series of articles in the Journal of Forensic Economics detailing the different and the common methods for assessing economic damages in the various states. In this article we discuss the legal framework by which economic damages are computed in personal injury (PI) and wrongful death (WD) cases in the state courts of North Carolina. Section II presents the legal framework for these torts; Section III discusses the calculation of damages in Wrongful Death torts, while Section IV deals with Personal Injury torts where they differ from Wrongful Death.

    1/6/2014 · Economics
    In litigation involving wrongful death, personal injury and breach of employment contracts, forecasting the wage rate is often a necessary step when calculating damages. Forecasted future changes in the wage rate are generally attributed to two components, forecasted changes in the productivity of labor and inflation.l The theoretical reason for making the wage rate a function of productivity and inflation stems from the neoclassical proposition that the wage rate is equal to the product of the marginal productivity of labor and the price of the output received by the manufacturer.

    11/27/2013 · Economics
    Federal and state legal systems rely upon the reasoning of judges and juries to ascertain what is just compensation for personal injury as result of a tort. There are no precise rules to follow in determining damages. Jurists consider the plaintiffs' own itemization of damage, but they also use their own reasoning and the guidance of the law and testimony of forensic economists. Likewise, each forensic economist uses his or her reasoning, legal parameters, and economic training in determining just compensation.

    In a recent article Havrilesky (1993) argues against applying the hedonic damages concept to wrongful death and injury cases. The purpose of this paper is to critique his arguments. An examination of each of the seven points shows that none are appropriate. This analysis follows the same order and is under the same headings as Havrilesky's analysis. The conclusion section is added to summarize the paper.

    10/2/2013 · Economics
    In litigation involving personal injury, wrongful death, job discrimination, and breach of employment contracts, questions concerning the estimates of future earnings and the choice of an appropriate discount rate arise. We address the question of whether, in order to estimate the growth of future earnings and then to discount future earnings, it is necessary to forecast the inflation rate.

    12/5/2013
    "Esteemed Experts.com member, Gary R. Albrecht is a Forensic Economist with over 25 years of experience specializing in Economic Forecasting and Damages. Principal at Albrecht Economics, Inc., he provides Expert Witness and Consulting services to attorneys, insurance companies, and other professionals. "
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    Dr. William B. Fairley
    Victoria Mills
    1489 Baltimore Pike
    Springfield PA 19064
    USA
    phone: 610-543-0159
    fax: 610-543-8952
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    Analysis and Inference, Inc., led by William B. Fairley, Ph.D., provides compelling statistical analysis for corporations, government agencies, non-profits, and law firms. Dr. Fairley, a widely published author in statistics and economics, is skilled at presenting complex ideas to non-experts.

    Expertise Includes: Data Analysis, Regression, Probability, Sampling, Statistical Significance and Validity, Surveys, and Modeling in areas such as Discrimination, Employment and Labor, Insurance, Risk Analysis, Product Liability, Theft and Fraud, Contract Disputes, Audit Disallowance and Damages, Education, School Finance, and Public Policy.

    Services Include:
  • Risk Analysis - Statistical, probability, and related financial analyses for risk, accidents, and health
  • Audits, Surveys, Theft and Fraud - Determination through statistical sampling and modeling of amounts of monies recoverable in audit disallowances, large-scale thefts, and fraud, etc.
  • Discrimination - Analysis of data, questions of statistical significance and validity, and development of models relevant to a wide range of discrimination claims in employment or in municipal services, housing, and other areas by age, sex, race, etc.
  • Liability and Damages - Statistical analysis and related economic aspects to address alleged harm or specific damages
  • Finance, Regulation and Insurance - Statistical analysis and related aspects of finance theory and economics in issues such as price discrimination, royalties, real property valuation, investment risk and return, regulated rates of return, and risk classification in property-liability insurance
  • Public Policy - Examples are school funding mechanisms, hazardous materials management, economic regulation, and discrimination
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    Dr. Charles Cowan
    Managing Partner
    11467 Huebner Road, Suite 200
    San Antonio TX 78230
    USA
    phone: 210-641-2817
    fax: 210-641-9892
    Analytic Focus specializes in Financial, Economic, Demographic, and Statistical Research. We're Ph.D.s with decades of experience working in academia, industry, and Federal agencies. We provide exceptional value in interpretation of data, insight regarding business problems, and scholarship on best practices.

    We estimate numbers needed for the best representation of your client. We evaluate flaws in analyses underpinning your arguments or your opponents. We've testified in Federal & State courts.

    Complex Litigation
    Antitrust, Deceptive Sales Practices, Securities & Lost Sales

    Banking & Finance
    Misrepresentation & Fraud, Securitizations, Regulation

    Insurance & Reinsurance
    Breach of Contract, Risk & Pricing Issues

    Environmental/Mass Tort
    Validity of Claims, Damages & Volume of Claims Forecasting

    Class Actions and Class Certification
    Commonality, Predominance, Mass Valuation

    Fair Housing, Fair Lending, Labor & Employment
    Discrimination & Disparate Impact

    Intellectual Property
    Trade Mark, Trade Dress, Patent Infringement
    Confusion, Dilution, Lost Profits, Diverted Sales
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    Dr. John E. Schneider, PhD
    CEO & Founder
    26 Washington Street
    Floor 3
    Morristown NJ 07960
    USA
    phone: 862-260-9191 or (Cell) 319-331-2122
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    John Schneider Health Care Economist Expert WitnessDr. John E. Schneider, PhD, CEO and Founder of Avalon Health Economics, is a Health Care Economist with over 25 years of experience. He provides Expert Witness services for cases involving the Economic and Organizational aspects of the Health Care Industry. Dr. Schneider earned his PhD in Health Services and Policy Analysis from the University of California Berkeley, with a concentration in health economics. His background includes professional appointments at the Center for Health Economics Research (Waltham, MA; now part of RTI International), and the California Association of Health Plans (Sacramento, CA).

    Dr. Schneider is an adjunct faculty in the Department of Economics at Drew University and Faculty Affiliate of the Petris Center on Health Care Markets at the University of California Berkeley. His previous positions include Senior Director at Oxford Outcomes, Ltd., Principal and Senior Health Economist of Health Economics Consulting Group, LLC (which merged with Oxford Outcomes in late 2009), and Director of Research at the California Association of Health Plans.

    Dr. Schneider has extensive knowledge and experience providing health economics analysis, advice, and testimony in support of litigation. He serves as an Expert Witness for both Plaintiff and Defense. Dr. Schneider's clients include law firms, federal and state agencies, health care trade associations, and other health care organizations.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Analysis of Medical Care Costs
    • Medical Bill Valuation
    • Health Insurance and Managed Care
    • Regulation
    • Hospital Competition
    • Specialty Hospitals
  • Physician Ownership
  • Outcomes Research
  • Technology Assessment - Trademark Infringement
  • Process Change
  • Insurer - Provider Contracting Disputes
  • Health Care Antitrust
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    Robert Ohsfeldt, John Schneider
    The Business of Health examines the influence of market competition and government regulation on hospitals, health insurance, managed care plans, and prescription drug advertising. Reformers must determine which components of the system are suitable for market competition and which would benefit from more direct government control.
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    Ronald T. Smolarski
    MA, CLCP, CEA, CRC, LPC, CCM, CVE, CRV, CDEII
    114 Felch St.
    Ann Arbor MI 48103
    USA
    phone: 800-821-8463
    fax: 734-665-2584
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    Ronald Smolarski Vocational Rehabilitation Expert PhotoRonald T. Smolarski has 38 years of experience in the field of Rehabilitation and Economics. For Personal Injury and other related cases, Mr. Smolarski, specializes in Catastrophic & Pediatric Care, is qualified in the courts to provide expert testimony in several areas, including:
    • Life Care Planning (Future Medical)
    • Forensic Economist (Economic Loss / Lost Income / Loss of Earning Capacity / Present & Future Value)
    • Vocational Expert (Vocational Testing of Worker Traits)
    • Functional Capacity Evaluations (Upper & Lower Extremity)
    • Wrongful Death
    • Medical Projections
    Litigation Support - Ronald Smolarski is highly experienced in cases involving personal injury, medical malpractice, and trusts. He has participated in hundreds of trials and depositions as an Expert Witness in District, Circuit, and Federal Court. His services are available to attorneys representing both Plaintiff and Defense.

    View Ronald Smolarski's Consulting Profile.
    4/28/2015 · Life Expectancy
    THIS ARTICLE DESCRIBES HOW Life Care Planners can help trust officers, relationship managers, estate planners and attorneys determine the future monetary requirements, in actual dollars, of a catastrophically disabled, pediatric or geriatric client. This can be done through the creation of a Life Care Plan for that individual's lifetime. Case histories are used to demonstrate how LCPs address the complex needs of such clients. The article concludes with a discussion of the ways in which the discipline of Life Care Planning complements the expertise of the trust officer.

    3/26/2015 · Life Expectancy
    How funds are handled after the settlement of a case reflects the competency and knowledge of attorneys and recognizes their outstanding legal skills. This article focuses on the management of settlement proceeds and the maintenance aspect of the care of a client with a disability when that client's financial health is turned over to a trust attorney, relationship manager, financial planner, trust officer or estate planner.

    2/24/2015 · Damages
    How do you determine what care and how much money a chronically or catastrophically disabled individual will need for the rest of his or her life? Some attorneys representing either the plaintiff or the defendant in such cases are now getting the expert help they need from specially trained rehabilitation consultants called "life care planners".

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    Chad Staller, JD, MBA, MAC, AVA
    President
    1608 Walnut Street
    Philadelphia PA 19103
    USA
    phone: 800-966-6099
    fax: 215-732-8158
    The Center for Forensic Economic Studies is a leading provider of economic and statistical analysis relating to litigation. Our staff includes economists, statisticians and valuation experts.

    We assist with discovery, critique opposing claims and produce clear, credible reports and expert testimony. Since 1980, attorneys and their clients have relied on our expertise in thousands of cases in jurisdictions across the country.

    Our areas of Concentration Include:
  • Personal Injury / Wrongful Death Economic Damages
  • Commercial Damages / Business Interruption Claims
  • Economic Damages in Employment Matters
  • Employment Discrimination - Statistical Analysis
  • Business Valuations / Appraisal
  • Contact us to discuss your case.
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    James Christopoulos, JD, MA
    575 Anton Blvd
    Costa Mesa CA 92626
    USA
    phone: 714-442-8561
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    Christopoulos Economics Consulting Group is a full-service expert witness firm, providing highly capable and professional analyses, reports, tables, charts, and credible testimony on Economic Damages and related issues for attorneys throughout California.

    By specializing in litigation economics, Christopoulos Economics Consulting Group provides Forensic Analysis and Auditing, Economic Damage Analyses, Statistical Research, and Economic Loss Reports. They have the experience necessary to provide testimonies and produce reports which summarize and present opinions and conclusions in a manner that is clear and easily understood. They are consistently retained by both plaintiff and defense attorneys and are well versed in the calculation of present value past and future economic damages, including the calculation of future medical care costs.

    James Christopoulos, JD, MA, the founder of Christopoulos Economics Consulting Group, is an Economist and a Lawyer. His comprehension of complex legal issues combined with his many years of experience as an economist provides his clients with a unique set of abilities when calculating economic losses and communicating those opinions to both judge and jury.

    Mr. Christopoulos has testified as an expert witness economist in state and federal courts along with arbitrations, mediations, and depositions and has prepared and presented economic loss calculations for well over 1,000 cases.

    Areas of Litigation Expertise:
    • Personal Injury
    • Wrongful Death
    • Medical Malpractice
    • Product Liability
    • Tort Actions
    • FELA Cases
    • Minor, Multiple Plaintiffs
    • Breach of Contract
    • Unjust Enrichment
    • Interference
    • Interruption
    • Breach of Fiduciary Duty
    • Forensic Analysis and Audit
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Wrongful Termination
  • Failure to Promote
  • Wage & Hour
  • Pay Equity
  • Class Actions
  • Income Loss
  • Health Benefits Loss
  • Pension, Retirement Benefits Loss
  • Wage Loss Differential
  • Forensic Analysis
  • Statistical Analysis of Data, Trends
  • Present Value Calculations
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    Lawrence Amsel, MD, MPH
    245 West 107th Street
    New York NY 10025
    USA
    phone: 212-592-3804
    fax: 212-678-6752
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    Lawrence Amsel Psychiatry Expert PhotoLawrence Amsel, MD, MPH, specializes in Family Loss and Forensic Psychiatry. With an MD from Yale University and an MPH in Biostatistics from Columbia University, Dr. Amsel combined his clinical expertise with his analytic mathematics background to become one of the early champions of the application of Decision Science, Game Theory, and Behavioral Economics to Psychiatric Research.

    Dr. Amsel provides Litigation Support services to attorneys representing Plaintiff and Defense. His services include medical record review for causation and standard of care.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Medical Decision Making
    • Health Care Behavioral Economics
    • Health Care Game Theory
    • Pediatric Psychiatry
    • Public Health
    • Suicide
  • OCD
  • Family Loss
  • Neuropsychiatry
  • PTSD
  • Psychiatry
  • Grief
  • Background - In 2003, Dr. Amsel organized the first ever American Psychiatric Association symposium on applications of Game Theory to psychiatry. He has published articles and presented posters on Game Theory modeling of suicide, OCD, and PTSD.

    After 9/11, Dr. Amsel joined the Trauma Studies and Services division at the New York Psychiatric Institute, and has been involved in treating victims of 9/11 and their families, in training community clinicians in cutting edge treatments for PTSD and Complicated (Traumatic) Grief, as well as in doing research on optimal methods of disseminating this training.

    Dr. Amsel was recently involved in preparing the training materials for the National VA PTSD CBT training program in conjunction with Edna Foa’s group at University of Pennsylvania. He has worked with Joy Hirsch at the Program in Imaging and Cognitive Science (PICS) and with Elke Weber and Eric Johnson at the related Decision Imaging Group (DIG) as Director of Mathematical Psychiatry, with the goal of creating innovative collaborations involving fMRI and Decision Science, as applied to psychiatric disorders.

    Over the last several years, Dr. Amsel has been collaborating with Dr. Hoven at the Child Psychiatric Epidemiology Group (CPEG) working on understanding the connection between decision deficits, trauma and psychiatric disorders in the developing brain of children/adolescents. He has extensive clinical expertise within psychiatric research, as well as expertise in applying decision science tasks in psychiatric research settings.

    View Dr. Amsel's Consulting Profile.
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    Victor P. Republicano, Jr., CPA, CGMA
    Director, Litigation Services
    875-A Island Drive, Suite 250
    Alameda CA 94502
    USA
    phone: 510-522-7111; cell: 510-219-7111
    fax: 510-580-7077
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    Victor Republicano, Jr., CPA, CGMA is an accounting and consulting practitioner, who has provided professional services to business owners, corporate management, lawyers and their clients, since 1977.

    Mr. Republicano provides assistance in all phases of the litigation process, from strategy sessions early in the dispute, through settlement negotiations, and trial. Among his distinguishing achievements are his CGMA (Chartered Global Management Accountant) designation from the AICPA (American Institute of Certified Public Accountants); Diplomate status from the American Board of Forensic Accounting, and his Fellow status from the American College of Forensic Examiners, in addition to his affiliation with the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. Mr. Republicano has extensive experience in providing litigation consulting services and expert testimony in a wide variety of areas. His litigation consulting projects have included damage assessment and analysis, inspection and reconstruction of accounting records, pre-trial preparation, expert testimony, witness preparation, courtroom assistance, and post-trial consultation with counsel. He has served as an expert witness in over 100 cases, including matters in state and federal court, administrative proceedings, and alternative dispute resolution forums.

    Mr. Republicano is experienced in small business consulting, accounting and auditing, publicly traded companies, and litigation services. His industry experience includes: Ag-Chem, Construction, Distribution, Financial Institutions, High-Tech, Manufacturing, Network Marketing, Non- Profit Organizations, Professional Services (Architects, Engineers, Law Firms, etc), Securities and Retail. Mr. Republicano has assisted a variety of companies with IPO's, private placements and statutory filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. He also has provided extensive consultations to entrepreneurs and others and other non-public business owners regarding mergers and acquisitions, inventory control systems, credit and collections management, and property lease analyses.

    Litigation and Other Services:
  • Accounting
  • Alternate Dispute Resolution (Mediation, Referee, Special Master)
  • Business Valuations
  • Construction Claims
  • Contract Disputes
  • Expert Witness
  • Damage Calculations and Assessment
  • Economic Loss
  • White Collar Crime
  • Forensic Accounting
  • Fraud
  • Insurance Claims
  • Investigative Services (accounting, finance, business and trade practices)
  • Lost Profits
  • Personal Injury
  • Reconstruction of Accounting Records
  • Witness Preparation
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    Prof. J. Gregory Sidak
    1717 K Street, NW
    Washington DC 20006
    USA
    phone: 202-518-5121
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    Gregory Sidak Antitrust Economics ExpertJ. Gregory Sidak is an Expert Economist in the fields of Damages, Antitrust, Patent, Telecommunications Regulation, Commercial and Investment Arbitration, and Intellectual Property Law. Prof. Sidak is Chairman of Criterion Economics, L.L.C. in Washington, D.C. The focus of his research has been regulation of network industries, antitrust policy, the Internet and electronic commerce, intellectual property, and constitutional law issues concerning economic regulation.

    Prof. Sidak formerly served as Deputy General Counsel of the Federal Communications Commission and as Senior Counsel and Economist to the Council of Economic Advisers in the Executive Office of the President. His writings have been cited by the Supreme Court of the United States, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, and lower state supreme courts. He has also been cited by the Supreme Court of Canada, the European Commission, the Federal Trade Commission, and other regulatory agencies.

    In a typical engagement, Gregory Sidak assists senior management and outside counsel in devising and executing a litigation or regulatory strategy for addressing a consequential challenge or opportunity. Although he also serves as a court-appointed neutral expert, his typical clients are Fortune 500 companies or their overseas counterparts. Prof. Sidak's comparative advantage is applying economic analysis to novel legal questions that can materially affect the company’s enterprise value. He excels at communicating to legal decision makers the relevance of that economic analysis to answering the pertinent legal questions.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Damages and Valuation - Trade Secrets, Trademark, Trade Dress, Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Licensing (Know-How), Patents
    • Technology Disputes
    • Claims of Monopolization Antitrust & Unfair Competition
    • Administrative Proceedings
    • Price-Fixing & Dominance Allegations
    • Trade & Distribution Agreements
    • Competition Regulation and Enforcement in the US and EU
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    6/17/2015 · Telecommunication
    Regulators in many countries have asserted that setting asymmetric mobile termination rates (MTRs) between the incumbent mobile telephony operator and its smaller rivals is an efficacious means by which to help entrants attain efficient scale. We investigate empirically the efficacy of this policy experiment using data from a global sample of 34 countries from 1996 through 2014. We estimate a model that relates operators' long-run market shares to initial entry conditions and the degree of asymmetry among MTRs using an instrumental variables (IV) strategy. The estimates imply that a high degree of asymmetry among MTRs lowers an entrant's long-run market share by roughly 4 percentage points compared with a regime of symmetric MTRs, and the effect is roughly constant across market penetration levels. Furthermore, mobile operators tend to perform better when entering markets with higher levels of concentration and lower levels of market penetration. Our novel findings cast doubt on the efficacy of imposing asymmetric MTRs as a means to achieve greater equality of competitive outcomes. Our findings inform the larger body of theoretical literature on the pricing of interconnection and network access.

    5/18/2015 · Patents
    Under what conditions may the holder of standard-essential patents (SEPs) seek to enjoin an infringing implementer without breaching the SEP holder's contract with the standard-setting organization (SSO) to provide access to those SEPs on fair, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory (FRAND) terms? I show that the SEP holder's contractual obligations still permit it to seek an injunction. A FRAND commitment requires the SEP holder to offer a license for the SEPs on FRAND terms (or otherwise to grant implementers access to the SEPs). Extending an offer containing a price within the FRAND range discharges the SEP holder's contractual obligation.

    4/17/2015 · Telecommunication
    In 2005, Ofcom, then telecommunications regulator in the United Kingdom, implemented functional separation of British Telecom plc (BT), separating its wholesale and retail services. BT established a division within the company, Openreach, to provide equal access to its local access network and backhaul products. The tenth anniversary of this regulatory and corporate experiment is an appropriate moment to ask whether functionally separating Openreach from BT benefited consumers. We find that Openreach's creation generated short-run consumer benefits in the form of lower prices but also led to negative long-run effects, which outweighed the short-term price reduction.

    3/18/2015 · Insurance
    Google distributes proprietary applications for its open-source Android mobile operating system (OS) free of charge. Some of those applications (apps) are offered together as a suite of apps known as Google Mobile Services (GMS). Manufacturers of mobile devices can agree, pursuant to Google's Mobile Application Distribution Agreement (MADA), to install the suite of apps on their devices at a price of zero. Some theorize that Google's policy of offering some applications together as a suite of apps harms competitors or menaces consumer welfare.

    2/10/2015 · Patents
    Mark Lemley and Carl Shapiro propose that standard-setting organizations (SSOs) mandate that their members henceforth submit to binding, final-offer arbitration (commonly called "baseball arbitration") to set fair, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory (FRAND) royalties in licensing disputes concerning standard-essential patents (SEPs). SSOs should reject this proposal. It does not rest on sufficient facts or data, nor does it apply intellectually rigorous principles and methods of law and economics in a reliable manner. This is not to say that the voluntary use of arbitration to resolve FRAND licensing disputes is inherently problematic. However, the incremental efficiency that Lemley and Shapiro claim that their proposal would achieve over litigation or conventional commercial arbitration is illusory. For one, it is much harder to value a portfolio of SEPs over the span of five years than to value an individual baseball player for a single season.

    1/8/2015 · Patents
    What does it mean for a patent holder to commit to a standard-setting organization (SSO) to license its standard-essential patents (SEPs) on fair, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory (FRAND) terms? When is a royalty FRAND? Drawing from both legal theory and economic theory, I propose an interpretation of FRAND that distinguishes and reconciles the conflicting definitions of FRANDand provides courts a practical approach to identifying FRAND royalties

    12/4/2014 · Economics
    Complex civil litigation routinely includes expert economic testimony. However, determining which expert economist is more credible may confound a lay jury. It may even confound the judge when ruling on the admissibility of expert economic testimony during the Daubert hearing.1 One solution rarely employed is for the court to appoint its own neutral economic expert under Rule 706 of the Federal Rules of Evidence2 when a lawsuit contains a claim for damages that will require rigorous analysis of data. Based on my recent experience as Judge Richard Posner's court-appointed neutral economic expert on damages in patent infringement litigation, I explain in this article how the wider use of Rule 706 would assist the judge and jury and would facilitate the prompt settlement of intellectual property, antitrust, securities, contract, business tort, and other complex disputes.3 The benefits to courts and litigants would surely exceed the costs.

    9/23/2014 · Telecommunication
    As part of the Modification of Final Judgment (MFJ) that implemented the divestiture of the Bell operating companies (BOCs) from AT&T on January 1, 1984, the BOCs were forbidden to carry telephone calls from one local access and transport area LATA) to another. Although the Telecommunications Act of 1996 superseded the MFJ, it retained the BOCs' interLATA prohibition and established, in section 271, a process – involving each state public utilities commission, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and the Department of Justice (DOJ), acting on a state-by-state basis – by which the BOCs could earn regulatory approval to enter the interLATA market within the regions in which they provide local exchange service. As of September 1, 2002, the BOCs had received section 271 authorizations to provide in-region interLATA service in fifteen states.

    8/19/2014 · Antitrust
    A recent phenomenon in competition policy is the acquisition of a private firm by an enterprise that is either wholly owned by government or in the midst of privatization. Such an acquisition poses the question of how public ownership may alter the incentives of a firm to engage in anticompetitive conduct. It also prompts one to examine the process by which such altered incentives revert, as the level of government ownership declines, to the same incentives that face purely private firms. Using Deutsche Telekom's acquisition of VoiceStream Wireless as a case study, this article presents the economic questions relevant to evaluating the competitive consequences of acquisitions by partially privatized firms. It predicts gains or losses to various constituencies of producer groups.

    7/15/2014 · Antitrust
    In this review of John Lott's book, Are Predatory Commitments Credible?: Who Should the Courts Believe?, we find that Lott is more successful in pointing out the likelihood of predatory pricing by public enterprises than in proving that predatory pricing by private enterprises does not occur. In Part I of this Review, we critique Lott's theoretical and empirical attempts to show that predatory pricing by private firms is implausible.

    6/6/2014 · Economics
    Mail delivery is one of the few economic activities that has avoided the wave of deregulation and privatization that has swept network industries over the last few decades. This Article examines several questions regarding the business activities of Canada Post Corporation in a competitive environment. What should be the appropriate mandate of Canada Post? If Canada Post is a natural monopoly, what form of regulation best serves Canadian consumers? If Canada Post's delivery of letter mail is not a natural monopoly, what basis exists for retaining Canada Post's current statutory monopoly? What potential exists for Canada Post to abuse its statutory monopoly-and other statutory privileges and immunities-to compete unfairly against efficient private suppliers of postal services?

    5/1/2014 · Economics
    Few phrases in public policy have become so overused so quickly as the information highway. Although it is unclear to many what that superhighway is or will be, this uncertainty has not prevented proposals to regulate the superhighway from being made. In this Article, we examine the economic principles that should govern competition and regulatory policies concerning the development and operation of the information superhighway.

    3/28/2014 · Antitrust
    Since 1975, when the debate over monopolistic predation began to boil in courts and universities, most discussion has focused on predatory pricing. And although the allegation of predatory innovation arose in some well-known litigation involving Kodak and IBM, lawyers and economists have produced little credible work explaining how this phenomenon can occur, let alone how it should be identified and remedied if deemed to threaten consumer welfare.

    2/19/2014 · Antitrust
    Antitrust law currently lacks a unified theory of liability and damages. But the Supreme Court's recent acceptance of consumer welfare as the goal of antitrust law underscores a growing judicial inclination to construe antitrust liability rules to encourage efficient production and efficient resource allocation. As the Court reconstructs the law of antitrust liability, it should also revise the law of antitrust damages by defining the rights created by those damage measures to accomplish specific economic goals.

    1/21/2014 · Antitrust
    A routine defensive tactic of targets of hostile tender offers is to seek a preliminary injunction under section 16 of the Clayton Act on the ground that the offeror's acquisition of the target's stock would effect a merger violating section 7 of the Act. The litigation costs that an antitrust injunction imposes on an offeror seems unlikely to exceed the offeror's risk-adjusted expected benefit from the takeover. In this Article, I discuss several reasons why the possibility of delay tendes to discourage a potential offeror from ever making a tender offer.

    12/13/2013 · Antitrust
    Through its antitrust enforcement system, society allocates resources to deter anticompetitive behavior. Antitrust enforcement is costly because prosecutors and judges mischaracterize some competitive or efficiency-enhancing behavior as horizontal collusion. In this early application of the Polinsky-Shavell argument about the tradeoff between the probability and magnitude of fines, this essay argues that, given prosecutorial and judicial error, society will not optimally allocate its antitrust enforcement resources by threatening price fixers with exorbitant economic penalties that have only a minimal probability of being enforced.

    11/11/2013 · Antitrust
    Current controversies over patent policy place standard-setting organizations (SSOs) on a collision course with antitrust law. Recent theoretical research conjectures that, in an SSO, patent owners can "hold up" patent users in the sense of demanding high royalties for a patented input after the SSO has adopted the patented technology as an industry standard and manufacturers within the SSO have incurred sunk costs to design end products that incorporate that standard.

    9/23/2013 · Antitrust
    We examine the consumer-welfare implications of Google's project to scan a large proportion of the world's books into digital form and to make these works accessible to consumers through Google Book Search (GBS). In response to a class action alleging copyright infringement, Google has agreed to a settlement with the plaintiffs, which include the Authors Guild and the Association of American Publishers.

    8/19/2013 · Antitrust
    We favor revision of the Horizontal Merger Guidelines.1 Our preliminary comments in this essay are based on a work in progress that we provisionally entitle, "Favoring Dynamic Competition over Static Competition."

    7/31/2013 · Antitrust
    Competition authorities in foreign jurisdictions have recently adopted or are considering guidelines on applying competition law to intellectual property rights (IPR). A common concern that certain exercises of IPR can restrict competition underlies IPR provisions that would enable competition authorities to compel holders of IPR to license their IP at regulated royalties.

    7/16/2013 · Antitrust
    The OECD's proposed regime of asymmetric ex ante regulation for Mexico's telecommunications marketplace would reduce competition, contrary to the OECD's aims. The OECD's proposals would harm Mexican consumers and force an increase in prices paid for telecommunications services. They would create a government-sanctioned price cartel among the telecommunications providers.

    6/24/2013 · Antitrust
    A recent phenomenon in competition policy is the acquisition of a private firm by an enterprise that is either wholly owned by government or in the midst of privatization.

    6/5/2013 · Antitrust
    agencies in the United States and the European Union began investigating Google's search practices in 2010. Google's critics have consisted mainly of its competitors, particularly Microsoft, Yelp, TripAdvisor, and other search engines.

    5/6/2013 · Antitrust
    The landmark Microsoft case raises challenging questions concerning antitrust remedies. In this Article, we propose a framework for assessing the costs and benefits of different remedies, particularly divestiture, in monopolization cases involving network industries.

    4/2/2013 · Antitrust
    What is the proper legal standard for product integration involving software? Because software is subject to low marginal costs, network effects, and rapid technological innovation, the Supreme Court's existing antitrust rules on tying arrangements, which evolved from industries not possessing such characteristics, are inappropriate.

    2/28/2013 · Antitrust
    A “price squeeze,” or “margin squeeze,” is a theory of antitrust liability under section 2 of the Sherman Act that concerns a vertically integrated monopolist that sells its upstream bottleneck input to firms that compete with the monopolist’s production of a downstream product sold to end users.

    The Telecommunications Act of 1996 sets forth extensive provisions to unbundle the local telecommunications network to encourage the development of a competitive market for local telephone.

    10/22/2012 · Antitrust
    The September 2009 announcement that the Federal Trade Commission and the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice have initiated a review of the Horizontal Merger Guidelines provides a formal process for redefining the proper role of dynamic competition in antitrust law.

    J. Gregory Sidak, Dan Maldoom, Richard A.D. Marsden, Hal J. Singer
    The Brussels Round Table, a forum of leading EU telecommunications operators and equipment manufacturers, commissioned these articles. They examine the deployment of broadband in European countries and make policy recommendations related to telecommunications regulation. Specific topics include pricing flexibility, competition, growth potential, likely future dynamics, competition, investment opportunities, eliminating excess regulation, facilitating longer-term points of view, and suggestions for transparent and competition-neutral subsidies.
    J. Gregory Sidak
    This book addresses deregulatory policies that threaten to reduce or destroy the value of private property in network industries without any accompanying payment of just compensation, policies that are termed "deregulatory takings." The authors further consider the problem of renegotiation of the regulatory contract, which changes the terms and conditions of operation of utility companies.
    J. Gregory Sidak
    Restrictions on foreign investment in U.S. telecommunications firms have harmed the interests of American consumers and investors, argues J. Gregory Sidak in this convincing study. Sidak shows why these restrictions, originally intended to protect America from the perils of wireless telegraphy by foreign agents, should be repealed...
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    Dr. Edmund H. Mantell
    Economist and Expert Witness
    5 Carthage Lane
    Scarsdale NY 10583
    USA
    phone: 914-725-4882
    fax: 914-722-4147
    Dr. Edmund H. Mantell, Ph.D. is a Consulting Economist and Expert Witness who has been engaged by both Plaintiffs and Defendants. His services are provided rapidly and efficiently.

    Services:
  • Calculations of the loss of earnings and the loss of fringe benefits in personal injury or wrongful death cases
  • Projections of the costs of future care for seriously disabled persons; therapeutic modalities, pharmaceuticals, custodial care, treatment by physicians

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Case Review
  • Forensic Economics
  • Wrongful Death
  • Personal Injury
  • Lost Earnings
  • Securities Experts
  • Spousal Evaluation
  • Economic Damages
  • Calculation of Loss

  • Antitrust
  • Financial Damages
  • Intellectual Property
  • Infringement Damages
  • Disability & Loss of Income
  • Cost of Future Care
  • Trial Exhibit Preparation
  • Analysis of Reports
  • Structured Settlements
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    Edward M. Foster, PhD
    4754 Fremont Ave. South
    Minneapolis MN 55419-5207
    USA
    phone: 612-418-5246
    fax: 612-823-6236
    Edward-Foster-Economics-Expert-Photo.jpg
    Edward M. Foster, PhD, is a Forensic Economics Expert with over 40 years of experience. Dr. Foster received his PhD in economics from MIT in 1961. He is professor emeritus and past chairman, Department of Economics, University of Minnesota, where he taught from 1961 to 2008 and held several other administrative positions. He has been a consultant in forensic economics since the late 1960s.

    Dr. Foster has analyzed cases related to individual plaintiffs and to class actions for plaintiff and defendant, the U. S. Attorney’s office (Minneapolis), and the Minnesota Attorney General's office. Much of his consulting for the government was also concerned with valuing costs and benefits from government investment projects, including those in health and safety that require the valuation of human lives, and those that require evaluation of corporate investment opportunities. Much of his teaching, research, and research carried out under his supervision by graduate students has been in this same area of cost-benefit analysis.

    Litigation Support - Dr. Foster specializes in Loss Analysis in civil litigation. He advises both plaintiff and defense attorneys on cases involving Personal Injury / Wrongful Death, Employment Disputes, and Lost Business Profits cases.

    Dr. Foster has provided approximately 2,000 independent reports and evaluation of opposing experts' reports in the past 40 years, and testified often in Federal and State courts (AK, IA, MN, OH, ND, NV, SD, WI).
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    Dr. Leonard R. Freifelder
    360 Lexington Ave., 164 Floor
    New York NY 10017
    USA
    phone: 212-521-8100
    fax: 212-581-8958
    Leonard R. Freifelder earned his Doctorate and Master's degrees in Operations Research and Statistics from the University of Pennsylvania. His Bachelor’s degree is from The Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania, where he majored in Actuarial Science. Dr. Freifelder also is an Associate of the Society of Actuaries. His work experience includes private, public, and academic positions in the insurance industry and related fields.

    Dr. Freifelder is experienced in the application of Economic Models and Statistical Analysis in various types of litigation. He has been qualified as an expert in federal court and in state court in Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York and has been invited to speak about economic analysis in litigation by various legal groups in the metropolitan New York area.

    Dr. Freifelder has particular expertise in applying economic analysis, statistical techniques, and actuarial science methods to matters involving insurance and risk.
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