Fred P. Smith President - has retained over 600 times as an expert in intellectual property, and product liability cases where I have testified regarding claim construction, infringement, invalidity, breach of warranty, negligent misrepresentation. He has testified in court over 40 times in multiple state courts, Federal Court, before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB), the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and the International Trade Commission (ITC).
Mr. Smith has over 70 patents on such products with a number of patent applications still pending. He received the Utah Genius Award for being one of Utah’s top inventors. He has directed the development and improvement of a wide variety of products including:
hydraulically operated equipment, trucks, and related equipment, trailers, aerial lifts, industrial equipment, farm equipment, mobile equipment, material handling, forklifts, boom trucks, suspension systems, man lifts, garbage trucks, cranes, lift gates, pneumatic dump, front loaders, side loaders, automated loaders, rear loaders, recycling trucks, patient lift system, lawnmowers, roll-offs, liftgates, ziplines, and many consumer products.
Advanced Research & Technology (ART) experts have more than 29 years of advanced expertise in the areas of accident investigation, highway safety, mechanical engineering, automotive/vehicular engineering, security barriers, and structural analysis.
Their superior expertise is guaranteed to provide you with the compelling evidence necessary to pursue and win complex specialty lawsuits, including but not limited to:
Accident Investigation and Reconstruction
Mechanical and Structural Engineering
Airbag & Seatbelt Fatalities / Injuries
Slip, Trip & Fall
Fuel Tank Analysis
ART experts are widely recognized as world leaders in advanced computer simulations of complicated structural dynamics, crashes, and impact-related problems. They have conducted numerous successful projects and analyses for many government agencies, private industry, engineering, and law firms.
ART experts are professional in utilizing state-of-the-art technology including 3-D computer animation engineering and modeling, and the latest engineering techniques for:
Crash Scene Investigation
Crash Test Data Analysis (FMVSS, NCAP, IIHS, etc.)
Crash Statistical Data Analysis (NASS, FARS, etc.)
Alvin K. Brown, Esq., LLM, CFE, CCEP, CIPP/US, is a Cybersecurity & Privacy Attorney, and Data Protection Consultant with over 20 years of Department of Defense (DoD) and Intelligence Community (IC) experience working on National Security, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, and Privacy matters.
Background Experience - During his career, Mr. Brown served in operations, management, policy, compliance and legal positions at the Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, Office of Naval Intelligence, U.S Special Operations Command, U.S. Central Command, and U.S. Special Operations Command Central. Mr. Brown earned a Juris Doctorate (JD) and Master of Law (LL.M) in International Law from Stetson University College of Law and a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Interdisciplinary Social Science from the University of South Florida.
The Department of Defense designated Mr. Brown as an Information Warfare Dominance Officer, Intelligence Officer, Counterintelligence Investigator, and Special Operations Intelligence Officer. Additionally, Mr. Brown holds several private sector certifications, to include:
Certified Information Privacy Professional
Certified Fraud Examiner
Certified Financial Crimes Investigator
Certified Compliance and Ethics Professional
Consulting Services - Mr. Brown currently serves as the PrincipalCybersecurity & Privacy Attorney, and Data Protection Consultant for Alvin K. Brown, P.A.He is the legal advisor on security and privacy issues to companies in the Department of Defense (DOD), Intelligence Community (IC) and technology sectors . He maintains a thorough mastery of applicable federal and state laws, including statutes, regulations, Executive Orders, and precedential case law related to National Security, Homeland Security, Cybersecurity and Privacy.
Mr. Brown conducts legal research to analyze or assess issues of first impression, and drafts opinions for decision-makers related to such issues. He provides legal guidance and oversight to discrete internal investigations, and provides compliance and ethics guidance to ensure substantive and procedural due process safeguards are maintained.
Ideal Client Engagement: Mr. Brown is available to work with Fintech Companies, Defense / National Security Companies, Technology Companies, Academia, and Research Facilities.
Argent Media™ is a full-service Search Engine Marketing Agency that offers website optimization, search engine marketing strategies, and online reputation management. Founded by Chris Silver Smith and based in Dallas-Fort Worth, Argent Media has been provided high-quality, custom services to large and small companies, both domestic and international.
Argent Media offers a broad range of bespoke web marketing services including:
Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
Local Search Optimization
Image SEO and Video SEO
Social Media Management
Online Reputation Management
SEO Expert Witness Consulting
Chris Silver Smith, the President and CEO of Argent Media™, has an extensive background in search engine optimization and online marketing. He has worked for some of the top agencies in the SEO industry, researching and developing search optimization and providing search marketing strategies for Fortune 500 and Internet Retailer 500 companies.
Mr. Smith worked at Verizon/Idearc for over ten years, serving as the Head of Technology & Advanced Development for their Superpages.com sites. His projects there included R&D, local search development, user interface design, map-based search, mobile applications, and more. He was awarded the Verizon Individual Excellence Award in 2004 for his innovations, which increased site traffic (and click-through revenues) for the company.
In 2006, Mr. Smith founded and chaired the Idearc SEO Council, which brought together individuals from across the company to focus on natural search optimization.
Mr. Smith currently has five patents pending. His work has been featured in several publications, and he regularly contributes articles to Natural Search Blog, Nodal Bits, and Search Engine Land (which is the leading online publication dealing with paid and natural search marketing). Mr. Smith is a regular speaker at a number of technology and marketing conferences, and he also previously served on the Board of Advisors for Thomas-Reuters FindLaw's SEO Advisory Board, and on the Board of Advisors for Universal Business Listing (UBL).
ATech Designs, Inc. is a five-time award winning Product Development, Design and Consulting company. They have worked with clients in many different fields of work including the Medical Product Device Design and Development industry. The types of medical products ATech Designs, Inc. has developed include medical disposables, medical devices, laparoscopic devices, anastomotic connectors, catheters, intravenous (IV) devices, mitral valve repair devices, non-invasive surgical instruments, and knitted multi-pole pockets for RF endometrial ablation. Services Include:
Product Design and Development
Finite Element Analysis (FEA)
Root Cause Analysis / Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
Expert Court Witness
Karl R. Leinsing, MSME, PE, President of Atech Designs, Inc., is a Professional Mechanical Engineer who specializes in Medical Device Product Development from concept to production. Mr. Leinsing has been granted over 20 patents (needle free IV valves, laparoscopic devices, needlescopic devices, suture lockers, catheters, mitral valve repair devices, knitting machines) and excels in solving the most complicated problems and design challenges. The winner of five design awards, Mr. Leinsing is recognized as one of the top 100 medical device professionals in the nation by MD&DI. For dedication to his industry, he was made the 2014 Chairman of the Medical Device and Manufacturing Conference in Anaheim, CA. Mr. Leinsing has also been acknowledged for his work in a publication by Life Magazine.
Experienced Medical Device Experts can assist with a case in many different ways. First, they have industry knowledge of the medical device industry and can assist with prior art in patent litigation cases for example. They understand the technology and how claim terms are understood for one skilled in the art of medical device design, testing, and manufacturing. This firsthand information can then assist with proper claim construction and infringement analysis. Experience with medical devices product development can also assist in determining what is obvious in the field and what is not as it pertains to patent validation.
Michael Nranian, JD, MBA, MS has over 30 years experience focusing in Product Development, Intellectual Property, Patent Litigation, Legal and Technical Compliance, and Product Liability Litigation. He is a licensed attorney in Michigan, Texas, & the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Mr. Nranian is a Six Sigma Black Belt, Professional Engineer, & Certified Project Management Professional. He has an in-depth background and education in Law, IP, Electrical, Chemical & Computer Engineering, & Business. He has testified extensively as an expert witness in depositions, hearings, and trials in state & federal courts.
Mr. Nranian conducts Product and Technology Analysis, Patentability & Prior Art Research,and provides Technology & Litigation Support for Intellectual Property. His litigation background includes patent infringement / non-infringement under literal infringement and the doctrine of equivalents, patent validity / invalidity, prior art, & file-wrapper estoppel, for both ITC and Federal cases, including Inter Partes reviews. He conducts analysis of patents and products, prepares claim charts, & expert witness reports. This includes testimony and document preparation for cases before state, and federal court jurisdictions, and the International Trade Commission and the Patent Trial and Appeal Board.
Mr. Nranian is thoroughly familiar with all 101, 102, 103, 112, and other enablement and prior art arguments. His experience includes Technology Standards Boards and Licensing Authorities, Antitrust / DOJ, Technology Development and Transfer, Patents, Trademarks, Trade Secrets, and Copyrights, Licensing, Unfair Competition/Trade, False/Deceptive Advertising, & Lanham Act Actions, & Class Actions.
His Product Liability Expert Witness litigation background includes all types of Safety Systems, Electrical Systems, Fires, Accident Reconstruction, and Evaluation of Alternative Designs for Automotive, Medical and other industries. He has over 29 years of experience in Automotive Safety Systems, Sensors, Seatbelts, Airbags / Curtains, Seats, Diagnostic Systems, Crash Recorders, Crash Pulse Analysis, System Diagnostic, Fault Codes, Structure (including roof-crush and door) and front, side & roll-over systems (including sensing and algorithm development) for domestic and international corporations. He is thoroughly familiar with all regulatory (including FMVSS), and corporate due-care requirements, & preemption arguments, occupant kinematics, & injury causation.
Bay2Sierra Silicon Services, Inc. is a Front End Design Services organization offering a wide range of consulting services. Products that we have worked on include – AMD 486,K5, K6 and K7 processors; K7 chipset, MIPS processors, 802.11b wireless, AMBA protocols, ADSL, CMTS, 10G Ethernet switch and PHY, custom network processors, NVRAM subsystems, Smart meters, SOC design and integration, and next generation PLDs.
Bay2Sierra Silicon Services, Inc. also provide IP services (IP portfolio review, infringement cases/expert reports) and business due diligence for investment or acquisition.
Primary Areas of Concentration:
Architecture, RTL implementation, and synthesis
Custom memory controller designs
PCS/MAC architecture and design; XAUI IP block customization
General Purpose IO interfaces (I2C, processor busses, PCI, JTAG).
IP with support – personally customized cores
Generic SDRAM DDR & SRAM memory controllers
XAUI and XFI PCS
Full chip and complex self-checking verification environments
Performance modeling for processor and memory subsystems
Full chip design and verification flow organization, methodology and automation
Complex SoC integration, 3rd party IP vetting
Technical due diligence consulting
IP portfolio review
Infringement and validity issues
John Peck, Partner and Principal Engineer at Bay2Sierra Silicon Services, Inc., has over 25 years of experience as a Software and Hardware Engineer, with over 10 years of experience as a technical analyst for hardware and software Intellectual Property matters. Through his experience as an inventor, he has been granted 10 United States patents.
Background Experience: Mr. Peck's prior hardware engineering experience includes system architecture, digital design, design verification, design methodology automation, FPGAs, ASICs, and complex SoCs using in IoT applications such as smart power meters. He also has a solid background in software engineering, including video game development, firmware, EDA tools, and system validation environments.
Biomedical Business Resources LLC is a network of experts in the Medical Device Industry. With over 35 years of industry experience, their services include:
Advisory - helping clients with strategy, operations, execution, and business building
Expert Witness - assisting attorneys with multiple expert reports, depositions, and testimony at trial and arbitration. Cases include disputes about intellectual property , product liability, and commercial contracts
Board Services - offering Independent Board Member services of medical device companies, public or private, with experience in building companies, and helping management teams in times of high growth and rapid change
Principal, Peter A. Crosby, has over 35 years of experience bringing multiple products to the world market from concept to market release. Mr. Crosby has been CEO of six medical device companies (public and private) in four countries, and member of the Board (including Chairman of the Board) of ten companies. His experience includes company formation, capital raising, product research and development, manufacturing, quality management systems, market launch, and sales management. With over 30 US patents and applications, he has managed the intellectual property portfolio of multiple companies.
Mr. Crosby's product experience includes implantable devices (cochlear implants, cardiac pacemakers, implantable defibrillators, artificial heart, neurostiumulation), in vitro diagnostics, imaging (ultrasound and X-ray), software, AEDs, and patient monitoring. His clinical domain experience includes ophthalmology, otolaryngology, cardiac surgery, cardiology, orthopedics, pain management, anesthesia and intensive care.
Imagine this scenario: Early stage company Smallco develops an exciting new technology, which it uses to create the prototype of its first product - Brakethroo! A large company in the same field, Bigco, becomes aware of Brakethroo, and realizes that if the product works as hoped, it could be a valuable addition to Bigco's product range. Bigco offers to buy the technology and product from the shareholders of Smallco. The merger and acquisition (M&A) agreement specifies an up-front payment, and one or more payments dependent on achievement of milestones. Bigco agrees to use "commercially reasonable efforts" to achieve the milestones. Smallco and Bigco sign the agreement, the shareholders of Smallco get an immediate payout and look forward to further milestone payments.
Brooks Hilliard, CMC, CCP is the only actively practicing expert witness in the world who is both a Certified Management Consultant and a Certified Computing Professional specializing in computer system selection and problem resolution. He has testified more than 30 times as a computer expert witness and has been engaged on more than 90 such matters for both plaintiffs and defendants. Mr. Hillard has done expert witness and consulting assignments in 25 states, and has qualified as an expert witness on computer software and hardware (including ERP, SCM and CRM systems) in both state and federal litigation. His expert witness engagements have included courtroom and deposition testimony in lawsuits, arbitrations, mediations and formal governmental hearings.
Areas of Expertise:
Allegations of ERP and CRM system failures and/or defective business software/systems
Valuation of computer hardware, software and services
An property and casualty insurance agency acting as a managing general agent for several insurance lines sold through sub-agents throughout the United States had agreed to license a comprehensive agency management system from a developer of such software specifically developed for managing general agencies.
Jose J. Granda, PhD, PE, is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the California State University in Sacramento, CA. Prof. Granda is a Professional Registered Mechanical Engineer with almost 40 years of experience in the industry. He specializes in Mechatronics, the engineering of both electrical and mechanical systems, and also includes a combination of robotics, electronics, computer, telecommunications, systems, control, and product engineering.
A NASA Fellow, Prof. Granda served as a NASA public spokesman for 17 space shuttle missions. He received the Distinguished Engineering Alumni Award from the University of California, Davis and the Outstanding Research Award from California State University Sacramento. Prof. Granda is Chairman of the Technical Committee on Bond Graph Modeling and Simulation and the SCS Society for Modeling and Simulation International. He is also the Chairman of the ICBGM 2020 International Conference on Bond Graph Modeling and Simulation.
Prof. Granda has been an International Keynote Speaker in Germany, Italy, France, Belgium, Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico. He is the editor of 13 books and author of 65 technical research papers.
Research and Consulting Areas:
Modeling and Simulation of Mechatronics Systems
Vehicle Dynamics and Design
Vehicle Crash Reconstruction
Accident Biomechanics Reconstruction
System Dynamics and Controls
Finite Element Modeling (FEA)
Multi Body Dynamics
Systems Engineering Management
Degrees and License:
PhD in Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Davis
MS in Mechanical Engineering, National Polytechnic University, Ecuador
ME in Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley
PE (Professional Engineer) License in Mechanical Engineering
Durand R. Begault received a PhD in Computer Audio from UC San Diego in 1988 and an MFA from Mills College in 1981. He has been associated with the Audio Forensic Center and Charles M. Salter Associates, Inc. since 1996 and has worked as an expert witness, legal consultant, and acoustical consultant on a variety of audio-related cases since 1988. Dr. Begault also holds a research position at NASA Ames Research Center and is an adjunct faculty member at McGill University. He is the author of several U.S. patents and is qualified as an expert witness in both Federal and State Courts. Dr. Begault has testified in over 40 cases on a variety of audio technology and forensic audio-related cases.
Recordings involving cellular telephones or personal digital assistants (“PDAs”) are increasingly the source evidence in audio forensic examinations, compared to recordings originating with other devices such as hand-held digital recorders. On modern PDA cellular telephones recordings can be made either directly to the telephone or transmitted as voice mail messages. The current investigation focuses on differences in the two types of recordings in terms of dynamic range and linearity of levels. Such information can be important for characterizing the distance of sound sources relative to the microphone and are important for understanding transformation of recorded speech and non-speech sounds.
Written by an author with expertise in both theory and applications, 3D Sound for Virtual Reality and Multimedia provides readers an essential technical foundation in sound and virtual reality. The book covers components of spatial auditory displays; psychoacoustics of spatial hearing; what sounds are appropriate to spatialize; applications to human-machine interfaces (including virtual reality and multimedia); computer music; and room acoustics.
Software Engineer Architect Consultant Howard Cohen
Howard J. Cohen, PhD, has over 30 years of experience in Software Engineering, Architecture and Implementation. He possesses particular expertise in Algorithms, Relational Databases, Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs) and Software Applications in general. His experience has been in a broad spectrum of technology, in several languages, in a wide variety of applications, and on multiple platforms. Dr. Cohen's background includes Electronic Design Automation, Bioinformatics, Digital Cartography, Banking Systems for Foreign Exchange Traders, and many more. He is the co-inventor on approximately 120 patents.
Since 1979, Dr. Cohen has served as a Software Development Consultant to several major Silicon Valley businesses including Nortel Networks, Surromed, Incyte Genomics, BomDiver, Canon Information Systems, WeatherNews, PetroSoft, LSI Logic, Aspect Development, Abbott Laboratories, ETAK, Engineering DataXpress, Nikon Precision, Diasonics, Daisy Systems, Rolm, Oceanroutes, Mindcraft, and Integrated CMOS Systems. Concurrently, he has also held full time senior engineering and management positions with such companies as Tibco, Zycad, ETAK, and the NASA Ames Research Center.
Dr. Cohen's Consulting Services are available to companies needing software development involving problem definition, analysis, design modeling, documentation, programming, and implementation. Consulting services are also available issues regarding Trade Secrets, Copyright and Patent Infringement, and Computer Software Security and Forensics.
Ray Horak provides litigation support as a consulting expert and testifying expert in cases involving the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), product/service misrepresentation, contract disputes, and intellectual property (patent, copyright, and trademark/service mark infringement) disputes, as well as issues of taxes and fees allegedly owed to 911 districts and municipalities. Those cases have involved a broad range of technologies, including Automatic Telephone Dialing Systems (ATDSs), text messaging, cellular, DSL, E911, fax, PBX, prepaid cellular, push-to-talk (PTT), videoconferencing, VoIP, and voice processing.
He also has performed numerous technical compliance reviews of the telephony systems that financial institutions and survey companies and their third party vendors employ in sales, collections, customer service and opinion polling. The objective of those engagements, several of which are ongoing, is to determine the specific nature and capacities (present, potential and theoretical) of the telephony systems (e.g., ATDS and PBX) and subsystems, the systems of record (i.e., databases), Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems, Receivables Management (RM) systems, and any and all other peripheral systems, both premises- and cloud-based.
Ray is an Independent Consultant with a General Practice in Wireline and Wireless Telecommunications and Related Fields such as the Internet and Voice over IP. His 45 years’ experience includes management and executive positions with Southwestern Bell, CONTEL, and Executone. Ray authored the best-selling Communications Systems & Networks, (John Wiley & Sons), Telecommunications and Data Communications Handbook (Wiley-Interscience), and Webster’s New World Telecom Dictionary(Webster’s New World). Previously, Ray was Senior Contributing Editor for Newton’s Telecom Dictionary (12th through 21st Editions). He has written hundreds of technical white papers, case studies, articles, and columns for major print and electronic publications such as CommWeb, Computer Telephony, Datapro, Network World, The Prepaid Press, Teleconnect, and Telecom Reseller. Ray also has served as Technical Editor for several book-length works, including Deploying Secure 802.11 Wireless Networks with Microsoft Windows (Microsoft Press, 2003).
In the context of the Facebook v Duguid decision, considering all the issues it addressed and didn’t, clarified and confused, honest and conscientious actors have to be freshly concerned about TCPA compliance. That means checking all the boxes, doubling down on all the right things, and identifying and plugging all the holes in your call center operations.
Not particularly surprising to those of us who work in the TCPA domain or are impacted by it, the published articles, blogs and such are mostly, if not all, written by attorneys in the defendants’ bar. I reckon those in the plaintiffs’ bar like to keep their opinions, musings and strategies to themselves until the litigation process begins. I provided some TCPA background and context in a previous article, TCPA: Facebook v Duguid, but will repeat some of that here to refresh your memory.
The decision of the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) in the matter of Facebook v Duguid has been perhaps the single most anticipated in the realm of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), at least in the last decade or so, and all over a punctuation mark - a comma, to be exact.
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) was passed into law in 1991. At the time, consumers were plagued by sales calls which it seemed always came at the most inconvenient times...In an effort to address a growing number of telephone marketing calls and certain other telemarketing practices...
Most of us know, at least in general terms, about the restrictions on unsolicited telemarketing calls to consumers and the national Do-Not-Call (DNC) list designed to end those annoyances...or opportunities, depending on your perspective. Just to refresh your memory, the TCPA states "It shall be unlawful for any person within the United States, or any person outside the United States if the recipient is within the United States—(A) to make any call (other than a call made for emergency purposes or made with the prior express consent of the called party) using any automatic telephone dialing system [ATDS] or an artificial or prerecorded voice
In an effort to address a growing number of telephone marketing calls and certain other telemarketing practices thought to be invasions of privacy, Congress enacted the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA), codified at 47 U.S.C. § 227.
An instant classic and a best seller, with more than 65,000 in print. It served as the basis for Horak’s more contemporary works, Telecommunications and Data Communications Handbook (2008) and Webster’s New World Telecom Dictionary (2007).
A comprehensive and authoritative telecommunications dictionary of more than 4,600 terms essential to a clear and thorough understanding of voice, data, video, and multimedia communications system and network technologies, applications, and regulations. Webster’s is an absolutely unimpeachable resource written by a recognized expert in the field. Webster’s enjoys great critical acclaim, as do all of Horak’s works.
The one book you’ll need to understand the entire telecom landscape, from copper to fiber, wireline to wireless, LANs to MANs to WANs, TDM to IP, AAL to Zigbee and everything in between. Written in a plain-English, commonsense style by an authority on the subject, this critically acclaimed book is at just the right level for the serious professional who wants to get at the whole truth—without the math.
International Fiduciary Consultant Karina Sneiderova
Carlo Scevola & Partners is an International Fiduciary Company headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with branches in six continents. We specialize in International Planning, Strategic Consulting and Wealth Management. Our clients trust us for everything from setting up an Offshore Company to Mergers and Acquisitions to Business Finance and Asset Protection.
CS&P’s customer-centric methodology ensures that each client gets a custom-tailored solution which addresses that business’ individual objectives and requirements. Our team has expertise in every functional category and every important geography. From finance to operations to human resources to marketing – from the Americas to Europe to Africa, Asia and Oceania – CS&P can bring together experienced executives who know how to advise you and will make your enterprise a success. All this while always protecting your privacy.
Services Offered: Business and Strategic Consulting
Intended as a unique source of inspiration for effective business organization and tax planning, as well as a quick and easy reference book, the Offshore Jurisdictions Guide is a comprehensive and objective guide to offshore jurisdictions offering personal taxation and business opportunities. Providing a solid overview of 100 jurisdictions around the world, this is an essential handbook for financial experts, legal advisors, consultants, and the general public.
DireenTech is a Design and Systems Development firm in the Electronics and Software Industry. They are currently under contract with the US Air Force Academy Center for UAS Research, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the area of using General Purpose Graphics Processing Units (GPGPU) in UAVs / Drones to provide fast autonomous target identification and GPS denied navigation. DireenTech has also partnered with FalconWorks and Falci Adaptive Motor sports on the NeuroGroove program to develop technologies to help those with neuromotor disabilities, including U.S. veterans, increase their ability to control and interact with their environment.
Software Design and Development
Electronic Hardware Design and Development
Research using GPGPUs for Control, Navigation and Image Processing
Reverse Engineering Hardware, Software, and Firmware
Chief Operating officer, Harry Direen, PhD, PE has over 30 years of experience as an engineer Designing and Developing Systems in the Electronics and Software Industry. He has taught engineering courses at the US Air Force Academy and at the University of Colorado. Dr. Direen currently works with a research group at the US Air Force Academy developing control systems and image processing using GPGPUs for UAVs. An inventor, he holds 3 United States patents. Dr. Direen has a broad base of knowledge in electronic and software systems gained from a long career developing a wide range of products and systems. He has reverse engineered a variety of complex systems over the years, including: media players, modems, modem compression algorithms, coriolis mass flow meters, database systems, and a range of other products to support patent infringement cases generating detailed claim charts and writing expert reports to demonstrate infringement. Dr. Direen has successfully discovered and analyzed complex digital signal processing algorithms and pertinent operations within these products for many years.