A gray level transformation is presented to simulate the interferometric process. The transformation uses properties of sinusoidal functions to produce rapidly varying intensities from those with nearly zero gradients. The transformation when used in conjunction with optical techniques, such as holographic interferometry, has the effect of increasing the optical sensitivity and producing a large number of fringes where otherwise only a fraction of a fringe would be observed. This technique is ideal for holographic analysis of deformations in microscopic regions.
An In-Vehicle Data Acquisition/Monitoring Device (Data Logger) has been developed to be used for evaluating the performance of alternators during vehicle operation. It can be linked to other controllers and electronic devices for exchange of information through the use of a serial communication port. By utilizing a microcontroller, eight analog and three TTL level signals are measured and recorded in non-volatile EEPROM memory devices. The system measures temperatures of critical components, system voltage and rotational speed.
Case Synopsis - A family wanted to add a self-contained heater for their home living room for use upon the loss of in-home AC (Alternating Current) power. They went to a nearby Home & Building Supply store to select and purchase a heater. The store salesman recommended a kerosene heater, which could provide independent heat upon a loss of power. The salesman recommended a kerosene heater rated at 23,000 BTU/Hour, and as a feature of the heater sale, he assembled the heater and provided brief operating instructions on its use.
When I was a boy, playing in the sandbox or building with blocks, I dreamed of building cities. I feel fortunate to be in a profession which allows me to fulfill that dream. To enjoy your job is a more important measure of success than the amount of money in your bank account. My favorite definition of success is borrowed from Ann Landers:
The nursery rhyme involving Humpty Dumpty is a child's first lesson in safety. What would keep Humpty Dumpty safe as he is sitting on the wall? A warning or a railing?
Too frequently an attorney will begin to seek a potential expert witness only after having done considerable initial work. Often there is a last minute rush to locate and select specialized technical assistance. These approaches can have expensive consequences. Alternatively, securing a suitable expert early in the litigation process offers the following advantages for the retaining attorney:
Many negative consequences can result from failures of a range of different products that often lead to property & casualty insurance disputes or product liability legal actions. The products may include consumer or industrial goods. Typically the private user or worker is injured or a business incurs significant financial loss. The injured individual, insurance carrier, attorney(s) or industrial manufacturer and user are all interested to confirm what went wrong – and who is liable. Resolution often depends on engineering analysis.
The Health Center building on the Milton Hershey School campus was designed in 1932 as load-bearing masonry construction with steel framing used to support floor and roof loads and loose steel lintels spanning over window and door openings. Atkinson-Noland & Associates was retained to conduct an investigation of the exterior load-bearing masonry walls and structural steel framing for the purpose of identifying typical as-built conditions as well as the locations and severity of any deterioration.
A licensed professional engineer (P.E.) is required to adhere to a Code of Ethics for Engineers in all work he undertakes. However, there are some special criteria when employed as an expert witness.
In urban and suburban areas, stormwater systems are found everywhere. From surface waterways, such as rivers, streams, and ditches, to subsurface drainage systems, such as storm sewers and culverts, stormwater systems are as ubiquitous as concrete, which is one of the reasons they are so important (Figure 1). Impervious surfaces like concrete, pavement, and roofs prevent stormwater from naturally absorbing into the ground, and the resulting runoff can cause flooding, erosion, and subsequent structural damage.