MRK Medical Consultants provides Medical-Legal Evaluations to help legal and insurance professionals reach appropriate conclusions about their client's situations. MRK provides a wide array of medical experts that offer objective review and analysis of personal injuries. Each stage of the process—research to review, analysis to opinion—is addressed in a comprehensive manner in order to help legal and insurance professionals reach appropriate conclusions about their client’s situations. MRK's prestigious list of more than forty consultants are active clinicians and surgeons, who are all board-certified or eligible in one or more specialties. MRK provides physician experts to the entire State of California, the Reno/Lake Tahoe area, and Las Vegas, and we travel to many areas of the United States. Physical therapy, registered nurses, physician assistant, and billing review consultants are available services MRK provides. Our office physicians are available for telephone review of the merits of your case before you decide to proceed.
Edward W. Younger, III, M.D., Medical Director of MRK Medical Consultants, specializes in Orthopedic Surgery. He has extensive experience in total joint replacement, as well as reconstructive surgery of the knee, hip, and shoulder. He was instrumental in bringing computer navigation technology to his hospital. He served on the orthopedic trauma staff at Mercy San Juan Medical Center in Carmichael, California, for more than fifteen years and was instrumental in bringing computer navigation technology to that institution. He is a member of Alpha Omega Alpha National Honor Society and is a Diplomate of the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery, a member of the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, and the California Orthopedic Association.
Dr. Michael R. Klein, Jr., M.D., specializes in Orthopedic Surgery and is a founding member and the first Medical Director of Northern California Orthopedic Centers. He was involved with the development of the orthopedic section of the Level II Trauma Center at Mercy San Juan Medical Center. He served as a clinical professor at the University of California, Davis, Medical Center for more than thirty years. He has been a member of the North American Spine Society since 2009 and was awarded the David O. Selby Award in 2020 for his contributions. He is a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, and a member of the American Medical Association and the California Medical Association. He retired from the USAF in 1998 after being on active duty during the Vietnam War, and he was activated for Operation Desert Storm in 1991.
Dr. Thomas J. Berger was board certified in 1981 as a cardiac surgeon by the American Board of Thoracic Surgery and has been involved, as an expert, in over 300 medical malpractice cases. Most of this experience has been since 1998, when his firm, Heart of the Matter Expertise, began to gain recognition, within the legal community, as the premier expert witness service for cases involving cardiac surgery and cardio-thoracic disease.
Areas of Expertise:
Surgery - General
To see that the truth about every case, in which an associate of Heart of the Matter Expertise becomes involved, is uncovered and understood, whether this means assuring justice for a poorly treated patient or protecting the precious reputation of an unfairly accused physician.
In 1998, problems with my vision forced me to retire from the active practice of cardiac surgery...In recent years it has become progressively more difficult for attorneys to find experts willing to tell the truth about malpractice.
In addition to his credentials in cardiac surgery, Dr. Berger is a Faulkner Award winning author. His first novel, Dueling in Death's Backyard, is a medical murder mystery based on his experiences as a surgery resident in Birmingham, Alabama in the 1970s. Any medmal attorney will benefit greatly from the knowledge of cardiac surgery, hospital politics, VA scandals and related topics to be gained effortlessly by enjoying this great story. There is even specific commentary in the novel about the so-called "medmal crisis" and the shameful response of some medical organizations to the challenge of substandard care by their members.
Dr. Berger is the author of the chapter "Your Medical Malpractice Expert: An Advocate For The Truth." This is an authoritative, insider's perspective on the best practices for utilizing and building relationships with medical malpractice experts. Featuring leading medical experts from across the country, these leaders guide the reader through the process of preparing and presenting expert witnesses testimony in court. The authors describe the medical records that are most important when formulating an opinion on a case and explain how experts analyze this data alongside scientific research in order to maintain credibility.
Cardiac Anesthesiology Expert Witness Robert Ertner
Robert A. Ertner, MD, is a Board Certified, fellowship-trained Cardiac Anesthesiologist in full-time clinical practice at a Northern California county hospital that serves as a level 2 trauma center. Dr. Ertner has been a certified Echocardiographer for 15 years. He specializes in Cardiac and Thoracic surgical procedures for which he is fellowship-trained.
Background: Dr. Ertner has previously served as an academic physician teaching residents in both MD and CRNA programs. He has served as a locum tenens anesthesiologist performing direct care and both supervising and directing CRNAs, and presently provides care to over 700 patients each year. He provides Spinal, Epidural, Regional, and General Anesthesia for patients undergoing cardiovascular and thoracic procedures as well as general, orthopedic, bariatric, urologic, vascular, otorhinolaryngological (ENT), ophthalmologic, gynecologic, and neurologic surgery in both the hospital inpatient and outpatient surgery center settings. He provides care for obstetric patients in the labor and delivery suites and operating rooms. Additionally, he provides care for a variety of procedures performed “out-of-department,” such as in the cardiac catheterization suites, the interventional radiology suites, and CT and MRI cases.
Dr. Ertner maintains licenses in California where his practice is located, as well as in Texas and Georgia, where he trained, and in Missouri and Oregon. He was awarded Diplomat status by the National Board of Echocardiography in 2007.
Litigation Support: Dr. Ertner has been involved in medical-legal work since 2014. He has reviewed cases for attorneys representing both plaintiff and defense. Dr. Ertner has consulted on over 85 cases, including preparation of affidavits, forensic report writing, and providing testimony at deposition and trial. He works with clients to offer both an understanding of the relevant medicine (anatomy, pathophysiology, pharmacology, etc.) and how to think about what information they need to seek going forward as they pursue their cases.
Elite Medical Experts is a physician-led team that hand selects nationally recognized Professors of Medicine and Surgery as expert witnesses. Each expert is a board-certified specialist with a busy clinical practice and impeccable credentials. From Stanford to Yale, and from every healthcare specialty and field, Elite aligns leading specialists from top-tier medical universities.
Actionable benefits to our clients:
♦ Zero-Risk Guarantee: Approve the expert or we'll refund the fee.
♦ Avoid costly mistakes with real-time access to our physician-led Strategy Team.
♦ No subscriptions - we earn trust one case at a time.
♦ Work directly with hand-selected university experts screened for your specific case.
♦ No database or advertised experts - we plan for discovery and transparency at every stage.
Please call  670-8625 to speak directly with our in-house Case Strategy Team. There's no charge for phone or video consultation consultation and we'll outline a a strategic plan for moving forward.
Dr. Burton Bentley II, M.D., FAAEM CEO, Elite Medical Experts
Yolanda Anderson, RN, BSN, CEN, CLNC is a Registered Nurse and has been working in the Emergency Department for more than 25 years. A Certified Legal Nurse Consultant with a detail-oriented approach, Ms. Anderson is knowledgeable about all aspects of Hospital Care and Standards of Care for Physicians, Nurses and Ancillary Personnel.
Ms. Anderson's background experience includes work in the Emergency Department of Los Angeles County, USC Medical Center, a level I Trauma Center and in the Emergency Department at Saint Anthony Hospital Central in Denver, Colorado, a level I Trauma Center where she helped initiate the Hyperbaric Medicine program. For 15 years, she worked as a staff RN, Charge RN and Assistant Nurse Manager in the Emergency Department at Littleton Adventist Hospital - Littleton, Colorado, a level II Trauma Center. There, she helped with the expansion and reconstruction of the current Emergency Department facility.
Ms. Anderson has been retained as an Expert 27 times. Her litigation support services include chart review for merit, chronologies, medical care research, Independent Medical Assessments, and more. Ms. Anderson's services are available to attorneys for both Plaintiff and Defense.
AMFS is the nation's leading provider of medical expert witnesses. We maintain a network of thousands of actively practicing, board-certified physician medical experts as well as expert witnesses in all other health care related fields. Since 1990 we have provided medical expert witnesses to thousands of attorneys in thousands of cases, including medical malpractice, personal injury, wrongful death, criminal and other matters. Contact AMFS now for a free case analysis with our team of U.S. based Medical Directors.
6,000 Medical Experts in 250 Specialties
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Infectious diseases are among the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care, and potentially the most serious. Fortunately, since the discovery of penicillin over 70 years ago, antibiotics have made the treatment of serious infections highly successful. Nevertheless, physicians and advanced practioners such as nurse practitioners and physician's assistants must use caution in administering antimicrobial medications, both to ensure effectiveness and to prevent side effects. Careful prescribing will help minimize the legal risks resulting from antibiotic treatment.
Over the past two decades, there has been a growing trend for the care of the hospitalized patient to be assumed by physicians who care only for patients in the inpatient setting, and who do not have an outpatient medical practice. These physicians have come to be known as "hospitalists", and their area of practice as "hospital medicine". Hospitalists are a departure from the old style of practice, in which the primary care physician (PCP) cared for their seriously ill patients in the hospital while still maintaining a busy outpatient practice. Because of the increasing complexity of modern medicine, and due to a variety of economic pressures, the trend now is for physicians in primary care specialties to focus their practice on either outpatient or inpatient care, but not both.
Congestive heart failure can be simply described as the inability of the heart to meet the metabolic demands of the body. The heart functions as a pump to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Failure of the pump to deliver nutrition to the tissues stimulates a number of compensatory responses in an effort to improve tissue perfusion. These responses result in the clinical symptoms and signs associated with the heart failure syndromes-shortness of breath, rapid heartbeat, and fluid retention.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was first described in 1967 by Ashbaugh, who described a syndrome of severe respiratory failure associated with pulmonary infiltrates, similar to infant hyaline membrane disease.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury (ACLI) is most often a result of low-velocity, noncontact, deceleration injuries and contact injuries with a rotational component. Contact sports also may produce injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) secondary to twisting, valgus stress, or hyperextension all directly related to contact or collision.
Some of the most abstract medical occurrences that may also prove to be legally challenging are transient disorders of awareness. The very nature of their transient occurrence often results in an absence of objective laboratory or examination abnormalities. Since these conditions result in an alteration of the patient's awareness, there may also be inadequate historical information to assist in diagnosis. Yet, these disorders can have very significant consequences that range from a loss of one's driving privileges or job to the participation in a criminal event. The two most common causes of altered awareness are seizures and reduced blood flow to the brain.
There are many wrist and hand symptoms related to the multiple tunnels that tendons, nerves, and blood vessels pass through. Wherever there is a "crease" in one's wrist, palm, or fingers on the flexor/volar side, there is a tunnel that these structures must pass through. These tunnels are usually soft transverse tissue bands that keep the tendons from bowstringing as they pass from forearm to fingers, as we use our hands in grasp and function.
Almost every American from eighteen to eighty years of age has heard enough about LASIK to understand on a basic level what it is and how it works. On average approximately 1,000,000 LASIK procedures are performed annually in the United States. The vast majority of these procedures are successful, but unwanted side effects and/or suboptimal results can occur in a small percentage of patients. Below is a discussion of the essential elements in the pre-operative evaluation of a patient being considered for LASIK.
There is an epidemic of diabetes in the United States. In the last ten years, the number of American diagnosed with diabetes has increased 40 percent. The number has risen from 4.9% to 6.9%. It is estimated that the number will increase buy another 16.5% by 2050. A woman born in 2000 has a 39% risk of developing diabeteso. The epidemic of obesity is responsible for the current epidemic of diabetes in pregnancy. The incidence of diabetes complicating pregnancy has increased 40% between 1989 and 2004.
Crude Oil has been pouring into the Gulf of Mexico and is causing numerous and significant health issues for children, pregnant mothers, and adults. Exposure occurs via inhalation, ingestion (of liquid droplets in the air), and direct skin contact. Some of the health effects will be long-term sequelae and may last a lifetime or affect future generations. Crude oil is a known teratogen and can cause birth defects and changes in fetal development. The target organs for crude oil are the hematopoietic (blood forming) system, lymphatic system, nervous system, and reproductive system. The Benzene component is a known carcinogen.
Persistent neuropsychiatric impairment following head injury is a significant public health problem. From 400,000 to 500,000 are hospitalized in the United States every year from head injury; many more people are injured and do not require admission. Head injury is the third most likely cause of dementia, after infection and alcoholism, in people younger than 50 years.
In 1911, Hammond and Sutton of Philadelphia performed the first human-to-human kidney transplant with transient success. Since then the techniques and indications have evolved. The first wholly successful human transplant took place on December 23, 1954, in Boston, Massachusetts. Surgeon Joseph Murray performed a kidney transplant between identical twin brothers. Although this and subsequent twin transplants did little to solve the problem of rejection, these procedures contributed to proving the value of the procedure and to the solution of many technical problems.
Neonatal emergencies are not uncommon problems. They appear either at the time of birth, during the in-hospital post-birth period, or at home within several weeks of discharge. In all instances they present significant diagnostic and treatment challenges to the clinician, and must be taken seriously.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for approximately 500,000 deaths each year. More women in the United States die of heart disease than of any other cause, and one form of heart disease, myocardial infarction, is responsible for the majority of these deaths. In every year since 1984 it has claimed the lives of more women than men.
A large number of reports have been produced on HP and its pathogenetic potential. In fact, although peptic ulcer disease is the most studied disease related to HP infection, this bacterium is seemingly involved in the pathogenesis of several extragastric diseases, such as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas (MALTomas), coronaritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, iron deficiency anemia, skin disease, and rheumatological conditions.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common, potentially life-threatening condition. It has a wide spectrum of presentations and should be considered in the differential diagnosis for a number of symptoms.
Acetaminophen is the most widely used pharmaceutical analgesic and antipyretic agent in the United States and the world; it is contained in more than 100 products. As such, acetaminophen is one of the most common pharmaceuticals associated with both intentional and accidental poisoning. Acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity is well recognized.
Salicylates are ubiquitous agents found in hundreds of over-the-counter (OTC) medications and in numerous prescription drugs including topical preparations used for the treatment of pain, warts, and acne.
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is one of the most common diseases affecting the GI tract. It causes inflammatory injuries in either the gastric or duodenal mucosa, with extension beyond the submucosa into the muscularis mucosa.
Among suicidal patients who had taken antidepressants, fluoxetine (Prosac) was associated with the lowest risk for causing suicidal tendencies and venlafaxine (Effexor) with the highest risk, according to the results of a cohort study published in the December 2006 issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.