Dr. Jules Kamin received his Ph.D. in business economics, finance and management science from the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, rated #1. He is an expert on Economic Damages and Economic / Financial Aspects of Liability. He brings to the practice of forensic economics a unique combination of educational background, practical business and teaching experience, and a proven record of expert retention and testimony in over five hundred cases since 1987. Services Include:
Commercial damages occur in breach-of-contract and business-tort cases that result in claims of lost profits or diminished business goodwill or business value. Intellectual-property-infringement cases and antitrust cases also can involve such loss claims. The measurement of damages in these types of cases follows a basic methodology, with some variations in intellectual-property matters. Measurement of damages in securities-fraud cases uses a different approach.
J. Armand Musey, CFA, JD/MBA, founder and president of Summit Ridge Group, LLC, provides consulting services for the Satellite, Media and Telecommunications Industries including business appraisal, intangible asset valuation, strategic consulting, custom research.
Mr. Musey is a highly regarded financial analyst with expertise in Asset Valuation, Business Valuation, Financial Analysis of Economic Damages and Financial Scenario Analysis. He also has significant experience in corporate governance and investment research practices. Mr. Musey's clients include media and communications companies, institutional investors, law firms and other professional services providers.
Mr. Musey has a unique blend of 16 years of equity research (top-ranked sell-side analyst), investment banking and consulting experience. He has completed dozens of financial valuation, strategy analysis, business development and business plan creation assignments in the communications industry. He has experience in 18 financing and M&A transactions.
Stanley P. Stephenson, Ph.D. Economics, has provided Economic Litigation services in more than 400 cases. His experience includes Business Valuations, Economic and Quantitative Analysis and Market Assessments.
Dr. Stephenson's Expert Witness services are provided to defense counsel and plaintiff attorneys. He has been involved in cases in various industries including high-tech manufacturing, software development, agricultural product processing, auto accessories, hotel, real estate, eating & drinking establishments, pharmaceutical, chemical, hospital, insurance, transportation, professional sports, retail, petroleum and cosmetics.
This paper presents a method for measuring economic damages in wrongful termination cases. Such cases present the damages expert with a problem since the available studies of earnings recovery after a job loss are based on a limited time period after a job loss and many workers never catch-up to the previous earnings level. A two-step approach is offered. First, the expert uses appropriate available empirical evidence to develop a typical earnings catch-up period. Second, the expert gathers information about case factors affecting the duration of the period to earnings catch-up. Using these factors, the expert modifies the base time period to develop a reasonable range of years for earnings catch-up. The ultimate choice of lost earnings is left for the court to decide, given the range presented by the expert. Cases directly or indirectly supporting this method are presented.
Imagine you are lead counsel on an airline crash case in which more than 200 lives were lost, each involving a wrongful death case. A plaintiff attorney has hired an economist whose report on damages for one person, a Korean leather goods importer, exceeded $200 million. What should you do? Plaintiff’s expert is a Ph.D. from a top university who teaches economics and has many publications.
This paper focuses on business interruption litigation and how to compute lost profits as a remedy. The main contribution of the paper is development of a general model of economic damages which assesses lost profits by measuring the incremental changes in revenue, variable costs, and fixed costs.
Defects introduced in construction can lead to classic legal disputes between owners and contractors, especially when considerable sums of money are involved. What can a commercial mortgage broker learn from these disputes? What risks and potential rewards might arise?
Survival risk of new businesses is a challenging issue to incorporate into lost profits analyses used in litigation, an issue some financial experts and courts ignore rather than consider explicitly. This paper considers several ways to make qualitative and quantitative adjustments for the survival rates of new businesses.
The forensic financial expert may be familiar with assessing lost profits, earnings capacity, or even valuing a business, but what is the expert to do about damages arising from lost ability to engage in non-market work? In a personal injury, wronful death or similar tort cases, physical limitations may restrict market and non-market work the latter forming the basis for an additional source of damages.
Today's economists are still concerned however with issues of value and distribution and how market forces operate to price scarce resources like labor, land, machines and more recently information and time. The field is generally divided into two areas: macroeconomics and microeconomics.
Stanley P. Stephenson, David A. Macpherson & Gerald D. Martin
Uses proven procedures, checklists, samples and tables to value economic loss in wrongful death and personal injury cases. Learn how to calculate damages, what to ask a forensic economist, which tables to consult for current information on damages and more.
Dr. Stan V. Smith is a nationally renowned Economist and Financial Consultant providing analysis in simple terms that any trier-of-fact can understand. As an expert consultant to plaintiff and defense attorneys representing clients in Federal State courts, he provides testimony and litigation support services in evaluating damages.
Dr. Smith provides Analysis, Testimony, and Litigation Support Services in Evaluating Damages for plaintiff and defense attorneys representing clients in federal and state courts nationwide. His concept of Hedonic Damages is acknowledged by judges, attorneys, and legal journalists as one of the most innovative tort concepts in the last 30 years. He has been interviewed and published in dozens of respected professional journals. Dr. Smith has assisted in the successful resolution of thousands of lawsuits on behalf of clients that include many dozens of the nation's largest law firms, the U.S. Department of Justice, as well as thousands of other prominent plaintiff and defense law firms in almost every state.
The increased use of economic experts in commercial damage cases, as well as in personal injury and wrongful death cases, has resulted in the emergence of a group of experts who offer economic services but are unqualified and ill-trained in economics.
Principal, EJ Janik, CPA, CFF, CFE is a Certified Public Accountant with 37 years of professional experience. He has been engaged as an accounting consultant on issues involving, among other things, public and private company audits, due diligence, fact finding, asset tracing, lost profits analysis, damage analysis, fraud analysis, insurance claims and business valuations. Mr. Janik holds a Master of Science in Accounting from Louisiana State University and a Bachelor of Commerce from Rice University. He is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Texas Society of Certified Public Accountants.
Mr. Janik has provided expert testimony in over 80 matters including testimony in 48 trials or hearings in 8 states. His experience also includes over 23,000 hours of Engineering and Construction auditing and consulting work on construction claims matters involving:
Differing Site and Concealed Conditions
Payroll Fringe Burdens
Superfund / Hazardous Waste Sites
Other Construction Issues
Mr. Janik provides accounting, financial, economic, fraud, and business dispute consulting. He has provided over 150 financial audits and consulted in over 685 business disputes. Janik's clients include Bank of America, Coca-Cola Company, FDIC, General Motors Corporation, IBM, Travelers Insurance, and many more. Specific areas of expertise include:
Richard Singer is the leading expert in Golf Facility Operations, Transactions and Valuation Consulting. He has been qualified as an expert witness in cases involving golf course transactions, valuations, liability, economic potential, usual and customary practices and business plan preparation.
Mr. Singer has been the Director of Consulting Services for the National Golf Foundation (NGF) since 1997, and now has a total of 26 years of golf facility consulting experience. He first joined the NGF consulting staff in 1989 as a project analyst after completing his Finance MBA at the University of Florida. Mr. Singer has successfully managed the NGF’s well-known golf consulting practice with an industry-respected track record of success and a reputation for delivering projects on time and on budget.
Mr. Singer’s consulting services for alternative golf facilities have included both new development and operational reviews for driving ranges, putting courses, miniature golf courses, golf learning centers, executive / par-3 courses, and various combinations with other facilities. He co-authored the NGF publication How to Plan, Build and Operate a Successful Golf Range.
Know Thy Market (KTM) provides the very highest quality of valuation reports, business plans, market assessments, feasibility studies, and other strategic documents. That is why KTM has become known for providing data-driven, professionally-written, visually appealing, and powerful strategic documents to savvy companies and entrepreneurs throughout the world.
Joe Carlen, MBA, MISM, CVA, Co-Founder and Lead Consultant, is a Certified Valuation Analyst with over 20 years of Business Analysis experience. He offers a strong combination of intellectual property, valuation, business and technology knowledge coupled with strong analytical and writing skills.
A Carnegie Mellon graduate, Carlen has a strong technical background that makes him more comfortable than most valuators with highly technical and IP-weighted businesses. With many years of experience working with a patent law firm, Carlen is one of the few certified valuators known for excellent valuations of patents and other forms of intellectual property. Carlen is also one of relatively few valuators experienced in international/multi-jurisdictional business valuations.
Over the years, Mr. Carlen has completed over 200 market assessments and valuation reports for patents, trademarks and copyrights of almost every industry. He has also assisted in the preparation of some patent applications. There are relatively few valuation and damages experts with a comparable level of experience with intellectual property.
Business Valuation and Patent Valuation - Carlen has conducted valuations of businesses of a wide range of sizes and industries, from food retail to automotive accessories, swimming pool products to GPS systems, etc.
Strategic Business Plans / Financial Analysis Projects - Having worked on business plan projects for companies of all industries, including non-profits, Mr. Carlen knows exactly what investors and other strategic partners need to see in such documents, including: Market Assessment, Real Estate Feasibility Studies, Grant Applications, White Paper / Manuals, Brochures
Joe Carlen Speaks at the Museum of American Finance
Mr. Carlen has been a Certified Valuation Analyst (CVA), in good standing with the National Association of Certified Valuators and Analysts, since 2014. The published author of multiple business books, he has also contributed finance-related articles to CNBC, ValueWalk, Bloomberg and other financial media outlets.
This book charts how the pursuit of profit by private individuals has been a prime mover in revolutionizing civilization. Consulting rich archival sources, including some that have never before been translated, Carlen maps the course of human history through nine episodes when entrepreneurship reshaped our world. The author also discusses the new entrepreneurs who, through the nascent space tourism industry, are leading humanity to a multiplanetary future. Altogether, Carlen brings much-needed detail to the role of entrepreneurship in shaping history.
Warren Buffett-widely considered the most successful investor of all time-has repeatedly acknowledged Benjamin Graham, the “father of value investing”, as the primary influence on his investment approach. Indeed, there is a direct line between Buffett’s record-shattering investing performance and Graham's investing system that revolves around ascertaining the true business value (aka “intrinsic value”) of publicly-traded companies. The author distills the best from Graham's extensive published works and draws from personal interviews he conducted with Warren Buffett and many other top investors, as well as Graham's surviving children and friends. Carlen's book integrates Graham's eventful life with his proven techniques for generating wealth.
Keegan Linscott & Associates, PC is a full-service Accounting Firm with more than 27 years of experience providing the highest quality of service to clients through a multi-dimensional team of dedicated and trusted professionals.
Leaders in their industry of practice, the professionals at KLA are Certified Public Accountants, Certified Fraud Examiners, Forensic Accountants, and Certified Insolvency, and Restructuring Advisors. They are committed to providing their clients and community with exceptional service, specializing in such matters as complex commercial litigation, FAR audits, all taxation matters, bankruptcy, reorganization, insolvency issues, and fraud detection, investigation, and prevention.
Audit Services - Audits, Reviews, Compilations, Federal Acquisition Regulations
Business Services - Quickbooks, Small Business, Payroll, Part-Time CFO, Cash Flow, Bank Financing, Strategic Business planning, Business Valuation, Succession in Planning, New Business Planning, Non-Profits, Internal Controls
Christopher G. Linscott, CPA, CFE, CIRA, is a Director of Keegan Linscott & Associates and is the Director of Litigation, Forensic Accounting, and Bankruptcy Support Services. He also manages corporate financial audits and tax clients. Mr. Linscott was previously employed with the international CPA firms of Coopers & Lybrand (now PricewaterhouseCoopers), and Peat Marwick (now KPMG). He has more than 25 years of experience in public accounting.
Mr. Linscott specializes in the areas of Litigation Support, Bankruptcy Reorganization, Fraud Investigations and Prevention, and Business Consulting. He has served clients in industries including construction, health care, home builders and developers, law firms, manufacturing and distribution, non-profit, professional services, real estate, restaurant franchises, retail service, and wholesale.
Mr. Linscott is a Member of the Arizona Society of CPA's, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, National Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Association of Insolvency and Restructuring Advisors, and a Director of the Board of Directors at Bashas’.
Tony Wayne, CPA, CFF, CVA, CIRA, is a Certified Public Accountant with over 25 years of private industry senior operations experience. After a diverse career spanning 15 years in Big 8 public accounting/consulting and private industry, Mr. Wayne founded IronHorse in 1998 with an emphasis on complex turnarounds and restructuring consulting, crisis management, advisory services, CFO services, and litigation support.
Background - Mr. Wayne's career began with Arthur Andersen & Co. Most of his private sector career was spent in c-level positions with divisions and subsidiaries of large multi-national industrial firms, as Chief Operating Officer as well as Chief Financial Officer. In the late 1980’s, he participated in the $175 million leveraged recapitalization of Axia, Inc. (formerly Bliss and Laughlin Steel) and served as Controller/CFO of Axia’s largest division, Goldblatt Tool Co. Late 1991. Mr. Wayne then joined Weld Racing, Inc. as Chief Operating Officer for a number of years before founding Ironhorse LLC.
IronHorse LLC is a special situation Business Advisory firm and intermediary serving middle and small market business owners, commercial lenders, private equity firms, and the restructuring, corporate, transactional, and litigation legal communities. Their team has extensive experience within Fortune 1000 as well as Big Four consulting firms and are leaders within the various professional associations they serve and sponsor. With a primary geographical footprint across a six-state region including Nebraska, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma and Arkansas, IronHorse is one of a handful of firms and one of the oldest in the region. As such, IronHorse is an ideal solutions resource for the closely held, family owned middle, or small-market industrial firm in transition. Visit their website at www.ihorsellc.com. Ironhorse offers the following consulting services:
Turnaround Consulting and Complex Restructuring - Accelerate critical decisions and aggressively take action, work with key people to make tough calls, act decisively, and bring a dynamic contribution to the turnaround
Forensic and Valuation Services - Collect, analyze, and interpret financial, valuation, and accounting data and information; combine technical and accounting expertise to accelerate and deliver solutions in highly complex situations
Litigation Support - Advise boards of directors, senior management and corporate counsel in all litigation matters that can impact business practices, profitability, and continued viability
CFO Services - Provide an outstanding cadre of financial professionals with experience running the operations through the most difficult of transitions
Due Diligence - Unique approach to organizational, operational, and executive process due diligence aids in decision-making, negotiations, and deal structure deliberations for both healthy and distressed investing scenarios
Mr. Wayne is a member of the American Bankruptcy Institute, including the Business Reorganization Committee and Fraud Task Force. In addition, he is a member of the American Institute of CPA’s, the Association of Insolvency & Restructuring Advisors, the National Association of Valuation Analysts, the Turnaround Management Association, the Association for Corporate Growth, and the Forensic CPA Society.
When rendering an expert opinion on fair market value (“FMV”) of an enterprise, the underlying assumption is of a hypothetical transaction, involving a willing seller and buyer, each under no compulsion to enter into a transaction. Fair value (“FV”) on the other hand introduces the notion of likely transactions, likely transaction participants.
Thirty years ago, in the midst of an early-season slump, George Brett told reporters, "The first thing I look for in the Sunday papers is who is below the Mendoza line." Brett, who went on to hit .390 that year for the Kansas City Royals, was referring to Mario Mendoza, a light-hitting shortstop for the Seattle Mariners whose surname became synonymous with hitting futility.
Two years ago, you finally closed the big merger deal you spent what seems like years working on. Perhaps, your business is tied to commercial real estate development, construction, or building materials. Just when you were ready to start that big ramp up, the bottom fell out.
Executive Summary: Imagine the extraordinarily unusual challenge of valuing a going-concern start-up enterprise yet to make their first sale which was completely destroyed by a casualty loss and never-reopened. Further complicated by the inherent ambiguity, risk and complexity of the embryonic development stage industry in which they were attempting to operate and succeed.
In certain situations, the sale of an operating entity as a going concern in a receivership proceeding is a viable alternative to seeking relief under the Bankruptcy Code. Receivership going-concern sales may be especially appropriate in complex situations where enterprise value is declining, but the company is not hopelessly insolvent. This article briefly highlights those conditions, factors, situations and circumstances that may contribute to or impede a successful going-concern transaction within a court-supervised commercial receivership.
HP Accounting Services, Inc. is a leading provider of interim and outsourced Financial Management for tech and other companies. A CPA and business valuation firm, they support their clients’ compliance with the IRC 409A and SFAS 123(R) rules, intangible asset valuation, as well as issues involving damage calculations, expert witness services in litigation.
Accounting - Bookkeeping (Monthly/Quarterly/Annual), Accounting system setup for new businesses, Personal financial statements, Business Plan Development & Loan Brokerage, Audit Preparation & Liaison, Budgeting
Business Valuation - Purchase Price Allocations — FAS 141R
Mergers & Acquisitions
Business Fraud Prevention
Robert Bates, JD, CPA, CFE, CVA, CFO has over 30 years of Financial Management and Accounting experience as a Controller and CFO in various industries. He has been in several industries, including telecom, media, retail and financial services in addition to having consulting experience at startups in the software, technology, and life sciences fields. Mr. Bates specializes in International Accounting, Software Issues, and Obtaining Financing. AS CFO of public companies, he has completed due diligence accounting/reporting for 12 acquisitions, including performing Business Valuations and dealing with FAS 142 issues. Mr. Bates has handled accounting for complex debt instruments including warrants, beneficial conversion feature, and other derivative issues. He has also been responsible for SEC reporting: 10Q’s and 10K’s.
Economic downturns and recessions are notorious for encouraging fraud. As new and prospective fraud examiners, it's imperative that you become aware of the various fraud risks that can occur and the red flags that indicate a fraud in progress.
Michael D. Pakter CA, CPA, CFE, CIRA, CDBV, CFF, MAFF, CVA, CGMA focuses on accounting, forensic accounting, financial analysis, financial forensics, economic damages, business valuation and investigations. He has experience in lost profits / earnings, business interruption claims, analysis of financial transactions and balances, Court-ordered accounting, bankruptcy, fraud examinations, investigations and the reconstruction of incomplete, misstated and/or falsified financial information.
Litigation Support - Mr. Pakter provides consulting and litigation support services to trial lawyers, trustees, examiners, receivers, business owners and managers and units of federal, state and local government. Many engagements combine financial analysis, economic damages determination, valuation issues, tracing procedures and/or other applications of Financial Forensics to assist in resolving complex commercial litigation and business disputes.
Experience - Mr. Pakter has more than 40 years of experience in forensic accounting, investigations and litigation services in numerous industries and diverse engagements, including more than 20 years of experience in economic damages and business valuations. State, Federal and Bankruptcy Courts, as well as arbitrators, have recognized me as an expert in forensic accounting, economic damages, business valuation, CPA malpractice and bankruptcy core proceedings. Mr. Pakter is a Certified Public Accountant with multiple additional certifications in economic damages, financial forensics, business valuation and bankruptcy core proceedings. He focusses his professional practice on forensic accounting, lost profits, lost earnings and other economic damages, business interruption, fraud/financial investigations, bankruptcy core proceedings and litigation support.
The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to the new Revenue Recognition Accounting Standard (the Standard) issued jointly by the U.S. Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and the UK-based International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and to consider the Standard’s impact on financial analyses prepared by practitioners performing business valuatio
The choice and use of an ex-ante or ex-post analysis can lead to divergent results in protracted litigation. The article provides an illustration of how and why the results may differ. Litigation consultants are advised to consider the above and await instruction from legal counsel regarding the approach that needs to be taken.
The purpose of this article - the third of three (Part I and Part II) on this topic - is to provide the reader with an understanding Chapter 3 (What Constitutes Best Evidence) of the 2018 Practice Aid as well as certain other publications containing a body of knowledge on the best evidence to support economic damages in a court of law
In this second article on AIRA Standards, the author discusses unique issues valuing distressed companies. These include the standard of value used, the premise of value, the intended use of the valuation, and cost of capital.
It is essential that creditors, managers, and shareholders - as well as the attorneys who advise them - timely identify and respond to signs of a company’s financial distress. Financial distress, according to Investopedia, “is a condition in which a company or individual cannot generate revenue or income because it is unable to meet or cannot pay its financial obligations
The purpose of this article—the second of three on this topic—is to provide the reader with an understanding of Chapter 2 (Costs) of the 2018 Practice Aid as well as certain other publications containing a body of knowledge on the best practices for developing “avoided or saved costs,” sometimes referred to by the courts as incremental costs.
The AICPA has issued two practice aids, one on 2015 and most recently in November 2018, focused on the calculation of economic profits and damages. The purpose of this article—the first of three on this topic—is to provide the reader with an understanding of Chapter 1...
This is Part 2 of a two-part article. The first part (published in the January 2014 issue of Business Valuation Update) discussed valuations of distressed debtor companies based on discounted cash flows and considered the impact of the date and stage of distress. This part describes how the financial analyst derives the cost of capital for a distressed debtor company.
This is Part 1 of a two-part article. This part discusses valuations of distressed debtor companies based on discounted cash flows and considers the impact of the date and stage of distress. Next month, Part 2 will describe how the financial analyst derives the cost of capital for a distressed debtor company.
Financial experts are frequently asked aboutthe tax impact of damage awards, both paidand received. The complexities of the InternalRevenue Code (IRC) and judicial interpretations thereofmake determining the taxability of receipts or payments difficult.The same is true when dealing with the taxability of economic damages awarded to plaintiffs in civil actions. Nuances in the IRC and the judicial interpretations may make it difficult for a taxpayer to determine the taxability of his or her proceeds from a litigation award of personal economic damages. Whether or not such is taxable often depends on how the award of economic damages is categorized and/or described in the awarding documents.
Mr. Bad Actor is a 61–year-old male who is the senior executive of the Unlucky Transportation Company. He has been in that position for more than ten years. Before his employment at the company, he worked for a series of unsuccessful transportation companies, where both he and other stakeholders lost most of their investment. He has ongoing legal and financial problems resulting from these prior business failures and from his failed marriage.
The Garibaldi Group is a accounting firm that takes accounting and financial management to a new level of responsiveness.
Providing a full range of traditional as well as non-traditional services, this boutique firm focuses on the closely held businesses that are the backbone of our nation. The Garibaldi Group lives by two rules...A commitment to excellence and a passion for accounting. The complexities of accounting, compliance and the twists and turns of the financial markets is a full time job that requires specialized expertise and professional vigilance. We are committed to providing the best possible service, expertise and experience to help companies and individuals achieve their goals. With our accounting acumen and our desire for professionalism being our first and foremost value, we always try to help each client with a level of responsiveness they deserve.
The Garibaldi Group helps ensure that businesses comply with all current accounting regulations and trends in the financial markets that may affect them.
Accounting, Auditing, and Consulting for Small to Mid-Sized Closely Held Businesses and Professional Practices
Business and Professional Practice Valuations
Forensic Accounting Fraud Engagements and Expert Witness Testimony
Tax Planning and Compliance
Private Wealth Management
Business, Financial, and Estate Planning
Founder of The Garibaldi Group and one of the industry's leading law firm services experts, Michael J. Garibaldi, CPA, ABV, CFF, CGMA, has a strong background providing efficient and affordable solutions to complex matters of finance.
A Certified Public Accountant licensed by the State of New York, Mr. Garibaldi is Accredited in Business Valuation (ABV), and Certified in Financial Forensics (CFF) by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). He is recognized as a Chartered Global Management Accountant by the Association of International Certified Professional Accountants.
Mr. Garibaldi works closely with law firms and other professional service firms, manufacturing, wholesale/retail, medical, technology, restaurant/hospitality, artists and galleries, construction, and real estate clients where he is responsible for providing accounting, tax planning management consulting services, and financial reporting.
Michael Garibaldi is a Candidate Member of the American Society of Appraisers (ASA), Member of the Institute of Business Appraisers (IBA), the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, the American Society of Appraisers (ASA), the AICPA and the NYSSCPA. He is a past President and former member of the Board of Directors of the NYSSCPA Nassau Chapter, and has held a variety of positions on the Litigation Support Committee of the Nassau County and State Chapters of the NYSSCPA. Mr. Garibaldi has also held a number of positions on other committees and sub-committees within these organizations.
Most lawyers know how big a problem occupational fraud is in corporate America. They may even count as clients companies that have been defrauded and suffered significant losses. Yet a "not at my firm" attitude persists among many partners who take for granted the honesty and integrity of their colleagues and staff.
When a dishonest CFO or controller cooks the books, it can be devastating for the victim organization. In addition to direct financial losses, financial statement frauds erode trust between management and other stakeholders, including lenders, investors and employees who own company stock. Unfortunately, it's common for smaller companies to associate financial misstatement with large public companies that focus heavily on earnings per share.
It may be detrimental to an expert witness's credibility if even the appearance of a lack of independence exists. In today's legal environment, discrediting an expert based on his or her relationship with counsel, the client or the judge is common. Let's examine how to identify an expert's independence.
There are many more purposes for which valuations are used. Each has its unique presumptions. It must be understood that there is no one value and that the same investment can have a different value to different people and for different reasons. Each valuator must analyze such differences, understand the presumptions inherent in the purpose for which the valuation is to be used, and select and implement a method to determine proper value for the purpose.
When a client voiced strong suspicions that her soon-to-be ex-husband was hiding assets, her attorney investigated the claim but found nothing amiss. However, he hired a forensic accounting expert to help ensure his client would receive an equitable share of the marital estate. The expert turned up a trunkload of hidden treasure - undeclared cash income and property "stashed" under the names of the husband's mother and siblings.
Goodwill can be a significant asset for a professional practice. It may include both "personal" goodwill that's attributable to individual owners and "business" goodwill that can be transferred to third parties. When accountants and other types of professionals divorce, the amount of goodwill to include in the marital estate can become contentious (and may vary depending on state law). If expert testimony on the issue is inadequate, a court might look elsewhere for help, as it did in a recent Texas divorce case, Hill v. Hill.
During his four decades as a financial problem solver, Ted Phelps has built a reputation for integrity, diligence, and leadership.
Phelps is skilled in the fields of insolvency, reorganization, and restructuring. As a court-appointed fiduciary, he has completed dozens of business receiverships, many of which involved fraud and shareholder oppression issues.
A forensic accountant and testifying expert in the areas of Fraud, Business Valuation, and Economic Damages, Phelps excels in following the money – no matter where the trail leads.
Although it is a necessity in many litigated matters, forensic accounting can be time-consuming and expensive. Experience and sound judgment matter. “I separate gossip from fact,” Phelps says of his work. “I listen to the parties, and I strain out the extraneous and irrelevant. In the end, I come up with a road map showing the detours that led to the problems and the route to their solutions.”
As the founder and president of FVLS Consultancy, Phelps developed and taught a forensic accounting course at California State University, Los Angeles. He currently teaches classes in Accounting and Fraud Investigation at Whitworth University in Spokane, Wash.
Phelps earned his M.B.A. from Whitworth University and his B.S. in Accounting from the University of Southern California, Marshall School of Business. He also studied Engineering at the United States Naval Academy. He is a member of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners and the National Association of Certified Valuation Analysts.
In addition to founding and leading his own company, Phelps has held leadership positions with several publicly traded and privately held companies, including as Director of Corporate Reorganization at Price Waterhouse. Phelps serves on the board of Queen of Angels Catholic Church in Santa Clarita, Calif., and he is a life member of MENSA and the U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association.
Our analysis and research combined with unique presentation techniques have resulted in an unequaled track record in successful court cases and client recoveries. Our personnel are full time and fully focused on the services we provide. We thoughtfully incorporate technology into our work to provide great results at a more reasonable cost. Our expertise encompasses damages analysis, lost profit studies, business & intangible asset valuations, fraud investigations, statistics, forensic economic analysis royalty audits, strategic & market assessments, competitive surveys, personal injury and employment damages, and a wide range of other financial advisory services. We serve the entire nation.
Damage experts don’t always agree regarding the appropriate discount rate and underlying methodology for a lost earnings claim and certain commonly applied methods actually provide a windfall to Plaintiffs. The chosen rate can make a meaningful difference in the economic damages conclusion. A recent article, "Lost Compensation Settlement Tool Allows You To Assess Economic Damages Accurately And Efficiently, Under Various Scenarios", demonstrates the significance of the applied rate on damages.
The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has opened the door significantly wider for those who wish to pursue qui tam False Claims Act suits by reversing a dismissal of two such matters. Ruling en banc in United States ex rel. Hartpence v. Kinetic Concepts, Inc., the Ninth Circuit has removed a prior restriction that any prior public disclosure must have originated from the whistleblower as well.
A recent case addressed the interesting question of whether a corporation could serve as an expert witness. The matter involved a breach of fiduciary duty case coordinated with an appraisal proceeding, in re Dole Food Company ("Dole"). The defendants designated Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated ("Stifel"), a corporation, to serve as their expert witness regarding the value of Dole.
Royalty arrangements within patent licenses have long been constrained by an almost 50 year old Supreme Court decision in Brulotte v. Thys Co that prevents collection of royalties after a patent has expired. The Justices have now agreed to revisit the precedent set by that often-criticized ruling in a current case, Kimble v. Marvel Enterprises, Inc.
In a recent case involving the City of Pomona ("Pomona") v. SQM North America Corporation ("SQM"), Pomona alleged that SQM's importation of sodium nitrate for fertilizer caused a perchlorate contamination in the city. Although the district court excluded under Daubert the expert testimony of Pomona's expert witness on causation, the Ninth Circuit reversed the ruling, stating that "facts casting doubt on the credibility of an expert witness and contested facts regarding the strength of a particular scientific method are questions reserved for the fact finder". The case was remanded for trial.
In association with general cost cutting measures over recent years, many companies have pressured their vendors to reduce fees. This downward pressure has extended to the accounting firms hired to provide independent audit opinions, resulting in a significant drop in audit fees. According to Audit Analytics, audit fees in 2012 were $472 per $1 million of revenue, the lowest amount since 2004. The question is whether audit quality has been sacrificed in order to achieve these reductions.
The Eastern District of Texas is well known for its intense patent activity and already provides early disclosure of infringement and invalidity contentions to facilitate faster resolution of these cases. The Court has now taken similar action by providing an option for accelerated damage discovery, including requiring a two week turnaround between defendant's production of potentially infringing sales data and plaintiff's good faith estimate of damages. Accomplishing this will require expert assistance immediately in the process. Even for cases that do not settle, this damage estimate will inform the Court's discovery decisions and resource allocations.
In the course of affirming the district court's decision in Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC v. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc., 2013 WL 6017396, Judge Posner went a step further. While upholding the injunction, he ended his assessment with some comments "for future reference" when it comes to consumer surveys offered to demonstrate consumer confusion in support of a trademark infringement claim:
A recently affirmed decision to grant judgment for the defendant as a matter of law highlights the importance of expert testimony that is consistent with previously-disclosed opinions presented in a Rule 26 report. In Rembrandt Vision Technologies, Inc. v. Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc., the expert's testimony was struck because of critical discrepancies, leaving the plaintiff with no basis for claimed patent infringement.
The decision in United States vs. Windsor (No. 12-301, June 26, 2013) by the U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) to strike down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) creates important tax issues and opportunities. These include potential refunds for same-sex married couples and their employers for years not closed by the statute of limitations.
A Delaware federal court recently closed the door on each of two possible paths to damages for Plaintiff in the matter of AVM Technologies, LLC v. Intel, Inc. (Civil Action No. 10-610-RGA). U.S. District Judge Richard G. Andrews granted Defendant's motion to exclude Plaintiff's expert, while also granting Defendant's motion in limine to preclude any proposed expert testimony from the inventor of the patent in question.
In re: Apple vs. Motorola, the parties sued each other for patent infringement involving smartphones. Seventh Circuit Judge Richard Posner, sitting by designation, threw out all damage witnesses for both parties on Daubert motions. Then, since both parties lacked damages testimony, he dismissed both cases with prejudice.
An extraordinary amount of time is incurred in discovery asking for records that may not even exist, or asking for records that do exist, but the other side declines to produce records that were not requested using just the right terms.
The following suggestions result from my experience serving as a witness, watching hundreds of other expert witnesses, and locating witnesses when servings as a confidential consultant. They are intended to help attorneys avoid common mistakes in selecting an expert witness.
Intellectual Property licensing is big business, and is getting bigger. But most licensors do not earn as much as they should because they fail to perform royalty audits allowed under their license agreements.
In many respects, the cross-examination of an expert witness is the same as for other witnesses. Some basics include: Be brief…Do not quarrel with the witness…Never ask a question to which you do not already know the answer…Avoid one question too many…and so on. However, there are some important differences
If you want to improve your chances of success, commit these ideas to stone. Then follow them religiously.1. Keep it simple This is the greatest commandment, and the one most frequently violated. Too much information in a visual aid will confuse rather than clarify. Creativity does not mean complication. To achieve your goal, invoke the following guidelines
Computers contain evidence useful in many human resource circumstances. Allegations of discrimination, sexual harassment, and unfair discharge are serious threats that are better understood by knowing what an employee did. Since computers are such a pervasive part of most employees' work lives, analysis of data stored on these computers helps address these issues
Econalysis® Consulting provides Economic Loss Analysis services to adjustors and insurers in claims resulting from accident, wind, fire, and flood, and from negligence, malpractice, or other actions or omissions.
Econalysis® Consulting also provides regulatory economics consulting services in such public policy areas as environmental protection, health and safety, antitrust, energy, and other regulated services and markets.
Dennis M. Giuffré, founder Econalysis® Consulting, offers specialized economics consulting and expert services, and has engaged such services over a broad and diverse array of industries and markets, since 1978. Projects have included the analysis of economic damages in business, and in personal, scenarios in which a trial is not contemplated.
Mr. Giuffré's experience includes analysis of losses of property, business profitability, and personal losses due to natural disasters, identification and analysis of means to offset pollutant emissions in a designated non-attainment area, profitability analysis of a new grassroots electric power plant, the impact of relaxation of pollutant standards, market research of Oil Country Tubular Goods, evaluation of proposed business ventures in various markets, and other engagements.