MCS Associates is a nationally recognized consulting group that has provided financial, operations and regulatory/compliance consulting services nationwide to financial institutions, insurance companies and regulatory agencies as well as real estate and financial services organizations for over 40 years. Expert Witness and Litigation Consulting are a primary focus of our services. We undertake expert witness assignments throughout the United States and our clients include several hundred leading law firms around the country, working on behalf of both plaintiff and defendant financial institutions, borrowers, depositors, investors, developers, insurance companies and their insured, securities/insurance/real estate brokers/agents, regulators and government agencies, and individuals.
Together with MCS Associates’ specialized resources in banking, financial services and real estate, we also draw on key strategic alliances in insurance, economics, academia and the securities industry to meet a wide range of expert witness needs. Our litigation experts include experienced bankers, lenders, consultants, regulators, managers, brokers & agents in insurance, real estate, and securities; insurance claims and underwriting managers; economists, accountants, appraisers, real estate analysts, and academics.
The Center for Forensic Economic Studies is a leading provider of economic and statistical analysis relating to litigation. Our staff includes economists, statisticians and valuation experts.
We assist with discovery, critique opposing claims and produce clear, credible reports and expert testimony. Since 1980, attorneys and their clients have relied on our expertise in thousands of cases in jurisdictions across the country.
Our areas of Concentration Include:
Personal Injury / Wrongful Death Economic Damages
Commercial Damages / Business Interruption Claims
Economic Damages in Employment Matters
Employment Discrimination - Statistical Analysis
Business Valuations / Appraisal
Contact us to discuss your case.
Economics Business Damages Expert Witness James Christopoulos
Christopoulos Economics Consulting Group is a full-service expert witness firm, providing highly capable and professional analyses, reports, tables, charts, and credible testimony on Economic Damages and related issues for attorneys throughout California.
By specializing in litigation economics, Christopoulos Economics Consulting Group provides Forensic Analysis and Auditing, Economic Damage Analyses, Statistical Research, and Economic Loss Reports. They have the experience necessary to provide testimonies and produce reports which summarize and present opinions and conclusions in a manner that is clear and easily understood. They are consistently retained by both plaintiff and defense attorneys and are well versed in the calculation of present value past and future economic damages, including the calculation of future medical care costs.
James Christopoulos, JD, MA, the founder of Christopoulos Economics Consulting Group, is an Economist and a Lawyer. His comprehension of complex legal issues combined with his many years of experience as an economist provides his clients with a unique set of abilities when calculating economic losses and communicating those opinions to both judge and jury.
Mr. Christopoulos has testified as an expert witness economist in state and federal courts along with arbitrations, mediations, and depositions and has prepared and presented economic loss calculations for well over 1,000 cases.
Donald M. May PhD, CPA, Managing Partner at DMA Economics, LLC, possesses over 30 years of Valuation and Economic Damages experience. He implements a broad range of damage analyses and valuations for clients, including billion-dollar investment funds under SEC investigation as well multi-national firms involved in intellectual property disputes, consumers in product mislabeling cases, and small to mid-sized businesses involved in complex commercial litigation.
Background Experience - Prior to founding DMA Economics LLC, Dr. May was Managing Director at Berkley Research Group and the Principal in charge of valuation and litigation support services for a regional accounting firm, a Managing Director for PricewaterhouseCoopers, and a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Sloan School of Management. He has performed over 200 valuations of closely held businesses across numerous industries for financial reporting and estate planning.
Dr. May has been published in several distinguished academic and practitioner journals such as The Journal of Finance, The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Hedge Fund Law Review, and is currently an editorial board member of The Journal of Business Valuation and Economic Loss Analysis.
Litigation Support - Dr. May is a world class expert in the Valuation of Damages. Dr. May has prepared expert reports and testified in federal and state courts as well as AAA, JAMS, and FINRA arbitration hearings, and has also effectively communicated as an expert witness testifier and consultant in several multi-million dollar cases.
Recent Litigation Matters:
Misrepresentations in Leveraged Buyout (“LBO”) Financing Practices
Theft of Trade Secrets, Trade Dress, and Intellectual Property
Food Product Mislabeling
Securities Fraud Under SEC Section 10b-5 and Section 11
Accounting Misstatements in Public and Private Company Acquisitions
Lost Profits and Lost Enterprise Value Associated with Product Defects and Breach of Contract
This article finds evidence consistent with the hypothesis that managers consider personal risk when making decisions that affect firm risk. I find that Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) with more personal wealth vested in firm equity tend to diversify. CEOs who are specialists at the existing technology tend to buy similar technologies. When specialists have many years vested, they tend to diversify, however. Poor performance in the existing lines of business is associated with movements into new lines of business.
Eric Forister, PhD, is an expert Economist with testifying experience on market definition, market power, and damages. His expertise includes applying advanced statistical techniques to datasets, synthesizing information from documents, and designing and evaluating surveys. A Senior Economist at Econ One, he focuses on relevant questions to tackle complex issues with an efficient and effective style of communication. Dr. Forister also has extensive experience consulting on issues including royalty rates, irreparable harm, sampling, survey design, common impact, and materiality.
Ideal Client Engagement: For litigation-related matters, an ideal engagement would be providing an opinion on economics, damages, market power, or market definition; or providing pre-litigation advice on the economics of potential claims, or the merits of a survey. For non-litigation matters, an ideal engagement would be helping to explain the economics of different business models or consulting to those considering buying or starting an optometry office.
Experience: Dr. Forister has acted in a support/consulting role on over 100 matters. His support work has been a mix of plaintiff and defense work. Dr. Forister has designed and evaluated surveys for IP and marketing cases and worked on a wide range of other matters, including:
Dennis M. Giuffré is an Economist and Professional Engineer in private practice since 1978, and previously with the consulting firms, Allstates Engineering Company and Equitable Environmental Health, Inc.
Background Experience: Prior to a consulting career, Mr. Giuffré engaged in basic subsurface research at Texaco, Inc., corporate planning and development at the Gulf Oil Corporation, process engineering and design at the Petro-Tex Chemical Corporation, and process engineering and economics at the Olin Corporation, among other companies.
Economic Damages Expert Services: Mr. Giuffré provides expert witness services primarily in the area of Economic Damages, and in related economics and technical issues. He has been engaged by both plaintiffs and defendants, and has testified as an expert witness in federal and state courts, and in arbitration and administrative hearings.
Mr. Giuffré has been retained as a damages analyst and expert in insurance claim losses, patent and other intellectual property infringement, trade secrets misappropriation, antitrust, breach of contract, deceptive trade practices, unfair competition, unconstitutional taking, products liability, negligence, breach of fiduciary duty, fraud, defamation, slander, trespass, legal malpractice, and numerous other causes of action pertaining to business entities; as well as in personal injury, wrongful death, medical malpractice, discrimination, retaliatory discharge, class action, and other causes of action pertaining to individuals and households.
Malcolm S. Cohen, PhD, President of Employment Research Corporation, has over 30 years of experience in the field of Economics and Employment specializing in Labor Markets and Statistical Analysis.
Dr. Cohen founded the firm in 1997, after retiring as the Director of the Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations at the University of Michigan, which he directed for 13 years. With a PhD in Economics from the MIT in 1967, his research interests include labor market information, labor turnover, employment forecasting and labor shortages. He has directed several major studies to identify national shortage occupations and measure labor turnover using administrative records.
Dr. Cohen's book, Labor Shortages as America Approaches the Twenty-first Century, was published by the University of Michigan Press. His most recent book, Global Skill Shortages, written with Professor Mahmood A. Zaidi, is published by Edward Elgar Publishing. He has had articles published in a large number of journals, including: Journal of Human Resources, Monthly Labor Review, Journal of Political Economy, Review of Economic Statistics, Journal of Economic Theory, and The American Economic Review.
Litigation Support - Dr. Cohen has either testified or been a consultant in over 1,000 audits or cases and has testified over 150 times. He has also served as an expert to the EEOC and U.S. Department of Labor in discrimination cases, and has directed many research projects sponsored by government agencies.
As the world entered the twenty-first century, global skill shortages in many occupations were evident throughout the world. While these were mitigated by a global recession, there is no generally agreed upon method for measuring these shortages. This book discusses various theories for measurement. Using data collected from 19 developed countries in North and Latin America, Europe, and the Pacific region, the authors explore various aspects of skilled labor shortages, develop a methodology of measuring shortages by occupation, and provide estimates of the likelihood of the occurrence of such shortages.
Predicting labor shortages is of great importance for planning education and training of the nation's present and future labor force. Malcolm Cohen has developed an innovative approach to measuring labor shortages. Originally sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, his work is presented here, updated for 1994.
Our analysis and research combined with unique presentation techniques have resulted in an unequaled track record in successful court cases and client recoveries. Our personnel are full time and fully focused on the services we provide. We thoughtfully incorporate technology into our work to provide great results at a more reasonable cost. Our expertise encompasses damages analysis, lost profit studies, business & intangible asset valuations, fraud investigations, statistics, forensic economic analysis royalty audits, strategic & market assessments, competitive surveys, personal injury and employment damages, and a wide range of other financial advisory services. We serve the entire nation.
Damage experts don’t always agree regarding the appropriate discount rate and underlying methodology for a lost earnings claim and certain commonly applied methods actually provide a windfall to Plaintiffs. The chosen rate can make a meaningful difference in the economic damages conclusion. A recent article, "Lost Compensation Settlement Tool Allows You To Assess Economic Damages Accurately And Efficiently, Under Various Scenarios", demonstrates the significance of the applied rate on damages.
The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has opened the door significantly wider for those who wish to pursue qui tam False Claims Act suits by reversing a dismissal of two such matters. Ruling en banc in United States ex rel. Hartpence v. Kinetic Concepts, Inc., the Ninth Circuit has removed a prior restriction that any prior public disclosure must have originated from the whistleblower as well.
A recent case addressed the interesting question of whether a corporation could serve as an expert witness. The matter involved a breach of fiduciary duty case coordinated with an appraisal proceeding, in re Dole Food Company ("Dole"). The defendants designated Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated ("Stifel"), a corporation, to serve as their expert witness regarding the value of Dole.
Royalty arrangements within patent licenses have long been constrained by an almost 50 year old Supreme Court decision in Brulotte v. Thys Co that prevents collection of royalties after a patent has expired. The Justices have now agreed to revisit the precedent set by that often-criticized ruling in a current case, Kimble v. Marvel Enterprises, Inc.
In a recent case involving the City of Pomona ("Pomona") v. SQM North America Corporation ("SQM"), Pomona alleged that SQM's importation of sodium nitrate for fertilizer caused a perchlorate contamination in the city. Although the district court excluded under Daubert the expert testimony of Pomona's expert witness on causation, the Ninth Circuit reversed the ruling, stating that "facts casting doubt on the credibility of an expert witness and contested facts regarding the strength of a particular scientific method are questions reserved for the fact finder". The case was remanded for trial.
In association with general cost cutting measures over recent years, many companies have pressured their vendors to reduce fees. This downward pressure has extended to the accounting firms hired to provide independent audit opinions, resulting in a significant drop in audit fees. According to Audit Analytics, audit fees in 2012 were $472 per $1 million of revenue, the lowest amount since 2004. The question is whether audit quality has been sacrificed in order to achieve these reductions.
The Eastern District of Texas is well known for its intense patent activity and already provides early disclosure of infringement and invalidity contentions to facilitate faster resolution of these cases. The Court has now taken similar action by providing an option for accelerated damage discovery, including requiring a two week turnaround between defendant's production of potentially infringing sales data and plaintiff's good faith estimate of damages. Accomplishing this will require expert assistance immediately in the process. Even for cases that do not settle, this damage estimate will inform the Court's discovery decisions and resource allocations.
In the course of affirming the district court's decision in Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC v. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc., 2013 WL 6017396, Judge Posner went a step further. While upholding the injunction, he ended his assessment with some comments "for future reference" when it comes to consumer surveys offered to demonstrate consumer confusion in support of a trademark infringement claim:
A recently affirmed decision to grant judgment for the defendant as a matter of law highlights the importance of expert testimony that is consistent with previously-disclosed opinions presented in a Rule 26 report. In Rembrandt Vision Technologies, Inc. v. Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc., the expert's testimony was struck because of critical discrepancies, leaving the plaintiff with no basis for claimed patent infringement.
The decision in United States vs. Windsor (No. 12-301, June 26, 2013) by the U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) to strike down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) creates important tax issues and opportunities. These include potential refunds for same-sex married couples and their employers for years not closed by the statute of limitations.
A Delaware federal court recently closed the door on each of two possible paths to damages for Plaintiff in the matter of AVM Technologies, LLC v. Intel, Inc. (Civil Action No. 10-610-RGA). U.S. District Judge Richard G. Andrews granted Defendant's motion to exclude Plaintiff's expert, while also granting Defendant's motion in limine to preclude any proposed expert testimony from the inventor of the patent in question.
In re: Apple vs. Motorola, the parties sued each other for patent infringement involving smartphones. Seventh Circuit Judge Richard Posner, sitting by designation, threw out all damage witnesses for both parties on Daubert motions. Then, since both parties lacked damages testimony, he dismissed both cases with prejudice.
An extraordinary amount of time is incurred in discovery asking for records that may not even exist, or asking for records that do exist, but the other side declines to produce records that were not requested using just the right terms.
The following suggestions result from my experience serving as a witness, watching hundreds of other expert witnesses, and locating witnesses when servings as a confidential consultant. They are intended to help attorneys avoid common mistakes in selecting an expert witness.
Intellectual Property licensing is big business, and is getting bigger. But most licensors do not earn as much as they should because they fail to perform royalty audits allowed under their license agreements.
In many respects, the cross-examination of an expert witness is the same as for other witnesses. Some basics include: Be brief…Do not quarrel with the witness…Never ask a question to which you do not already know the answer…Avoid one question too many…and so on. However, there are some important differences
If you want to improve your chances of success, commit these ideas to stone. Then follow them religiously.1. Keep it simple This is the greatest commandment, and the one most frequently violated. Too much information in a visual aid will confuse rather than clarify. Creativity does not mean complication. To achieve your goal, invoke the following guidelines
Computers contain evidence useful in many human resource circumstances. Allegations of discrimination, sexual harassment, and unfair discharge are serious threats that are better understood by knowing what an employee did. Since computers are such a pervasive part of most employees' work lives, analysis of data stored on these computers helps address these issues
Scott D. Gilbert, PhD, has over 20 years of experience specializing in Economics and Statistics. He is an academic research economist, financial expert, and statistician, with banking sector experience. Dr. Gilbert received his PhD degree in economics in the year 1996, and before that worked as an economics research associate at the nation's central bank on the west coast, the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. He serves as associate editor of The American Statistician, and his academic research has been published in high-quality peer-reviewed journals in the fields of Economics, Statistics, and Finance. He also has 25 years of teaching experience in economics and statistics, at University of California San Diego, Claremont Graduate School, University of Mississippi, Southern Illinois University, and Webster University. Dr. Gilbert is a Member and Board member of AAEFE (American Academy of Economic and Financial Experts), a member of the NAFE (National Association of Forensic Economics), the AEA (American Economics Association), the National Bar Association, and the CPDE (Collegium of Pecuniary Damage Experts).
Litigation Support - Dr. Gilbert provides expert witness and litigation support services on economic matters in tort and contract law, via the consulting firm Gilbert Economics. Since 1998, he has served as an economics expert on a range of legal matters, in cases filed in Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Kentucky, and Mississippi. As an expert witness he serves all Midwest states, and does not charge clients for travel time or expenses in the states of Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Minnesota, Tennessee, or Wisconsin. Dr. Gilbert uses his expertise in economics, statistics, and financial matters to assist both plaintiff and defense lawyers in tort and contract cases. As an academic and researcher, his approach to loss and damages estimation is modern and rigorous. Equally important for litigation matters, he knows that evidence documentation is key to developing useful expert opinions, and he assists attorneys in the discovery process. He also explains to lawyers weaknesses in opposing experts' views. His writing in this area has appeared in the Journal of the Missouri Bar Association, and more is (tentatively) forthcoming in the Illinois Bar Journal.
This book covers the subject of economic damages and its role in insurance claims and lawsuits against businesses. After reading and understanding this book, the reader will be able to identify economic damages as a component of business liability, describe the business risk posed by economic damages, explain the key determinants of economic damages, and estimate economic damages and business loss in a variety of cases.
Randall Bell, PhD, MAI is the owner of Landmark Research Group LLC which specializes in Real Estate Damage Economics. By utilizing advanced valuation methodologies, they are able to determine what impact, if any, that a detrimental condition has on property values. His clients include government agencies, oil, insurance and utility companies, corporations, developers, lenders and property owners.
Dr. Bell specializes in environmental contamination, natural disasters, construction defects, complex real estate disputes, crime stigma and other detrimental conditions. As an Expert Witness and Strategic Consultant, Dr. Bell can determine the merits of a claim. His experience and research includes the World Trade Center, Hurricane Katrina, Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Sites, Chernobyl, Hiroshima, the Oklahoma City Bombing, Mt. St. Helen’s Volcano, the Manoa Hawaii Landslides and many others.
Dr. Bell has a MBA from UCLA and is the author of the book "Real Estate Damages" published by the Appraisal Institute. His career has been profiled by the Wall Street Journal, People Magazine, CNN, ABC's 20/20 and more.
Most appraisers will be asked to appraise property subject to detrimental conditions at some point in their careers. The unique problems that arise in these complex valuation situations can be addressed by applying fundamental economic principles and innovative valuation techniques. A comprehensive and valuable resource for all real estate professionals, Real Estate Damages: Applied Economics and Detrimental Conditions, second edition, provides a straightforward approach to solving these complex valuation problems.
John A. Harris, Principal of Landscape Economics, LLC, and President of Earth Advisors, Inc., is a LANDSCAPE ECONOMIST who has worked in the Arboriculture, Forestry, landscape and horticultural fields for over 20 years. Mr. Harris has provided reputable consulting, education and project management services for a wide variety of projects across the United States and internationally, in both temperate and tropical ecosystems.
Areas of Expertise:
Expert Witness for Arboricultural, Landscape, Nursery Values and Conditions
The number of storms in recent years increases the need for better tree and landscape decisions for property owners. Research regarding landscape damages for different storm intensities, what plants get knocked down by winds more often, and priorities for landscape restoration have been intensified by many southern state universities' forestry and horticultural departments.
Trees and landscapes have been valued since humans were given gardens for food and enjoyment. Once people determined how to harvest seeds, how to plant gardens and landscapes, and how to relocate trees and plants, then decisions about what to use and what not to use began to set values for plants. It is this author's opinion that these practices logically date back to the beginning of history.
The value of a tree can only be determined if we agree. Any value given, whether by a layperson or a professional, is real when another person involved in the process agrees to that value. The value used in the final decision can also be a different value from the one determined by the experts who worked on it (especially when the experts worked on different sides of a valuation case).
Joseph B. Matheson, CPA, ABV, CVA, DABFA, FACFEI, CITP, CFF, CFE, is a Certified Public Accountant, with over than 30 years of public and private accounting experience. Mr. Matheson is a Certified Valuation Analyst (CVA) by the National Association of Certified Valuation Analysts (NACVA, one of the oldest and most prestigious certification organizations) and is Accredited in Business Valuation (ABV) by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). He is also a Fellow of the American College of Forensic Examiners Institute (FACFEI), holds a Diplomate from the American Board of Forensic Accountants (DABFA), and is a Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) from the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. In addition, Personal Financial Specialist (PFS), and a Certified Financial Forensics (CFF) all of which are earned from the AICPA. Mr. Matheson has taught various accounting and business classes for the Small Business Development Centers of New Jersey (part of the SBA), continuing education classes to other CPAs, and was a member of the Speakers Bureau for the New Jersey State Society of Certified Public Accountants.
Litigation Support - Joseph Matheson uses Forensic Accounting and Auditing skills to provide an analysis of financial records in conjunction with dispute resolutions, as well as fraud and theft investigation. His damage measurement methods can determine the extent of financial loss and illegal accounting practices. Mr. Matheson is qualified and testifies as an expert witness in New Jersey State and Federal Courts. He also provides analysis to mediation attorneys to assist in settlement.
Areas of Expertise:
Business Valuation for bankruptcy, partner and shareholder disputes, contract disputes, marital disputes
Valuation of closely held businesses, stock options and restricted stock for capital gain, gift tax and compensation purposes
Wage and economic loss reports, business interruption loss reports, divorce (lifestyle analysis, tax-effected balance sheet preparation, alimony, and child support analysis)
Identity theft remains a top priority for the Internal Revenue Service in 2014. Identity theft is one of the fastest growing crimes nationwide, and refund fraud caused by identity theft is one of the biggest challenges facing the IRS. This year, the IRS continues to take new steps and strong actions to protect taxpayers and help victims of identity theft and refund fraud.
I am the Managing Partner, Healthcare Practice for our firm. We work with health systems, health IT companies, and health plans. My recent retentions by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). Drug pricing, patent infringement, medical coding and billing, and Qui Tam False Claims Act and fraud case specialties. He has in-depth experience in HIPAA mandates, the HITECH Act and Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and is a published author and regular speaker. He consults to clients including Health IT investors, Health IT companies, and health plans and hospital systems in matters regarding HIPAA Privacy Rule, HIPAA Security Rule, HIPAA Breaches, Revenue Cycle Management
Meaningful Use of Electronic Health Care Records
Quality Measures for Medicare Advantage Hospital Value-Based Purchasing
Medicare Advantage HEDIS 5-Star Ratings for Health Plans Mr. Arrigo was recently quoted in the Wall Street Journal Venture Capital Dispatch regarding medical coding standards and Wall Street Journal Health Blog regarding venture-backed information-technology companies that serve hospitals and health insurers.
Clinical documentation improvement (CDI) initiatives are underway in healthcare organizations across the country, with the aims of improving care and reducing costs. Are they working? At least one such initiative, at Baptist Health South Florida, is providing solid return on investment.
EJ Janik, CPA, CFF, CFE is a Certified Public Accountant with 37 years of professional experience. He specializes in financial audits, compilations and reviews, consulting for commercial litigation, antitrust matters, engineering and construction matters, real estate, and bankruptcy / business reorganizations matters. Mr. Janik holds a Master of Science in Accounting from Louisiana State University and a Bachelor of Commerce from Rice University. He is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Texas Society of Certified Public Accountants.
Mr. Janik has provided over 150 financial audits and consulted in over 685 business disputes. He has provided expert testimony in over 80 matters including trial testimony in 48 trials or hearings in 8 states. Mr. Janik's accounting services include Damages/Lost Profit analysis, Forensic Accounting, Fraud Investigations, Fact Finding, Financial Analysis, and Expert Witness Testimony when necessary.
Debt & Capital Analyses
Mergers & Acquisitions
Royalties, Commissions, Income
White Collar Crimes
Mr. Janik is also uniquely qualified to measure construction claims and damages. With over 11 years of construction experience, he has accumulated over 13,000 Engineering and Construction (E&C) auditing hours, 10,000 E&C consulting hours, and 15,000 E&C supervised hours.