Dr. C.J. Abraham, P.E. is a Licensed Professional Safety Engineer with over thirty five years of international experience consulting to insurance companies, municipalities, government agencies, and the legal profession. He provides consultation to International corporations in the areas of New Product Development, Manufacturing, Packaging, Warnings and Instructions.
Dr Abraham's services include Expert Witness Testimony for both Plaintiff and Defense in matters involving Personal Injury and Product Liability.
In the United States, the most litigious country in the world, a products liability action may be brought, under state law, for express or implied breach of warranty, misrepresentation and negligence. Under the theory of strict liability, a lawsuit may be initiated on the grounds of manufacturing and design defects as well as poor and inadequate warning instructions. The best defensive strategy for a company to avoid becoming involved in any of the above is to manufacture the safest product possible within parameters of economic feasibility. If said manufacturer can vouch for safety factors in the design, production, testing, inspection and evaluation of its product as well as attentiveness to consumer complaints, it will be more likely to avoid litigation or at least be able to prevail in the courtroom.
Gerald M. Dworkin is a professional Aquatics Safety & Water Rescue Consultant for Lifesaving Resources, LLC. He has an extensive background in AquaticsSafety, LifeguardTraining and Operations, WaterRescue, Swiftwater Rescue, Surf Rescue,and Ice Rescue, EMS and Firefighting. Along with several textbooks, he has written and published over 40 articles, and has consulted in over 500 drowning and aquatic injury litigation cases as both a Plaintiff and Defense Expert Witness.
Expert Witness Services
As an expert witness, Mr. Dworkin evaluates the Standard of Care as it pertains to Incident Prevention, Victim Recognition, and Emergency Management and provides accident reconstruction, depositions, written reports, and courtroom testimony.
His Areas of Expertise Include:
Lifesaving, Lifeguarding and Aquatics Safety
Water Rescue, Swiftwater Rescue, Surf Rescue, and Ice Rescue
CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) & Basic Life Support
Mechanisms & Physiology of Drowning
Drowning and Aquatic Injury Prevention and Emergency Management
Lifeguard Training and Operations
Mechanisms and Emergency Management of Diving Accidents
Based on our research of ice rescue incidents and fatalities during the years 2006 & 2007, approximately 85% of the incidents were initiated as a result of humans venturing out onto the ice to rescue a domestic animal. The purpose of this article is three-fold. First, we need to educate the public about the need to control their pets and to prevent them from going out onto the ice because no ice should ever be considered as being "safe ice". Second, we need to also educate the public to call 911, rather than to make an attempt to rescue their pets that have fallen through the ice. And, third, First Responder agencies and their personnel need to be trained and equipped to properly, effectively, and safely respond to domestic animal rescues on and through the ice.
In February 2004, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) published NFPA 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents. The purpose of this standard is to minimize threats to rescuers while conducting operations at technical SAR incidents, and the standard deals specifically with identifying and establishing levels of functional capability for conducting technical rescue operations safely and effectively. Although these standards were designed for all types of Technical Rescue operations, they also address water and ice rescue operations.
On July 13, 2004, a 55-year-old man collapsed in the Medina (Ohio) Aquatic and Fitness Center. The aquatic manager for the city, Darlene Donkin, responded and assessed him to be in cardiac arrest. Although Donkin was a CPR instructor and taught more than 100 classes on the subject, she had never actually performed it in a life-and-death situation prior to this incident.
The following incidents and places, as well as the circumstances surrounding them, are fictional. On the Scene Dispatch at 16:04 hrs: KGT-597 to Rescue 15, respond to Bakersville Pond off Cemetery Island for a report of a dog through the ice, approximately 100 yards from shore.
DALLAS, April 1 - Chest compressions alone, or Hands-Only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), can save lives and can be used to help an adult who suddenly collapses, according to a new American Heart Association scientific statement.
TWO BOYS, age 11, are ice skating at a local pond. Suddenly, the ice cracks and one boy falls through into 34 degree Fahrenheit water. His friend runs to his aid, and potential tragedy grows as the second boy is pulled into the ice cold water by the panic stricken child already in the water. Unless help is immediately available, both boys will perish within a few minutes, either from drowning or hypothermia (decreased body temperature).
Based on a 1961 study at Williamston, MI, conducted by the Michigan State Police, the Indiana University Health and Safety Department, the Michigan Highway Department, and the American Red Cross, it was estimated that approximately 400 persons lose their lives as a result of being trapped in automobiles that have plunged into the water.
Properly recognizing and managing suspected spinal injuries caused by head-first entries into the water require high levels of training. Lifeguards and other water rescue personnel must be able to evaluate the signs and symptoms associated with spinal trauma and the manner in which an injury occurs. The rescuer should assume that a spinal injury exists if the forces causing the trauma were sufficient to damage the spine.
In the event a firefighter is suddenly and unexpectedly immersed in deep water while wearing full turnout gear, the firefighter's survival is dependent upon the actions taken during the first critical seconds of the immersion. The incidence of this type of emergency increases when firefighters are fighting apartment fires around a swimming pool, during suppression activities on and around piers and docks, as well as during a fall-through incident in which the firefighter falls through a floor into a basement filled with water.
The purpose of this article is to describe the proper use and application of the Stearns Cold Water/ Ice Rescue Suit by Fire, Rescue, and other Public Safety Personnel during cold water and ice rescue incidents. This article has been specifically written to address the prevention of Torso Reflex or Inhalation Response during the rescuer's entry into cold water.
In 1996, a tragic accident occurred on a soccer field at Northeast Park in the Park Ridge Recreation and Park District in Illinois. After a short rain delay in the game, the skies started clearing and a referee decided to resume play.
Since 1980, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has documented over 18 incidents, including five deaths, involving children between the ages of two and 14 who were injured or died due to body part entrapment involving the drain of a swimming pool, wading pool or spa.
As a result of renewed electronic and print media exposure, the Heimlich Controversy has once more reared its head creating a confusing message for lifeguard and other rescue personnel regarding the resuscitation procedures to be used when confronted with a near-drowning resuscitation incident.
All public and semi-public aquatic facilities should be equipped with appropriate spinal immobilization devices (SIDs), in addition to cervical collars, lateral stabilization items (i.e. blankets, towels, sand bags, and so forth), and appropriate immobilization material (i.e. straps and bandages).
Each year approximately one million people in the United States suffer from acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) of which approximately 700,000 die. About 350,000 of these fatalities occur outside the hospital, usually within two hours after the onset of symptoms of a heart disorder.
Torso Reflex, also known as Gasp Reflex , Inhalation Response, or Cold Water Shock, is caused by sudden immersion into water colder than 70 degrees F. Sudden immersion into cold water triggers an involuntary reflexive torso gasp that can cause the person to aspirate water into his/her airway and lungs, which can lead to laryngospasm, disorientation, panic, and the loss of any physical ability to swim or remain afloat.
I’ve always advocated the need for aquatics facilities to collaborate and coordinate lifeguard and water rescue training and emergency operations with community fire, rescue, emergency medical services (EMS) and law enforcement agencies.
For aquatics facilities to effectively integrate rescue and safety services with those of the local fire and rescue agencies and emergency medical services (EMS), it's imperative that all agencies establish collaborative agreements and cooperative training programs.
In February 2004, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) published NFPA 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue (SAR) Incidents. The purpose of this standard was to minimize threats to rescuers while conducting operations at technical SAR incidents.
Each year, there are approximately 1,500 incidents and 600 deaths occur involving vehicles that have gone off the road and plummeted into the water. Therefore, the public needs to plan for these types of emergencies by (A) rehearsing the steps necessary for a successful self-rescue from a vehicle in the water, and (B) having the rescue/escape tools readily available for use during this type of emergency situation.
R. L. Nichols & Associates, LLC specializes in the protection of children within schools and other youth-serving organizations. We develop practical, sustainable strategies for organizations to improve their safety, security and emergency preparedness by identifying the organization's vulnerabilities to a wide range of risks that are specific to youth-serving organizations, such as:
active shooters and weapons violence
acts of terrorism
sexual abuse, bullying and harassment
workplace violence and street crimes
fatalities and severe injuries from common hazards and conditions
We consult with organizations in three ways:
1. Telephone and video consultations. We offer any school or youth-serving organization a free, no-obligation, consultation to discuss your needs.
2. Safety Master Plans. Working with your organization, we develop a true roadmap for continued child and staff safety improvements over multiple years. Our comprehensive Safety Master Plan typically includes:
An audit of your existing safety-related policies, procedures and other documentation
Interviews with key staff who are responsible for various aspects of safety
On-site assessments of your buildings and grounds
Photographic and written documentation of your organization’s safety efforts that should remain
Photographic and written recommendations for improvement
Timeline for executing proposed changes
Cost projections for physical safety and security improvements
3. Procurement Strategies. We can facilitate the competitive procurement of security technology, software systems through security-related vendors and we can consult with your architects and engineers on the security aspects of new construction and renovations.
Rich Arlington & Associates s is a consulting firm specializing in the Snow, Ice, and Landscaping industries. All of their associates have extensive experience running snow removal and landscaping businesses, and many are Certified Snow Professionals(CSPs ). There are less than 250 CSPs currently in the United States.
Snow Ice, Landscape Contractors - Audit snow and ice businesses and provide consulting in operations, finance, and marketing; Train staff on how to cope under any weather conditions.
Property Owners and Managers - Minimize liability risk by taking the guess work out of snow and ice management contracts; Assist in budgeting for those services and in the selection of contractors.
Municipalities, Townships, and School Districts -Develop a snow response plan specific to each property or facility; Manage snow and ice contracts and staff training.
Richard D. Arlington III, CSP, LICM,has been the president of Arlington Lawncare since 1986. For over 30 years, Mr. Arlington has directed the Landscaping, Lawn Maintenance, Lot Sweeping, Snow, and Ice Operations in Erie, Pennsylvania.
Background Experience - Erie receives on average 54 plowing events and 70 salting events per year. The average snowfall in a 15 mile radius can range from 90" to as much as 200". Wide fluctuations of weather and the accommodating size of his company have given Mr. Arlington unique experience dealing with scheduling, routing, customer service, and subcontractor relations. In the past 10 years, he has dealt with over 160 subcontractors at a time.
Mr. Arlington is an expert on issues dealing with Ice Control with both Rock Salt and Liquid Calcium / Magnesium Products, which has resulted in 20 plus years of no at fault slip and fall incidents for his company, while maintaining over 150 accounts from large retail plazas to small convenience stores.
This book is an opportunity to make up for lost time. Richard Arlington was a homeless man who built a multimillion dollar empire mowing lawns. Through almost fictional challenges, the author details how he overcame sickness, poverty, low-expectations and welfare to become a wealthy man.
The Camp Doctor Inc. is a team of experienced consultants who will bring commitment, competence and the highest standards of ethics to your organization's Camping and Outdoor Programs. The company provides consulting services and creative solutions for:
Principal, Robert E. (Bob) Preston has a proven record of providing successful Camp Operations since 1993. His experience is in Fund Raising, Growth, Marketing, and Innovative Programming for Camps in the Mid-Atlantic states and internationally.
Mr. Preston has directed 8 Scout Camps and 11 National Camping Schools, planned new camp facilities, developed, directed and marketed the Adirondack National High Adventure Area, and obtained the necessary monies for camp expansions while serving as a Council Executive and Area Director in the Northeast Region, BSA.
"Experts.com is proud to announce its new member, Robert E. Preston. With over 50 years of experience in Camp Management and Operations, Mr. Preston is available as an expert witness and consultant in matters relating to Camp Safety, Operational Management, Staff Administration and Development, Risk Management Issues, and Programming for Camps in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states.":
Total Sports Consulting Services (TSCS) specializes in risk management programs for various types of sports, recreation, and fitness. They provide consulting services specific to Sports Injury Prevention and Risk Management to secondary schools, colleges, camps, sports leagues, and athletic facilities/complexes. Consulting services include:
Sports Risk Consulting:
Development of safety policies and procedure manuals
Development of injury prevention programs, including concussion, heat illness, and sudden cardiac death
Review of league, institutional, and/or departmental policies and procedures
Independent safety and risk management audits Risk and Hazard analysis of sports facilities
Design & Planning
Protective Safety Surfacing
Inspections, Safety Audits
Signs & Labels
Comprehensive Risk Management Plans
Safety Manuals / Safety Training
Adherence to ASTM Standards and CPSC Guidelines
Workshops / Presentations - TSCS also provides half and full day workshops/presentations for coaches, physical education teachers, athletic directors, facility managers, and anyone directly responsible for participant safety and risk management.
Principal, Professor Alphonses J. Heraghty is a Certified Playground Safety Inspector (CPSI) by the National Recreation and Park Association and a Certified Supervisor for Outdoor Environments by the National Program for Playground Safety. He specializes in Sport Injury Prevention and Risk Management.
Also a Certified Interscholastic Coach by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS), Prof. Heraghty currently serves on the Sports Equipment, Playing Surfaces, and Facilities committee with American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM). He currently serves as Professor and Academic Chair of the Health & Physical Education Department at SUNY Suffolk in Brentwood, New York. Prior to this role, he was the Fitness & Aquatics Director and Head Lacrosse Coach at SUNY Suffolk.