Mr. Broyles represents 14 years experience in providing expert witness and forensic examination services combined with 32+ years experience in research, design & development of computer software and electronic products to include forensic lab equipment and forensic audio/video/image software. This combination of experience gives invaluable insights into the forensic processes and application in each unique case or project. Court Qualified. Detail CV available on request.
Specializing in Recorded Evidence Analysis, Enhancement and Restoration Services of Video, Audio, Sound, Voice, Surveillance and Time Lapse Recordings; both digital and analog; through the use of custom and professional analysis systems.
Providing court qualified expert witness services to assist litigation support, public defenders, law enforcement, attorneys, government, and the general public. Since 2004. Local, nationwide and international.
Stated goal is to help you get the most from your recorded evidence. Call now to get started.
Memberships, Affiliations and Training:
Audio Engineering Society (AES)
Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers (IEEE)
Law Enforcement Video and Emergency Services Video Association (LEVA)
New York Institute for Forensic Audio (NYIFA)
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE)
International Association of Identification Rocky Mtn Division (RMDIAI)
About Kevin Forcier: ACTAR Certified Reconstructionist: #2054. Retired from the Pennsylvania State Police in April of 2010 after 25 years of service. Accident Reconstructionist since 1990, last four years as a full time Crash Analysis and Reconstruction Specialist responsible for the coverage of 3300 square miles of Northwestern Pennsylvania. Qualified Expert Witness in the field of Crash Reconstruction and related services.
Richard T. Picciochi is a Questioned Document Examiner with over thirty five years of experience in the New York City Police Department Crime Laboratory and in private practice. He is retired from the NYPD Forensic Investigation Division where he was a Detective, Document Examiner and the Technical Supervisor of the Questioned Document Unit. In the course of his career he has examined thousands of disputed signature, handwriting and document cases, participated in numerous high profile investigations and testified in trials including the "Zodiac" homicides and the first terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City.
Mr. Picciochi possesses a background that integrates the natural sciences, forensic sciences and law enforcement investigations. He has earned a Master of Science degree in Forensic Science and has received extensive specialized training in questioned document analysis by the NYPD, the FBI and the United States Secret Service.
Mr. Picciochi is a Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Document Examiners (ABFDE) and was awarded certification upon completion of comprehensive written, practical and oral examinations. He is a member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and the International Association for Identification.
Mr. Picciochi specializes in the examination of signatures and has testified in state, federal and international courts. He will accept civil, criminal and administrative cases and offers his services to both Plaintiff and Defense attorneys.
Wendy Carlson, Forensic Document Examiner and Handwriting Expert, Court qualified in Federal, state and local courts in 16 states, Canada and the Bahamas. Regularly retained by government agencies including Dept of the Army, Dept of the Air Force, Public Defenders and Prosecutors, Police Departments, City and County Election Divisions, Private Investigators and Associations.
Ms. Carlson has examined hundreds of signatures, handwritings and case documents, and rendered opinions on cases in at least 46 states and more than a dozen foreign countries. She has also examined documents and rendered opinions in cases written in Arabic, Chinese, English, Korean and Spanish writing.
Ralph Aronberg, P.E., has reconstructed over 1,500 accidents and has testified in over 150 jury trials, since founding the firm in 1983. He provides Expert Witness services in the areas of:
Traffic accident reconstruction (cars, trucks, motorcycles and pedestrians).
Vehicle occupant kinematics (seatbelts)
Traffic engineering design (geometrics, signing, markings, signals and lighting)
Sight distance analysis
Hazardous roadway conditions
Work Zone Traffic Control evaluation
Evaluation of roadway curvature
Traffic signal operations
Computerized accident reconstruction and simulation
Vehicle "black box" data retrieval (certified>
Mr. Aronberg is published in the fields of pedestrian / bicycle / motorcycle accident reconstructions, and 3 Dimensional Animations and Scientific Visualizations through the Society of Automotive Engineers. Mr. Aronberg is a Fellow member of the National Academy of Forensic Engineers, and certified as a Diplomat in forensic Engineering.
Barry G. Dickey is the certified forensic expert for Audio Evidence Lab, a laboratory specializing in the Analysis of Audio / Video Evidence. Mr. Dickey has examined evidence in over 1500 cases in the USA, Canada, Mexico, Japan, Philippines and Europe. With over 20 years of experience, he has provided expert testimony in federal and state courts on issues involving audio, video, and voice identification. Utilizing DSP technology, analytical equipment, and microscopic resolution, Mr. Dickey employs scientifically accepted techniques to provide the critical evidence required in the courtroom.
He has consulted with news networks in reference to the "Osama bin Laden Tapes" and "2012 Presidential Debates" as well as tapes released by other foreign news networks. Recent cases also include "NFL Bountygate" and "Holy Land Foundation" investigations.
The recent proliferation of audio and video recordings coming from various terrorist organizations around the world presents two distinct areas of concern to the forensic examiner. This article presents information on the authenticity methodology of videotapes, including a perspective on "implied evidence" and the continuing necessity for voice identification.
Bruce E. Koenig is the senior examiner and founder of BEK TEK LLC. He has been involved in the Forensic Analysis of Audio and Video Recordings on a full-time basis since 1974. Mr. Koenig & his associates conduct forensic examinations of audio, video & still images (e.g. JPEG) media to authenticate, improve voice intelligibility, identify/classify voice and non-voice signals, and enhance video & images.
On-Site Evaluations of Acoustical Sounds and Environments
Presents Expert Testimony
Assists Attorneys in Preparing for Cross-Examination of Opposing Experts
Evaluates Appropriate Recording and Analysis Equipment
Provides Forensic Training in Audio/Video Analysis
The formal procedures for the scientific authentication of audio media in investigative matters and legal proceedings have been updated as a result of the widespread conversion from analog to digital technology since the 1990s.
Authenticity examinations of VHS (video home system) cassettes are commonly performed in forensic laboratories and can usually determine whether a submitted recording is original, continuous, and unaltered. One of the important determinations of this analysis is identifying any portions that have been recorded over
Jose J. Granda, PhD, PE, is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the California State University in Sacramento, CA. Prof. Granda is a Professional Registered Mechanical Engineer with almost 40 years of experience in the industry. A NASA Fellow, he served as a NASA public spokesman for 17 space shuttle missions.
Degrees and License:
PhD in Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Davis
ME in Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley
MS in Mechanical Engineering, National Polytechnic University, Ecuador
PE (Professional Engineer) License in Mechanical Engineering
Specialized Training: Vehicle Dynamics and Design, Vehicle Safety and Crash Reconstruction, Accident Bio-mechanics, Finite Element Modeling in Computer Aided Design, Advanced Mechanical Design and Failure Analysis, CSUS; Motorcycle Accident reconstruction; EDR Certification, Tech 1, Tech II, EDR Analysis Certification, Collision Safety Institute; Applying Automotive EDR Data to Traffic Crash Reconstruction, SAE Society of Automotive Engineers International; Advanced Accident Reconstruction Utilizing Human Factors course; Photogrammetry for Collision Reconstruction, Lightpoint Data; Bicycle and Pedestrian Accident Reconstructions; Heavy Commercial Vehicles Accident Reconstruction
Litigation Support - Prof. Granda is an expert in Forensic Engineering and Accident Reconstruction using computer simulations. His cases include accidents involving vehicles and people. He offers services to attorneys for plaintiff and defendant which include thorough written reports, depositions, and trial experience.
Durand R. Begault received a PhD in Computer Audio from UC San Diego in 1988 and an MFA from Mills College in 1981. He has been associated with the Audio Forensic Center and Charles M. Salter Associates, Inc. since 1996 and has worked as an expert witness, legal consultant, and acoustical consultant on a variety of audio-related cases since 1988. Dr. Begault also holds a research position at NASA Ames Research Center and is an adjunct faculty member at McGill University. He is the author of several U.S. patents and is qualified as an expert witness in both Federal and State Courts. Dr. Begault has testified in over 40 cases on a variety of audio technology and forensic audio-related cases.
Recordings involving cellular telephones or personal digital assistants (“PDAs”) are increasingly the source evidence in audio forensic examinations, compared to recordings originating with other devices such as hand-held digital recorders. On modern PDA cellular telephones recordings can be made either directly to the telephone or transmitted as voice mail messages. The current investigation focuses on differences in the two types of recordings in terms of dynamic range and linearity of levels. Such information can be important for characterizing the distance of sound sources relative to the microphone and are important for understanding transformation of recorded speech and non-speech sounds.
Written by an author with expertise in both theory and applications, 3D Sound for Virtual Reality and Multimedia provides readers an essential technical foundation in sound and virtual reality. The book covers components of spatial auditory displays; psychoacoustics of spatial hearing; what sounds are appropriate to spatialize; applications to human-machine interfaces (including virtual reality and multimedia); computer music; and room acoustics.
Katherine Mainolfi Koppenhaver, a Board Certified Document Examiner, has been a document examiner for the past 28 years and has testified in court and deposition over 400 times. She has an international clientele. Her book, "Attorney's Guide to Document Examination," was published by Greenwood Press in 2002. Humana Press has recently released her latest book, Forensic Document Examination, Principles and Practice.
She has a large support staff enabling her to handle cases in a timely manner.
Contact Forensic Document Examiners for:
Examination of Questioned Documents
List of 101 Places to Look for Handwriting Specimens
In the past few decades the proliferation of computer equipment has simplified the method of creating fraudulent documents. Desktop publishing is making it easy to create counterfeit documents from letters of credit to forged checks
Ths is the first textbook written specifically for the study of questioned document analysis. The text comprehensively reviews document examination, with specific attention to handwriting identification and forgery detection. Fundamental principles and techniques of document examination are presented throughout in a concise, straightforward manner. Specific concepts attended to include the factors that affect handwriting; the characteristics of handwriting; the guidelines for determining the authenticity or spuriousness of handwriting; and the proper methods for examining a case from start to finish.
California Main Office: 793A East Foothill Blvd., #200 San Luis Obispo, CA 93405
Global Forensic Services, LLC (GFS) is a Forensic Consulting, Laboratory and Investigative Firm offering over 37 years of experience and training in a wide range of forensic science and private investigation disciplines.
Larry Stewart has personally examined tens of thousands of individual items of evidence from sources such as state, local, and federal agencies (e.g. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Secret Service, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, Central Intelligence Agency, and others), and foreign governments. On several occasions he has examined cases involving international disputes between governments.
Mr. Stewart has testified as an Expert Witness in state, federal and military courts of law, as well as in foreign court systems to include; Austria, Australia, Canada, Germany, Sri Lanka and Thailand. He has also testified at The Hague in the Netherlands and three times as an expert before the U.S. Congress.
This book can be purchased directly from the author, It covers the Document Examination profession, tools of the trade, documents defined, interviewing, examination, handwriting analysis, covert and overt investigations, and other related areas.
John Afrides Photography is a full-service custom Demonstrative Evidence production firm specializing in litigation support for personal injury, products liability and medical malpractice attorneys. With 32 years' experience exclusively in the legal evidence field, Mr. Afrides has worked closely with both plaintiff and defense attorneys, experts, doctors and engineers and has worked on over 35,000 different cases. Services range from the creation of custom trial exhibits such as medical illustrations to day-in-the-life videos.
“Our full-service facililty and expert team is able to produce anything from huge trial exhibits 40”x100’ to 5x7 prints. Our state-of-the-art equipment enables us to digitize radiologic films at the highest resolution, capturing every nuance. This is especially critical with mammograms where the detection of breast cancer can be subtle.” “We take the evidence and create a concise simplified demonstrative that highlights the key points of the case.” “All work is done in-house” explains Mr. Afrides.
Mr. Afrides has a background in legal evidence photography and has been a Certified Legal Video Specialist (CLVS) since 1995 (through the NCRA). He also specializes in videotaped depositions, day-in-the-lives, settlement videos and discovery and inspections. Other credentials include lecturing at St. John’s University and at the NY State Judge’s Conference. He is frequently requested to provide expert testimony and do presentations in court. These presentations include video, audio, E-film, 3D and TrialDirector/Powerpoint with all equipment provided.
Also specialized in photo documentation of construction defects utilizing blueprints and building diagrams. High accuracy instruments used to record leveling, squareness and tolerances to 64" or smaller.
#1 "Best Demonstrative Evidence Provider" 8 years running NY Law Journal.
Laurie Hoeltzel, PhDc, a Forensic Document Examiner, has studied handwriting examination and apprenticed under some of the leading court-qualified Forensic Document Experts in the United States. She spent 11 years serving her country in the United States Air Force, including three tours of duty in Iraq, while obtaining a Bachelors degree and Document Examination Certificates. Laurie Hoeltzel has been 100% court-qualified and her testimony has always been allowed.
Litigation Support - Ms. Hoeltzel has reviewed numerous signatures and handwritings, examined case documents, and rendered an opinion on cases in AZ, AL, CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, IN, IA, IL, KS, KY, LA, MI, MD, MO, NV, NJ, NM, NY, NC, NY, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, SC, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WA, Washington D.C.; Montreal & Quebec Canada; Freeport & Nassau, Bahamas. She is court-qualified and attorney-recommended. With over 20 years of experience, she is available for depositions and court testimony when necessary, Ms. Hoeltzel offers her expertise to counsel for both plaintiff and defendant NATIONWIDE!
Areas of Specific Training:
Distinguishing Forged Signatures Techniques
Factors that Affect Writing
Disputed Documents or Signatures Analysis on: Wills, checks, contracts, deeds, account ledgers, mortgages, loans, notary disputes, and medical records. Investigation and Analysis for: Questioned signatures, suspect documents, forgeries, identity theft, robo-signing, anonymous letters, bond authentication, alterations, obliterations, erasures, typewritten documents, altered medical records, graffiti, handwritten numbers, suicide notes, and computerized and handwritten documents.
Long International provides expert engineering and construction claims analysis, expert testimony, project management consulting, and insurance claims analysis services. Our focus is on heavy industrial projects including oil and gas, petroleum refining, petrochemical, chemical, mining/mineral processing, power, cogeneration, and other industrial projects. We analyze claims, not limited to, disputed change orders, schedule delay, acceleration, time extensions, liquidated damages, loss of productivity, defective specifications, and deficient project management performance.
Richard J. Long, P.E., P.Eng., Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Long International, has over 50 years of U.S. and international consulting experience involving construction contract disputes analysis and resolution, arbitration/litigation support and expert testimony, project management, engineering/construction management, cost and schedule control, and process engineering. As an internationally recognized expert in the analysis and resolution of complex construction disputes for over 35 years, Mr. Long has served as the lead expert on over 300 projects having claims ranging in size from US$100,000 to over US$2 billion. He has presented and published numerous articles on claims analysis, entitlement issues, CPM schedule and damages analyses, cumulative impact claims, and claims prevention.
Rod C. Carter, CCP, PSP is President of Long International and has over 20 years of experience in construction project controls, contract disputes and resolution, negotiations, mediation, arbitration support, and expert testimony on scheduling, loss of productivity, and quantum issues. He has experience in entitlement, schedule, and damages analyses on over 30 construction disputes ranging in value from US$100,000 to US$7 billion, related to oil and gas, oil refinery, LNG, heavy civil, nuclear, environmental, chemical, power, industrial, commercial, and residential construction projects. Mr. Carter is proficient in the use of Primavera P6 and P3 software, and he has extensive experience in assessing the impact to engineering and construction works of RFIs, change orders and other events. Mr. Carter specializes in loss of productivity, cumulative impact, and quantum calculations, and had a lead role in assessing damages on more than a dozen major disputes. In addition, Mr. Carter has developed cost and schedule risk analysis models using Monte Carlo simulations to address the uncertainty of estimates and claims.
Michael J. Vallez, P.E., MBA, LEAN SIX SIGMA is a Senior Principal with Long International and has over 40 years of hands-on and leadership experience in project management, engineering/construction management, cost and schedule control, change management, claims, and dispute resolution. He has served in executive management roles for both the owner and contractor working on world-class oil and gas, power, and international mining projects. Mr. Vallez has a proven ability to organize, integrate and manage the work of multi-disciplined technical specialists and project construction teams to achieve corporate financial goals and objectives of return on investment, safety, operational performance, cost, and time. In all, he has provided leadership on several billion dollars’ worth of projects in the chemical, heavy civil, mining, power, oil and gas, industrial, and commercial sectors. Mr. Vallez has written several books on the subjects of construction management, safety, and effective project leadership.
Most construction contracts require written notice for changes, differing site conditions, extra work, or other events which may affect the contractor’s time and cost of performance. The process of giving “notice” is vital to triggering the contract mechanisms that allow the contractor to pursue additional time and cost and to reserve its rights to recover for any unforeseen...
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the internal and external project execution environments. The pandemic has caused impacts of varying degrees to nearly every aspect of projects involving the activity of people. Ordinary practices in the creation of project documentation are robust and are utilized to support the analysis of construction claims. Although project productivity losses may be demonstrable, providing compelling evidence and proof that the losses were caused by the pandemic may not be as easy to demonstrate.
An As-Built But-For Schedule Delay Analysis (ABBF) is a retrospective CPM schedule delay analysis technique that determines the earliest date that the required mechanical completion activity, project completion activity, or various milestone activities could have been achieved but-for the owner-caused compensable delays that occurred during the project.
Contractor’s claim submittals and expert reports are often deficient in proving causation, i.e., the cause-effect linkage. These claims generally outline the owner-caused impacts and separately calculate quantum; however, the two are often not linked in any meaningful way. Most claims are settled prior to a decision by a panel, court, or board, and therefore these deficiencies are not made apparent. Yet, a well-prepared claim document which includes a persuasive and accurate causeeffect analysis can greatly improve the contractor’s chances of a successful recovery, either through negotiations or in arbitration/litigation. This analysis is difficult and often costly to prepare, and is therefore not performed in many disputes, which may be the reason why the claims fail.
The leader of a corporation or project is the individual who must ultimately be willing to take responsibility for results. Within the context of an organization or team made up of individuals, it is the collective performance of the individuals, as a team, that defines the results of the whole. While it can be said that the best motivation is internal motivation as opposed to external motivation, the leader is ultimately the one responsible for creating the conditions where motivation can thrive.
Time is money especially on engineering and construction projects. Because delays in the completion of the project usually result in increased owner, engineer, and contractor costs, the overall time of performance is vital to the financial success of the project. The importance of time is evidenced by the significant role played by CPM schedules, completion dates, and milestones in the bidding and awarding of engineering and construction contracts. The desire to minimize costs and the time of performance often causes the occurrence of acceleration.
In the construction industry, it is largely agreed that overtime work adversely affects labor productivity. However, there is no universally accepted method for estimating the resulting loss of productivity, and many of the studies commonly used to estimate such losses have been subject to criticism by industry experts and the courts.
The Collapsed As-Built Windows Schedule Analysis (AACE® International Recommended Practice 29R-03, Method Implementation Protocol 3.9) is a modeled, subtractive, multiple-base method. It is a retrospective CPM schedule analysis which is typically used to prove entitlement for compensable delay and assess concurrency of delay within a window of time. The analysis simulates the as-built conditions within a schedule window and then delays are removed from the CPM model. If the forecasted project finish date “collapses” but-for or absent compensable delays, then entitlement for compensable time-related costs can be demonstrated. This article addresses the usage of the Collapsed As-Built Windows protocol and the advantages and disadvantages of the methodology.
The "discrete damages/cost variance analysis method" for quantifying construction claim damages involves the specific distribution of all costs incurred on the project rather than quantifying only certain parts of the cost or damage analysis as may be used in the other methods.
ABSTRACT - This paper provides guidelines to commercial construction cost engineers for the development of a plan for obtaining and utilizing subcontractor cost information for use in bidding, procurement, scheduling, change order management, and claim management. The paper is based upon personal field experience gained in cost engineering, scheduling, bidding, planning, contracting, and claim analyses.
A component of a construction claim often relates to the cost, quantity, and quality of the materials that the contractor installed on a project. The contractor frequently purchases these materials and agrees to install the quantities of materials on a unit price basis, i.e., a unit price that includes both the cost of the materials and the cost to install them.
Most construction contracts, whether they are standard or customized forms, usually contain specific provisions related expressly to the process of giving "notice." The notice generally refers to an obligation on the part of the Contractor to notify the relevant party administering the contract, normally the architect, resident engineer, or owner's representative, of a claim or change event that gives rise to possible additional entitlement for time and/or cost.
The equitable allocation of responsibility for project delays is essential to the resolution of many construction disputes. Contractors frequently assert that they have been delayed for reasons beyond their control. Owners often remain unconvinced that the Contractor is legitimately entitled to a time extension or delay, acceleration and loss of productivity damages.
Marc Glickstein, MD, FACR, is a partner in a large private practice radiology group, on the senior medical staff of 8 area hospitals, and an assistant clinical professor of Radiology at University of CT School of Medicine. He has over 27 years of active clinical involvement in Neuroradiology, as well as General Radiology including MRI, Mammography, CT, and Ultrasound.
Dr. Glickstein is a Fellow of The American College of Radiology and a Past President and Officer of The Radiology Society of CT. He is the author of over 25 peer-reviewed articles.
Dr. Glickstein offers litigation support services to attorneys for both Plaintiff and Defense. He has testified as a medico-legal expert over 20 times in the past five years. With his medical background and experience in photography, Dr. Glickstein specializes in providing Medical Demonstrative Evidence to attorneys in personal injury and medical malpractice cases.
Areas of Expertise:
CT & CAT Scan
Demonstrative Evidence - medical
Personal Injury Evaluation
Education: MD, Yale University School of Medicine; University of Pennsylvania; Yale-New Haven Hospital; BA, Brandeis University.
Radiology is a critical component of most medical care. As a consequence of this, legal cases in which individuals are claiming injuries will frequently have imaging studies as a central aspect of the record. Demonstrative evidence can be used as an important instrument in helping to lay the proper foundation for creating a compelling and memorable argument in the presentation of a legal case