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Altered Medical Records Expert Witnesses

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Stephen D. Chin, MD, FACEP
Board Certified in Emergency Medicine
Burlingame CA 94010
phone: 650-224-7873
fax: 650-228-7367
Stephen-Chin-Medical-File-Review-Expert .jpg
Stephen D. Chin, MD, FACEP, is an experienced Emergency Physician with over 20 years of clinical experience and an expertise in Documentation Quality Assurance and Risk Management through optimization of documentation and effecting behavioral change among providers.

Dr. Chin currently is currently an Emergency Department Provider at Alta Bates Medical Center. He also serves as an Urgent Care Provider and Quality Assurance Consultant for the Medical Board of California.

Dr. Chin is an award winning public speaker and is experienced in providing medical malpractice testimony. In addition, he is an instructor for the American Academy of Emergency Medicine Oral Board Review Course.

Litigation Support - Dr. Chin provides Health, Life, and Disability File Reviews. His services include detailed forensic evaluation of the medical record and associated case files to determine merit and/or to find weaknesses or inconsistencies in documentation.

View Dr. Chin's Consulting Profile.
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Document Consultants
Carolyn Kurtz
Southampton PA 18966-3338
phone: 215-357-3083; email:
Carolyn Kurtz has been a Board Certified Forensic Document Examiner since 1985. Certified by the Scientific Association of Forensic Examiners (S.A.F.E.) in 2013 and board certified by the World Association of Document Examiners (W.A.D.E.) in 1997. She is an Expert Witness for both Plaintiff and Defense counsel.

  • Participated in proficiency testing - ST2AR Skill-Task Training Assessment – 2011.
  • Certificate in Forensic Document Examination with Andrew J. Bradley (Andrew Bradley) and Associates, Denver, CO - 1991.
  • Certificate in Advanced Studies: Extended Training in Questioned Document Problems with Andrew J. Bradley - 1996.
  • Private study in Document Examination with Felix Klein (Director, Manhattan Handwriting Consultants, New York City - Consultant to the United Nations) Advanced Course - 1985.
  • Certificate in Forensic Document Examination from Mercer County Community College, Mercer County, NJ - 1984-1985.
  • Testified in approximately 50 cases in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Delaware, and Connecticut - Civil and Criminal Court.
Services Include:
  • Disputed Document Problems
  • Signature Verification
  • Handwriting Comparison
  • Typewriter Comparison
  • Deciphering Ribbons
  • Document Authentication
  • Forgeries
  • Alterations (contracts, deeds, wills, promissory notes, medical records, anonymous notes, checks, and other documents)
Memberships Past and Present:
  • International Association of Document Examiners
  • Scientific Association of Forensic Examiners
  • National Association of Document Examiners
  • World Association of Document Examiners
  • National Bureau of Document Examiners
References Available Upon Request.
Occasionally, the document examiner encounters a signature or writing that is believed to be a forgery but in reality was written by a blind or visually impaired individual. There are various features of blind writing that could initially be mistaken for a forgery, so it is understandable that this could occur.

Before the fountain pen began to be widely used in the late 1800s, writing was mainly done at a desk with a steel nib pen that constantly had to be dipped into an inkwell. The fountain pen, which was designed to carry its own ink supply, brought greater convenience and portability to the writing process.