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Fire Protection Engineering Expert Witnesses

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Daniel Bak, PhD, PE, FSE
Contact Rush Porter, Director of Business Development
8330 Juniper Creek Lane
San Diego CA 92126
USA
phone: 858-587-2874
fax: 858-587-6749
Ivey-Engineering-logo.gif
Daniel Bak Fire Protection Engineering Expert PhotoDaniel N. Bak, PhD., PE, FSE, is a licensed professional Fire Protection Engineer. He has over 35 years of experience in forensic engineering; specializing in fire losses, fire protection, fire life safety, fire risk assessment and code analysis. Daniel has performed fire and life safety consulting for facilities both in the US and abroad. He also has taught undergraduate courses in fire and life safety engineering. Daniel is a member of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers (SFPE) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).

Dr. Bak joined Ivey Engineering in 2016. His responsibilities include specifying and forensically analyzing fire protection and life safety provisions for various types of projects. He performs inspections, testing, building system analysis, computerized fire simulation and code analysis. Daniel also provides technical assistance to clients, writes reports and testifies in depositions, hearings and trials.

PROJECT EXPERIENCE (partial listing)
  • Rapid Transit System of Singapore, SIngapore
  • Fire Station, Unites States Navy, Guam
  • III Marine Expedition Force Headquarters, Finegayan Naval Station, Guam
  • San Ysidro Land Port of Entry, San Ysidro, California
  • March Air Force Base, March, California
  • 100 Arthur Street, North Sydney, Australia
  • Council Chambers. 174 Phillip Street, Sydney Australia
  • New South Wales Archive Repository, Kingwoods, Australia
  • Allianz Training Center, 12th Level of 2 Market Street, Sydney, Australia
  • Arboretum Gateway Building, Santa Monica, California
  • Westminster Shopping Mall, Westminster, California
  • South Coast Plaza Shopping Mall, Costa Mesa, California
  • Messeturn Tower, Frankfurt, Germany
  • The Merchandise Mark, Chicago, Illinois
  • Sears Tower, Chicago, Illinois
  • Culver City Ice Arena, Culver City, California
  • Chicago Board of Trade, Chicago, Illinois
  • Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Chicago, Illinois
  • Skolnick Toys Company, Des Plaines, Illinois
  • Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc., Culver City, California
  • Mission Viejo Shopping Mall Renovation, Mission Viejo, California
  • Santa Anita Shopping Mall, Santa Ana, California
  • Westminster Police Department, Westminster, California
  • Adjunct Asso
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John Minor
President, CGC
14 Live Oak Drive
Suite A-1
Gulf Breeze FL 32561
USA
phone: 850-932-8720
fax: 850-934-6659
John-Minor-Construction-Expert-Photo.jpg
John G. Minor, President of Complete General Contractors, is a third-generation Contractor and licensed instructor certified by the North Carolina Department of Insurance. He is a recognized expert on the costs and applications necessary to repair buildings damaged by manufacturer, builder liability, water damage or intrusion, mold, or asbestos.

Mr. Minor has worked in construction and contracting dispute resolution throughout the Southeast for over 17 years. He has been involved in the successful discharge of 150+ million dollars as an expert witness in property claim lawsuits and disputes. He is retained by both the plaintiff and defense for a fair appraisal of the issues at hand.

Mr. Minor works with attorneys to generate a plan based on damages to property and in compliance with the provisions and spirit of the insurance policies in effect at the time of the loss. For personal injury cases, he works to establish the code requirements in place at times of the injury to find how they relate to the cause of action.

Areas of Expertise:
  • Loss Appraisals
  • Construction Claims
  • Construction Disputes
  • Construction Safety
  • Construction Damages
  • Fire Damage
  • HVAC Issues
  • Insurance - Property, Casualty
  • Mold
  • Asbestos
  • View John Minor's Consulting Profile.
    It appears we may just finally have some more Wyatt Earp in place of Billy the Kid in the appraisal industry. Gentlemen and Ladies, check your guns at the city limits of Dodge!

    3/3/2015 · Construction
    With sea levels rising by some reports and inch a decade and the prediction of stronger hurricanes todays aging building stock is at risk. In addition for new construction we must learn from the past. The proliferation of coastal development begs for consistent and sustainable construction techniques.

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    Leslie Noel
    Marketing Director
    Corporate Headquarters
    11321 Plantside Drive
    Louisville KY 40299
    USA
    phone: 800-482-5611
    fax: 502-267-6973
    donan_logo.jpg
    Donan, a family owned company founded in 1947, provides full-service Forensic Engineering and Fire Investigation Services. For over 60 years, Donan Engineering has been providing unbiased answers to their client’s complicated questions. Their team of licensed and experienced forensic experts provides investigative services in the fields of engineering investigations, fire and explosion origin & cause, roofing investigations, and component testing. The diversity of their multidisciplinary staff allows them to provide not only a complete service, but a complete service whose conclusions can be successfully and completely supported.

    Donan Engineering has become a richly diverse, industry leader with over 250 employees operating from 50 offices in 27 states including Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Tennessee, Wisconsin, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Louisiana, Texas, West Virginia, Virginia, and Oklahoma. Throughout their growth, Donan has maintained their commitment to providing exceptional customer service, unparalleled quality, unmatched integrity, and timely reporting. Most importantly, they pride ourselves on delivering their clients quality services at an affordable price.

    Services Include:
    Engineering Investigations
  • Bridges
  • Foundations and Basements
  • Geotechnical / Sink Holes
  • Lightning
  • Low and High Voltage
  • Mechanical Systems
  • Retaining Walls
  • Steel Construction
  • Trusses
  • Vehicle Mechanical Studies
  • Vibrations: Earthquakes and Blastings
  • Water Infiltration / Mold
  • Wood Frame Construction

  • Fire / Explosion Origin and Cause
  • Commercial Fires
  • Equipment Fires
  • Vehicle / Residential Fires

  • Roofing Investigations
  • Commercial
  • Residential - Asphalt Shingle
  • Residential - Slate, Tile, Etc.

  • Heavy Trucks
  • Motorcycles
  • Passenger Vehicles
  • 7/20/2017 · Construction
    Commonly called "flat roofs," most commercial buildings are actually clad with roof systems that provide about 1/8 to ¼ inch per foot of positive drainage. These roof systems are constructed differently than most steep-slope roof coverings and are typically watertight rather than water-shedding assemblies.

    6/27/2017 · Finance
    A recent Donan forensic fire investigation found that a poor connection in a floor-mounted duplex receptacle was the cause of fire. The receptacle was located in the area of origin and all other identifiable causes were eliminated during the investigation. While conducting the research for this particular case, Donan investigators evaluated many scholarly sources in order to clearly educate the client on how a loose connection in a receptacle could lead to a structure fire which, in this case, nearly consumed the bedroom. The best explanation was found in the chemistry associated with the formation of an oxide that contributes to the condition.

    Over the past several years, there has been a clear trend of phasing out "dry-charge" air conditioners and heat pumps. What happened, why are some contractors still selling them, and what are the current common repair/replace options? Read this insightful article for everything you need to know on the topic.

    12/2/2016 · Engineering
    The term plumbing is derived from the Latin word "plumbum," the name of the metal lead that was the preferred material used by the Romans to construct their empire's water supply systems. This bit of history is even relevant today as the continued use of this potentially toxic metal has made headlines because of recently exposed problems in the Flint, Mich., water supply.

    7/29/2016 · Forensics
    Most forensic investigation projects include a scope to determine the cause of some damage or condition. Project scopes often request determining the cause and origin of the damage. Since insurance policies contain descriptions of covered and non-covered situations, clearly specifying causes and origins is crucial for clients' coverage decisions. This article discusses the differences between and significance of these two important terms.

    4/18/2016 · Construction
    Brick masonry chimneys have been prevalent for centuries, but it wasnt until recent decades that brick-clad, wood-framed chimneys became common in residential construction. This trend resulted from the increasing popularity of metal insert fireplaces. While they may appear similar from the exterior, the structure and weather-resistant envelope of wood-framed chimneys are very different than masonry-built chimneys. Prior to studying damage, it is important to understand critical elements in the structural support and weather-resistant envelope of wood-framed chimneys and the types of damage that can result from improper construction.[1]

    Fires can be caused by devices that fail due to a manufacturer's defect. Quality assurance procedures have gone a long way to eliminate out-of-box failures but manufacturers sometimes bypass quality checks on consumer products for competitive reasons. Even the most ethical companies are susceptible to human error that can cause an almost imperceptible change in an otherwise flawless manufacturing procedure.

    As the days get shorter and temperatures turn milder, most HVAC systems are taking a well-earned vacation. For a short while, a cool breeze through open windows will be enough to keep us comfortable in our homes. But soon, homeowners will switch their thermostats from cooling mode to heating mode, and some of them will unfortunately discover their HVAC system does not heat. It's time to pull out those extra blankets and make the call to a service professional sooner than expected.

    12/21/2015 · Construction
    Wood bowstring trusses were used extensively in commercial buildings from the 1920s to the 1960s. Wood bowstring roof trusses provided long clear spans necessary in warehouse and industrial buildings. Many roofs supported by bowstring trusses are still in service today. Compared with other structural timber-truss types, bowstring trusses have exhibited more frequent structural problems. The structural deficiencies encountered are attributable to deficiencies in the original design of the trusses combined with damage due to exposure and age.

    9/28/2015 · Engineering
    The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has released a 2015 edition of NFPA 70E: Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace. It covers and assists in complying with the Occupational Safety and Health Association's requirements, including changes to requirements since the last edition. For personal safety in forensic studies it is important to stay informed of these updates. NFPA 70E covers arc flash risk assessment, establishment of arc flash boundaries, requirements of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), use of PPE within the arc flash boundary, and equipment labeling requirements regarding arc flash hazards. The following examples illustrate the importance of staying abreast of the latest standards.

    7/16/2015 · Construction
    History shows us that building codes have been around for a long time - in fact, the earliest known was around in 2000BC[1]. Penalties were also much harsher for construction defects. If a builder constructed a house that collapsed and killed the owner, the builder was not fined, but was put to death. The United States has been a country with diverse codes - as many as 5,000 at one time. More recently, however, various states and municipalities have adopted "model" codes such as the International Building Code or International Residential Code. These provide a "base" and may be used as written or an Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) may amend certain parts of the model code, making it more stringent and/or specific for a certain area.

    5/14/2015 · Forensics
    Whether it is helping us formulate our opinion or confirming an initial diagnosis, technology plays a valuable role in forensic engineering work. Following are a few examples of existing technology available to Donan's project managers. Though not standard issue, these tools are utilized when necessary to accurately determine or confirm a cause of loss.

    There are many types, manufacturers, and sizes of commercial HVAC systems which can make it difficult to create general guidelines for repair procedures and estimates for hail-damaged units. This guide uses the most common "light commercial" rooftop units (RTUs), which are 5-tons, 7.5-tons, and 10-tons in capacity, for estimating time to repair or replace.

    Imagine for a moment that you are sitting in your home, listening to the rain while reading your favorite novel. Then suddenly you hear a roar of thunder and your home becomes dark. What just happened? You may have just experienced a power surge. Although lightning is not the most common cause of this phenomenon, it is excellent for illustrating what a power surge is and how it can affect your home. A power surge is a term used to describe a condition where the voltage and or current increases beyond its normal levels. Power surges, when due to the elevation of the voltage being supplied by the electrical utility company, have the potential to change data streams, interrupt electrical control circuits, burn out components, cause arcs, create shorts between conductors, overload systems, and cause system failures. The most common causes of power surges are indicated as follows:

    1/7/2015 · Construction
    Concrete is a desirable construction material due to its inherent strength and durability, which make it well-suited for many applications in residential and commercial construction, especially foundations, floor slabs, driveways, sidewalks, and roads, among other things. In these applications, concrete that is properly designed, mixed, placed, and maintained will perform exceptionally well for many years. However, poor design or mix, improper placement, finishing techniques, or inadequate maintenance may result in concrete that does not perform as intended. Aside from cracking, which is probably the most common form of distress to concrete, since virtually all concrete will crack as it cures, surface distress due to scaling, spalling, and popouts are the most common forms of damage.

    12/2/2014 · Construction
    The relationship between wind, hailstone velocity, and impact energy is based on an understanding of fundamental physics. Over a half century of laboratory research and field studies have determined that the severity of hail damage to a roofing material is contingent on the kinetic energy at the point of impact and the roofing material's resistance to that impact energy. These studies have found that a hailstone must be of a certain mass (i.e., size), and it must be traveling at a certain speed (velocity) to result in functional damage to the roofing material. The kinetic energy is a composition of mass and velocity, defined by the following equation:

    10/17/2014 · Construction
    Chances are, it's happened to you. An unexpected period of cold weather occurs and temperatures drop well below freezing for an extended period of time. One morning you attempt to turn the water on in the kitchen sink and...nothing. Hot water? Nope. Cold water? Nope. What happened? Did you forget to pay the water bill...again? Chances are, your pipes are frozen. "How can that happen? They are inside the house!", you may say; however, just because your water lines are inside the building envelope, does not mean they are adequately protected from freezing.

    9/4/2014 · Construction
    If hail impacts a roof covering and the effects of this impact result in some loss in the material's overall integrity or functionality, this material is classified as "hail damaged." More specifically for cedar shakes and shingles, valid hail damage is typically a new fracture of the cedar corresponding to a clean spot or scuff mark from the hailstone impact.

    7/25/2014 · Construction
    Although sags along roof ridgelines can be discovered at any time, in northern climates they are often attributed to the effects of a past snow load. To make an educated analysis of the actual cause of this phenomenon, one must have a basic understanding of the structure and the loads to which it has been subjected.

    Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems consist of many components that work in unison to create the desired comfort level for our homes and offices. A well maintained system is designed to last around 15 years, but the life can be dramatically reduced when proper installation procedures and routine maintenance are not performed.

    5/28/2014 · Construction
    Ice dams and their resultant leaks are often a chronic and expensive problem in those regions where snow-covered roofs are a common occurrence. To understand their detection, cause, and prevention requires some understanding of the dynamics of a structure's construction, insulation, and ventilation.

    A space heater is a device designed to warm a small area. These devices are typically portable, but the category does include gas- and wood-fueled models that are permanently installed; however, these are not the focus of this article.

    3/12/2014 · Failure Analysis
    Washing machine failures can create significant damage, exposing insurers and their clients to property damage. These failures often involve a high volume of water and can occur without warning. Through the examination of several hundred washing machines, the DONAN Component Testing Laboratory has identified a statistically significant failure trend in General Electric (GE) washing machines. The amount of water supplied to the tub of the washing machine is controlled by a water valve (solenoid-controlled valve) and pneumatic controls. The washing machine's load selector is a pneumatic pressure switch, which activates and deactivates the water valve.

    2/10/2014 · Construction
    Shallow foundations are the most commonly designed and constructed structural foundation system. As opposed to deep foundations where structural loads are transferred to subsurface layers or multiple depth ranges, shallow foundations transfer loads to the earth (soil) relatively near to the ground surface. Some examples of shallow foundations include building components often seen in residential construction such as spread footings, continuous foundation walls and footings, slab-on-grade foundations, and mat-slab foundations.

    1/9/2014 · Construction
    After a tornado event, devastation and destruction are found along the tornado path. Due to the wood-framed construction predominant in Texas and Oklahoma, extensive damage to a house can occur. But how do you know whether visible cracks in the Sheetrock or brick finishes are just cosmetic damage or the signs of structural failure?

    12/10/2013 · Fires & Explosions
    Automatic fire suppression systems are by far the most effective and safest means of preventing extensive fire damage and saving lives. For this discussion, we will touch on automatic sprinkler systems (building systems) and kitchen hood suppression systems. These systems range from very simple to extremely complex.

    10/23/2013 · Construction
    Summertime rolls around and people start seeing condensation on ductwork. Their first thought is that something is wrong with their air conditioner. Actually, sweating ducts have several causes. Very few are attributable to defective air conditioners.

    10/4/2013 · Engineering
    In urban and suburban areas, stormwater systems are found everywhere. From surface waterways, such as rivers, streams, and ditches, to subsurface drainage systems, such as storm sewers and culverts, stormwater systems are as ubiquitous as concrete, which is one of the reasons they are so important (Figure 1). Impervious surfaces like concrete, pavement, and roofs prevent stormwater from naturally absorbing into the ground, and the resulting runoff can cause flooding, erosion, and subsequent structural damage.

    For many years, the fire investigation industry has seen numerous fires involving livestock buildings. These fires are often high profile, especially when masses of animals are lost or injured. Many times these losses are in older structures with neglected electrical and/or heating systems. Given the interior environment, corrosion and degradation to electrical and heating components are common.

    8/16/2013 · Construction
    Cupping, buckling, and crowning are three common problems encountered in wood flooring (flooring). These problems are caused by a combination of the normal material characteristics of the flooring and improper installation of the flooring.

    7/31/2013 · Waterproofing
    While shovels, snowblowers, plows, and deicing agents are used to clear snow and ice from driveways and sidewalks during the winter, removing frozen precipitation from the roof of a house is a bit more challenging. As snow and ice piles up on the roof and subsequently thaws out, the melt-water can sometimes result in damage to the interior of the structure.

    7/15/2013 · Construction
    "Hail has damaged my concrete driveway!" How many times have you heard this claim? A homeowner whose house has experienced a recent severe hailstorm starts to notice things they never noticed before around their house.

    A Donan fire investigator uses many techniques in order to determine the origin and cause of a fire. Chief among these are the investigator's observations of the scene and the conditions surrounding the scene.

    In this age of high energy costs, the price of heating the house will increase. People will be searching for alternate sources to heat their houses.

    4/24/2013 · Construction
    In our October 2010 newsletter, Bob Whelan, P.E., discussed how to approach a roof hail study by using the scientific method. In summary, one should perform a collateral study of the property, or neighboring properties, to gather information about the particular hailstorm in question.

    3/21/2013 · Construction
    Whether to build a residence on a concrete slab or conventional crawlspace foundation is a common decision homeowners must make.

    2/13/2013 · Construction
    By: DONAN
    Is construction vibration just an annoyance, or does it have the potential to cause aesthetic and structural damage to nearby structures?

    1/7/2013 · Construction
    Attic ventilation problems can cause elevated relative humidity in an unheated, residential attic. Elevated relative humidity in the attic can promote mold growth and increase the moisture content in the wood framing to a level that promotes fungal growth and rotting.

    11/30/2012 · Failure Analysis
    Every year, Donan Engineering is asked to look at dozens of basement walls that have failed. A wall is determined to have "failed" when the structural integrity is compromised - such as with the development of a horizontal or vertical crack.

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    Heather Suttle
    Marketing Manager
    411 N. Sam Houston Parkway East
    Suite 350
    Houston Texas 77060
    USA
    phone: 2813584441
    fax: 281-358-2517
    EFI-Logo.gif
    EFI Global is a full-service Engineering, Fire Investigation, Environmental, Health and Safety, and specialty consulting firm. Over the last four decades, they have grown from a boutique firm to become a recognized leader in engineering failure analysis, origin and cause investigations, and environmental consulting. This expertise coupled with the extensive coverage of our 27 national offices, more than 400 professionals, and global work abroad capability allows EFI Global to deliver timely responses that consistently meets their clients’ expectations.

    EFI Global's continuing record of success has earned them several rankings in national publications including Engineering-News Record, Business Insurance, and Zweig White. EFI Global employs professional engineers licensed in nearly all 50 states, as well as licensed fire investigators and environmental professionals. Their team of licensed professionals and numerous strategic partnerships can respond to most projects within 48 hours, regardless of location.

    When faced with litigation, EFI Global's clients rely on valid, factual conclusions that translate scientific and technical facts into understandable concepts that can be supported with expert witness testimony. From thousands of fire cause and origin investigation for cases in federal, district and state courts, EFI has expanded its testimony expertise to assist the legal community with disputes arising from forensic engineering, accident reconstruction, environmental consulting, asbestos-related cases, mold and indoor air quality (IAQ) litigation support, and catastrophe claims.

    Expert Witness Services:
    • Insurance Litigation
    • Environmental Litigation
    • Product Liability
    • Transportation & Accident Reconstruction
    • Construction Defects
    • Failure Analysis
    • Professional Liability
    • Contract Law
    • Catastrophic & Disaster Litigation
    • Real Estate
    View EFI Global's Consulting Profile.
    7/17/2017 · Environment
    The tiny pinhole in the pipe elbow probably took more than twenty years to form and cause a leak, a day or two to be discovered, and less than an hour to be repaired. This recent claim involving corrosion of a pipe elbow on a home heating oil tank resulted in a very minor release of a few gallons of heating oil to the surrounding surface soil. The insured acted appropriately, the release was quickly investigated and repaired. Based on the size of the tank and volume of the release, state regulations did not apply; however, local regulators became concerned over the possibility of impact to shallow groundwater in the area. Although the shallow aquifer was not considered a source of drinking water, it was used extensively for irrigation. Furthermore, the property owner soon began to notice petroleum like odors inside the home/office necessitating relocation for a couple of days. After the repair of the leak, the situation was completely resolved in a few weeks with the excavation and removal of impacted soil from beneath a patio and a portion of the building adjoining the point of release. Fortunately, the release was discovered early, quickly repaired, and the volume of the spill was not sufficient to impact groundwater, which could have easily transported contaminants and associated vapors well beyond the boundaries of the insured's property.

    5/31/2016 · Damages
    Both large-scale catastrophe-induced losses and small-scale single event losses have the potential to impact employees, individuals, insurance personnel, general contracting restoration firms and associated property loss. In addition to the actual water-loss event, secondary losses can become equally as devastating depending on pre-existing and/or event-related building conditions, and the role the insured's take as part of required catastrophe restoration activities. During the water loss event, all project related information and environmental data generated is an integral part of the decision making process that may be disclosed at various stages to inform all the various "parties" involved with the project. All in all, a well-executed restoration project can minimize common delays and expenses of an ill-conceived and managed project.

    Sectors of the construction industry are reporting resurgence and growth in 2013. Single and multi-family housing, commercial, institutional and public works construction is predicted to increase up to 28% in some areas. This is good news for the industry and the economy but the increase in construction activity has historically led to an increase in construction accidents.

    In the course of an arson investigation one of the standard procedures is, when possible, to collect the clothing of arson suspects and have them tested for ignitable liquids. The hypothesis being that if the clothing tests positive for the same ignitable liquids that are found in the fire debris, it is good circumstantial evidence to place the suspect at the scene with an ignitable liquid.

    A growing concern in the insurance sector is soot and smoke damage claims due to wildfires. Some of these fires can affect properties hund reds of miles downwind, causing the potential number of claims to be astronomical. Besides the known risks for respiratory and other health problems, smoke, soot, and char can cause physical damage ranging from settled ash to property damage.

    3/24/2015 · OSHA
    Every year, approximately 3,600 workers are permanently disabled, and on average, one worker per day is killed, as a result of electrical incidents in the workplace.* To prevent these types of electrical injuries and deaths, building owners and managers should apply the safeguards included in NFPA 70E, the standard utilized by the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) for building electrical assessments. OSHA utilizes the National Fire Protection Association's (NFPA) 70E Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace to provide improved safety procedures for workers through proper warning labels, restricted access notification, personnel training and personal protective equipment (PPE). OSHA compliance will minimize workplace injuries, accidents, illnesses, equipment damage, production losses, and legal costs, which are all avoidable and unnecessary factors in any business.

    10/29/2014 · Fires & Explosions
    The world of fire investigations is always changing and EFI Global is active in its research and testing methods. In an effort to support insura nce, subrogation, loss prevention and litigation relating to losses, EFI Global's chemical laboratories regularly perform chemical analysis on new products to identify potential accelerants and igni tion sources.. Recently, EFI Global laboratories conducted proactive chemical testing on a new matchless fire starter. This commercially available product is marketed and used to start wood and campfires.. The results of EFI Global's testing revealed the limitations and significance if this product is used as an accelerant.

    9/17/2014 · Environment
    Financial institutions require the completion of environmental due diligence of a commercial real estate collateralized lending transaction for many reasons. They may wish to understand the environmental condition of the proposed collateral and ensure a Borrower's compliance with applicable regulations prior to making a loan; to reevaluate the collateral during a renewal or refinance transaction; to determine the collateral's condition at the time of a loan default; or to obtain information about an unexpected environmental condition encountered within the loan term.

    Fire origin and cause investigation, and mold and asbestos testing of a six-story office building

    EFI Global (EFI) was hired by a legal team representing a tire product manufacturer to replicate the use of a tire inflation product in an off-road tire. Litigation was prompted when the tire inflation product was used in an off-road tire that exploded and resulted in a fatality. Our team was asked to evaluate the product when used when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions as written on the products label; when used in concert with pure oxygen, and when used in concert with compressed air.

    2/27/2014 · Damages
    Historically, fires and automobile accidents have been the primary types of property and casualty claims that presented a potential avenues of for subrogation. However, with the increased costs of mitigating the extent of water damage and reducing the potential for mold growth, claims involving large water losses have become another important area with subrogation potential.

    Mechanical ventilation systems have evolved from passive gravity vents (circa 1900) by adding modifications to improve comfort, occupant health, and energy efficiency. Early on, the maintenance of the system basically related to making sure the furnace was on and the windows would open. If you were lucky the school might have draft deflectors on the windows so the wind would not blow directly on your head.

    11/13/2013 · Damages
    Following a hurricane, damages to a residential structure can range from structural distress, to small areas of mold growth to a total loss of the structure. Storm damage can affect multiple components of a structure including the roof, windows, siding, foundation and interior finishes. Wind or water is often the most common cause of damage to residential properties; however, there are many factors to consider when assessing the various causes of damage. Some of the factors include material use, age, condition and construction methods as well as type, location and extent of the damage. It is essential that a professional with hurricane damage assessment experience evaluate these factors to accurately define the cause.

    One sunny spring morning, on a rural road just outside of Houston, Texas, Molly Jackson, a vibrant 16-year-old girl with a bright future and a new driver's license, was behind the wheel of her father's brand new Chevrolet C2500 crew cab pickup truck. At the same time, just seven seconds before she would draw her last breath, Rhonda Simmons, a 46-year old divorced mother of two teenagers, was approaching from the opposite direction in her sleek and sporty Pontiac Trans Am.

    Editor's note: A trend to require more fire safety equipment in residences and nursing homes will reduce deaths and injuries, both among firefighters and the general public, says E. Metts Hardy, vice president/Fire Investigations for EFI Global (www.efiglobal.com), a Kingwood, Texas-based provider of engineering, fire investigation, environmental, accident reconstruction, and laboratory testing services.

    8/21/2013 · Insurance
    Nationwide, water-loss claims continue to climb. In California alone, such claims have risen dramatically, with the percentage of homeowner claims growing from 24 percent in 1997 to 32 percent in 2001, costing insurers $1.7 billion. In a single year in California, between 2000 and 2001, claims rose $47 million. For some insurers, this meant that 40 percent of claim payments were for water losses.

    8/7/2013 · Insurance
    Water damage is costly to both homeowners and insurance companies. It is estimated that the cost of household water damage in California, alone, exceeded $500 million for 2002. While the number of water-related claims varies year to year, the average amount paid for such claims increased steadily from $2,577 in 1988 to $3,646 in 2002.

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    Design, Analysis, Expert, Trial, Forensic Witness
    Counties of Westchester, Rockland, Queens, Putnam
    Dutchess, Orange, Ulster, Nassau, Suffolk, Bronx, Statin Island
    Richmond & Brooklyn / Kings County Long Island / NY City / Manhattan / White Plains
    Shrub Oak NY 10588
    USA
    phone: 914-245-6320
    fax: 914-245-6335
    Vincent A. Ettari, P.E., P.C. specializes in many fields of Civil, Structural, Site, Coastal, Safety & Environmental Engineering, including the Design & Analysis of:

  • Structures, Buildings, Houses, Dwellings
  • Foundations, Footings, Elevators, Retaining Walls, Dams
  • Development Plan & Plats for Sites, Properties, and Residences
  • Underground & Subsurface Chamber / Chambers
  • Scaffold, Scaffolds, Scaffolding
  • Site Plans & Subdivisions: Industrial, Commercial, Residential
  • Roads, Roadways, Ramps, Walks, & Man Hole Cover / Covers
  • Sidewalks, Walkways, Paths & Pathways
  • Lighting: Lamps, Lights, Lamp Poles, Light Levels
  • Luminaries & Illumination (Specifications)
  • Rock Cuts & Blasting (Topography, Specification)
  • Soil Slopes / Samples / Mechanics / Geotechnical Engineers
  • Sanitary Facilities, Septic Systems (Board of Health Septics Approval)
  • BOHA / DEP Approvals
  • Water, Drains, Drainage, Sewer & Sewage Lines & Mains
  • Culvert / Culverts, Manholes (Man Holes) & Catchbasins / Catch Basins
  • Inspection, Supervision, and Certification of Construction
  • House Inspector & Inspections
  • Road, Roadway, Walk & Sidewalk Premises Liability (e.g., Steep Slope)
  • Walkway, Path, Ramp & Pathway Premise Liability (e.g., Steep Grade)
  • Coefficient of Friction / Slip & Fall (Snowy & Icy Conditions)
  • Vertical Discontinuity / Discontinuities / Trip & Falls
  • Small Ports / Port, Marinas / Marina, Marine Dredging
  • Levees, Jetties, Dolphins, Piers, Sea & Flood Walls
  • Wharves, Breakwaters, Bulkheads, Weirs, & Revetments
  • Groins, Dikes and Waterfront Structures
  • Drainage Basin Analysis, Rainfall, Floods & Flood Plain / Plains
  • Flooding Controls & Control Devices
  • Storm Water Runoff (10, 25, 50 & 100 Year Storms)
  • Pressure & Pressures: Wind, Wave / Waves, Ice, Snow
  • Rain Fall Run Off & Storm Water Pollution Treatment
  • Excavation, Grading, Fills & Filling Operations (Swales, Berms, Silt Fence)
  • Erosion Control, Sediment Barriers, Sedimentation / Catch Basins (Hay Bales)
  • Pumps and Pump System Line & Main
  • Slope, Dam, Levee, Jetty, Dolphin, Pier, Wharf & Breakwater Collapse
  • Bulkhead, Weir, Revetment, Groin, Dike, Footing & Foundation Failures
  • Failure of Fire Containment Wall, Elevator or Water Front Structure
  • Tenement House Façade Collapses
  • Code History of Existing Multiple / Multi-Family Dwelling / Building
  • Application of Municipal Building, Fire & Property Maintenance Codes
  • City, Town & Village Zoning, Planning, Steep Slopes & Grades, Wetland & Wetlands Ordinances
  • Testimony at Board Meetings as a Design Forensics Engineer
  • 3/23/2009 · Engineering
    In many places of NYS, public water supply systems are available. If your site is situated in such a location, then the lots which will result from your contemplated subdivision will be required to draw their water supply from the municipal water system

    3/5/2009 · Construction
    As you enter into a contract to buy a piece of commercial or industrial property, you should always keep in mind that your new town and county have rules which you must abide by. With regard to the exterior areas of your premises, there are rules concerning your septic system, the maintenance of your building, the addition onto your structure, etc

    12/28/2006 · Construction
    In developing a vacant piece of land, steep slopes are often an issue. And, the more prevalent the steep slopes are on a site, the greater the likelihood that retaining walls will be part of the Approved Site Plan. Let us consider three municipalities which regulate the final allowable slopes for land which is filled, cut, or graded

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    Robert Malanga, P.E.
    President
    9 Flintlock Drive, Suite 100
    Long Valley, NJ 07853
    NJ, NY, PA, MA, CT, DE, RI, ME, NH, VT
    USA
    phone: 908-876-3255
    fax: 908-876-4299
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    Fire & Risk Engineering provides Fire Protection and Risk Management solutions for projects involving industrial, commercial, institutional, mercantile, transportation, educational, residential, and complex public facilities. They apply scientific laws to fire analyses in order to form a solid foundation for indisputable arguments. In addition, Fire & Risk Engineering provides the experience to identify, interpret and explain the relevant codes, standards, regulations and industry practice that affect the determination of responsibility.

    Robert Malanga, P.E., holds degrees in Fire Protection Engineering as well as in Technology Management and the Electrical/Electronic field. For over 28 years, Mr. Malanga has dedicated his career and avocations to Fire Protection, Life Safety and Risk Management. As a result, he is experienced in analyzing the development and spread of Fires and Explosions as well as evaluating the design and performance of fire protection systems. He has provided expert testimony on the subjects of fire and explosion phenomena; cause and origin; fire behavior, spread and development; design, adequacy and performance of public/private fire protection systems; fire prevention; fire protection and building codes; fire resistant construction and fire safe building design.

    Services Include:
  • Fire Protection Engineering
  • Fire Protection Systems Evaluation
  • Forensic Engineering
  • Risk Management Consulting
  • Master Planning Program Development
  • Life Safety and Building Code Consulting
  • Risk Assessment and Fire Defense Evaluations
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    PO Box 702
    Jefferson City TN 37760
    USA
    phone: 865-471-8142
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    Roger W. Griffith, P.E. has over 33 years of experience as a registered professional Mechanical Engineer in design, maintenance, and operation of mechanical systems. He specializes in the areas of Plumbing, HVAC, and Fire Sprinkler Systems Design.

    As the principal of Griffith Engineering & Consulting for 17 years, his design experience with commercial and industrial projects includes convention centers, schools, office buildings, condominiums, apartment buildings, hotels, churches, manufacturing facilities, medical buildings, restaurants, historic buildings, dormitories, fire halls, and maintenance facilities.

    Litigation Support - Since 2002, Mr. Griffith has been providing forensic engineering, consulting, and expert witness services that are thorough, credible, and timely. He also assists clients through the mediation and arbitration process.

    Mr. Griffith's expertise is available to plaintiff and defendant on the issues of plumbing, mechanical, and fire sprinkler system defects and failures. His expert testimony is based upon independent and impartial investigation, research, analysis, and testing. His services include written reports and the preparation of exhibits. He is a Registered Professional Engineer in Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • HVAC Design
    • Plumbing Design
    • Pipe Failures
    • Plumbing Component Failures
    • Sprinkler System Failures
  • Hot Water Systems / Scalding Water
  • Water Heater Failures
  • Gas Venting / Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Fuel Gas Fires and Explosions
  • Legionella
  • View Roger W. Griffith's Consulting Profile.
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    Scott Friesen, PE
    Senior Consultant
    Contact Rush Porter, Director of Business Development
    8330 Juniper Creek Lane
    San Diego CA 92126
    USA
    phone: 858-587-2874
    fax: 858-587-6749
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    Scott Friesen Energy Engineering Expert PhotoScott Friesen, PE, is a licensed Professional Engineer in California, Florida, Arizona, Hawaii, Mississippi and two Canadian provinces (Alberta and Manitoba), and is LEED Accredited (CaGBC) and certified as an Energy Manager. Scott has more than 14 years of experience in Design and Construction of HVAC, Plumbing and Building Energy Conservation, System Design, Construction and Forensic Analysis. He has also performed commissioning, energy audits and was involved in marketing and business development.

    Scott's responsibilities at Ivey include design and forensic analysis of HVAC, plumbing, fire protection and energy management systems. He performs site inspections, testing, research, product analysis, cost estimating and is responsible for writing reports and testifying in depositions, hearings and trials.

    Scott is a member of Association of Professional Engineers, Geologist, Geophysicists of Alberta (APEGGA), American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) and Canadian Green Building Council (CaGBC).

    Experience (partial listing):
    • Approximately 75 HVAC, fire protection and plumbing design projects
    • Approximately six design error and omission expert engagements
    • Approximately 20 residential construction defect expert engagements
    • Approximately 16 commercial construction defect expert engagements
    • 10 LEED design projects
    • 8 HVAC and plumbing commissioning projects
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    William R. Ivey, PE, Principal
    Contact Rush Porter, Director of Business Development
    8330 Juniper Creek Lane
    San Diego CA 92126
    USA
    phone: 858-587-2874
    fax: 858-587-6749
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    William Ivey HVAC Plumbing Engineering Expert-PhotoWilliam R. Ivey, PE - HVAC, Plumbing and Piping Construction Industry Expert for over 30 years.
    • Licensed professional engineer working at all levels in the bidding and managing of construction projects. Began his career in 1970 when he joined a Seattle based mechanical contracting firm as an estimator. Has managed over $400 million of mechanical construction work as a project manager on projects totaling over $3 billion in total construction costs, since 1970.
    • Founded Ivey Construction Services (ICS), in 1994, an engineering and construction consulting firm.
    • Has served as an Expert Witness in Construction Litigation Matters, Designed HVAC, Piping and Plumbing Systems, and has served as an industry expert for the California State Contractors License Board.
    • Approximately 100 HVAC and plumbing engineering engagements and 300 expert and forensic consulting engagements since forming ICS in 1994.
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    Steven Pietropaolo, PE, CFEI, CFII
    President & CEO
    7 Reservoir Road
    North White Plains NY 10603
    USA
    phone: 914-670-0208 or 914-714-3720 (Cell)
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    Steven Pietropaolo, PE, CFEI, CFII, President & CEO, is a Licensed Professional Engineer in the State of New York, amongst others. He is a Certified Fire and Explosion Investigator and a Certified Fire Investigator Instructor.

    Mr. Pietropaolo has over 25 years of hands on engineering experience including electrical, mechanical, materials, safety, fire protection, and construction. He has knowledge of codes and standards used in construction and industry including building codes, safety codes, and industrial codes. He also has extensive experience in Utility Company procedures / equipment and investigating major incidents involving electrical, gas, steam system failures, and construction accidents.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Pietropaolo has testified as an expert witness many times in cases in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Federal Courts. He has been retained on numerous large multimillion-dollar property damage cases as well as fatal accidents and fires / explosions including those that resulted in injury.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Fires / Explosions
    • Fire Protection Systems
    • Construction Defects / Failures
    • Construction Accidents
    • Equipment Failures
  • Product Liability / Warning
  • Property Loss Subrogation
  • Personal Injury - Slips / Fall
  • Electro / Mechanical System
  • Sports / Recreational Accidents
  • View Steven Pietropaolo's Consulting Profile.
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    Richard J. Long, P.E.
    Founder & Chief Executive Officer
    Corporate Headquarters:
    5265 Skytrail Drive
    Littleton, CO 80123-1566
    CO, FL, GA, TX, KS, NC, DC, TN, KS, NV
    USA
    phone: (303) 972-2443
    fax: (303) 200-7180
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    Florida Office:
    Andrew Avalon, PE, PSP
    President
    8633 Willow Kane Court
    Orlando, FL 32835
    T: (407) 445-0825
    F: (407) 445-0821

    Long International provides expert claims analysis, dispute resolution, and project management services to the Process Plant Engineering and Construction industry worldwide. Our primary focus is on petroleum refining, petrochemical, chemical, oil and gas production, mining/mineral processing, power, cogeneration, and other process plant and industrial projects. We also have extensive experience in hospital, commercial and industrial building, pipeline, wastewater, highway and transit, heavy civil, microchip manufacturing, and airport projects.

    Richard Long Richard J. Long, PE, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Long International has over 40 years of U.S. and international consulting experience involving construction contract disputes analysis and resolution, arbitration/litigation support and expert testimony, project management, engineering/construction management, cost and schedule control, and process engineering. He has presented and published numerous articles on the subjects of claims analysis, entitlement issues, CPM schedule and damages analyses, cumulative impact claims, and claims prevention. As an internationally recognized expert in the analysis and resolution of complex construction disputes for 30 years, Mr. Long has served as the lead expert on over 300 projects having claims ranging in size from US$100,000 to over US$2 billion.



    Andrew AvalonAndrew Avalon, PE, PSP is President of Long International and has over 30 years of engineering, construction management and claims consulting experience. He is an expert in the preparation and evaluation of construction claims, insurance claims, schedule delay analysis, arbitration/ litigation support, and dispute resolution. Mr. Avalon has prepared more than 30 CPM schedule analyses, expert witness reports, and testified in deposition, mediation, and arbitration proceedings. In addition, he has published numerous articles on the subjects of CPM schedule delay analysis and entitlement issues affecting construction claims and is a contributor to AACE® International’s Recommended Practice No. 29R-03 for Forensic Schedule Analysis. He has served as a Project Manager on numerous claims ranging in size from US$100,000 to over US$1 billion.



    W. Tom ThweattW. Tom Thweatt is a Senior Principal with Long International and has over 40 years of engineering, construction, and management consulting experience. He has extensive experience in major U.S. and international refining, chemical, petrochemical, offshore oil & gas development, pipeline, infrastructure, and thermal / hydroelectric power generation projects ranging from US$40 million to US$12 billion. He has worked extensively in projects that were executed by multi-national joint ventures on both the owner’s and the contractor’s sides. Mr. Thweatt has served on Joint Venture and Consortium Executive Committees and has participated directly in claims negotiations and settlement agreements in excess of US$100 million.

    8/2/2017 · Construction
    The Collapsed As-Built Windows Schedule Analysis (AACE® International Recommended Practice 29R-03, Method Implementation Protocol 3.9) is a modeled, subtractive, multiple-base method. It is a retrospective CPM schedule analysis which is typically used to prove entitlement for compensable delay and assess concurrency of delay within a window of time. The analysis simulates the as-built conditions within a schedule window and then delays are removed from the CPM model. If the forecasted project finish date “collapses” but-for or absent compensable delays, then entitlement for compensable time-related costs can be demonstrated. This article addresses the usage of the Collapsed As-Built Windows protocol and the advantages and disadvantages of the methodology.

    9/27/2013 · Construction
    The "discrete damages/cost variance analysis method" for quantifying construction claim damages involves the specific distribution of all costs incurred on the project rather than quantifying only certain parts of the cost or damage analysis as may be used in the other methods.

    9/4/2013 · Construction
    ABSTRACT - This paper provides guidelines to commercial construction cost engineers for the development of a plan for obtaining and utilizing subcontractor cost information for use in bidding, procurement, scheduling, change order management, and claim management. The paper is based upon personal field experience gained in cost engineering, scheduling, bidding, planning, contracting, and claim analyses.

    8/13/2013 · Construction
    A component of a construction claim often relates to the cost, quantity, and quality of the materials that the contractor installed on a project. The contractor frequently purchases these materials and agrees to install the quantities of materials on a unit price basis, i.e., a unit price that includes both the cost of the materials and the cost to install them.

    12/17/2012 · Construction
    Most construction contracts, whether they are standard or customized forms, usually contain specific provisions related expressly to the process of giving "notice." The notice generally refers to an obligation on the part of the Contractor to notify the relevant party administering the contract, normally the architect, resident engineer, or owner's representative, of a claim or change event that gives rise to possible additional entitlement for time and/or cost.

    4/13/2012 · Construction
    The equitable allocation of responsibility for project delays is essential to the resolution of many construction disputes. Contractors frequently assert that they have been delayed for reasons beyond their control. Owners often remain unconvinced that the Contractor is legitimately entitled to a time extension or delay, acceleration and loss of productivity damages.

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    Michael D. Haughey, PE, HBDP, CEM, LEED AP
    Principal
    5556 West 75th Drive
    Westminster CO 80003
    USA
    phone: 303-650-1080
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    Michael D. Haughey, PE, HBDP, CEM, LEED AP is a Mechanical Engineer since 1974 with experience in Mechanical Systems Design, Analysis, Consulting, Energy Studies, Energy Audits, and Sustainability Consulting. His experience includes design of HVAC, fire protection, plumbing, and energy management systems for a wide array of facilities, including institutional, commercial, industrial, and residential.

    Mr. Haughey's litigation support services are available to expert witness specialists, attorneys, insurance companies, defendant companies, and claimants and include independent testimony at depositions or trial, witness of observations, analyses, and expert opinion.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • HVAC Design
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Solar Systems
  • Low Energy Mechanical Systems
  • Sustainability and LEED
  • High altitude design
  • Evaluation of Building Mechanical Systems:
    • Systems and Component Sizing, Load Calculations
    • Energy-efficiency
    • Code Compliance
    • Sustainability, general conformance to LEED standards
    Evaluation of Building:
    • Energy-efficiency
    • Sustainability, general conformance to LEED standards
    View Michael Haughey's Consulting Profile.
    4/9/2014 · Engineering
    Cooling for indoor Grow Ops involves more than simply adding up the lighting watts and converting that into cooling tons. Plants release a surprising amount of moisture into the air (by transpiration, plus evaporation from the soil), and this has to be accommodated as latent load in the air conditioning equipment. The result when using standard air conditioning equipment for dehumidification will often be over-cooling or insufficient dehumidification. Adding in-room dehumidifiers can help, however they normally reject the heat from the process back into the room, which the air conditioning equipment needs to remove.

    1/28/2014 · Engineering
    I expect that in the future architects, owners, engineers, and occupants will work together to “engineer” buildings as active, “living” systems that put more energy back into the grid than they use and also help to clean the air and water in the nearby communities.

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    Gerald Roy Spencer, P.E.
    President
    4635 Southwest Freeway - Suite 900
    Houston TX 77027
    USA
    phone: 1-800-383-9685
    MEP Engineer of Record for the design and construction of more that 1300 MEP projects located in the USA, Europe, Canada, Asia, South America, and Carribbean since 1965.

    REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL MECHANICAL ENGINEER and Engineer of Record for the design and the construction of HVAC, & Plumbing Systems

    REGISTERED PROFESSIONAL ELECTRICAL ENGINEER and Engineer of Record for the design and the construction of Interior and Exterior Lighting Design, Interior Electrical Power Distribution Systems, Exterior Power Distribution to Class 35kV, Large Un-interruptible Power Systems, Large Emergency Power Generation Systems to 750kVA, Electrical Power Quality Analysis Documentation & Harmonic Current Attenuation Design

    EXPERT WITNESS SERVICES for Facility HVAC, Electrical Power. Lighting and Plumbing Systems; Construction Contract Administration Services; Project Construction Cost Estimating Services; Life Cycle Cost Analysis Report Services; Energy Consumption Analysis Report Services; Diesel power engine-generators and fuel systems; UPS systems; Data Processing power and Grounding systems;
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    Dale R. Wheeler
    PE
    4910 Quality Drive
    Fredericksburg VA 22408
    USA
    phone: 703-477-5928
    fax: 703-794-1744
    Dale Wheeler is licensed in Fire Protection and Safety Engineering, and is certified in Basic Code Enforcement / Building Inspection by the Building Officials and Code Administrators (BOCA). He is published on fire safety in Atrium Buildings and in Exhibition Halls.

    Mr. Wheeler's Areas of Expertise include:
    • Fire Protection System Design, installation and operation:
      - Fire detection
      - Smoke detection
      - Fire alarm
      - Central Station
      - Sprinkler systems
      - Fire suppression systems
      - Smoke control
    • Fire and Smoke Barriers
    • Building Code, Life Safety Code, and Fire Code Compliance
    • Fire Hazard, Building Materials, Fire Resistance Ratings
    • Fire Cause and Origin
    • Arson
    • Means of egress, egress signage, emergency lighting
    • Forensic Fire and Fire Systems Investigation