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Machinery (General / Rotated) Expert Witnesses

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Jeffery H. Warren, PhD, PE , CSP
Chief Engineer & CEO
Mail: PO Box 1608
Visit: 7805 Saint Andrews Road
Irmo SC 29063
USA
phone: 888- 827-7823 / 803-732-6600
fax: 803-732-7576
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Jeffery H. Warren, PhD, PE, CSP is Chief Engineer and CEO of The Warren Group. A licensed professional engineer in 14 states, he holds a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of North Carolina as well as a Master of Science and a Doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University — all with machine design emphasis. 

Background Experience - A former research engineer for DuPont at the Savannah River Laboratory, Dr. Warren designed, patented, and built an incinerator to burn radioactive waste. He also taught mathematics and engineering at the University of South Carolina in Aiken. Later, Dr. Warren was chief machine designer and owner of Warren Engineering Company, Inc., which designed and built special machinery for manufacturing automation. He combined his passion for keeping people safe with his knowledge of mechanical engineering, machine design, risk assessment, and safety to pursue a career in forensic engineering. 

Dr. Warren is a Certified Safety Professional in engineering aspects and a Certified Fire and Explosion Investigator. He has investigated more than 2,000 claims involving property damage and injuries related to machinery, equipment, and products since 1987. Dr. Warren is a court-qualified expert in mechanical engineering, machine design, risk assessment, and safety. He’s also testified in several hundred depositions and more than 75 trials in state and federal court. He has successfully passed Daubert challenges. Dr. Warren was on the committee that authored the ANSI Technical Report, ANSI B11.TR3-2000 entitled, “Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction – A Guide to Estimate, Evaluate and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools.” He regularly investigates personal injury and wrongful death product liability claims as well as property damage claims involving machinery and equipment in both manufacturing and construction workplaces for both the plaintiff and the defense. He has a reputation for thoroughly analyzing each case to provide precise, understandable, fact-based opinions. 

Dr. Warren has a way of making complicated mechanical engineering, machine design, risk assessment and safety concepts understandable to the ordinary person. He also presents classes and seminars on topics ranging from investigation of machinery and equipment, unintentional injury claims, subrogation and SAFETYTHROUGHDESIGN®. 

Areas of Expertise:

  • Machine Design and Safeguarding
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Risk Assessment
  • Safety
Welcome to the second part in our multipart blog series examining a young boy's fall and injury at a public playground. If you missed the first part in this series, click www.warrenforensics.com/2017/10/11/children-will-fall-at-playgrounds-what-shall-we-do-to-protect-them-a-multipart-blog-series-part-i/ to read it. In this post, we will highlight some resources that designers of public playgrounds can use to help ensure their designs are reasonably safe.

In 2011, a 5-year old boy was severely injured at a public playground when he fell through a second floor opening around a fireman's pole in a playhouse. He fell more than seven feet and struck a bare concrete floor. We are thankful that he eventually recovered from his injuries. The person who designed and built the playground was accused of negligence. A lawsuit ensued, and eventually settled in favor of the boy.

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Matthew Warren
Main Contact
Mail: PO Box 1608
Visit: 7805 Saint Andrews Road
Irmo SC 29063
USA
phone: 888- 827-7823 / 803-732-6600
fax: 803-732-7576
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Warren Forensic Engineers and Consultants, founded in 1997, is extremely well versed in the disciplines of Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, Structural, and Fire and Explosion investigation. Their engineers are known for delivering the truth — origin, cause, responsibility, and cost of an event or claim — with unmistakable clarity. Warren Forensics provides technical investigations and analyses of personal injury and property claims as well as expert testimony for insurance adjusters and attorneys. Each member of their engineering team is a licensed professional engineer (P.E.) in multiple states. Beyond engineering expertise, their engineers and consultants also hold a variety of other certifications including Certified Fire and Explosion Investigator, Certified Vehicle Fire Investigator, Certified Fire Investigation Instructor, CMSE®-Certified Machine Safety Expert, Certified Safety Professional, Certified Building Inspector, and Certified Property and Evidence Specialist. 

Types of Loss:

  • Chemical: Ammonia - Confined Space - OSHA
  • Collision: Animal - ATV - Automotive - Bicycle - Farm Equipment - Motorcycle - Pedestrian - Truck
  • Commercial: Construction Defects - Construction Related Losses - Electrical and Control Systems - Liability Claims - Lightning Damage - Mechanical Systems - Roofing - Slip, Trip and Fall - Structural - Water Damage - Workplace Injuries
  • Fires and Explosions: Boiler - Commercial - CSST - Dust Explosions - Electrical - Fire Protection Systems - Industrial - LP and Natural Gas - Machinery and Equipment - Marine - Residential - Spontaneous Combustion - Structural - Vehicle and Mobile Equipment - Welding and Hot Work
  • Industrial: Boilers and Pressure Vessels - Construction Defects - Construction Related Losses - Cranes, Hoists, Lifting and Rigging - Electrical and Control Systems - Industrial Process Equipment - Liability Claims - Lightning Damage - Machinery and Equipment - Material Handling - Mechanical Systems - Roofing - Slip, Trip and Fall - Structural - Water Damage - Workplace Injuries
  • Inland and Ocean: Boilers and Pressure Vessels - Bulk Material Handling - Cargo Damage Assessment - Cargo Handling - Cranes, Hoists, Lifting and Rigging - Docks and Piers - Machinery and Equipment - Marinas - Marine Collisions - Marine Fire Protection Systems - Marine Liability Analysis - Mechanical and Electrical Systems - Slip, Trip and Fall - Workplace Injuries
  • Residential: Construction Defects - Construction Related Losses - Electrical Systems - Lightning Damage - Mechanical Systems - Roofing - Slip, Trip and Fall - Structural - Water Damage
  • Subrogation: Consumer Products - Electrical - Fire and Explosions - Machinery and Equipment - Workers’ Compensation
  • Catastrophic: Earthquake - Flood - Freeze, Ice and Snow - Hail Storm - Hurricane - Tornado - Wildfire - Wind Storm and Wind Shear

Featured Experts:

10/8/2018 · Chemical Industry
On December 3, 1984, at a pesticide ingredient manufacturing facility owned by Union Carbide, a leak occurred in the Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) plant. Due to the toxic nature of the gases released and the plant's proximity to local residences, the death toll was in the thousands; both plant workers and nearby residents. The first recorded public meeting in response to this incident was on December 9th, in Institute, WV, the site of Union Carbide's only US MIC production unit. Full disclosure: my father was a research & development chemist for Union Carbide and Institute is about 10 miles down the Kanawha River from my hometown of Charleston, WV.

Welcome to the second part in our multipart blog series examining a young boy's fall and injury at a public playground. If you missed the first part in this series, click www.warrenforensics.com/2017/10/11/children-will-fall-at-playgrounds-what-shall-we-do-to-protect-them-a-multipart-blog-series-part-i/ to read it. In this post, we will highlight some resources that designers of public playgrounds can use to help ensure their designs are reasonably safe.

Many people just take for granted that something is just going to work, and in many cases assume that it will work forever. One such device that does not get enough attention is the Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI). Simply put, a GFCI is a protective device that compares the current flowing on the hot and neutral wires of the circuit and will "trip" to disconnect power to the circuit if a small imbalance of current is detected. The imbalance of current is an indication of a dangerous alternate path for the current to flow from a damaged line cord or a fault inside an appliance and constitutes a shock hazard to a person.

In 2011, a 5-year old boy was severely injured at a public playground when he fell through a second floor opening around a fireman's pole in a playhouse. He fell more than seven feet and struck a bare concrete floor. We are thankful that he eventually recovered from his injuries. The person who designed and built the playground was accused of negligence. A lawsuit ensued, and eventually settled in favor of the boy.

Event Data Recorders (EDRs) were first introduced by General Motors (GM) in 1974. That data was only available to GM; however, since 1994 more and more vehicle EDR’s have recorded data that can be gathered. The data captured can be imaged and is being used by vehicle manufacturers, law enforcement officers, and collision reconstructionists to better understand what is happening in a collision. In accident investigation, EDRs have the potential to provide independent measurements of crash data that would elsewise be estimated by reconstruction methodology.

6/27/2018 · Corrosion
When thinking about the safe operation of boilers (and don't we all?), several systems can readily be named; flame control, fuel/air ratio; steam pressure control, levels in the vessel, etc. What about the water? It seems so passive, as long as there is enough for level control, what's the big deal? Well, it turns out, that as the steam produced by a boiler is used in the process, the condensate from that steam is returned to the boiler as feedwater. However, since 100% of the condensate is not returned, whatever solids had been in that water before it evaporated to form steam are left in the remaining water. Fresh feedwater is added to maintain levels, but even fresh water contains some dissolved solids. So over time, the water in the boiler system gets saturated with all sorts of dissolved minerals.

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John Phillips, PE, CFEI
Senior Consulting Engineer
Mail: PO Box 1608
Visit: 7805 Saint Andrews Road
Irmo SC 29063
USA
phone: 888- 827-7823 / 803-732-6600
fax: 803-732-7576
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John Phillips, PE, CFEI, Senior Consulting Engineer, has more than 30 years of Crane and Heavy Equipment experience and more than 20 years of experience in forensic engineering. In addition to holding a Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of South Carolina, Mr. Phillips is a Licensed Professional Engineer in South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana, Ohio and Minnesota. He is NCEES registered both as a model engineer and with The United States Council for International Engineering Practice. During his career, Mr. Phillips has designed crane systems, supervised installation, tested and certified lifting equipment even serving as a project engineer for maintenance and certification of nuclear weapon lifting and handling systems. His extensive experience helps him determine the cause and scope of damage for crane, hoist, and other lift equipment incidents. In addition, he’s a certified Fire and Explosion Investigator and a certified Fire Investigator Instructor by the National Association of Fire Investigators. 

Mr. Phillips is adept at determining the origin, cause, and scope of damage for equipment and structural fires. He also evaluates consumer and industrial equipment for product defects, guarding, and safety issues. He has testified in depositions and trials in state and federal court. Mr. Phillips is a member of the International Code Council (ICC), American Society of Materials (ASM) and the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM), as well as a voting member of the ASTM Performance of Buildings, Forensic Sciences, Forensic Engineering, and Ships & Marine committees. 

Areas of Expertise:

  • Cranes and Heavy Machinery
  • Hoist and Lifts
  • Crane / Heavy Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Fires and Explosions
  • Industrial Accident Reconstruction
  • Machinery Damage Assessment
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Roger Davis, PE, CFEI
Senior Consulting Engineer
Mail: PO Box 1608
Visit: 7805 Saint Andrews Road
Irmo SC 29063
USA
phone: 888- 827-7823 / 803-732-6600
fax: 803-732-7576
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Roger Davis, PE, CFEI, Senior Consulting Engineer, is a Licensed Professional Engineer in South Carolina, North Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. Mr. Davis holds a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering and a Master of Business Administration from the University of South Carolina. He also has a certificate in Crane Safety from the Georgia Institute of Technology, Distance Learning and Professional Education Center as well as certificates in Fire and Explosion Investigation and Vehicle Fire Investigation.

Mr. Davis is experienced with municipal water, sanitary sewer, and storm water system design, construction, and operations. His expertise also includes property damage and personal injury investigations involving municipal utilities. Mr. Davis is an accomplished gas and diesel engine mechanic and has more than 30 years of experience with hydraulic plumbing and piping issues. He gained practical experience in hydraulics, fluid flow, tanks, and material handling with the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) and Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc., the largest hazardous and industrial waste firm in North America. He also gained experience in industrial operations as a Manufacturing Engineer.

Roger Davis has investigated claims and injuries ranging from pressure piping system failures and material and personnel handling equipment to large engine failures and fires involving machinery, generators and vehicles.

Areas of Expertise:
  • Aerial Lifts
  • Failure Analysis
  • Industrial and Accident Reconstruction
  • Machine Safeguarding
  • Products Liability Vehicle
  • Mechanical Failure
  • Water and Sewer Systems
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    Dr. Irving Ojalvo
    Managing Partner
    137 E. 36th Street, Suite 7K
    New York NY 10016
    USA
    phone: 800-358-9909
    fax: 888-358-9901
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    Additional Locations
    New England Offices:
    1011 High Ridge Road
    Stamford, CT 06905


    Forensic Engineering: We have a highly qualified team of Mechanical, Biomechanical, Electrical and Civil engineers, most of whom hold doctorates or other advanced engineering degrees from top universities. Our engineers have hundreds of publications, and are active in safety and accident research. Over the past decades, our engineers have helped thousands of attorneys and others pursue their cases.

    Selected Areas of Expertise:Degrees/Licenses: BS, MS, MA, PhD, ScD, PE
    Airbags are credited with reducing numerous injuries and saving many lives during vehicle accidents. However, there have been incidents where they do not function as intended, and have even caused injuries such as explosive powder burns, detached eye retinas, child suffocation and impact deaths.

    Animations are useful visual tools that can help jurors understand how an incident could, or could not, have occurred. Simply describing an event in court, or showing still pictures, may be insufficient to explain a complex sequence of events.

    Biomechanics is the application of mechanics to the interaction of biological systems with their external environment. When investigating an accident, biomechanical analysis can be used to reconstruct a victim’s motion and relate it to his injuries.

    When an understanding of complex motions associated with various accidents is required, computer simulation is an invaluable tool, which allows the modeling and visualization of rollovers and collisions. In addition to vehicle accidents, computer simulation can also be used to create many other systems of masses and contacting surfaces, such as a toppling light pole after it has been struck.

    Construction sites and equipment present many hazards if proper care is not taken. The space in and around a construction site is often filled with potentially dangerous, high-powered equipment capable of delivering high forces.

    Doors and gates, whether automated or manual, can pose a serious hazard to users if not designed, manufactured, installed and maintained properly. The different types include automatic doors, overhead garage doors, elevator doors, sliding doors, swinging doors, and automatic gates.

    Electric fires are becoming more common as appliances and electric feeds are used more and more in our daily lives. Like other fires, the root cause of an electric fire is the introduction of heat, oxygen, and fuel.

    Electric power and electronic appliances are so integrated with modern life that there is a high degree of likelihood that everyone will receive one or more electric shocks in a lifetime. In many cases, only trivial power levels are involved.

    Second only to automobile accidents, falls are the leading cause of injury and deaths. Of these, accidents due to slipping or tripping form a large proportion. Slips and trips occur on floors, streets, walkways, stairs, etc.

    Forklifts, industrial trucks, skid steer loaders, bobcats and other similar material-handling machines are often difficult to maneuver and susceptible to a wide range of accidents. Their nature exposes operators and nearby co-workers to falling loads, crushing hazards and lading dock falls.

    There are roughly 9,000 golf cart related accidents requiring emergency room treatment in the United States each year. The majority of these accidents are related to either braking, cart rollover or passenger ejection. These problems are common to golf carts due to their open design, lack of seatbelts, poor braking capabilities and the uneven terrains they are driven on.

    The primary function of all guarding is to prevent an operator or bystander from being injured by a potentially dangerous portion of a machine. Often the hazard involves moving parts with the potential to cut, crush or draw-in body parts, although barrier guards may also be necessary when electrical, thermal or chemical dangers are present.

    Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) is a branch of science, which is concerned with man’s interaction with his universe. Thus, it is not simply the study of pure science (e.g. sound or light), but rather man’s understanding and reactions (e.g. to hear and see).

    There are over 100,000 ladder accidents annually in the U.S. requiring hospital emergency room treatment. Although many of these result from user misuse, such as an improper extension ladder lean angle against a wall causing it to slip outward, use of a damaged ladder, or failing to lock a step ladder’s spreaders, many ladders fail due to design or manufacturing defects.

    Motorcycles, like passenger cars, are capable of high speeds and must share the road with other vehicles. However, unlike passenger cars, motorcycles are capable of rapid accelerations, offer little protection to the operator during a collision and require special skills to maneuver effectively.

    In many vehicle accident investigations, it is necessary to know not only the speeds and motions of the vehicles involved, but the causes of injuries suffered by their occupants as well. Such investigations seek to answer questions regarding occupant ejection, effects of seatbelt use, airbag deployment and body-interior impacts.

    Parking lots are the scene of many pedestrian accidents because of the close proximity of people and cars and the confusing traffic patterns that sometimes exist. In addition to pedestrian-vehicle collisions, many trip and fall accidents occur in parking lots as well.

    Though swimming pool accidents are sometimes the result of reckless participant behavior, they can also be caused by inadequate supervision, warnings, structures, or defective pool design. Structures commonly found in or near swimming pools include slides, ladders, diving surfaces and fencing.

    Approximately 125,000 serious injuries occur in the US each year related to the use of portable and fixed power saws. Lacerations and similar injuries, such as abrasions and avulsions, account for over 90% of these, which generally occur to males and result in losses in the tens of millions of dollars annually.

    An end user of a product expects that a given product will not only function as intended, but will be safe from non-obvious hazards. Based upon decades of experience with mishaps during use of common and specialized equipment, thousands of standards have been developed for many consumer products and industrial equipment. Numerous organizations exist, e.g., ANSI, ASTM, SAE, and ASME, that regularly review and update these standards.

    Places of business, residences, parking and recreational areas contain potential accident sources such as slippery floors and stairs, product displays, automatic doors, ledges, railings, elevators, escalators and other hazardous items. To prevent such items from causing injury to the public, premises owners and their agents have a responsibility to recognize unsafe conditions and exercise reasonable care to maintain or make conditions safe, or warn the public of the risks involved.

    Supermarkets, pharmacies, home improvement, and department stores expose their customers to many potential accident sources such as floors and aisles, which can become unsafe, and display merchandize that can topple or cause tripping. To prevent such accidents from occurring, these establishments should maintain routine scheduled inspections to insure that unsafe conditions are detected and corrected before accidents occur.

    In many vehicle rollover investigations, it is necessary to know not only the speeds and motions of the vehicles involved, but the causes of injuries suffered by their occupants as well. Such investigations seek to answer questions regarding occupant ejection, effects of seatbelt use, roof crush and body-interior impacts.

    Motor vehicle seatbelt use provides highly effective protection in frontal collisions for impact angles up to 30 degrees off-center (i.e. between 11 and 1 o’clock). All states have laws requiring their use for front seat passengers, as they have been shown to reduce moderate to severe injuries by 50%. They are less effective when your car is hit in the rear or side and sometimes their locking devices malfunction or the anchorage gives way.

    Recreation, sports, and gym equipment are subjected to large dynamic forces and must be designed to support these loads and protect users from unintentional hazards. Adequate instructions and warnings may be required if their assembly and proper use are not obvious.

    Codes and standards specify criteria necessary to ensure that a product, material or process will consistently and safely perform its intended function. Although standards provide minimum design requirements, conforming to a standard is not always sufficient in preventing an accident.

    Structural failure can often produce catastrophic results. In many cases, the damage seen after the accident is not indicative of the cause of the initial failure. Fortunately, based on physical evidence, an investigator can frequently determine how and why a structure failed.

    Heavy trucks, whether tractor-trailers, construction vehicles or garbage haulers, are involved in many serious traffic accidents due to their large weight, high centers of gravity, decreased visibility, poor handling and reduced braking efficiency. In addition, articulated tractor-trailers are subject to additional problems such as jack-knife and trailer sway instabilities.

    Motor vehicle accidents are the most common type of incidents producing injury in the US. The main issues in litigating automotive accidents involve vehicle speeds, seatbelt usage, airbag deployment, vehicle component failure (e.g. steering, braking), roadway design, occupant biomechanics, rollover, visibility, etc.

    A person’s interaction with his environment comes largely from visual cues. Without this information, a pedestrian can trip over an unseen object or a driver might not detect a dangerous situation. In order to avoid these hazards, a person requires adequate lighting and should be provided with appropriate illumination for a given task.

    A warning must inform individuals of a danger, which would not be obvious to them. It must tell them how to avoid the danger, and be easily understood. It should also provide them with the consequences of not heading the warning.

    A car is stopped for a light when it is unexpectedly rear-ended causing little or no damage to either vehicle. Nevertheless, the passengers of the struck vehicle complain of neck, shoulder and back pain. Insurance claim representatives, attorneys, medical, engineering and biomedical experts are then brought in and various conflicting allegations, testimony and opinions are expressed.

    Pedestrian and bicycle accidents in the United States result in approximately 80,000 and 50,000 injuries each year, respectively. Though pedestrians and bicycles move differently, they share important characteristics as both have little protection during a roadway collision with a motor vehicle.

    7/14/2009 · Human Factors
    A standard can be defined as a document issued by a recognized agency, and dealing with design and/or safety requirements relating to a specific product or type of activity. Such agencies include the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (051-IA) and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). OSHA standards are generally legally binding for an employer, while ANSI standards are generally of an advisory nature. The term "industry standard," however, is ordinarily taken to have a broader meaning, including formal standards as just defined, and also including designs and procedures not required in formal standards, though prevailing in a specific industry, and which represent generally accepted custom and practice.

    7/14/2009 · Forensic Analysis
    Persons with no training in engineering are generally unaware of the nature of engineering analysis, and so tend to assume that testing, as a means of determining the causation of accidents, is a dominant tool of the engineer. In the following examples, we shall undertake to explain the nature of engineering analysis, and to show that it is more basic than testing because testing without analysis is meaningless. Further, while analysis is always necessary in accident reconstruction, testing is only sometimes necessary.

    There are approximately 180,000 lawnmower accidents per year. In this introductory presentation, we undertake to describe the various ways in which these accidents occur.

    7/14/2009 · Forensic Analysis
    Second to automobile accidents, accidents due to falls are the leading cause of injury and death. Of these, accidents due to slipping (not tripping) form a large proportion. Slipping may occur on floors, walkways, and stairs or steps. For Introductory purposes, however, the present discussion will be limited to slipping on flat surfaces such as a floor or sidewalk.

    7/14/2009 · Human Factors
    When a person becomes aware of a dangerous situation, a time-interval must elapse before he can take defensive action against it. This time interval, commonly called the reaction time, has been found to be about 0.7 second for all normal persons, regardless of their background and training. This suggests that the reaction time depends on some basic aspect of the human physiology-involving the brain, nervous system, and muscles-which does not vary much from person to person.

    A car is stopped for a light when it is unexpectedly rear-ended by a vehicle from behind. It is not a hard impact and there is little or no damage to either vehicle, because the energy absorbing bumpers have protected them. Nevertheless, the passengers of the struck vehicle complain of neck, shoulder and back pain. The next day they allegedly experience even greater pain and visit a medical person who claims that they have been injured. Insurance claim representatives, attorneys, medical, engineering and biomedical experts are then brought in and various conflicting allegations, testimony and opinions are expressed. Do we have a legitimate injury claim on our hands or a situation of fraud?

    7/14/2009 · Forensic Analysis
    Accident reconstructionists are often called on to determine the distance that a car, covers while being braked to a stop. Conversely, the reconstructionist may be given information as to the length of the skidmarks left by a car on the roadway, and may be asked to determine how fast the car must have been going at the beginning of the skid. An expert can accomplish this with considerable accuracy, based on a knowledge of the physical principles that are involved, plus available information relating to the friction of tires on various types of road surfaces.

    7/14/2009 · Forensic Analysis
    According to the Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC), there are approximately 10,000 golf car related injuries requiring emergency room treatment in the US each year. One significant mode of injury in golf car accidents is passenger ejection, which can lead to serious injuries, especially of the head. Based on CPSC statistics, roughly 35% of golf car accidents involve a person falling out of the car. In addition to ejection accidents, at least 10% of golf car accidents involve a rollover and statistics indicate that such accidents are roughly twice as likely to lead to injuries requiring a hospital stay as non-rollover accidents.

    7/14/2009 · Forensic Analysis
    According to Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) accident estimates, tens of thousands of stepladder accidents requiring emergency room treatment occurred annually in the United States. Approximately 85-90% of these accidents involve the user falling from the ladder and 8-9% of these injuries are serious enough to require that the victim be admitted to a hospital. In addition to posing a severe health concern, these accidents have significant loss-of-wages and high medical expense implications.

    11/30/2005 · Expert Witnessing
    Participation of the proper automotive expert in a personal injury lawsuit can govern its success. This article develops four basic principles to optimize their use, while minimizing their cost, and describes some important techniques used by the accident reconstructionist

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    Peter R. Walsh, PE, ESCP, AT
    115 Teaticket Path
    Teaticket MA 02536
    USA
    phone: 774-327-9470
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    Peter R. Walsh, PE, is a Licensed Professional Electrical Engineer with over 35 years of experience. He is an NFPA 70E Certified “Electrical Safety Compliance Professional” and OSHA “Authorized Trainer” for General Industry Training.

    Background - Mr. Walsh joined General Electric Company early in his career as a Field Engineer. Since then, he has seen many electrical incidents in a variety of roles and companies. He began his forensic career with GE supplying analyses to their legal team. He has forensically investigated incidents in the proximity of electrical equipment, such as fuses, and provided application assistance for a total of 20 years with the largest fuse companies.

    Mr. Walsh has applied electrical products in accordance with National Electrical Code, OSHA regulations, IEEE Standards, and good practices. He has provided technical leadership to electrical industry codes and standards organizations. Presently he is a member of Code Making Panel 10 of the National Electrical Code, which is responsible for Overcurrent and Service Protection. His first appointment to the National Electrical Code was for the 2008 code cycle.

    Mr. Walsh served on other NFPA technical committees such as 110 and 111 and participated in meetings with NFPA 70E committees. NFPA recognizes him as Electrical Safety Compliance Professional. Within IEEE, he has served this Standards Organization enough to obtain Lifetime Membership. He has written numerous articles about arc flash, arc flash calculations, surge arrestors, and general electrical industry equipment.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Walsh provides expert witness services for cases involving Electrical Safety. His services are available to attorneys representing plaintiff and defendant and include site review, thorough reports, depositions, and trial testimony when needed. OSHA recognizes Mr. Walsh as an “Authorized Trainer” for General Industry. He trains electrical maintenance people in latest Safety Standards- NFPA 70E, OSHA General Industry, and the National Electrical Code.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Workplace Electrical Safety
    • NFPA 70E
    • OSHA General Industry-Electrical
    • National Electrical Code
    • Electrical Overcurrent Protection
    • Arc Flash
  • Arc Flash Requirements
  • Electrocution
  • Electrical Maintenance
  • Electrical Fuses & Applications
  • Fuse Forensics
  • Investigation of Electrical Shock & Surge
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    Bransford Pickett, PE
    PE Mechanical Engineering
    1356 Santa Olivia Road
    Chula Vista CA 91913
    USA
    phone: 619-977-7693
    fax: 619-781-8752
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    Bransford Pickett, PE, DFE, BSc, MScBA, has over 25 years of experience as a Mechanical Engineer. SEFS expertise includes design and review of material handling equipment, material handling management, and ship board systems. SEFS offers litigation support services for Accident Investigation and Reconstruction covering failure analysis, process simulation, regulatory compliance, equipment reliability, and personal injury / safety. His materials handling and engineering services are offered to attorneys, insurance and end user companies nationally and internationally.

    Mr. Pickett is a member on the American Society of Mechanical Engineers B30 committee on Safety Codes and Standards for cranes and rigging as well as a member of several subcommittees. He is also a member of American Society of Mechanical Engineers P30 Committee- Planning for the Use of Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Cableways and Lifting Accessories. ASME BTH Standards Committee.

    Mr. Pickett is a Professional Engineer, and holds a BSE from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and a MScBA in Finance from San Diego State University, as well as a board certified Diplomate Forensic Engineer. He has qualified as an expert witness in the State of New York Supreme Court and the State of California Supreme Court.

    Accident Investigation:
    • Man baskets, Forklifts, Scissors Lifts, Aerial Lifts, Rigging Gear, Hydraulic Jacks, and Hydraulic / pneumatic Lift Systems, Automotive Lift Systems, Conveyors, Pallet and Packages Conveyors, Pneumatic Systems, Machine tools, Boats, Barges, and Elevators
    • Tower, Mobile, Bridge, Truck, Portal, Container, Jib and Floating Barge Cranes, and Derricks
    • Operator training compliance to National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators, NCCCO, requirements for tower crane, mobile crane, overhead crane, articulating crane operator training and certification, signal person, and rigger certification
    • Compliance covers applicable national and international standards that include the ABS, ASTM, ASM, ASME, ANSI, WSTDA, ALI, etc. and DIN, EN, FEM to list a few. National regulations include state and federal OSHA requirements as well as DOE, military specifications and standards
    View Bransford Pickett's Consulting Profile.
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    Mark E. Briggs, CSP, ARM
    1314 Theodore Drive
    Champaign IL 61821
    USA
    phone: 217-840-0235
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    Mark Briggs Safety Risk Management Expert PhotoMark E. Briggs is a Certified Safety Professional (CSP) with over thirty years of success as a risk management and safety professional. Mr. Briggs has served in the commercial insurance industry, as the Risk Manager and Chief Risk Officer for two Level 1 Research Universities, and is a co-founder of Safety Management Resources Corporation (SMRC). SMRC has provided continuing support to clients in the construction, manufacturing, education, and service industries for over twenty years.

    Mr. Briggs works successfully with organizations to develop and implement comprehensive safety and risk management initiatives designed to ensure conformance with industry best practices, relevant consensus standards, and governmental regulations. These efforts integrate corporate values into the organizational culture at all levels, increasing operational effectiveness, eliminating employee injuries and property losses, and maximizing the protection of corporate assets and the reputation of the enterprise.

    Mr. Briggs serves as an adjunct faculty member in Illinois State University’s safety degree program, while also acting as the chair of the department’s advisory board. He is engaged with numerous national panels, boards, and task forces sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigations, the Department of Justice, the Department of Education, and others. He has also supported the U.S. Olympic Committee in a variety of functions directly related to safety and risk management.

    Litigation Support - Mark Briggs provides expert witness and litigation support services for both plaintiff and defense matters, drawing on his extensive professional experience, formal education, and continuing studies. He brings to each case his first-hand knowledge of industry customs and practices, a deep understanding of relevant consensus standards, and significant experience in the interpretation and application of government regulations. Mark’s background includes case review, investigation, development of detailed reports, and experience providing testimony in Circuit, State, and Federal Courts throughout the country.

    Areas of Expertise:
  • Risk Assessments and Safety Audits
  • Construction Safety and Regulatory Compliance
  • Industrial Safety and Regulatory Compliance
  • Accident and Incident Investigation
  • Confined Space Entry Operations
  • Fall Protection Systems and Solutions
  • Ladder and Scaffold Safety
  • Cranes, Hoists, and Rigging Safety
  • Excavation and Trenching Operations
  • Machinery and Equipment Safety
  • Occupational Health & Safety / OSHA Compliance
  • Recreational Facilities & Activities Safety
  • Premises Liability
  • K-12 and Higher Education Operations, Management & Facility Safety
  • Slip, Trip & Fall Prevention
  • Enterprise Risk Management
  • Business Continuity and Emergency Management
  • Worker's Compensation Insurance
  • View Mark E. Briggs' Consulting Profile.
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    Greg Gerganoff, CSP, Esq.
    Certified Safety Professional

    Denver, CO
    All States USA
    phone: 303-330-4616
    Rocky-Mountain-Safety-Consulting-Logo.jpg

    Greg Gerganoff OSHA Safety Expert Photo


    Greg Gerganoff, CSP, Esq., possesses extensive experience in the safety compliance and practice involving OSHA and MSHA.  He obtained is law degree from Western Michigan University, Cooley Law School and practiced general civil law forapproximately 12 years in Colorado prior to  entering the safety profession.  He earned a Certified Safety Professional certification and has 18 years field safety experience in mining, oil and gas, construction, manufacturing, power plant outages and light rail construction.


    • An Authorized Outreach Trainer for OSHA General Industry.
    • A PEC Safeland Basic and Core instructor (Oil and gas).
    • An MSHA Approved Instructor (Blue Card) for Surface, Metal/nonmetal.
    • A member of American Society of Safety Professionals.

    His professional safety experience includes OSHA / MSHA Safety field work and compliance with experience in the heavy construction, manufacturing, light rail construction, power plant outages, public schools, oil and gas, mining, pipeline, and trenching and excavation industries.

    Litigation Support: Mr. Gerganoff assists with discovery questions regarding safety matters. Safety opinions based upon statutory, administrative, judicial rulings and related industry association safety policies ancillary to OSHA and MSHA.   Mr. Gerganoff is retained by attorneys for both Plaintiff and Defendant.

    Some of the subject matter litigation he has handled include:

    • Forklift Safety and Operation
    • Lock Out Tag Out/Natural Gas Compressor Stations
    • Oil and Gas Explosion/Fire
    • Mining Stock Pile Management
    • Commercial Property Stairway
    • Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety
    • Crane and Aerial Lift Safety
    • Mining Pre-Shift Inspection, OSHA v MSHA Jurisdiction
    • Traffic Control Plans/MUTCD
    • Working at Heights, Employee Safety Training
    • Stairway/Ladder Safety-Oil and Gas General Industry

    View Greg Gerganoff's Consulting Profile.

    10/11/2018 · OSHA
    When personal injury events occur legal negligence actions may arise. Common law negligence is established by plaintiff showing defendant owed plaintiff a legal duty, to conform to a standard of care, defendant breached that duty, plaintiff suffered injury and there is a causal relationship between the breach and injury.

    5/16/2018 · Expert Witnessing
    Lawyers and courts turn to expert witnesses to provide triers of fact with explanations of aspects of a case that are not commonly known. It is the subject matter expert's education, experience, and skill in a particular area that will help the triers of fact to reach a well-informed conclusion/decision. Examples of expert witnesses include medical doctors, accountants, engineers, DNA scientists, and more. Lawyers (and the courts) will employ an expert witness to shed more light upon factual issues for the purpose of discerning the truth. In short, expert witnesses educate, clarify, and explain a subject that is not common knowledge for most people.

    10/17/2017 · Expert Witnessing
    The employ of expert witnesses in litigation is typically undertaken to help the decider of fact (judge or jury) decipher an area of specialized knowledge which is key to the case. The expert report serves the primary purpose of "educating" deciders of fact on topics not commonly known to the general public. However, a noncomplying expert report can wreak havoc on a case, increase costs or worse, have the expert's testimony precluded in whole or part from use at trial. This of course is contrary to the purpose of retaining an expert in the first place. Understanding the parameters of compliance (C.R.C.P. 26 (a) (2) (B) (I)) and how sanctions for non-compliance (C.R.C.P. 37 (c) (1)) may be applied is important not only for legal counsel but the expert as well under the 2015 rule updates and the recent Colorado Supreme Court case, Catholic Health Initiatives Colorado v. Earl Swensson Associates, Inc.

    10/26/2016 · Construction
    During a recent conversation with a friend who had purchased a small construction company he mentioned in passing that one of his employees had injured his ankle on the job but didn't report it to his work comp carrier as it was a minor incident, no days off work, didn't want his rates to go up, why bother. All is good. Right?

    8/18/2016 · OSHA
    Electricity is a vital source of energy in our daily lives. It powers tools, provides light and heat. Our working lives are much improved and efficiency greatly increased thanks to electricity. But what about those situations where power from the grid is unavailable. Well, portable generators are an excellent tool for such a scenario.

    6/24/2016 · OSHA
    Safety culture is a term frequently bandied about in today's business world and sounds as trendy as "mission statements" were years ago. (Let's not forget "best in class". First time I heard this at a company meeting I looked around to make sure I hadn't mistakenly wandered into a dog show. Really?)

    Use fall protection; Use trench boxes when excavating; Lock out Tag Out any time repair or maintenance of equipment involving stored energy is performed; Slips, Trips and Falls are one of the most expensive types of injury. For my sixteen years in safety these safety hazards were always in the forefront of safety concerns for businesses and safety professionals. Guess what? Work related road way crashes is the number one serious/fatal injury cause for U.S. workers. OSHA recognizes this. CDC/NIOSH has generated a white paper studying this fact. Who knew? So here is some info on this number one safety hazard in the US work place.

    4/11/2016 · OSHA
    In the safety world hazard recognition plays a vital role in keeping your people safe from unsafe behaviors and/or conditions. Some hazards are easily recognized, for example an employee climbing up a 20 foot ladder with tools held in both hands. (This is a fall hazard by the way.) Common sense right? The safety guy who taught me safety had a great response to this attitude, "Few people have any sense (read knowledge) in common (read shared alike)". So while some safety hazards are immediately recognizable others require training to spot and avoid. Training is a key method in avoiding the "Ostrich Zone". One such hazard is Hydrogen Sulfide. You don't want to bury your head facing this hazard. (Won't do much good anyway, Hydrogen Sulfide is heavier then air!)

    3/7/2016 · OSHA
    "If you don't know where you are going, you will probably end up somewhere else.", so said Laurence J. Peter, a professor at the University of Southern California whose works touched the business world. (He is well known for the "Peter Principal".) Peter's above quote essentially points out that action lacking a clear objective will likely lead to unwanted or unintended consequences.

    2/19/2016 · OSHA
    Hazard recognition plays a vital role in keeping employees safe. Some hazards are easily recognized, for example an employee climbing up a 20-ft ladder while holding tools in both hands is an obvious fall hazard. While some safety hazards are immediately recognizable, others require training to spot and avoid. One such hazard is hydrogen sulfide (H2S). Training is a key method to avoid the "ostrich zone." You do not want to bury your head when facing this hazard.

    1/29/2016 · OSHA
    When personal injury events occur legal negligence actions may arise. Common law negligence is established by plaintiff showing defendant owed plaintiff a legal duty, to conform to a standard of care, defendant breached that duty, plaintiff suffered injury and there is a causal relationship between the breach and injury. FN 1 But what sources of standard of care proofs are available? How does a litigant go about proving standard of care?

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    Dr. J. Rasty, PE, MBA
    President & CEO
    2309 19th Street
    Lubbock TX 79401
    USA
    phone: (806) 368-9811
    fax: (806) 368-9812
    rasty_logo2.gif


    Since 1988, Real-World Forensic Engineering, LLC ("RWFE") has provided engineering services to industries and government labs, as well as litigation support to both plaintiff and defense attorneys practicing in many areas.

    RWFE Expertise Includes:

    Components & Machinery
    Metallurgy & Corrosion
    Dynamics of Impact & Collisions
    Friction Analysis / Slips, Trips and Falls
    Intellectual Property & Patent Review
    Accident Reconstruction / Animation
    Computer Aided Design
    Education & Training
    Electrocution & Switch Malfunction
    Grounding & Lightning Protection
    Lightning Impulse Testing
    Products and Premises Liability & Safety
    High-Voltage & Current Power Systems
    Bridge Design and Safety
    Fire & Explosion Cause and Origin
    And Much More...


    At RWFE, we proudly distinguish ourselves by our Four C's:

    CREDENTIALS. COMPETENCE. CREDIBILITY. COMMUNICATION.

    Credentials:B.S., M.S., M.Eng., M.B.A., J.D., and Ph.D. Degreed
    Licensed Professional Engineers in Mechanical, Electrical, and Civil Engineering
    Tenured University Professors and Professionals
    NAFI Certified Fire and Explosion Investigators (CFEI)
    Licensed Master Electricians
    Competence:Over 80 Combined Years of Experience in Engineering R&D, Industry, Academia, Consulting, and Expert Witness Litigation Support
    Over 120 Combined Deposition and Court Testimonies
    Credibility:Internationally Recognized in Our Areas of Expertise
    More Than $19 Million in Peer-reviewed and Funded Research Grants
    Over 200 Combined Scientific Publications and Journal Articles
    Communication:Over 20 Different Undergraduate and Graduate-level University Courses
    Over 30 Invited Short Courses, Talks, and Lectures

    Design Evaluation – Accident Investigation – Intellectual Property
    Failure Analysis – Fire Cause & Origin – Component Testing
    Computer Aided Drafting – Accident Animation
    Expert Witness & Litigation Support

    www.ExpertEngineering.com
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    Daniel Rapperport
    8 Wallis Court
    Lexington MA 02421
    USA
    phone: 781-862-9001 or 339-222-2822
    rapperport_logo.gif
    Rapperport Associates, Inc., provides exceptional capability in Failure Analysis, Fire and Explosion Investigation, Accident Reconstruction, Structural Analysis, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Metallurgy and Materials Science.

    We have provided superior technical support for litigation since 1974, and possess an extraordinarily talented technical team with impeccable academic and industrial credentials and proven analysis capability. Our team of distinguished scientists and engineers is drawn principally from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.) and Stanford University.

    AREAS OF EXPERTISE:

    Failure Analysis
  • Structural Design Analysis
  • Metallurgical Failures
  • Finite Element Stress Analysis
  • Fracture and Fatigue Analysis
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Corrosion

  • Accident Reconstruction
  • Automobiles / Trucks
  • Biomechanics / Injury Mechanism
  • Off-Road Vehicles
  • Occupant Motion
  • Aircraft
  • Animation

  • Fire & Explosion Analysis
  • Cause and Origin
  • Electrical
  • Gases, Liquids and Dust
  • Industrial Processes
  • ........Safety
  • Machine and Industrial Safety
  • Machine Guarding
  • Construction Failures
  • Slips, Trips, Falls


  • Engineering
  • Mechanical
  • Structural / Civil
  • Metallurgy
  • Materials Science
  • Aeronautics and Astronautics
  • Electrical
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    Dr. J.P Purswell, PhD, PE, CPE
    Ergonomics & Safety Expert
    2035 Mulligan Drive
    Colorado Springs CO 80920
    USA
    phone: 719-330-0126
    fax: 719-265-6905
    Jerry-P-Purswell-photo.jpg
    Dr. J. P. Purswell, PhD, PE, CPE has extensive experience in Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety Engineering. He holds a doctorate in Industrial & Systems Engineering from Virginia Tech. A member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the American Industrial Hygiene Association, Dr. Purswell served as the past Chair of the Industrial Engineers PE exam from 2005 to 2009. He continues to serve on the committee which is responsible for the preparation of the national professional engineering examination in industrial engineering.

    Dr. Purswell is the author of more than 20 publications and presentations on Product Safety, Occupational Safety, Printed Warnings, and Auditory Warnings. Examples of products addressed include silica, asbestos, cleaning chemicals, gasoline containers, and recreational equipment. Dr. Purswell maintains NIST-calibrated equipment for the measurement of light, sound, force, and whole-body and hand-arm vibration in addition to standard photo and video equipment.

    Dr. Purswell has been an Expert Witness in the legal industry since 1997. He has been qualified as an expert in state and federal courts across the nation in safety engineering, including safety analysis techniques such as Fault Tree Analysis and FMEA as well as product warnings / instructions and OSHA compliance issues. Dr. Purswell's services include site inspections, document review, drafting Rule 26-compliant reports, deposition, and trial testimony. He has been retained by attorneys for both Plaintiff (40%) and Defense (60%) more than 100 times, has been deposed approximately 50 times, and has testified at trial over 20 times.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Warning and Safety Instructions
    • OSHA Compliance
    • Chemical Accident Prevention
    • Product Safety
    • Lockout / Tagout & Machine Guarding
    • Trucks and Forklift Accidents
  • Power Tools Safety
  • Hazard Communication - Audible Alarms
  • Employer Safety Training and Supervision
  • Perception / Reaction Time
  • Ergonomic Work Practices
  • Working and Walking Surfaces - Slip, Trip and Fall
  • View Dr. Purswell's Consulting Profile.
    10/10/2013 · Ergonomics
    In 2005 a summary of "General Duty Clause" citations issued for ergonomic hazards was published (Purswell & Purswell, 2005). That summary showed that the primary area of ergonomics citation activity under the "General Duty Clause" (paragraph (5)(a)(1) of the OSHAct of 1970) by OSHA to that point had been concentrated in nursing homes, peaking in 2002 and 2003.

    The purpose of the current study was to update and expand upon an earlier study performed to review and categorize OSHA accident investigation records for pedestrian-backing vehicle accidents according to whether the backing vehicle had a backup alarm and whether the alarm was installed and functioning as intended. The current study includes an analysis of additional records as well as the business type (SIC code) of the employer.

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    David K. Merrifield, CSP
    4515 Stonecrest Terrace
    St. Joseph MO 64506
    USA
    phone: 816-364-1540
    David-Merrifield-Equipment-Machinery-Safety-Expert-Photo.jpg
    David K. Merrifield, CSP, has over 40 years of experience in Manufacturing and Manufacturing Management. A Certified Safety Professional, he has 23 years of experience in Safety Management, Risk Management, and Litigation.

    Mr. Merrifield is knowledgeable in a broad range of construction, industrial and maintenance tools, machinery, and equipment. He has served as Chairman of the American National Standards Institute’s (ANSI) A92 main committee for Aerial Work Platforms and Chairman of ANSI Z535.6 Safety messages in collateral materials.

    Litigation Support - Mr. Merrifield provides expert testimony and consultation involving Expert witness testimony concerning government and industry standards, warnings, instructions, maintenance and inspections, misuse, hazards and hazard control, duties of parties, fall protection, safety devices, product recalls, and service bulletins. His expertise is available to counsel representing both the Plaintiff and the Defense.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Warnings and Instructions
    • Standards, Regulations, and Industry Practice
    • Safe Design Process
    • Training
    • Maintenance and Inspections
    • Modifications to Machinery, Equipment
    • Misuse
    • Hazard Analysis
    • Hazards in the Workplace
    • Duty of Owners, Users, Operators
    • Fall Protection
    • Safety Devices
    • Product Recalls and Service Bulletins
    • Safety Policies and Procedures
    • Document Creation and Retention
    • Accident Investigation
  • Product Safety
  • Products Liability
  • Construction Machinery
  • Scissor Lifts
  • Boom Lifts
  • Personnel Lifts
  • Cherry Pickers
  • Fork Trucks
  • Telescopic Material Handlers
  • Skid Steer Loaders
  • Mast Climbers
  • ANSI Standards
  • OSHA
  • Industry Practice
  • Electrocution
  • Tip Over
  • View David Merrifield's Consulting Profile.
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    John L. Ryan, BSME, PE
    Business Headquarters:
    PO Box 7
    Poncha Springs, CO 8142
    Offices in: CO, MI, AR, USA
    phone: 855-627-6273
    Mechanical-Safety-Engineering-Logo.gif
    John L. Ryan, BSME, P.E. is a Mechanical Engineer who provides general Mechanical and Structural Engineering expertise. Mechanical and Safety Engineering (MASE) provides full service analysis and accident reconstruction of products involved in accidents. Mr. Ryan's services have been requested for attorneys and insurance companies needing forensic engineering expert witness testimony to determine whether machinery and products involved in injury cases were adequately designed or whether they have a Design, Manufacturing, or Material Defect. All products are lab-tested on site to determine adherence to industry standards and engineering design protocol. Alternate preventative designs are developed when none exist commercially.

    Mr. Ryan is available for both Plaintiff and Defense, depending on the individual case. His services include producing high quality reports and visual aids in the courtroom such as scale models to help explain accident scenarios and alternate designs to judges and juries.

    Areas of Expertise:
    • Accident Investigation and Reconstruction
    • Machine Guarding Accident Investigation
    • Ladder Failure Investigation
    • Design Defect Analysis
    • Structural Analysis of Buildings
    • Product Liability Investigations
    • Crash Data Retrieval
    • General Engineering Injuries and Issues
    • Industrial safety
    • Engineering Continuing Education
    • Product Certification
    View John Ryan's Consulting Profile.
    Tree stand accidents occur frequently during hunting season, causing a variety of injuries from broken bones to paralysis and death. Tree stand accidents involve a variety of causes, including falls from the tree stand, collapse of the tree stand, fires, self inflicted gunshot wounds, and asphyxiation. A study by the Center for Disease Control examined hunting accidents from 1979-1989. 214 of 594 deer hunting related accidents involved tree stands. 52% of these tree stand accidents were due to falls from the stand, 32% were due to collapse of the tree stands.

    This issue of Forensic Clues is the second installment of an examination of ladder accidents. Last month we explored stepladders, this month we will be discussing extension ladders. Ladder accidents are a very common occurrence. Over half a million people annually seek medical attention due to ladder accidents. Over three hundred people are killed yearly in these often preventable accidents. This is a serious problem.

    Ladder accidents occur frequently, often with very serious consequences. Ladders are tools that people use repeatedly, at home and on the job. The CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) states that there are more than 164,000 emergency room-treated injuries annually due to ladders in the United States.

    7/27/2015 · Engineering
    The nursery rhyme involving Humpty Dumpty is a child's first lesson in safety. What would keep Humpty Dumpty safe as he is sitting on the wall? A warning or a railing?

    6/29/2015 · OSHA
    The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that between 1,600 and 2,000 amputations occur annually due to power press operation. Another 18,000 people receive less serious injuries annually. Injury statistics compiled by OSHA for the years 1975 through 1983 confirm these figures. These numbers are alarming and unnecessarily high. Power presses can be used safely when the presses are properly designed to minimize the hazard that the operator is exposed to.

    5/26/2015 · Machinery
    Every year there are thousands of debilitating injuries and deaths on farms. Many of these are related to power take-off's (PTO's). PTO shafts are used to power various farming implements, from mowers, hay balers, augers, and many other types of farming machinery. The PTO shaft was invented in the 1930's. The PTO shaft is essentially a shaft powered by the tractor engine that rotates at high speeds, providing power for a wide array of implements. While this provides a convenient source of power to drive farm implements, serious accidents can occur due to entanglement in PTO's. PTO's must be properly equipped with guards including master shields which covers the stub shaft and universal joint. These shields prevent inadvertent contact with the rotating machinery. Contact with unshielded rotating PTO parts can instantly pull a person into the PTO, causing catastrophic damage.

    Rock and ice climbing have become increasingly popular in recent years. Climbing is now a popular form of exercise and adventure, and a great way to enjoy the outdoors. Unfortunately the greater numbers involved in the sport has led to greater number of accidents. Climbing gyms have brought climbing to areas without outdoor rock resources. These indoor gyms use artificial holds to simulate rock walls. Indoor climbing gyms typically have climbs ranging from twenty feet to fifty feet, or more. Bouldering areas are shorter in height, with adequate padding to protect climbers from falls without the need for ropes.

    While many accidents involving products are the result of a product defect that leads to injury of the product user, accidents can also be the result of a failure caused by lack of maintenance or inspection. This issue of Clues will examine the theory behind failure to maintain accidents, as well as provide examples of common accidents that are due to a lack of maintenance.

    Material science is a broad field that has applications in numerous fields. In product injury cases, material science can help identify defects, determine causes of accidents, determine failure modes, and identify inconsistent manufacturing processes.

    1/21/2015 · Product Liability
    No one likes to see children get hurt, especially when it could be prevented. Poor design, manufacturing defects, material defects, assembly errors, and the lack of a hazard analysis can result in hazardous products that injure people. Many products are put in stores that may have never been looked at by a design engineer and/or a safety specialist.

    Fishing and boating accidents result in thousands of injuries each year. The U.S. Coast Guard reported 3331 injuries and 709 fatalities due to boating accidents on both recreational and commercial vessels. There are many causes for these accidents, including collisions with objects or other vessels, drowning, electrical and mechanical failures, interaction with unguarded machinery, and others. There are various acts and laws that govern accidents at sea. This issue of Forensic Clues will examine some of the preventable accidents caused by defective machinery and equipment that occur at sea, and a brief overview of the laws and regulations affecting product liability litigation related to maritime accidents.

    Paintball is a fun activity for all ages, and can be a safe sport if proper precautions are made. Serious eye injury can occur if a paintball impacts the eyeball, making goggles and facemask a requisite part of paintball. Accidents happen in backyard paintball games most frequently, but also at commercial paintball operations. This Clues will examine the typical preventable paintball accidents, as well as examine product failures that can lead to accidents while playing paintball.

    Accident reconstruction involves attempting to determine the sequence of events of an accident and is a crucial part of product liability cases. Understanding exactly what occurred in an accident gives an engineer the best chance of preventing the accident from occurring again. Often there is limited information to base conclusions on what really happened in an accident. Understanding what goes into accident reconstruction will help attorneys understand what information is crucial to this process. Witness testimony is unreliable at best but must be analyzed and cross referenced with the other available information.

    Lawnmowers cause over 50,000 emergency-room visits every year, based on NEISS data on consumer product injuries. These injuries are distributed evenly between ride-on and walk-behind style mowers. The necessary cutting action of a mower results in an inherent hazard, until technology is developed that can cut grass but not living tissue. While various safety advances over the years have reduced the amount of injuries, the extremely high number of accidents related to mowers that continue to occur show the need for further enhancement of product safety.

    Machine guarding accidents cause many accidents and fatalities every year, despite the availability of modern safety technology. In the years from 1992-1996, one study from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported annual injuries due to workers being caught in machinery of 34,350. In 2012 contact with an object or equipment had the second highest workplace fatality rate at 712 deaths.

    6/10/2014 · OSHA
    OSHA was created through the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA's mission is to ensure worker safety by creating and enforcing safety and health standards. OSHA does many good things to help maintain a safe workplace, but manufacturers often try to hide behind the shield of OSHA, putting blame on an employer for unsafe machinery or working conditions, when often the machinery was never safe to begin with. Some standards promote safety and some standards protect the manufacturer from product liability law suits. Most industrial standards are voluntary, unless they are specifically referenced in a Code of Federal Regulations / OSHA standard. OSHA standards are Federally mandated and are enforced by the Federal government.

    Stored energy is accumulated energy, which can release suddenly, potentially causing serious injury or death. Stored energy has many forms, including pressurized gases and liquids, stored mechanical energy, stored electrical energy, and gravitational potential energy. Stored energy is particularly dangerous because the hazard still exists when the original source of energy is removed. This issue of Clues will explain the various forms of hazardous stored energy, how these energies can cause damage or injuries, and how to prevent stored energy accidents.

    Table saw accidents occur frequently, often resulting in serious accidents when the operator comes in contact with the saw blade. The difficulties in guarding table saw blades with conventional guarding techniques often leads to ineffective guards that are removed by saw operators due to their lack of function and flexibility.

    2/26/2014 · Failure Analysis
    A significant number of elderly persons experience falls every year. In 2010, 2.3 million nonfatal fall injuries involving elderly people were treated in emergency rooms around the country. In the same year, 21,700 elderly people died as the result of unintentional falls. Falls for elderly people are extremely hazardous as they may not recover from fractures and other injuries.

    1/22/2014 · Product Liability
    Product Liability Reform has affected many attorneys, consumers, and experts negatively while failing in its goal of greater American competitiveness. This issue of Forensic Clues is dedicated to addressing the problems of tort reform, how this affects you, and what you as an attorney can do to reduce your costs and increase your chances of a successful product liability case, assuming that the case involves a legitimate product defect.

    A recent failure of a ski lift in Wisconsin has received much media attention. While accidents such as these are rare, they do occur. Much more frequent are accidents involving collisions with other people or objects. This issue of Forensic Clues will examine the types of accidents that occur on the mountains.

    11/11/2013 · Failure Analysis
    Powered winches are in use in a variety of applications, some of the most common include vehicle-mounted electric winches, marine vessel winches, marine recovery winches, industrial winches and chain hoists. Accidents occur in all types of winch uses.

    Between 1982 and 1996, 2,795 people died riding all-terrain vehicles, ATV's. This was found in a study by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). Over thirty percent of the riders killed were under the age of sixteen.

    9/26/2013 · Failure Analysis
    In 2007, an estimated 15,147 lives were saved from seat belt use. Seat belts save five times more lives than airbags, according to statistics released by NHTSA. Seat belt use has increased over the years, due to cultural trends, and possibly due to the enactment of seat belt use laws. Seat belt systems do not always function as predicted. Seat belt systems can fail during a collision, often resulting in serious injury or death to the vehicle occupant.

    Farming is a dangerous occupation. Tractor rollover accidents have been killing people since the 1920's. In 1990, the National Safety Council estimated 460 people were killed while operating tractors. Tractor rollover caused 239 of these fatalities. Another estimate suggests a more conservative number of annual fatalities - 132, that are the result of tractor rollover accidents. In a four-year period in Pennsylvania alone, 72 people died as a result of tractor rollover accidents.

    Automobile collisions result in damage to property and injuries to people. Compensation is sought through insurance claims, law suits, and product liability claims. Knowing when injuries are more or less severe than is warranted by the damage level involved in the collision is important information. This can help people involved on both sides of litigation or settlements.

    7/23/2013 · Warnings & Labels
    Warning labels are an indelible part of our society. Warning labels are everywhere - on our food, on our drinks, on our sweeteners, on our cars, on our tools, on our cigarettes. As consumers we are constantly barraged with multitudes of warnings, cautions, don't do this's, don't do that's.

    Safety Engineering Resources has had the opportunity to learn a great deal about using fiberglass in structural applications, which are simply applications that must support some sort of load. Using fiberglass as a structural material was brought about by the advances made by organic chemists in recent decades in the field of plastics.

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that approximately 95,000 injuries occur each year due to forklifts.

    5/14/2013 · Failure Analysis
    Two and a half million rear-end collisions occur every year. Rear-end collisions are usually caused by driver inattentiveness.

    Structural failures of buildings range from catastrophic building failures involving mass loss of life and/or property to structural problems such as sagging floors or ceilings, leaning walls, cracking or sinking foundations.

    Golf cart accident frequency has increased dramatically over the last 20 years. A study by Watson, Mehan, Smith, and McKenzie (Golf Cart-Related Injuries in the U.S., American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 2008) of NEISS data found 147,696 people were treated in emergency rooms for golf cart accidents between 1990 and 2006.

    12/27/2012 · Engineering
    Knowing when a personal injury case is due to the action or inaction of another party, or when responsibility falls fully on the injured party, can be a difficult distinction to make. At Mechanical and Safety Engineering, we have been investigating personal injury cases for decades.

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    Robert A. McNeese
    Conveyor Consultant
    ALL STATES USA
    phone: 228-623-5131
    Bob-Mcneese-Conveyor-Expert-Photo.jpg
    Robert A. (Bob) McNeese is a Professional Conveyor S.M.E. Subject Matter Expert with close to 40 years of conveyor system experience in most every aspect of conveying systems. Mr. McNeese offers his services to the conveying industry to enhance operations, maintenance, and overall safety performance as well as providing 3rd party factually based non- partial overviews and opinions to legal counsel as an expert witness for the purpose of fair litigation.

    Consulting - Bob McNeese has worked to improve efficiency and safety with companies such as Chevron, Southern Company, International paper, DuPont, and various shipping bulk terminals. He offers his unique services to alert customers to the ever changing OSHA, MSHA, ASME, regulations surrounding industrial conveying equipment. Several delivery methods are available to insure the new information and changes are introduced to the jobsite at the core of the workforce (site safety audits, safety topics, banners, labels, safety seminars)

    Litigation Support - Mr. McNeese is an expert in all industrial areas of Conveyors and Bulk Handling Systems. He provides expert witness services to attorneys representing both plaintiff and defendant. Mr. McNeese provides expertise on issues concerning industrial conveyor system accidents and safety concerns as a result of manufacturing, installation, operation, or maintenance.

    Specific Areas of Expertise:
    • Refineries
    • Port Facilities
    • Storage Transfer Facilities
    • Power Plants
    • Mines
    • Chemical Plants
    • Grain Elevators
    • Fertilizer Plants
    • Paper Mills
    • Food Processing
    • Coal Handling
    • Cement
    • Pet Coke
  • Wood Chips
  • Iron Ore
  • Lignite
  • Steel
  • Aluminum
  • Salt
  • Plastics
  • Grain
  • Fertilizer
  • Aggregate
  • Tire Shredding
  • Waste
  • Various Dry Chemicals
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